Angiras, Aṅgiras: 13 definitions



Angiras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्) was created as a Sādhaka (aspirant) by Brahmā out of his head (śiras), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] I [viz., Brahmā] created many other things as well, but O sage, I was not satisfied. Then O sage, I meditated on Śiva and his consort Ambā and created aspirants (sādhakas). [...] I created Aṅgiras from the head (śiras), [...] O foremost among sages, creating thus, thanks to the favour of Mahādeva, these excellent Sādhakas (eg., Aṅgiras) I became contented. Then, O dear one, Dharma, born out of my conception assumed the form of Manu at my bidding and was engaged in activity by the aspirants”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—Birth. He is a hermit born from the mind of Brahmā. Six mind-born sons (Mānasa-Putras) were born to Brahmā, known as Marīci, Aṅgiras, Atri, Pulastya, Pulaha, and Kratu. All the six of them became great hermits. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Stanza 10).* (See full article at Story of Aṅgiras from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—In the family of Marīci, son of Brahmā, another King of the name of Aṅgiras is seen. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā, Marīci, Kaśyapa, Vaivasvata Manu, Uttānapāda, Dhruva, Śiṣṭi, Ripu, Cākṣuṣa Manu, Ūru, Aṅgiras. (About this Aṅgiras, no other information is available in the Purāṇas. Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 1, Chapter 13; Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Brahma Purana

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्) is mentioned as one of the seven mind-born sons of Brahmā, also known as the seven prajāpatis, or the seven brahmās, according to the first chapter of the Brahma-purāṇa (on the origin of Devas and Asuras). Accordingly, “Desirous of evolving creation befitting these, he created Prajāpatis (Lords of subjects) viz. Marīci, Atri, Aṅgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasiṣṭha. Thus the lord of great refulgence created seven mental sons. In the Purāṇas these are known as the seven Brahmās”.

The Brahmapurāṇa (mentioning Atri) is one the eighteen mahāpurāṇas originally composed of over 10,000 verses. The first three books of the extant edition contains a diverse amount of topics such as creation theory, cosmology, mythology, philosophy and genealogy. The fourth and last part represents pilgrimage’s travel guide (māhātmya) and narrates the legends surrounding numerous holy spots (tīrtha) around the Godāvarī region in India.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्) married Smṛti: one of the daughters of Dakṣa and Prasūti: one of the two daughters of Manu-svāyaṃbhuva and Śatarūpā, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Smṛti was given to Aṅgiras.] Smṛti and Aṅgiras had four daughters—Sinivalī, Kuhū, Rākā and Anumati.

Note Aṅgirasa (Aṅgiras?) is mentioned in another account as having obtained two daughters from Dakṣa.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Angiras is a rishi (or sage) who, along with sage Atharvan, is credited to have formulated ("heard") most of the fourth Veda called Atharvaveda. He is also mentioned in the other three Vedas. Sometimes he is reckoned as one of the Seven Great Sages, or saptarishis of the first Manvantara, with others being, Marichi, Atri, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, and Vashishtha [1 Bharadwaja maharshis was his descendant.

His wife is Surūpa and his sons are Utathya, Samvartana and Brihaspati. He is one of the ten Manasaputras (wish-born-son) of Lord Brahma. Other accounts say that he married Smriti (memory), the daughter of Daksha.

etymology: Angiras (अंगिरस्, pronounced [əŋɡirəs]; nominative singular Angirā, अंगिरा [əŋɡirɑː])

Source: The Nepalese version of the Suśrutasaṃhitā

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्) is a well-known Vedic Sage, one of the six sons of Brahman (Marīci, Atry, Aṅgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu), one of the 7 Great Sages known i.a. as Citraśikhaṇḍin (6 mentioned above plus Vaśiṣṭa) and often associated with the Atharvaveda. In Ayurvedic literature he appears among the Ṛṣi’s in the first chapter of Caraka-saṃhitā (s. Nārada). In Caraka-saṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 1(3).4-6 Aṅgiras is mentioned among other sages, who previously had become free from fatigue, disease and old age by use of the 20 āmalakāyaso brāhmarasāyanaḥ prepared by Brahman.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—m. [aṅgati-aṅg gatau asi iruṭ; Uṇ 4. 235; according to Ait. Br. aṅgiras is from aṅgāra; ye aṅgārā āsaṃste'ṅgiraso'bhavan; so Nir.; aṅgāreṣu yo babhūva so'ṅgirāḥ] Name of a celebrated sage to whom many hymns of the Rigveda (ix) are ascribed. Etymologically Aṅgira is connected with the word Agni and is often regarded as its synonym (śivo bhava prajābhyo mānuṣībhyastva- maṅgiraḥ; aṅgirobhiḥ ṛṣibhiḥ saṃpāditatvāt aṅgasauṣṭhavādvā aṅgirā agnirūpaḥ) According to Bhārata he was son of Agni. When Agni began to practise penance, Aṅgiras himself became Agni and surpassed him in power and lustre, seeing which Agni came to the sage and said:- निक्षिपाम्यहमग्नित्वं त्वमग्निः प्रथमो भव । भविष्यामि द्वितीयोऽहं प्राजा- पत्यक एव च (nikṣipāmyahamagnitvaṃ tvamagniḥ prathamo bhava | bhaviṣyāmi dvitīyo'haṃ prājā- patyaka eva ca) || Aṅgiras said :कुरु पुण्यं प्रजासर्गं भवाग्निस्तिमि- रापहः । मां च देव कुरुष्वाग्ने प्रथमं पुत्रमञ्जसा ॥ तत्श्रुत्वाङ्गिरसो वाक्यं जातवेदास्तथाऽकरोत् (kuru puṇyaṃ prajāsargaṃ bhavāgnistimi- rāpahaḥ | māṃ ca deva kuruṣvāgne prathamaṃ putramañjasā || tatśrutvāṅgiraso vākyaṃ jātavedāstathā'karot). He was one of the 1 mind-born sons of Brahmā. His wife was Śraddhā, daughter of Kardama and bore him three sons, Bṛhaspati, Utathya and Saṃvarta, and 4 daughters Kuhū, Sinīvālī, Rākā and Anumati. The Matsya Purāṇa says that Aṅgiras was one of the three sages produced from the sacrifice of Varuṇa and that he was adopted by Agni as his son and acted for some time as his regent. Another account, however, makes him father of Agni. He was one of the seven great sages and also one of the 1 Prajāpatis or progenitors of mankind. In latter times Aṅgiras was one of the inspired lawgivers, and also a writer on Astronomy. As an astronomical personification he is Bṛhaspati, regent of Jupiter or Jupiter itself. शिष्यैरुपेता आजग्मु (śiṣyairupetā ājagmu): कश्यपाङ्गिरसादयः (kaśyapāṅgirasādayaḥ) (Bhāg. 1.9.8.) He is also regarded as the priest of the gods and the lord of sacrifices. Besides Śraddhā his wives were Smṛti, two daughters of Maitreya, some daughters of Dakṣa, Svadhā and Satī. He is also regarded as teacher of Brahmavidyā. The Vedic hymns are also said to be his daughters. According to the Bhāgavata Purāṇa, Aṅgiras begot sons possessing Brahmanical glory on the wife of Rāthītara, a Kṣatriya who was childless and these persons were afterwards called descendants of Aṅgiras. The principal authors of vedic hymns in the family of Aṅgiras were 33. His family has three distinct branches केवलाङ्गिरस, गौतमाङ्गिरस (kevalāṅgirasa, gautamāṅgirasa) and भारद्वाजाङ्गिरस (bhāradvājāṅgirasa) each branch having a number of subdivisions. (pl.)

1) Descendants of Aṅgiras, [Aṅgiras being father of Agni they are considered as descendants of Agni himself who is called the first of the Aṅgirasas. Like Aṅgiras they occur in hymns addressed to luminous objects, and at a later period they became for the most part personifications of light, of luminous bodies, of divisions of time, celestial phenomena and fires adapted to peculiar occasions, as the full moon and change of the moon, or to particular rites, as the अश्वमेध, राजसूय (aśvamedha, rājasūya) &c.]

2) Hymns of the Atharvaveda.

3) Priests, who, by using magical formulas of the Atharvaveda, protect the sacrifice against the effects of inauspicious accidents.

See also (synonyms): aṅgira.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—(= Pali °rasa), nom. sg. °rāḥ, name of a king (in Pali of the race of Mahāsaṃmata): Mahāvyutpatti 3572 (in a list of cakravartins headed by Mahāsaṃmata, 3552).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—m.

(-rāḥ) The name of a Rishi or saint, born of Brahma, one of the seven principal sages; in one legend identified with fire, and apparently an astronomicalpersonification, having for his sons Utat'Hya and Vrihaspati, and for daughters Sinivali, Kuhu Raka and Anumati. E. agi to go, and āni Unadi aff. with irak inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—m. The name of a Ṛṣi, or saint.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—[masculine] a kind of [mythological] beings with Agni at their head; [Name] of an old Ṛṣi, [plural] his descendants or their hymns, i.e. the Atharvaveda.

rastama ([superlative]) quite an A., aṅgirasvat [adverb] like an A.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्):—[from aṅgir] m. Name of a Ṛṣi, author of the hymns of [Ṛg-veda ix], of a code of laws, and of a treatise on astronomy (he is said by some to have been born from Brahmā’s mouth, and to have been the husband of Smṛti, of Śraddhā, of two daughters of Maitreya, of several daughters of Dakṣa, etc.; he is considered as one of the seven Ṛṣis of the first Manvantara, as a Prajāpati, as a teacher of the Brahmavidyā, which he had learnt from Satyavāha, a descendant of Bharadvāja, etc. Among his sons, the chief is Agni, others are Saṃvarta, Utathya, and Bṛhaspati; among his daughters are mentioned Sinīvālī, Kuhū, Rākā, Anumati, and Akūpārā; but the Ṛcas or Vedic hymns, the manes of Haviṣmat, and mankind itself are styled his offspring. In astronomy he is the planet Jupiter, and a star in Ursa Major)

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Agni, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] (asas) descendants of Aṅgiras or of Agni (mostly personifications of luminous objects)

4) [v.s. ...] the hymns of the Atharva-veda, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] priests who by using the magical formulas of those hymns protect the sacrifice against the effects of inauspicious accidents.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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