Angiras, aka: Aṅgiras; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Angiras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Angiras in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्) was created as a Sādhaka (aspirant) by Brahmā out of his head (śiras), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] I [viz., Brahmā] created many other things as well, but O sage, I was not satisfied. Then O sage, I meditated on Śiva and his consort Ambā and created aspirants (sādhakas). [...] I created Aṅgiras from the head (śiras), [...] O foremost among sages, creating thus, thanks to the favour of Mahādeva, these excellent Sādhakas (eg., Aṅgiras) I became contented. Then, O dear one, Dharma, born out of my conception assumed the form of Manu at my bidding and was engaged in activity by the aspirants”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation

1) Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—Birth. He is a hermit born from the mind of Brahmā. Six mind-born sons (Mānasa-Putras) were born to Brahmā, known as Marīci, Aṅgiras, Atri, Pulastya, Pulaha, and Kratu. All the six of them became great hermits. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Stanza 10).* (See full article at Story of Aṅgiras from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—In the family of Marīci, son of Brahmā, another King of the name of Aṅgiras is seen. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā, Marīci, Kaśyapa, Vaivasvata Manu, Uttānapāda, Dhruva, Śiṣṭi, Ripu, Cākṣuṣa Manu, Ūru, Aṅgiras. (About this Aṅgiras, no other information is available in the Purāṇas. Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 1, Chapter 13; Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्) is mentioned as one of the seven mind-born sons of Brahmā, also known as the seven prajāpatis, or the seven brahmās, according to the first chapter of the Brahma-purāṇa (on the origin of Devas and Asuras). Accordingly, “Desirous of evolving creation befitting these, he created Prajāpatis (Lords of subjects) viz. Marīci, Atri, Aṅgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu and Vasiṣṭha. Thus the lord of great refulgence created seven mental sons. In the Purāṇas these are known as the seven Brahmās”.

The Brahmapurāṇa (mentioning Atri) is one the eighteen mahāpurāṇas originally composed of over 10,000 verses. The first three books of the extant edition contains a diverse amount of topics such as creation theory, cosmology, mythology, philosophy and genealogy. The fourth and last part represents pilgrimage’s travel guide (māhātmya) and narrates the legends surrounding numerous holy spots (tīrtha) around the Godāvarī region in India.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Brahma Purana
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Angiras is a rishi (or sage) who, along with sage Atharvan, is credited to have formulated ("heard") most of the fourth Veda called Atharvaveda. He is also mentioned in the other three Vedas. Sometimes he is reckoned as one of the Seven Great Sages, or saptarishis of the first Manvantara, with others being, Marichi, Atri, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, and Vashishtha [1 Bharadwaja maharshis was his descendant.

His wife is Surūpa and his sons are Utathya, Samvartana and Brihaspati. He is one of the ten Manasaputras (wish-born-son) of Lord Brahma. Other accounts say that he married Smriti (memory), the daughter of Daksha.

etymology: Angiras (अंगिरस्, pronounced [əŋɡirəs]; nominative singular Angirā, अंगिरा [əŋɡirɑː])

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्) is a well-known Vedic Sage, one of the six sons of Brahman (Marīci, Atry, Aṅgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu), one of the 7 Great Sages known i.a. as Citraśikhaṇḍin (6 mentioned above plus Vaśiṣṭa) and often associated with the Atharvaveda. In Āyurvedic literature he appears among the Ṛṣi’s in the first chapter of Caraka-saṃhitā (s. Nārada). In Caraka-saṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 1(3).4-6 Aṅgiras is mentioned among other sages, who previously had become free from fatigue, disease and old age by use of the 20 āmalakāyaso brāhmarasāyanaḥ prepared by Brahman.

Source: Academia.edu: The Nepalese version of the Suśrutasaṃhitā

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—(= Pali °rasa), nom. sg. °rāḥ, n. of a king (in Pali of the race of Mahāsaṃmata): Mvy 3572 (in a list of cakravartins headed by Mahāsaṃmata, 3552).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aṅgiras (अङ्गिरस्).—m.

(-rāḥ) The name of a Rishi or saint, born of Brahma, one of the seven principal sages; in one legend identified with fire, and apparently an astronomicalpersonification, having for his sons Utat'Hya and Vrihaspati, and for daughters Sinivali, Kuhu Raka and Anumati. E. agi to go, and āni Unadi aff. with irak inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 265 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Angira
Aṅgirā (अङ्गिरा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.10, I.65, I.60.4) and repres...
Smriti
Smṛti (स्मृति) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the three daught...
Brihaspati
Bṛhaspati (बृहस्पति).—(1) n. of a king, descendant of Aśoka: Divy 433.23 (written Vṛh°); (2) n...
Agni
1) Agni (अग्नि) refers to one of the eight direction-guardians (dikpāla) of the Guṇacakra, acco...
Sudarshana
Sudarśana (सुदर्शन).—mfn. (-naḥ-nā or -nī-naṃ) 1. Handsome, good looking. 2. Easily seen. m. (-...
Shiva
1) Śiva (शिव) refers to one of the eight names of Śiva (śivanāma) and is mentioned in the Śivap...
Marici
1) Marīci (मरीचि) refers to “pepper”, which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śi...
Prajapati
Prajāpati (प्रजापति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. A name of Brahma. 2. The epithet common to the ten divine pe...
Angirasa
Aṅgīrasa (अङ्गीरस).—(= Pali id. in meaning 1; regular Sanskrit would be Āṅgirasa, q.v.), (1) ep...
Narada
Nārada (नारद) was created as a Sādhaka (aspirant) by Brahmā out of his lap (utsaṅga), according...
Vamadeva
Vāmadeva (वामदेव).—m. (-vaḥ) A name of Siva. E. vāma contrary, (to human institutions,) deva wh...
Gautama
Gautama (गौतम).—m. (-maḥ) 1. The name of a saint or sage and founder of the Nyaya philosophy. 2...
Virupa
Virūpa (विरूप).—n. of a householder's son: Av ii.174.3 ff.--- OR --- Virūpā (विरूपा).—n. of a d...
Kashyapa
1) Kāśyapa (काश्यप) is the name of a Buddha whose “assistant” (upasthāyaka) was named Sarvamitr...
Anumati
Anumati (अनुमति) refers to the “full moon beginning on the fourteenth day”.—Purastād may mean b...

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