Kalavid, Kālavid: 4 definitions
Kalavid means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Kalāvid (कलाविद्) refers to “learned men”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Gemini (Mithuna), chaste women, princes, powerful petty chiefs, learned men [i.e., kalāvid], people living on the banks of the Yamunā and the rulers of Bahlikā and Matsya with their subjects will suffer miseries. If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Cancer (Karka) the Ābhīras, the Śabaras, the Pallavas, the Mallas, the Matsyas, the Kurus, the Śakas, the Pāñcālas and the Vikalās will be afflicted with miseries and food grains will be destroyed”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Languages of India and abroad
Kālavid (कालविद्).—[adjective] & kālavidyā [feminine] = kālajña & kālajñāna.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kalāvid (कलाविद्):—[=kalā-vid] [from kalā] mfn. knowing or conversant with arts
2) [v.s. ...] m. (t) an artisan, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
3) [v.s. ...] a Vidyā-dhara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Kālavid (कालविद्):—[=kāla-vid] [from kāla] mfn. knowing the times, [Rāmāyaṇa iv, 32, 13.]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Kalavida, Kalavide, Kalavidhana, Kalavidhanapaddhati, Kalavidhi, Kalavidhitantra, Kalavidhriti, Kalavidhvamsana, Kalavidvams, Kalavidvas, Kalavidya.
Ends with: Deshakalavid, Prakalavid, Trikalavid.
Full-text: Deshakalavid, Trikalavid, Kalavidvams, Kala.
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