The Linga Purana

by J. L. Shastri | 1951 | 265,005 words | ISBN-10: 812080340X | ISBN-13: 9788120803404

This page describes Thousand names of Shiva (Rudra-sahasranama) which is chapter 65 of the English translation of the Linga Purana, traditionally authored by Vyasa in roughly 11,000 Sanskrit verses. It deals with Shaiva pilosophy, the Linga (symbol of Shiva), Cosmology, Yugas, Manvantaras, Creation theories, mythology, Astronomy, Yoga, Geography, Sacred pilgrimage guides (i.e., Tirthas) and Ethics. The Lingapurana is an important text in Shaivism but also contains stories on Vishnu and Brahma.

Chapter 65 - Thousand names of Śiva (Rudra-sahasranāma)

The sages said:

1. O Romaharṣaṇa, the best among the knowers of races, it behoves you to recount succinctly to us the solar race and the lunar race.

Sūta said:

2. O brahmins, Aditi bore to Kaśyapa the son Āditya. Āditya had a chief wife and three others.

3-5. They were Queen Saṃjñā, Rājñī, Prabhā and Chāyā. I shall mention their sons to you. Queen Saṃjñā the daughter of Tvaṣṭṛ bore to the Sun the excellent Manu. Rājñī gave birth to Yama, Yamunā and Revata. Prabhā bore to the sun the son Prabhāta. Saṃjñā gave birth to Chāyā. O brahmins, Chāyā bore to Sāvarṇi, Śaru, Tapatī and Viṣṭi in due order.

6-7. More than her own sons Chāyā loved Manu.[1] Yama could not brook this. He became exceedingly infuriated. Lifting up his right foot he kicked her furiously. Assaulted by Yama, Chāyā became very miserable.

8. Due to the curse of Chāyā one healthy foot of Yama became watery i.e. covered with eczematic eruptions and full of foetid blood and swarms of germs.

9. He went to Gokarṇa travelling on. a plank, and propitiated Mahādeva there for millions of years living only on air.

10-11a. By the grace of Bhava he attained the excellent guardianship of the Southern, quarter, the overlordship of the Pitṛs and freedom from the curse. He attained these by the power of the trident-armed lord of Devas.

11b-12. Formerly the spotless daughter of Tvaṣṭṛ, unable to bear the excess of refulgence of the sun, created out of her own body another lady called Chāyā.

The lady of good holy rites assumed the form of a mare and performed penance.

13. In course of time lord sun the husband of Chāyā realised after a great effort that she was only a shadow. Assuming the form of a horse he indulged in sexual intercourse with Saṃjñā who had adopted the form of a mare.

14. Thus Saṃjñā the daughter of Tvaṣṭṛ who was in the guise of a mare bore to him the twin, lords Aśvins, the excellent physicians of Devas.

15- 16a. Later, the sun was ground down[2] by the noble-souled father of Saṃjñā. It was from the disc of the sun (i. e. the ground portion) that the terrible discus of Viṣṇu his chief divine weapon was evolved by lord Tvaṣṭṛ.

16b-17a. Lord Kṛṣṇa obtained this famous Sudarśana discus that shone like the fire at the time of dissolution, thanks to the grace of Rudra.

17b-19a. The first Manu (i.e. born of Saṃjñā) had nine sons all equal to him. They were:—Ikṣvāku, Nabhaga, Dhṛṣṇu, Śaryāti, Nariṣyanta, Nābhāga, Ariṣṭa, Karūṣa and Pṛṣadhra. These nine are known as Mānavas (sons of Manu).

19b-21. Ilā his eldest daughter and the most excellent one had formerly attained the state of a man. O leading sages, it was due to the grace of Mitra and Varuṇa that she attained the state of a man when she was known as Sudyumna. Again she went to Śaravaṇa[3] and regained the state of a woman at the behest of Bhava. Sudyumna the glorious son. of Manu became a woman, for the increase of the lunar race.

22. It was at the time of the horse-sacrifice of Ikṣvāku that Ilā became a Kimpuruṣa. During the state of Kimpuruṣa, also Ilā is called Sudyumna.

23-24. Then it chanced she was a woman for one month and a man for another. Ilā resorted to the house of Budha, the son. of Soma. Finding an. opportunity she was made to indulge in sexual intercourse by Budha. Purūravas was born as the son of Ilā and Budha.

25. He was intelligent and the first-born in the line of Soma. He was a devotee of Śiva and very valorous. O ascetics, I shall dilate later on the extent of expansion of Ikṣvāku race.

26. O excellent brahmins, Sudyumna had three sons viz.:—Utkala, Gaya and Vinatāśva.

27. The land of Utkala was assigned to Utkala, the western land was given to Vinatāśva. Gayā is said to be the excellent city of Gaya.

28. In Gayā Devas and the Pitṛs are stationed always.

The eldest of brothers, viz. Ikṣvāku obtained the Madhyadeśa (Middle land)

29-32. In view of his feminine nature Sudyumna did not get his share but at the instance of Vasiṣṭha, Sudyumna was installed in Pratiṣṭhāna, as its glorious and righteous king. After attaining kingdom, the highly blessed son of Manu equipped with the characteristics of both man and woman, the king of great renown gave that kingdom to Purūravas.

The heroic son of Ikṣvāku was Vikukṣi who was the best among the knowers of Dharma as also the eldest of Ikṣvāku’s hundred sons. He had fifteen sons. The eldest was Kakutstha. From Kakutstha was born Suyodhana.

33. O excellent sages, thereafter were born Pṛthu, Viśvaka and Pārthiva. Viśvaka’s son was Ārdraka; Yuvanāśva was his son.

34. Thereafter were born Śrāvastī[4] of great splendour and then Vaṃśaka. O excellent brahmins, it was by the former that Śrāvastī city was built in the Gauḍa Deśa.

35. Vaṃśa’s son was Bṛhadaśva. Kuvalāsva was his son. By killing Dhundhu of great strength he acquired the name of Dhundhumāra.

36. Dhundhumāra had three sons well known in the three worlds. They were Dṛḍhāśva, Caṇḍāśva and Kapilāśva.

37. Pramoda was the son of Dṛḍhāśva. Haryaśva was his son. Nikumbhā was the son of Haryaśva. Samhatāśva was his son.

38. Kṛśāśva and Raṇāśva were the two sons of Saṃhatāśva. Yuvanāśva was the son of Raṇāśva and his son was Māndhātā.

39. Māndhātā had three sons well known in the three worlds. They were Purukutsa, Ambarīṣa and Mucukunda.

40-42. Yuvanāśva the second is said to be the heir to Ambarīṣa. Harita was the son of Yuvanāśva and from him began the line of Hāritas. These were brahmins in the line of Aṅgiras, but Kṣatriyas in temperament.

Purukutsa’s successor was Trasadasyu of great renown. Sambhūti born of Narmadā was his son. Viṣṇuvṛddhā was his son and after him his descendants are known as Viṣṇuvṛddhas.

43. These also resorted to the line of Aṅgiras and were equipped with the characteristics of Kṣatriyas. Sambhūti procreated another son named Anaraṇya.

44. O brahmins, in the course of his conquest of the three worlds, Anaraṇya was killed by Rāvaṇa. Bṛhadaśva was the son of Anaraṇya and Haryaśva was his son.

45. King Vasumanas was born of Dṛṣadvatī and Haryaśva. His son was the king Tridhanvan a great devotee of Śiva.

46-51a. He became the disciple of Taṇḍin, the son of Brahmā. By his grace he attained the fruit of a thousand horse-sacrifices. At his behest he became a valorous devotee of Śiva and attained the lordship of Gaṇas.

At the outset he had no money with him. The righteous soul pondered over this:—“How shall I perforin the horse-sacrifice?” O excellent brahmins, it was then that he met the son of Brahmā, the brahmin Taṇḍin and acquired from him the thousand names of Rudra, formerly mentioned by Brahmā. Taṇḍin eulogised the great lord Śiva by means of these thousand names. The excellent brahmin born of Brahmā thereby acquired the lordship of Gaṇas. Thereafter the king too obtained the thousand names mentioned by Taṇḍin formerly. By repeating them he too acquired the lordship of Gaṇas.

The sages said:—

51b-52a. O Sūta, of good holy rites, the thousand names[6] of Rudra had been repeated by Taṇḍin born of Brahmā. They contain a good lot of the meanings of all Vedic texts. It behoves you to mention those splendid names to us.

Sūta said:—

52b-54a. O sages of good holy rites, listen to the thousand and eight names of Śiva who is the soul of all living beings and whose splendour is unmeasured. It was by repeating these that he attained the lord ship of Gaṇas.

54b-60. Rudras thousand names: (1) Sthira (steady) (2) Sthāṇu[5] (fixed as a stump) (3) Prabhu (lord) (4) Bhānu[7] (sun) (5) Pravara (very good one) (6) Varada[8] (one who grants boons) (7) Vara (excellent) (8) Sarvātman (soul of all) (9) Sarvavikhyāta (well known to all) (10) Sarva (identical with all) (11) Sarvakara[9] (doing everything) (12) Bhava (source of all) (13) Jaṭin (having matted hair) (14) Daṇḍin (having the staff) (15) Śikhaṇḍin[10] (having the tuft) (16) Sarvaga (reaching everything) (17) Sarvabhāvana (conceiver and creator of all) (18) Hari (identical with Hari) (19) Hariṇākṣa (deer-eyed) (20) Sarvabhūtahara (destroyer of all living beings) (21) Smṛta (remembered) (22) Pravṛtti (activity) (23) Nivṛtti (withdrawal of worldly activity) (24) Śāntātman[11] (of quiescent soul) (25) Śāśvata (permanent) (26) Dhruva (steady) (27) Śmaśānavāsin[12] (residing in the cremation ground) (28) Bhagavān[13] (lord) (29) Khecara (one walking over the sky) (30) Gocara (one walking over the earth) (31) Ardana[14] (one who harasses) (32) Abhivādya (one who is worthy of being saluted) (33) Mahākarman (one of great tasks) (34) Tapasvin (ascetic) (35) Bhūtadhāraṇa (one who sustains the living beings) (36) Unmattaveṣa[15] (one who appears in the guise of a mad man) (37) Pracchanna (one who is in disguise) (38) Sarvaloka (omni-seer), (39) Prajāpati (lord of subjects) (40) Mahārūpa[16] (one having great forms) (41) Mahākāya (one of great body) (42) Śivarūpa[17] (one of auspicious forms) (43.) Mahāyaśas (one whose fame is great) (44) Mahātman (Great soul) (45) Sarvabhūta (one who has become all) (46) Virūpa[18] (deformed) (47) Vāmana (dwarf) (48) Nara[19] (man) (49) Lokapāla (the protector of the worlds) (50) Antarhitātman (one whose soul is hidden) (51) Prasāda (pleasure) (52) Abhayada[20] (bestower of fearlessness) (53) Vibhu[21] (all-pervading) (54) Pavitra (holy) (55) Mahān (great) (56) Niyata (restrained) (57) Niyatāśraya (invariable support) (58) Svayambhū (self-born) (59) Sarvakarman (one performing all holy Ādi[22] (the first one) (61) Ādikara[23] (one who creates the first) (62) Nidhi (treasure for all).

61-70 (63) Sahasrākṣa (thousand-eyed) (64) Viśālākṣa (wide-eyed) (65) Soma (accompanied by Umā) (66) Nakṣatra Sādhaka (the creator of stars) (67) Candra (identical with the moon) (68) Sūrya (identical with the sun) (69) Śani (identical with saturn) (70) Ketu (identical with Ketu) (71) Graha[24] (planet) (72) Grahapati[25] (the lord of planets) (73) Mata[26] (identical with Budha (74) Rājan[27] (king) (75) Rājyodaya[28] (cause of the rise of kingdoms) (76) Kartā (the doer) (77) Mṛgabāṇārpaṇa[29] (one who discharges arrows on the deer) (78) Ghana (solid, cloud) (79) Mahātapas (of great penance) (80) Dīrghatapas (of long penance) (81) Adṛśya (invisible) (82) Dhanasādhaka (realiser of riches) (83) Saṃvatsara (vear) (84) Kṛtī[30] (one who has fulfilled duties) (85) Mantra (identical with mantra) (86) Prāṇayāma, (87) Parantapa (one who scorches enemies) (88) Yogin (89) Yoga (90) Mahābīja (having great seed) (91) Mahāretas (one whose semen virile is great) (92) Mahābala (one of great strength) (93) Suvarṇaretas (having golden semen) (94) Sarvajña (omniscient) (95) Subīja[31] (having good seed) (96) Vṛṣavāhana (bull-vehicled) (97) Daśabāhu (having ten arms) (98) Animiṣa (winkless) (99) Nīlakaṇṭha (blue-necked) (100) Umāpati[32] (lord of Umā) (101) Viśvarūpa (universal formed) (102) Svayaṃśreṣṭha (one who is the most excellent oneself) (103) Balavīra (strong and heroic) (104) Balāgraṇī (leader of the army) (105) Gaṇakartā (creator of gaṇas) (106) Gaṇapati (lord of the gaṇas) (107) Digvāsas (naked) (108) Kāmya (one worthy of being loved) (109) Mantravit (knower of the mantras) (110) Parama (greatest) (111) Mantra (112) Sarvabhāvakara (inducer of all emotions) (113) Hara (destroyer) (114) Kamaṇḍaludhara (holding the water-pot) (115) Dhanvin (holding the bow) (116) Bāṇahasta (having arrows in the hand) (117) Kapālavān (having the skull) (118) Śarī (having the arrows) (119) Śataghnī (having the hundred-killer weapon) (120) Khaḍgin (having the sword) (121) Paṭṭiśin (having the iron club) (122) Āyudhin (having weapons) (123) Mahān (great) (124) Aja (Unborn) (125) Mṛgarūpa (having the form of the deer) (126) Tejas (splendour) (127) Tejaskara (creator of splendour) (128) Vidhi (precept) (129) Uṣṇīṣin (having turban) (130) Suvaktra (having good face) (131) Udagra (exalted) (132) Vinata (humble) (133) Dīrgha (long) (134) Harikeśa[33] (green-haired) (135) Sutīrtha (having good holy centres) (136) Kṛṣṇa[34] (black or identical with Kṛṣṇa, the son of Vasudeva) (137) Śṛgālarūpa[35] (one having the form of a jackal) (138) Sarvārtha (having all riches) (139) Muṇḍa (one with tonsured head) (140) Sarvaśubhamkara (one who does good to all) (141) Siṃhaśārdūlarūpa (one having the forms of lion and tiger) (142) Gandhakāri (one causing fragrance) (143) Kapardin (one having matted hair) (144) Ūrdhvaretas (one of sublimated sexuality) (145) Urdhvaliṅgin (one having the penis lifted up) (146) Urdhvaśāyin[36] (one lying upwards) (147) Nabhas (one abiding in the sky) (148) Tala (of the form of pātāla—nether world), (149) Trijaṭin[37] (one having three locks of matted hair) (150) Cīravāsas (one wearing bark garments) (151) Rudra (of tearful form) (152) Senā (in the form of army of Devas) (153) Patī (sustainer of the people) (154) Vibhu (lord).

71-80. (155) Ahorātra [ahorātram] (of the form of day and night) (156) Nakta [naktam] (of the form of night) (157) Tigmamanyu (of fierce anger) (158) Suvarcas (having good refulgence) (159) Gajahā (slayer of the elephant) (160) Daityahā (slayer of the daityas) (161) Kāla (death, time) (162) Lokadhātā[38] (creator of the worlds) (163) Guṇākara[39] (mine of good qualities) (164) Siṃhaśārdūlarūpāṇām ārdra-carmāmbaradhara (one who wears the fresh hide of the lion and tiger as his cloth) (165) Kālayogin (one who connects everything with time or death) (166) Mahānāda (having great sound) (167) Sarvāvāsa (abode of all) (168) Catuṣpatha[40] (one who goes in all four ways at the same time) (169) Niśācara (one walking at night) (170) Pretacārin[41] (walking among the ghosts) (171) Sarvadarśin (seeing all) (172) Maheśvara (great lord} (173) Bahu (omni-formed) (174) Bhūta (of the form of the past) (175) Bahudhana (one having much wealth) (176) Sarvasāra (essence of all) (177) Mṛteśvara (lord of the dead) (178) Nṛtyapriya (one who is fond of dances (179) Nityanṛtya (one who dances perpetually) (180) Nartana[42] (one who makes others dance) (181) Sarvasādhaka (achiever of all) (182) Sakārmuka (one who has a bow) (183) Mahābāhu (large-armed) (184) Mahāghora (extremely terrible) (185) Mahātapas (of great penance) (186) Mahāśara[43] (of great arrows) (187) Mahāpāśa (having a great noose) (188) Nitya (permanent) (189) Giricara (walking over the mountains) (190) Amata [amataḥ] (not recognizable)[44] (191) Sahasrahasta (thousand-armed) (192) Vijaya (victorious) (193) Vyavasāya (enterprise) (194) Anindita (uncensured) (195) Amarṣaṇa (angry) (196) Marṣaṇātmā (one who endures and excuses) (197) Yajñahā[45] Destroyer of the sacrifice) (198) Kāmanāśana (destroyer of Kama) (199) Daksahā (slayer of Dakṣa) (200) Paricārin (one who walks all round) (201)

(201) Prahasa[46] (one who laughs aloud) (202) Madhyama[47] (Middling) (203) Tejsas[48] (of the form of fire) (204) Apahārin (destroyer of the universe) (205) Balavān (strong) (206) Vidita[49] (known) (207) Abhyudita (one who has risen up) (208) Bahu[50] (many) (209) Gambhīraghoṣa (one whose voice is profound) (210) Yogātman of yogic soul (211) Yajñahā (i.e. destroyer of the sacrifice) (212) Kāmanā (of the form of desire for release) (213) Aśana (Destroyer) (214) Gambhīraroṣa (one whose fury is profound) (215) Gambhīra (majestic) (216) Gambhīra Balavāhana (one whose strength and vehicle are profound) (217) Nyagrodharupa (one who has the form of the holy fig tree) (218) Nyagrodha (identical with the holy fig tree) (219) Viśvakarman (one of universal activities) (220) Viśvabhuk (swallower of the universe) (221) Tīkṣṇa (one having fierce form) (222) Apāya (one who does not take the riches of his devotees) (223) Haryaśva[51] (having green horses) (224) Sahāya (help) (225) Karma[52] (of the form of sacrificial ritual) (226) Kālavid[53] (one who knows the time) (227) Viṣṇu (pevading all) (228) Prasādita (one who has been propitiated) (229) Yajña (230) Samudra (ocean) (231) Baḍavāmukha (mouth of the submarine fire) (232) Hutāśanasahāya (one who is helped (assisted) by fire) (233) Praśāntātman (quiescent soul) (234) Hutāśana (fire) (235) Ugratejas (one whose refulgence is fierce) (236) Mahātejas (of great splendour) (237) Jaya (victory) (238) Vijayakālavid (one who knows the time of victory).

81-100. (239) Jyotiṣāmayanam (the cause of the transit of the luminaries) (240) Siddhi (Achievement) (241) Sandhi (alliance) (242) Vigraha (clash) (243) Khaḍgin (one who has a sword) (244) Śaṅkhin (one who has a conch) (245) Jaṭin[54] (one who has matted hair) (246) Jvālin (one who has flames) (247) Khecara (one moving about in the firmament) (248) Dyucara (one moving about in the heaven) (249) Balin (strong) (250) Vaiṇavin (one having the lute) (251) Paṇavin (one having the Paṇava drum) (252) Kāla (Death, Time) (253) Kālakaṇṭha (dark-necked) (254) Kaṭaṅkaṭa (one who lovingly touches the elephantine face of his son Gaṇeśa) (255) Nakṣatravigraha[55] (one having the stellar body) (256) Bhāva (emotion) (257) Vibhāva (friend) (258) Sarvatomukha[56] (having faces all round) (259) Vimochana[57] (one who releases (260) Śaraṇa (refuge) (261) Hiraṇyakavacodbhava (born of golden armour) (262) Mekhalā (one in the form of yoniwomb) (263) Kṛtirūpa (one in the form of effort) (264) Jalācāra[58] (one having actions similar to those of senseless persons) (265) Stuta (one who is eulogised) (266) Vīṇi (one having the lute Vīṇā) (267) Paṇavin (one having the drum Paṇava) (268) Tālin[59] (one having the Tāla (beating of the time) (269) Nālin[60] (one having the tube) (270) Kalikaṭu (one who is harsh to Kali) (271) Sarvatūryaninādin (one who sounds his instruments) (272) Sarvavyāpyāparigraha[61] (one who is omnipresent and does not accept gifts) (273) Vyālarūpin (one having the form of a tiger) (274) Bilāvāsa (one residing in a hollow) (275) Guhāvāsa[62] (one whose residence is cave) (276) Taraṅgavid (one who knows the innermost idea) (277) Vṛkṣa (kalpavṛkṣa) (278) Śrīmālakarmin[63] (one who has Śrīkṣetra as the sphere of his worship) (279) Sarvabandhavimocana (one who releases (devotees from all bondages) (280) Bandhana (one who binds the non-devotees) (281) Surendrāṇām yudhi śatruvināśana (one who destroys the enemies of Devas in the battle) (282) Sakhā[64] (friend) (283) Pravāsa[65] (shelter for all) (284) Durāpa (unattainable) (285) Sarvasādhuniṣevita (one who is resorted to by all good men) (286) Praskanda (one who is drying up and moving ahead) (287) Avibhāva (one who is not comprehended) (288) Tulya (equal)[66] (289) Yajñavibhāgavid (one who knows the divisions of yajñas) (290) Sarvavāsa[67] (one who abides in all) (291) Sarvacārin (one who goes everywhere) (292) Durvāsas (identical with the sage of that name) (293) Vāsava (Indra) (294) Mata[68] (non-dual) (295) Haima (pertaining to gold or snow) (296) Hemakara (one who has gold in his hands) (297) Yajña (sacrifice) (298) Sarvadhāri (holding all) (299) Dharottama (best among the supporters) (300) Ākāśa[69] (firmament) (301) Nirvirūpa[70] (having no form) (302) Vivāsas[71] (one who has no clothes) (303) Uraga (serpent) (304) Khaga (going in the sky) (305) Bhikṣu (beggar, mendicant) (306) Bhikṣurūpin (one who is in the guise of a mendicant) (307) Raudrarūpa (one who has a terrible form) (308) Surūpavān[72] (one who has good forms) (309) Vasuretas (one whose semen virile causes riches) (310) Suvarcasvin (having good refulgence) (311) Vasuvega (one who has the velocity of the Vasus) (312) Mahābala (one who has great strength) (313) Manas (mind) (314) Vega (one who has velocity) (315) Niśā (night) (316) Cara (a spy) (317) Sarvalokaśubhaprada (one who grants auspicious things to all the worlds) (318) Sarvāvāsin[73] (one whose residence is in everything) (319) Trayīvāsin[74] (one who resides in the three Vedas) (320) Upadeśakara (one who gives instructions) (321) Adhara (one having no support) (322) Muni[75] (sage) (323) Ātman (soul) (324) Muni (sagacious) (325) Loka (world) (326) Sabhāgya (Fortunate) (327) Sahasrabhuk[76] (one who enjoys thousand things) (328) Pakṣin[77] (bird) (329) Pakṣarūpa[78] (having the form of the wing) (330) Atidīpta (highly illuminated) (331) Niśākara (moon) (332) Samīra (wind) (333) Damanākāra (one who has the form of a suppressor) (334) Artha (wealth, meaning purpose) (335) Arthakara (serving the purpose) (336) Avaśa[79] (uncontrolled by another) (337) Vāsudeva[80] (identical with that god) (338) Deva (lord) (339) Vāmadeva (lord of opposites) (340) Vāmana (Dwarf) (341) Siddhiyogāpahārin (one who removes Siddhi and Yoga) (342) Siddha[81] (self proved) (343) Sarvārthasādhaka (one who realises all purposes) (344) Akṣuṇṇa (undefeated) (345) Kṣuṇṇarūpa (one who has the form of the defeated) (346) Vṛṣaṇa (one who extends morality) (347) Mṛdu[82] (soft) (348) Avyaya (unchanging) (349) Mahāsena (one who has a big army) (350) Viśākha[83] (Kārttikeya) (351) Śaṣṭibhaga[84] (one-sixtieth part) (352) Gavām pati[85] (lord of the line) (353) Cakrahasta (having discus in the hands) (354) Viṣṭambhi[86] (impending) (355) Mūlastambhana[87] (one who steadies the root) (356) Ṛtu (season) (357) Ṛtukara (one who causes the seasons) (358) Tāla (palmyra tree) (359) Madhu (honey) (360) Madhukara (bee) (361) Vara (excellent one) (362) Vānaspatya (belonging to a tree) (363) Vājasana[88] (one loving clarified butter) (364) Nitya (eternal) (365) Āśramapūjita (worshipped by people in all stages of life) (366) Brahmacārin (religious student) (367) Lokacārin (one who walks over the world) (368) Sarvacārin (moving about on everything) (369) Sucāravit (one who knows good conduct) (370) Īśāna[89] (371) Īśvara[90] (lord) (372) Kāla (time, death) (373) Niśācārin (one moving about at night) (374) Anekadṛk[91] (having many eyes) (375) Nimittastha (one stationed in the cause) (376) Nimitta [nimittam] (cause) (377) Nandi (delighted and delighter) (378) Nandikara (one causing others to be delighted) (379) Hara (destroyer) (380) Nandi (Nandin) (381) Īśvara[92] (382) Sunandin (383) Nandana (delightful) (384) Viṣamardana (one suppressing poison) (385) Bhagahārin (remover of Bhaga) (386) Niyantṛ[93] (one who restrains, a charioteer) (387) Kāla (388) Lokapitāmaha (grandfather of the worlds) (389) Caturmukha[94] (four-faced) (390) Mahāliṅga (having great liṅga) (391) Cāruliṅga (having charming liṅga) (392) Liṅgādhyakṣa[95] (presiding deity of the liṅgas) (393) Surādhyakṣa (presiding deity of Devas) (394) Kāladhyakṣa (presiding deity of time) (395) Yugāvaha (bringing about the yuga) (396) Bījādhyakṣa[96] (presiding deity of the seeds or corns) (397) Bījakartā (the maker of the seeds) (398) Adhyātma (self-centred) (399) Anugata (one with the followers in spiritual line) (400) Bala[97] (strength) (401) Itihāsa[98] (Mythological text) (402) Kalpa (ritualistic text) (403) Damana (suppressor) (404) Jagadīśvara (lord of the universe) (405) Dambha (arrogance) (406) Dambhakara (one causing arrogance) (407) Dātṛ (donor) (408) Vaṃśa (race) (409) Vaṃśakara (one who maintains the family) (410) Kali (identical with the yuga Kali).

101-110. (411) Lokakartā (maker of the worlds) (412) Paśupati (lord of the Paśus or individual souls) (413) Mahākartā (the great maker) (414) Adhokṣaja[99] (Viṣṇu, identical with Viṣṇu) (415) Akṣara [akṣaram] (imperishable) (416) Parama [paramam] (great) (417) Brahman (418) Balavān (strong) (419) Śukra (Venus) (420) Nitya (permanent) (421) Anīśa (having no lord above him) (422) Śuddhātmā[100] (Pure soul) (423) Śuddha (pure) (424) Māna (measure) (425) Gati (goal) (426) Havis (rice and ghee offering) (427) Prāsāda (mansion) (428) Bala[101] (strength) (429) Darpa (arrogance) (430) Darpaṇa (mirror) (431) Havya (offering consigned to the fire) (432) Indrajit (conqueror of Indra) (433) Vedakāra (maker of the Vedas) (434) Sūtrakāra (compiler of the Aphorisms) (435) Vidvān (scholar) (436) Paramardana (suppressor of enemies) (437) Mahāmeghanivāsin[102] (resident of the great cloud) (438) Mahāghora (extremely terrible) (439) Vaśin[103] (one who keeps persons under control) (440) Kara (the destroyer of the universe) (441) Agnijvāla (flame of the fire) (442) Mahājvāla (having great flame) (443) Paridhūmrāvṛta (one surrounded by smoke) (444) Ravi (sun) (445) Dhiṣaṇa (intelligent one) (446) Śaṅkara (447) Anitya (noneternal in the form of the universe) (448) Varcasvin (refulgent) (449) Dhūmralocana (having smoke-coloured eyes) (450) Nīla[104] (blue-coloured) (451) Aṅgalupta[105] (one deficient in a limb) (452) Śobhana (splendid one) (453) Naravigraha[106] (one having human body) (454) Svasti (hail) (455) Svastisvabhāva (naturally faring well) (456) Bhogin (enjoying pleasures) (457) Bhogakara (causing pleasures) (458) Laghu (light) (459) Utsaṅga (lap, devoid of attachment) (460) Mahāṅga (having great limbs) (461) Mahāgarbha (having great womb) (462) Pratāpavān (valorous) (463) Kṛṣṇavarṇa (black in colour) (464) Suvarṇa (having good colour) (465) Indriya (sense-organ) (466) Sarvavarṇika [of all castes (colours)] (467) Mahāpāda (having big feet) (468) Mahāhasta (having big hands) (469) Mahākāya (of great body) (470) Mahāyaśas (having great fame) (471) Mahāmūrdhā (having great head) (472) Mahāmātra[107] (having great Mātras (units of time) (473) Mahāmitra (Great friend (474) Nagālaya[108] (having mountain as residence) (475) Mahāskandha (having great shoulder') (476) Mahākarṇa (having great ears) (477) Mahoṣṭha (having great lips) (478) Mahāhanu (having great jaws) (479) Mahānāsa (having great nose) (480) Mahākaṇṭha (having great neck) (481) Mahāgrīva (having great cervix) (482) Śmaśānavān[109] (having the cremation ground) (483) Mahābala (having great strength) (484) Mahātejas (having great splendour) (485) Antar (omnipresent)[110] (486) Ātman (immanent soul) (487) Mṛgālaya (abode of the deer) (488) Lambitoṣṭha[111] (having suspended lips) (489) Niṣṭha (steady) (490) Mahāmāya (having or wielding great Māyā) (491) Payonidhi (storehouse of water, milk) (492) Mahādanta (having great teeth) (493) Mahādaṃṣṭra (having great curved fangs) (494) Mahājihva (having great tongue) (495) Mahāmukha (having great face) (496) Mahānakha (having great nail) (497) Mahāroman (having great hairs) (498) Mahākeśa (having great tresses of hair) (499) Mahājaṭa (having great matted hair).

111-120. (500) Asapatna[112] (having no rivals or enemies) (501) Prasāda[113] (grace) (502) Pratyaya (belief) (503) Gītasādhaka (one who practises music) (504) Prasvedana (one who sweats) (505) Asvedana[114] (one who does not perspire) (506) Ādika[115] (one who is the first of all) (507) Mahāmuni[116] (great sage) (508) Vrṣaka[117] (dharma) (509) Vṛṣaketu4uJ (the bull-bannered) (310) Anala (fire) (511) Vāyuvāhana[118] (wind-vehicled) (512) Maṇḍalin (one having halo) (513) Meruvāsa (one having the Meru as residence) (514) Devavāhana (deva-vehicled) (515) Atharvaśīrṣa (the name of the Vedic Text; having that as the head) (516) Sāmāsya (having Sāman as the face) (517) Ṛksahasrorjitekṣaṇa (having the thousand Ṛk verses as eyes of great power) (518) Yajuḥpādabhuja (having the Yajur mantras as feet and arms) (519) Guhya (worthy to be secret) (520) Prakāśaujas (of manifest power) (521) Amoghārthaprasāda (one whose grace is never futile) (522) Antarbhāvya (one who should be meditated upon, within the heart) (523) Sudarśana (good to look at) (524) Upahāra[119] (one to whom gifts are presented) (525) Priya (loving (526) Sarva (All-in all) (527) Kanaka (gold) (528) Kāñcanasthita (one stationed in gold) (529) Nābhi (the nave) (530) Nandikara (one who causes delight) (531) Harmya[120] (having a mansion) (532) Puṣkara[121] (having a lotus as [residence]) (533) Sthapati (monarch, architect) (534) Sthita (stationed) (535) Sarvaśāstra (having all sacred scriptures) (536) Sarvadhana (having all riches) (537) Sarvādya (first among all) (538) Sarvayajña (having all Yajñas) (539) Yajvā (performer of sacrifices) (540) Samāhita (one who has concentration and mental purity) (541) Naga (having mountain as home) (542) Nīla[122] (blue) (543) Kavi (poet) (544) Kāla (time, death) (545) Makara (crocodile) (546) Kālapūjita (one who is worshipped by kāla) (547) Sagaṇa (having attendants) (548) Gaṇakāra (Maker of the gaṇas) (549) Bhūtabhāvanasārathi (one who has Brahmā as his charioteer) (550) Bhasmaśāyin (one who lies in Bhasma) (551) Bhasmagoptṛ[123] (protector of bhasman) (552) Bhasmabhūtatanu[124] (one whose body is fully covered with ash) (553) Gaṇa (attendant) (554) Āgama (sacred literature) (555) Vilopa (one who dissolves) (556) Mahātman (noble soul) (557) Sarvapūjita (adored by all), (558) Śukla (white) (559) Strīrūpasampanna (equipped with the form of a lady) (560) Śuci (pure) (561) Bhūtanisevita (resorted to by the goblins) (562) Āśramastha (one stationed in the hermitage) (563) Kapotastha[125] (one stationed in tḥe dove) (564) Viśvakarmā (doing everything) (565) Pati (lord) (566) Virāṭ (huge massive one) (567) Viśālaśākha[126] (having wide branches) (568) Tāmroṣṭha (having copper-coloured lips) (569) Ambujāla (having collection of waters) (570) Suniścita (well decided) (571) Kapila (tawny-coloured) (572) Kalaśa (water pot) (573) Sthūla (stout) (574) Āyudha (weapon) (575) Romaśa (hairy) (576) Gandharva (577) Aditi (578) Tārkṣya (579) Avijñeya (incomprehensible) (580) Suśārada (very young and fresh) (581) Paraśvadhāyudha (axe-armed) (582) Deva (illustrious deity) (583) Arthakārin (creator of wealth) (584) Subāndhava (good kinsman).

121-140. (585) Tumbavīṇa (having the lute made of Tumba (a kind of gourd) (586) Mahākopa[127] (having great wrath) (587) Ūrdhvaretas (one who has sublimated sexuality) (588) Jaleśaya (one lying down in the waters) (589) Ugra (fierce) (590) Vaṃśakara (sustainer of the families) (591) Vaṃśa (race, bamboo) (592) Vaṃśavādin (one who expounds races) (593) Anindita[128] (uncensured) (594) Sarvāṅgarūpin (one who assumes the form of the part of all) (595) Māyāvin (wielding Māyā) (596) Suhṛda (friend, having good heart) (597) Anila[129] (wind) (598) Bala (strength) (598) Bandhana (binding) (600) Bandhakartā (cause of bondage) (601) Subandhanavimocana (one who liberates people from bondages easily) (602) Rākṣasaghna (slayer of Rākṣasas) (603) Kāmāri (enemy of kāma) (604) Mahādaṃṣṭra[130] (one who has large curved fangs) (605) Mahāyudha (having great weapons) (606) Lambita (one who is suspended down) (607) Lambitoṣṭha (one whose lips hang down suspended) (608) Lambahasta (one whose hands hang down) (609) Varaprada (one who grants the boon) (610) Bāhu (arm) (611) Anindita[131] (uncensured) (612) Sarva (all) (613) Śaṅkara (614) Akopana (having no work) (615) Amareśa (lord of the immortal beings) (616) Mahāghora (extremely terrible) (617) Viśvedeva (lord of the universe) (618) Surārihā (destroyer of the enemies of Devas) (619) Ahirbudhnyad[132] (620) Nirṛti (621) Cekitana (knowing and conversant) (622) Halin (balarāma with the ploughshare) (623) Ajaikapād[133] (the single-footed unborn) (624) Kāpālin[134] (having the skull for rituals) (625) Śam (one who renders joy) (626) Kumāra (one who kills with spikes) (627) Mahāgiri[135] (great mountain) (628) Dhanvantari[136] (629) Dhūmaketu (comet) (630) Sūrya (sun) (631) Vaiśravaṇa[137] (632) Dhātṛ (633) Viṣṇu (634) Śakra (635) Mitra (636) Tvaṣṭṛ (637) Dhara (mountain) (638) Dhruva (steady) (639) Prabhāsa (640) Parvata (641) Vāyu (642) Aryaman (643) Savitṛ (644) Ravi (645) Dhṛti (courage) (646) Vidhātṛ (Creator) (647) Māndhāṭṛ (648) Bhūtabhāvana (purifier of the living beings) (649) Nīra (water) (650) Tīrtha (holy centre) (651) Bhīma (terrible) (652) Sarvakarman (performing all duties) (653) Guṇodvaha (one who lifts up the good attributes) (654) Padmagarbha (one who has lotus within) (655) Mahāgarbha (having a large womb) (656) Candravaktra (moon-faced) (657) Nabhas (sky) (658) Anagha (sinless) (659) Balavān (powerful) (660) Upaśānta (quiescent) (661) Purāṇa (ancient one (662) Puṇyakṛt (meritorious) (663) Tamas (characterized by tamas quality) (664) Krūrakartṛ (Ruthless maker) (665) Krūravāsin (ruthless dweller) (666) Tanu (slender) (667) Ātman (668) Mahauṣadha (great medicine) (669) Sarvāśaya[138] (Asylum of all) (670) Sarvacārin (moving in everything) (671) Prāṇeśa (lord of the vital breaths) (672) Prāṇinām pati (lord of the living beings) (673) Devadeva (lord of Devas) (674) Sukhotsikta[139] (proud due to happiness) (675) Sat (existent) (676) Asat (non-existent) (677) Sarvaratnavid (knower of all jewels) (678) Kailāsastha (stationed in Kailāsa) (679) Guhāvāsin[140] (residing in a cave) (680) Himavad (snowy) (681) Girisaṃśraya (one who has resorted to the mountain Himālaya) (682) Kulahārin (one who removes the families) (683) Kulākartā (one who does not shape the race) (684) Bahuvitta (one having much wealth) (685) Bahupraja (one who has many children.) (686) Prāṇeśa (lord of the vital breaths) (687) Bandhakī[141] (of the form of māyā; (688) Vṛkṣa[142] (the destroyer of māyā) (689) Nakula (mangoose) (690) Adrika (mountaineer) (691) Hrasvagrīva (one with a short neck) (692) Mahāsānu (one with large knees) (693) Alola (not fickle) (694) Mahauṣadhi (great medicine) (695) Siddhāntakarin (one who gets according to principles) (696) Siddhārtha (one who has achieved the purpose) (697) Chandas (of the form of chandas, Gāyatrī etc.) (698) Vyākaraṇodbhava (one originating from prosody and grammar) (699) Siṃhanāda (one whose sound is like the roaring sound of the lion) (700) Siṃhadaṃṣṭra (one having the curved fangs of a lion) (701) Siṃhāsya (leonine faced) (702) Siṃhāvāhana (lion vehicled) (703) Prabhāvātman (one who has prowess in the Ātman) (704) Jagatkāla (death unto the Universe) (705) Kāla (706) Kampin (shaking) (707) Taru[143] (tree) (708) Tanu (slender) (709) Sāraṅga (Deer) (710) Bhūtacakrāṅka[144] (one marked with the multitudes of goblins) (711) Ketumālin (one having garlands of banners) (712) Suvedhaka (one who pierces well) (713) Bhūtālaya (one who is the abode of living beings) (714) Bhūtapati (lord of the goblins) (715) Ahorātra (day and night) (716) Mala[145] (dirt) 717) Amala[146] (devoid of dirt) (718) Vasubhṛt (one holding riches) (719-) Sarvabhūtātman (the Ātman, soul of all living beings) (720) Niścala (non-moving) (721) Subudha (good scholar) (722) Vibudha (deva) (723) Durbudha (very difficult to comprehend) (724) Sarva bhūtānām asuhṛt (he who takes away the life of all living beings) (725) Niścala (unmoving) (726) Calavid (one who knows the mobile beings (727) Budha (scholar) (728) Amoghasaṃyama (one whose restraint is never futile) (729) Hṛṣṭa (delighted) 730) Bhojana (of the form of food) (731) Prāṇadhāraṇa (one who sustains life) (732) Dhṛtimān (courageous) (733) Matimān (intelligent) (734) Tryakṣa[147] (three-eyed) (735) Sukṛta (well conducted) (736) Yudhāmpati (lord of battles) (737) Gopāla (protector of the kine) (738) Gopati (lord of the kine) (739) Grāma (village) (740) Gocarmavasana (one wearing the leather of the bull) (741) Hara[148] (742) Hiraṇyabāhu (one who has golden arms) (743) Guhāvāsa[149] (resident of the cave) (744) Praveśana (one who enters the cavity) (745) Mahāmanas (lofty-winded) (746) Mahākāma (one who has great love) (747) Cittakāma (one who has kept Kama within the mind) (748) Jitendriya (one who has conquered the sense-organs) (749) Gāndhāra (750) Surāpa[150] (one who drinks wine) (751) Tāpakarmarata (one who is engaged in beating activity) (752) Hita (Beneficent) (753) Mahābhūta[151] (great goblin) (754) Bhūtavṛta (surrounded by goblins) (755) Apsaras[152] (having a watery pond in the form of the moon) (756) Gaṇasevita (one who is resorted to by the Gaṇas) (757) Mahāketu (big-bannered) (758) Dharādhātā (creator of the earth) (759) Naikatānarata (one who does not concentrate on a single note) (760) Svara (one in the form of Tone) (761) Avedanīya (one who cannot be understood) (762) Āvedya (one who cannot be informed) (763) Sarvaga[153] (omnipresent) (764) Sukhāvaha (one who causes happiness).

141-150. (765) Tāraṇa (redeemer) (766) Caraṇa (walking) (767) Dhātṛ (creator) (768) Paridhā[154] (in the form of earth) (769) Paripūjita (one who is worshipped all round) (770) Saṃyogin[155] (united) (771) Vardhana (one who increases) (772) Vṛddha (old) (773) Gaṇika (A member of the Gaṇas) (774) Gaṇādhipa (overlord of the Gaṇas) (775) Nitya (eternal) (776) Dhātṛ (creator) (777) Sahāya (assistant) (778) Devāsurapati (iord of Devas and asuras) (779) Pati (lord) (780) Yukta[156] (united) (731) Yuktabāhu (of united arms) (782) Sudeva (good deva) (783) Suparvaṇa (of good joints) (784) Suṣāḍha (785) (one who helps to calmly bear pain) (786) Skandhada[157] (one who pacifies Kārttikeya) (787) Harita (green) (788) Hara (789) Vapus[158] (sower of seed) (790) Āvartamāna (one who turns round and round) (791) Anya[159] (Another) (792) Vapuḥśreṣṭha (one who has excellent body) (793) Mahāvapuḥ (one who has great body) (794) Śiras[160] (in the form of Yajus) (795) Vimarśana (one who examines the head) (796) Sarvalakṣyalakṣaṇabhūṣita (one who is adorned by all examples and characteristics (797) Akṣaya (one who is imperishable) (798) Rathagīta (one who has music in the chariot) (799) Sarvabhogin (one who enjoys all pleasures) (800) Mahābala (one who has great strength) (801) Sāmnāya (one who has the Vedas) (802) Mahāmnāya (one whose Vedas are great) (803) Tīrthadeva (lord of the holy centres) (804) Mahāyaśas (having great fame) (805) Nirjīva (one from whom emanates all life) (806) Jīvana (one who enlivens) (807) Mantra (808) Subhaga (fortunate) (809) Bahukarkaśa (excessively hard) (810) Ratnabhūta (one who has become precious) (811) Ratnāṅga (one who is part of a jewel) (812) Mahārṇavanipātavid (one who knows the fall into a great sea) (813) Mūla [mūlam] (root) (814) Viśāla (wide) (815) Amṛta [amṛtam] (nectar) (816) Vyaktāvyakta (one who is clear and not clear) (817) Taponidhi (storehouse of austerities) (818) Ārohaṇa (one that ascends) (819) Adhiroha (one who rides) (820) Śīladhārin (one who holds good conduct) (821) Mahātapas (one of great penance) (822) Mahākaṇṭha (one who has a great neck) (823) Mahāyogin (great Yogin) (824) Yuga (825) Yugakara (creator of yugas) (826) Hari (827) Yugarūpa (having the form of the yuga) (828) Mahārūpa (one who has great forms) (829) Vahana (bearing) (830) Gahana (inaccessible) (831) Naga (mountain) (832) Nyāya (logic, justice) (833) Nirvāpaṇa[161] (alleviating, pacifying) (834) Apāda (footless) (835) Paṇḍita (scholar) (836) Acalopama (comparable to a mountain) (837) Bahumāla (having many garlands) (838) Mahāmāla (having great garland) (839) Śipiviṣṭa[162] (one who has penetrated the rays) (840) Sulocana (having good eyes) (841) Vistāra (extension) (842) Lavaṇa (salty ocean) (843) Kūpa (well) (844) Kusumāṅga (one whose limbs are flower-like) (845) Phalodaya (one who acts well till the fruit is reaped) (846) Ṛṣabha (bull) (847) Vṛṣabha (taurus) (848) Bhaṅga (breaking) (849) Maṇibimbajaṭādhara (one who holds jewelled image and matted hair) (850) Indu (moon) (851) Visarga (discharge) (852) Sumukha (having good face) (853) Śūra (heroic) (854) Sarvāyudha (one who has all weapons) (855) Saha (one who endures).

151-168. (856) Nivedana (one who informs) (857) Sudhājāta (one born of nectar) (858) Svargadvāra[163] (one who is the gateway to the heaven) (859) Mahādhanus (one who has great bow) (860) Girāvāsa (one who resides in speech) (861) Visarga (subsidiary creation) (862) Sarvalakṣaṇalakṣyavid (knower of all characteristics and examples) (863) Gandhamālin (one who has sweet smelling garlands) (.864) Bhagavān[164] (lord) (865) Ananta (endless) (866) Sarvalakṣaṇa (one who has all characteristics) (867) Santāna (series) (868) Bahula (a bestower of riches) (869) Bāhu (one having long arms) (870) Sakala (having the digits) (871) Sarvapāvana (sanctifier of all) (872) Karasthālī[165] (having the pot in the hand) (873) Kapālin[166] (having the skull) (874) Ūrdhvasaṃhanana (having the body lifted up) (875) Yuvan (youthful) (876) Yantratantra-suvikhyāta (one who is well known for his yantras and tantras) (877) Loka (world) (878) Sarvāśraya (one who is the support of all) (879) Mṛdu (soft) (880) Muṇḍa (one with shaven head) (881) Virūpa (deformed) (882) Vikṛta (spoiled) (883) Daṇḍin (one having the staff) (884) Kuṇḍin[167] (one having the sacrificial pit) (885) Vikurvaṇa[168] (one who alters and affects) (886) Vāryakṣa (one who has the eyes in water?) (887) Kakubha[169] (prominent) (888) Vajrin (having the thunderbolt) (889) Dīptatejas (one of illuminated splendour) (890) Sahasrapād (thousand-footed) (891) Sahasramūrdhan (thousand-headed) (892) Devendra (lord of Devas) (893) Sarvadevamaya (identical with all Devas) (894) Guru (preceptor) (895) Sahasrabāhu (thousand-armed) (896) Sarvāṅga (having all limbs) (897) Śaraṇya (worthy of being sought refuge in) (898) Sarvalokakṛt (maker of all the worlds) (899) Pavitra (holy) (900) Trimadhu (having threefold honey) (901) Mantra (in the form of the sacred hymns of the Vedas (902) Kaniṣṭha[170] (youngest) (903) Kṛṣṇapiṅgala (dark and tawny-coloured) (904) Brahmadaṇḍa-vinirmātṛ (maker of the staff of Brahmā) (905) Śataghna (one who kills a hundred) (906) Śatapāśadhṛk (one who wears a hundred nooses) (907) (identical with the units of time[171] such as Kalā (908) Kāṣṭhā (909) Lava (910) Mātrā (911) Muhūrta (912) Ahaḥ (day) (913) Kṣapā (night) (914) Kṣaṇa (915) Viśvakṣetraprada (one who grants the holy centres of the universe) (916) Bīja (seed) (917) Liṅga [liṅgam] (918 Ādya (primeval being) (919) Nirmukha (one whose face has vanished) (920) Sadasad (existent-cum-non-existent) (921) Vyakta (visible) (922) Avyakta (invisible) (923) Pitṛ (father) (924) Mātṛ (mother) (925) Pitāmaha (grandfather) (926) Svargadvāra [svargadvāram] (the gateway of the heaven) (927) Mokṣadvāra [mokṣadvāram] (gateway of the salvation) (928) Prajādvāra (one who is the arch-door for his devotee) (929) Triviṣṭapa (heaven) (930) Nirvāṇa [nirvāṇam] (salvation) (931) Hṛdaya (heart) (932) Brahmaloka (the world of Brahmā) (933) Parāgati (the greatest goal) (934) Devāsuravinirmātṛ (one who creates Devas and the Asuras) (935) Devāsuraparāyaṇa (one who is interested in Devas and Asuras) (936) Devasuraguru (the preceptor of Devas and Asuras) (937) Deva (the lord) (938) Devāsuranamaskṛta (one who is bowed to by Devas and the Asuras) (939) Devāsuramahāmātra (high official and minister unto Devas and Asuras) (940) Devasuragaṇāśraya (one who is the support of the groups of all Devas and Asuras (941) Devāsuragaṇādhyakṣa (the presiding officer of the groups of all Devas and Asuras) (942) Devāsuragaṇāgraṇī (the leader of the groups of all Devas and Asuras) (943) Devādhideva (the overlord of all Devas) (944) Devarṣi (the divine sage) (945) Devāsuravaraprada (one who grants boons to all Devas and Asuras) (946) Devāsureśvara (lord of all Devas and the Asuras) (947) Viṣṇu (948) Devāsuramaheśvara (great lord of all Devas and Asuras) (949) Sarvadevamaya (identical with all Devas) (950) Acintya (unthinkable) (951) Devatātman (the Ātman of the deities) (952) Svayambhava (the self-born) (953) Udgata (one who has come up) (954) Trikrama (one who has taken three steps) (955) Vaidya (physician) (956) Varada (granter of boons) (957) Varaja[172] (born of Viṣṇu) (958) Ambara (in the form of firmament) (959) Ijya (worthy of being worshipped) (960) Hastin (elephant) (961) Vyāghra (tiger) (962) Devasiṃha (lion among Devas) (963) Maharṣabha (great bull) (964) Vibudhāgrya (leader among Devas) (965) Sura (god) (966) Śreṣṭha (excellent) (967) Svargadeva (lord of the heaven) (968) Uttama[173] (the most excellent one) (969) Saṃyukta (united) (970) Śobhana (splendid) (971) Vaktā[174] (eloquent speaker) (972) Āśāprabhava (source of all hopes) (973) Avyaya (the unchanging one) (974) Guru (preceptor) (975) Kānta (splendid) (976) Nija (one’s own) (977) Sarga (creation) (978) Pavitra (holy) (979) Sarvavāhana (having all vehicles) (980) Śṛṅgin (having born) (981) Śṛṅgapriya (fond of horn peaks) (982) Babhru (tawny coloured) (983) Rājarāja (king of kings) (984) Nirāmaya (free from ailments) (985) Abhirāma (beautiful) (986) Suśaraṇa (a good refuge) (987) Nirāma (devoid of unripe things) (988) Sarvasādhana (having all means) (989) Lalāṭākṣa (having an eye in the forehead) (990) Viśvadeha (having the universe as the body) (991) Hariṇa (deer) (992) Brahmavarcasa (having the refulgence of the brahman) (993) Sthāvarapati [sthāvarāṇāṃ patiścaiva] (lord of the immobile things) (994) Niyatendriyavartana (one who remains with restraints on the sense-organs) (995) Siddhārtha (one who has achieved the purpose) (996) Sarvabhūtārtha (one who has all realities) (997) Acintya (unthinkable) (998) Satya (true) (999) Śucivrata (one of pure holy rites) (1000) Vratādhipa (the lord of holy rites) (1001) Para [param] (the highest being) (1002) Brahma (the brahman) (1003) Muktānām paramā gati (the greatest goal of the liberated souls) (1004) Vimukta (the liberated one) (1005) Muktakeśa[175] (one whose tresses are loosened) (1006) Śrīmān (glorious) (1007) Śrīvardhana (one who increases prosperity and glory) (1008) Jagat (universe).

169. In accordance with the importance of the name,[176] the lord of sacrifices was eulogized by me with devotion and attention.

170-171. Then the king who was well known in the three worlds obtained the hymn of Śiva from Taṇḍin. He eulogized the lord, the goal of the devotees, after the approval of Taṇḍin. By the grace of holy lord—Taṇḍin, the king Tridhanvā of great fame attained the merit of a thousand horse-sacrifices and also the overlordship of Gaṇas.

172-175. O Brahmins, he who reads this or listens to it or narrates this to the Brahmins, attains the merit of a thousand horse-sacrifices. In order to obtain release, the following sinners should repeat for a year these names, during the three Sandhyās (morning, midday and dusk) in the temple of Śiva or in the region sacred to Śiva and they should also worship the lord. They are:—the slayer of a Brahmin, the wine addict, the thief, the defiler of the preceptor’s bed, the murderer of a refugee, and the one who commits breach of faith with his friends. So also the slayer of mother, father, warrior and the child in the womb.

Footnotes and references:


Pūrvo Manu: i.e. Vaivasvata. Construe: [pūrvo manu cakṣāma, manus tu na] (Cakṣāma),


For detail about the paring of glory of the sun, see Mārka. Chapter 108.


Śaravaṇa: a Himalayan forest where Kārttikeya, the eldest son of Śiva, was born. Lord Śiva had pronounced a curse that a man entering this forest would turn into a woman.


a city in ancient Oudh.


Sthāṇuḥ—tiṣṭhanty asmin Śivatoṣiṇī.: the abode of the universe. Gf. ‘saṃsāramaṇḍapasyāsya mūlastambhāya śambhave’—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


In fact, the text records less than one thousand names, unless we include ‘mataḥ’ (repeated thrice, cf. verses 61, 75, 87) etc. as proper names. It may also be observed that some names are identical in form: Nīla [nīlaḥ] (105, 116), Anindita [aninditaḥ] (121, 124), Guhāvāsī (131, 138), Viṣṇu (126, 162), Jaṭī (55, 81), Dhātā (126, 141), Bala [balaḥ] (99, 122), Muni [muniḥ] (91, 91), Lambitoṣṭha [lambitoṣṭhaḥ] (109, 123), Mahākaṇṭḥa [mahākaṇṭḥaḥ] (108, 147), Vṛkṣa [vṛkṣaḥ] (85, 132); others are repetitive in sense: Śmaśānavāsī (57), Śmaśānavān (108); Nara [naraḥ] (59), Nara, Vigraha [vigrahaḥ] (105); Mahāromā (110), Mahākeśa [mahākeśaḥ] (110); Candra [candraḥ] (61) Indu [induḥ] (150); Others are the names of gods and sages: Vāsudeva [vāsudevaḥ] (92), Adhokṣaja [adhokṣajaḥ] (101), Viṣṇu (126,162) (of Viṣṇu); Dhātā (126) (of Brahmā); Devendra (155), Śakra (126), Amareśa (122), Vajrī (154) (of Indra); Vāmadeva (92), Kapila (119) (of sages).—Śivatoṣiṇī. explains these anomalies in the following way: (1) Identical forms are interpretable differently. (2) Śiva is omni-formed and hence can be identical with Viṣṇu, Brahmā, Indra, fire, air, etc. (3) Originally, there were ten thousand names whose authorship was assigned to Brahmā. They were reduced to one thousand and eight numbers by Brahmā himself and handed down to Taṇḍin for propagation among the worshippers.


Bhānu—the sun or the illuminator of the universe. Cf. ‘yasya bhāsā sarvam idaṃ vibhāti’—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Varadaḥ—one who grants boons or one who destroys the covering of illusion (māyā-vilāsān dyati khaṇḍayati) Śivatoṣiṇī.


Sarvakaraḥ—the material cause of the universe. Cf. ‘yato vā imāni bhūtāni jāyante’—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Śikhaṇḍī—in the form of a hunter adorned with the peacock feathers.


Śāntātmā—identical with the persons devoid of desires. Cf. yaccāsya santato bhāvas tasmādātmeti gīyate—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Śmaśāna-vāsī—one who abides in suṣumnā artery. For this meaning suṣumnā Śivatoṣiṇī. quotes Haṭhayoga-pradīpikā: “suṣumnā śūnyapadavī brahmarandhram mahāpathaḥ / śmaśānaṃ śāmbhavī madhyamārgascetyekavācakāḥ. who sustains the living beings) (36) Unmattaveṣa397 (one who appears in the guise of a mad man) (37) Pracchanna (one who is in disguise) (38) Sarvaloka (omni-seer), (39) Prajāpati (lord of subjects) (40) Mahārūpa398 (one having great forms) (41) Mahākāya (one of great body) (42) Śivarūpa399 (one of auspicious forms) (43.) Mahāyaśas (one whose fame is great) (44) Mahātman (Great soul) (45) Sarvabhūta (one who has become all) (46) Virūpa400 (deformed) (47) Vāmana (dwarf) (48) Nara401 (man) (49) Lokapāla (the protector of the worlds) (50) Antarhitātman (one whose soul is hidden) (51) Prasāda (pleasure) (52) Abhayada402 (bestower of fearlessness) (53) Vibhu403 (all-pervading) (54) Pavitra (holy) (55) Mahān (great) (56) Niyata (restrained) (57) Niyatāśraya (invariable support) (58) Svayambhū (self-born) (59) Sarvakarman (one performing all holy Ādi404 (the first one) (61) Ādikara405 (one who creates the first) (62) Nidhi (treasure for all).


bhagavān—ṣaḍguṇaiśvarya-viśiṣṭhaḥ Śivatoṣiṇī. Cf. Viṣṇu. ‘utpattim pralayaṃ caiva bhūtānām āgatiṃ gatim vetti vidyām avidyāṃ ca sa vācyo bhagavān iti.


Ardanaḥ—one who causes distress to the sinner (ardayati=pīḍayati) or one who lives on alms (bhaikṣya-caryayā carati) Śivatoṣiṇī.


Unmatta-veśaḥ—this refers to his abnormal behaviour in Daru forest (Ch.).


Mahārūpaḥ—of great dimension. Cf ‘mahato mahīyān’—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


N.S. Text reads sarvarūpaḥ for Śivarūpaḥ or Śavarupaḥ.


Virūpaḥśarabha-pakṣirūpaḥ Śivatoṣiṇī. one who has the form of a bird (=vi). See ch. 31.


Naraḥ—one who assumed a human shape.


Abhayadaḥabhayaṃ svātmaikyaṃ dadāti Śivatoṣiṇī. one who identifies himself with his devotees and thus makes them fearless. Cf. ‘bhayaṃ dvitīyābhiniveśataḥ syāt—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Vibhuḥ—omnipresent. Cf ‘tenedam pūrṇam puruṣeṇa sarvam’ cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Ādiḥ—primeval being. Cf. ‘yo devānām prathamam purastāt—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Ādikaraḥ—the creator of the creator. Cf. ‘yo brahmāṇam vidadhāti pūrvam’—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Grahaḥ—Vṛṣṭyavagrahakārako bhaumaḥ Śivatoṣiṇī. Mars who withholds rains.


Grahapatiḥ—lord of planets (grahas), i.e. Jupiter (Bṛhaspati).


Mataḥ—the planet mercury (budha)


Rājā—the planet Venus.


Rājyodayaḥ—Rāhu Śivatoṣiṇī.


Mṛgabāṇārpaṇaḥ. Śivatoṣiṇī. cites Mahimna stotra to explain the legend of Brahmā becoming a deer and of Śiva, an arrow.


Kṛtī—N.S. text reads kṛtaḥ = kṛta-yugarūpaḥ Śivatoṣiṇī.


Subījaḥ—whose semen virile is infallibly productive. It refers to the birth of Kārttikeya, the son of Śiva, out of the fire. The fire could not destroy the semen of Śiva.


Umā-patiḥ—lord of Energy in the form of Om, or the master of Brahma-vidyā. Cf. Kena—‘Brahma-vidyaiva om’—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Harikeśaḥ—lord of Viṣṇu (Hari) and Brahmā (k).


Kṛṣṇa—in the form of Aghora.


Śṛgālarūpaḥ—See ch. 92.


Urdhvaśāyī—one who sleeps in the firmament Śivatoṣiṇī.


Trijaṭi—having Prakṛti of three guṇas as his consort.


Lokadhātā—support of the fourteen worlds.


Guṇākaraḥ—mine or the receptacle of yogic guṇas (chapter 16) or of the 24 guṇas admitted by the Nyāya philosophy.


Catuspathaḥ—the path of the four goals of life, viz. (i) dharma, (ii) artha, (iii) kāma, (iv) mokṣa. Or the originator of four stages of life, viz. (i) brahmacarya (stage of celibacy) (iii) gṛhastha (stage of a householder), (iii) Vānaprastha (stage of a forester), (iv) sannyāsa (stage of a renouncer).


Preta-vāhanaḥ—one who has a preta (a departed being) as his vehicle. Cf. Cāmuṇḍā śava-vāhanā—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Nartanaḥ—sarva-prerakaḥ. Śivatoṣiṇī. one who instigates all to activity.


Mahāśaraḥ—one who has a powerful missile. Śivatoṣiṇī. refers to Śiva’s destruction of Tripuri.


Śivatoṣiṇī. dissolves ‘giricaro mataḥ’ as ‘giricaraḥ amataḥ’; amataḥ—unknown or unrecognized. Śivatoṣiṇī refers to the event of Dāru forest when the sages could not recognize him dressed in strange guise.


Yajñahā—destroyer of sacrifice. It refers to the legend of Śiva who destroyed Dakṣa’s sacrifice.


Prahasaḥ—who is prone to laughter. Cf. ‘sphuṭāṭṭahāsoccalitāṇḍakośaḥ’—Śiva Kavaca as cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Madhyamaḥ the middling. It refers to the Rudra form of Śiva. Cf. “madhyato rudram īśānam”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Tejas—in the form of fire. Cf. “Rudro vā eṣa yad agnih”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Viditaḥ—brahmavid-rūpaḥ. Śivatoṣiṇī. one who has identified himself who those with have realized Brahman, “brahma-vid brahmaiva bhavati”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


BahuḥŚivatoṣiṇī. dissolves as ‘a-bahuḥ’—one, not many, “ekaṃ sad viprā bahudhā vadanti”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Haryaśvaḥ—one who has Viṣṇu for his vehicle Śivatoṣiṇī.


Karma—one who symbolises pious or charitable deeds.


Kālavid—one who knows auspicious or inauspicious times Śivatoṣiṇī.


Jaṭī—one who is the base of the universe Śivatoṣiṇī.


Nakṣatravigrahaḥ—one who is the abode (vigraha) of constellations.


Sarvatomukhaḥ—having face in all directions. “Viśvataś cakṣur uta viśvatomukhaḥ”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Vimocanaḥ—-one who releases jīvas from the net of twenty-four tattvas.


Jalācāraḥ or Jalādhāraḥ—one who is the support or the cause of movement for watery reservoirs, rivers, streams and oceans.


Tālī—one who has a tāla—a musical instrument.


Nālī—one who holds a lotus in his hand or is born of a lotus. Śivatoṣiṇī.


Sarva-vyāpī—one who has an all-pervasive subtle body.


Guhā-vāsaḥ—one who abides in guhā (intellect)


Śrīmālakarmin—one who resorts to the abode of Lakṣmī (Śrīmāla) for yogic trance.


One who is the friend of Jīva (i.e. the individual soul) “suparṇav aitau sadṛṣau sakhāyau”.—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Pravāsaḥ—one who is the eternal abode of all mobile and immobile beings.




Sarva-vāsaḥ—one who is the sheath of all. “īśāvāsyam idaṃ sarvam” cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Mataḥ—advaita-mata-rūpaḥ Śivatoṣiṇī. of non-dual form


Ākāśaḥ—one who shines splendidly.


Nirvirūpaḥ—nirgataṃ virūpaṃ śarabha-pakṣirūpaṃ yasmāt—Śivatoṣiṇī. the source of origin of Śarabha. It refers to the narrative of Śarabha occurring in this purāṇa.


Vivāsā—one who has no covering over his body. i.e. naked.


Surūpavān—of auspicious form: “tasyaite tanuvau ghorā anyā śivarūpā”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.




Trayīvāsī—one who abides in the three Vedas.


Muniḥ—in the form of sacred tree agasti. Śivatoṣiṇī, cites Viśva in support of this meaning.


Sahasrabhuk—one who destroys (bhuṅkte) or protects (bhunakti) people.


Pakṣī—one who has two wings: Ṛk and Sāman. “ṛk daksiṇaḥ paksaḥ samottaraḥ pakṣaḥ”. Śivatoṣiṇī.


Pakṣarūpaḥ—in the form of two fortnights: white and dark.


Vaśaḥ—amenable to the wishes of his devotees. Or dissolve ‘avaśaḥ’—free.


VāsudevaḥŚivatoṣiṇī. offers a far-fetched explanation: one who sports in disguise.


Siddhaḥ—Kapila: “siddhānāṃ kapilo muniḥ” Bhagavad-Gītā cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Mṛduḥ—of soft nature, “ākrānta-sapta-pātāla-kuharopi mahā balaḥ prāpte kaliyuge ghore mṛdutām upayāsyati”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Viśākhaḥ—of the form of Kārttikeya.


Saṣṭibhāgaḥ—one who has sixty tattvas at his command. See Māṇḍūkyopaniṣad.


Gavām patiḥ—lord of the sacred hymns. Śivatoṣiṇī. quotes Śiva Gītā: “Chandasām yastu dhenūnām ṛṣabhatvena Kīrtitaḥ”.


Viṣṭambhī—one who makes others motionless.


Mūlastambhanaḥ—Controller of Prakṛti (mūla).


Vājasanaḥ—of the form of Vājasaneyi śākhā of the Śukla Yajurveda.


Īśānaḥ—lord of all knowledge: “īśānaḥ sarva-vidyānām,”.


Īśvaraḥ—controller of all beings. “īśvaraḥ sarva-bhūtānam”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Anekadṛk—multi-eyed. Cf. “namo astu nīlagrvāya sahasrākṣāya mīḍhuṣe”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Īśvaraḥ—abounding in wealth or prosperity. Cf “īśvaro vibhavair āḍhyaḥ”—Viśva cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Niyantā—charioteer, “jagad-yantra-svarūpasya rathasya śrīmaheśvaraḥ/niyantā tata eveśah sūta ityabhidhiyate”—Ahobala cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Caturmukhaḥ—of the form of four-faced Brahmā.


Liṅgādhyakṣaḥ—lord of unmanifest Prakṛti (liṅga).


Bījādhyaksaḥ—dispenser of the fruits of dharma and adharma.


Balaḥ—strong one. Cf. “balāya namaḥ”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Itihāsaḥ—of the form of tradition.


Adhokṣajaḥ—not realizable by the organs of sense.


Śuddhātmā—of pure mind. For ‘ātman’ in the sense of ‘mind’ see Viśva: ‘ātmā deha-mano-buddhiṣu’—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Bala—one who has an abode in the form of Kailāsa), Śivatoṣiṇī. cites Viśvā: ‘balaṃ sthane’.


Mahāmegha-nivāsin—one who has Viṣṇu (mahāmegha) for his abode;




Nīlaḥ—blue or dark. It refers to his aghora form.


Aṅga-luptaḥ—part of whose body is possessed by Umā.


Nara-vigrahaḥ—one who had a battle with Arjuna.


Mahāmātraḥ—controller of elephants in the form of death.


Nagālayaḥ—one who lives on mountains.


Śmaśānavān—śmanāṃ śarīrāṇām śānaṃ tanū-karaṇam punar-janma-nivāraṇaṃ Kāśīpuraṃ yasya—one who saves men who live in Kāsī from the circle of birth and death.


Antar—one who abides in all.


Lambitoṣṭhaḥ—It refers to Gaṇeśa.


Asapatnaḥ—without a foe or a co-wife.


Prasādaḥ—one who destroys (prakarṣeṇa sādayati) asuras.


Asvahenaḥ (a-su-aha-inaḥ)—lord of Viṣṇu. Śivatoṣiṇī.


Ādikaḥ—the primeval (patriarch), “prajāpatīnām prathamam” Mahābhārata. (Droṇa parva)—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Mahāmuniḥ—in the form of Nārada.


Vṛṣakaḥ—in the form of Dharma.


Vāyu-vāhanaḥ—one who has wind as his Vehicle, Cf “Marunmaya-rathaḥ śambhuḥ”.—Śiva-rahasya cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Upahāraḥ—one to whom offerings are made. Cf. “sarve asmai balim āharanti”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Harmyaḥ—one who has got a palace for his abode.


Puṣkaraḥ—one who abides in Puṣkara. Puṣkara is a sacred place where Brahmā is stated to have set up Nīlalohita (Śiva-liṅga) (Skandapurāṇa. I.ii.45.105). It lies near Ajmer.


Nīlaḥ—one who has some peculiar marks on his body. Cf. Viśva as cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Bhasma-goptā—one who protects through ashes. Śivatoṣiṇī. quotes Mahābhārata.: “raksārthaṃ maṅgalārthaṃ ca pavitrārthaṃ ca bhāmini lāñchanārthaṃ ca bhaktānāṃ bhasma dattaṃ mayā purā //


Bhasma-bhūta-tanuḥ—who is the source of the origin of ashes. Śivatoṣiṇī. refers to a Mahābhārata, legend in this context.


Kapotasthaḥ—one who assumed the form of a pigeon. Śivatoṣiṇī. refers to the legend of Śibi in the Mahābhārata.


Viśāla-śākhaḥ-veda-drumarūpaḥ in the form of the tree of knowledge.


Mahākopaḥ—mahān pūjyaḥ kopo yasya—one whose wrath is worshipped. Cf. “namaste rudra manyave” cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Aninditaḥ—aḥ viṣṇu nindito yasmāt, through whom Viṣṇu was humiliated. It refers to the legend of Dadhīci.


Anilaḥ—one who is distinct from Jīva (=nila), the latter being attached to the objects of senses.


Mahādaṃṣṭraḥ—one who has projected tusks. This refers to his boar-form.


Aninditaḥ—nāstī inditaṃ paramaiśvaryaṃ yasmāt Śivatoṣiṇī. the most prosperous lord.


AhirbudhnyaḥŚeṣa-rūpaḥ Śivatoṣiṇī. the Dragon of the Deep, one who has monopolized all powers and forms within himself and lies concealed in the region of primeval darkness.


Aja-ekapād—one-footed goat, one who is devoid of motion prior to creation. According to Śivatoṣiṇī. it refers to his half man and half woman (ardhanārīśvara) form.


Kāpāli—one who has created this universe consisting of heaven and earth Śivatoṣiṇī.


Mahāgiriḥ, i.e. Himālaya. Cf. Bhagavad-Gītā, “sthāvarāṇāṃ mahāgirih”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Dhanvantari: the physician. Cf. “bhiṣaktamaṃ tvā bhiṣajāṃ śṛṇomi”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Vaiśravaṇa—son of Viśravaṇa, i.e. Kubera.


Sarvāśayaḥ—the resting place for ail. Śivatoṣiṇī.


Sukhotsiktaḥ—the source of pleasure. Gf “tasyaiva ānandasya mātrām upajīvanti”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Guhāvāsī—one who abides in Meru-guhā (the cavity of the heart).


Bandhakī—in the form of allusion (māyā).


Vṛkṣaḥ—destroyer of Māyā,.


Taruḥ—in the form of tree, i.e. creation.


Bhūta-cakrāṅkaḥ -one is the source of the origin of beings. Cf. “yato vā imāni bhūtāni jāyante”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Malaḥ—not benevolent towards the heretics.




Tryakṣaḥ—three-eyed, so called because a third eye burst from his forehead with a great flame when Umā, playfully placed her hands over his eyes after he had been engaged in austerities in the Himalayas. This eye has been very destructive. It rendered Kāma, the God of Love, to ashes; Dowson, H. M. See under Trilocana.


Haraḥ—one who destroys all at the time of dissolution. Cf. “brahmāṇam indraṁ varuṇaṁ yamaṁ dhanadaṁ eva ca / nigṛhya harate yasmāt tasmād dhara iti smṛtaḥ” Mbh. (Droṇa p.) cited in ST.


Guhāvāsaḥ—one who has an abode in intellect.


Surāpaḥ—one who drinks Surā (a kind of wine). Cf. “jihvā-praveśa-sambhūta-vahninotpāditaḥ khalu / candrāt sravati yaḥ sāraḥsyād amara-vāruṇi // HyP—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Mahābhūtaḥ—designated as a great being. Cf. “jyeṣṭhaṃ bhūtaṃ vadanty enam”. Mahābhārata. (Droṇa p.) cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Apsaraḥ—a reservoir of water.


Sarvagaḥ—sung by all.


Paridhā—in the form of earth Śivatoṣiṇī.


Saṃyogī—united with Prakṛti.


Yuktaḥ—united with Umā.


Skandhadaḥ—one who removes the anger of Kārttikeya.


Vapuḥ—the sower of seeds.


Anyaḥ—distinct from Prakṛti.


Yajuḥ—in the form of Yajur-veda, Cf. “tasya yajur eva śirah”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Nirvāpaṇaḥ—the eternal sower of seeds.


Śipiviṣṭaḥ—in the form of Viṣṇu. Cf. Viṣṇuḥ Śipiviṣṭaḥ—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Svarga-dvāraḥ—the door to happiness. For the definition of Svarga compare: “yan na duḥkhena sambhinnaṃ na ca grastam anantaram. abhilāṣopanītaṃ ca tat sukhaṃ śvaḥpadāspadam.


Bhagavān—aiśvaryavān Śivatoṣiṇī. glorious or prosperous.


Karasthāli—one who eats in the palm of his hands. Cf. “tataḥ karatalīkṛtya vyāpi hālāhalaṃ viṣam”, Bhāg.—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Kapāli—one who sustains or nourishes Brahmā (ka).


Kuṇḍī—one who carries Ganges over his forehead.


Vikurvaṇaḥ—one who is not accessible through activities.


Kakubhaḥ—one who carries triśūla in his lap Śivatoṣiṇī.


Kaniṣṭhaḥ—ever youthful or of unmanifest form. Cf. “nityayūne kaniṣṭhāya yadvā'vijñeya-mūrtaye”—Ahobala cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Kalā—who symbolises units of time, such as Kalā, etc.


Varajaḥ—born in the form of ‘sāmba-Śiva’ at the behest of Viṣṇu. Or dissolve ‘avara-jaḥ’ born in the form of fire at the time of dissolution.


Uttamaḥ—the supreme soul. Cf. “uttamaḥ puruṣas tvanyaḥ paramātmetyudāhṛtaḥ // Bhagavad-Gītā cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Vaktā—the best speaker. Gf. “adhivaktā”—cited in Śivatoṣiṇī.


Muktakeśaḥ—lord of the released souls.


Yathā-pradhānam—the principal name Śiva (not mentioned in the above list), with the ending in the dative case, is to be added to each of the names which are also to be put in the dative case, e.g, “oṃ muktakeśāya śivāya namaḥ”.

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