Wisdom Library Logo

Rahu, aka: Rāhu; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Rahu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Rāhu (राहु).—(also Svarbhānu); an Asura and the eldest of the 14 sons of Vipracitti and Simhikā; a servant of Hiraṇyakaśipu; attained the status of a planet and immortality by drinking amṛta in the disguise of a deva, and when detected and reported by the sun and the moon, the Lord threw his cakra which cut off his head; hence he became the enemy of the sun and the moon.1 Asked by Bali to refrain from battle; position on the Śiśumāra about the neck; with Soma in the devāsura war;2 his daughter, was the wife of Āyu.3 one of the nine planets; black in colour; it is said that the sun and the moon interrupt him and therefore both are attacked on new moon or full moon days; it is Sudarśana that makes Rāhu withdraw himself; such occurrences are said to be eclipses; below the region of Rāhu is the abode of the Siddhas, Cāraṇas and Vidyādharas;4 Rāhu leaving the moon is compared to getting rid of all sins by a bath in Prayāgā;5 attains Soma in Parvas and then Ādityas;6 swallowing of the moon is a bad omen;7 with sun or moon fit for gifts in Amarakaṇṭaka;8 rise of, must lead to the performance of śrāddha.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 37; 18. 13-14; VIII. 9. 24-26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 13; 6. 20; Matsya-purāṇa 251. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 81; 67. 60; 68. 20; 111. 5; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 19. 52; II. 12. 22.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 7; VIII. 10. 31; 21. 19.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 1.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 1-4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 89; 24. 136; III. 14. 3; Matsya-purāṇa 93. 10.
  • 5) Ib. 106. 26.
  • 6) Ib. 107. 12; 127. 10.
  • 7) Ib. 163. 42.
  • 8) Ib. 188. 87.
  • 9) Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 3.

1b) A Parā god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 57.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including religious ceremonies, various arts, sciences and historical legends. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Nava-graha (Hands that indicate the Nine Planets).—Rahu: left hand–Sarpa-śīrṣa, right hand–Sūci.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Rāhu (राहु): Rahu is a snake that swallows the sun or the moon causing eclipses. Rahu is one of the navagrahas.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Rahu is one of the nine planets, Navagrahas. He was originaly one of the Asuras, who became immortal by drinking Amrit, disguised as one of the Devas. He was decapitated by the discus of Vishnu. His head became Rahu, while the rest of his body became Ketu. This incident is chronicled elsewhere. He causes the eclipses of the sun, by eating Surya occasionally in revenge.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism

Pali

Rāhu, (Vedic rāhu) N. of an Asura: see under Proper Names.—rāhumukha “mouth of Rāhu, ” designation of a certain punishment for criminals (M. I, 87; III, 164; Nd1 154 (in list of tortures)=Nd2 604=Miln. 197. (Page 571)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

rāhu : (m.) name of an asura king; an eclipse.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Rahu: A dark monster/ planet said to be responsible for the phases of the moon by swallowing it.

Source: Longchen Nyingtik in Ukraine: The Great Chariot

An Asura chieftain (Asurinda) (cp. Mtu.iii.138, 254). The Samyutta Nikaya (S.i.49f) says that on one occasion when he seized Candima (Moon god), and on another Suriya (Sun god), both these invoked the aid of the Buddha. The Buddha then instructed Rahu to let them free. Rahu immediately let them go and ran to Vepacitti, trembling and with stiffened hair. This incident evidently refers to the Indian myth of the eclipses, and the legend has been annexed by the Buddhists to illustrate the Buddhas power and pity.

Elsewhere (A.ii.17) Rahu is spoken of as the chief of those possessing personality (attabhava). The Commentaries (E.g., AA.ii.474; DA.ii.487f.; MA.ii.790; SA.i.86, contains more details and differs slightly) explain that he is four thousand eight hundred leagues in height, and that the breadth of his chest is one thousand two hundred yojanas. His hands and feet are two hundred leagues long, each finger joint measuring fifty leagues, the space between the eyebrows also measuring fifty leagues. His forehead is fifty leagues broad, and his head nine hundred leagues in height. His face measures one hundred leagues, his nose three hundred, and the depth of his mouth one hundred. He is jealous of the gods of the Sun and the Moon, and stands in their paths with wide open mouth. When they fall into his mouth, the gods abandon their abodes and flee for their lives. Sometimes he caresses their abodes with his hand only, or with the lower part of his jaw, or with his tongue. Sometimes he takes them up and places them against his cheek; but he cannot stop the course of either the Sun or the Moon; if he attempts to do so, he will meet with disaster. So he journeys along with them.

The seizure of the Moon by Rahu and the escape from him is often used as a simile (E.g., SN. vs. 465; J.i.183, 274; iii.364, 377; iv.330; v.453; DhA.iv.19, etc.). Rahu is one of the four stains (upakkilesa) of the Sun and the Moon, preventing them from shining in all their glory (A.ii.53; Vin.ii.295; cp. J.iii.365). He is further mentioned as one of the five causes of lack of rain (vassassa antaraya). When he gathers water into his hands and spills it into the ocean, there is no rain (A.iii.243). The idea seems to be that he gathers up the rain water which is in the sky in order to cool his body.

To bring Rahu down from the sky is mentioned as one of the impossible tasks (J.iii.477).

It is said (DA.i.285; MA.ii.790f ) that for a long time Rahu did not visit the Buddha, he thought that being so tall he would fail to see the Buddha. One day, however, he decided to go, and the Buddha, aware of his intention, lay on a bed when he arrived, and, by his iddhi power, contrived to make himself so tall that Rahu had to crane his neck to see his face. Rahu, thereupon, confessed his folly and accepted the Buddha as his teacher.

Rahu is mentioned (D.ii.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Relevant definitions

Search found 46 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Asura
Asura (असुर) is the Sanskrit name for a group of deities to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, ...
Sūrya
Sūrya (सूर्य) is the Sanskrit name for a deity to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according ...
Kala
Kāla (काल).—The three kinds of units of measure (kāla) that were employed in the Gandh...
Candra
1) Candra (चन्द्र).—Another name for Jaladhāra, which is one of the seven major mounta...
Amṛta
Amṛtā (अमृता) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips,...
Ketu
1a) Ketu (केतु).—A son of Ṛṣabha.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 10.1b) One of the 100 sons of ...
Cakra
Cakra (चक्र) refers to a weapon (also known as Sudarśana; A discus of sharp circular missile...
Caṇḍa
Caṇḍā (चण्डा).—Name of a river (nadī) situated near the seven great mountains on the w...
Graha
1a) Graha (ग्रह).—A Parā god.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 57.1b) Planets, seven in number e...
Sudarśana
Sudarśana (सुदर्शन) is another name for Pāvaka, one of the seven regions situated in Krauñca...
Suriya
Sūriya, (nt.) (abstr. fr. sūra1) valour S. V, 227 (text, sūra); J. I, 282; Miln. 4. (Page 722...
Vepacitti Sutta
Khanti, & Khantī f. (Sk. kṣānti) patience, forbearance, forgiveness. Def. at Dhs. 1341: khantī ...
Nakṣatra
1) Nakṣatra (नक्षत्र).—Stars as sons of Dākṣāyaṇī1 do not shine in Ilāvṛta;2 living by ...
Simhika
1a) Siṃhikā (सिंहिका).—A daughter of Diti and Kaśyapa and sister of Hiraṇyakaśipu: the wi...
Candima
Candimā, (m. or f. ?) (Sk. candramas m. & candrimā f. , cp. pūrṇimā; a cpd. of canda+mā, cp. mā...

Relevant text

Search found 123 books containing Rahu or Rāhu. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

- Was this explanation helpufll? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.