Rahu, aka: Rāhu; 15 Definition(s)
Rahu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1a) Rāhu (राहु).—(also Svarbhānu); an Asura and the eldest of the 14 sons of Vipracitti and Simhikā; a servant of Hiraṇyakaśipu; attained the status of a planet and immortality by drinking amṛta in the disguise of a deva, and when detected and reported by the sun and the moon, the Lord threw his cakra which cut off his head; hence he became the enemy of the sun and the moon.1 Asked by Bali to refrain from battle; position on the Śiśumāra about the neck; with Soma in the devāsura war;2 his daughter, was the wife of Āyu.3 one of the nine planets; black in colour; it is said that the sun and the moon interrupt him and therefore both are attacked on new moon or full moon days; it is Sudarśana that makes Rāhu withdraw himself; such occurrences are said to be eclipses; below the region of Rāhu is the abode of the Siddhas, Cāraṇas and Vidyādharas;4 Rāhu leaving the moon is compared to getting rid of all sins by a bath in Prayāgā;5 attains Soma in Parvas and then Ādityas;6 swallowing of the moon is a bad omen;7 with sun or moon fit for gifts in Amarakaṇṭaka;8 rise of, must lead to the performance of śrāddha.9
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 37; 18. 13-14; VIII. 9. 24-26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 13; 6. 20; Matsya-purāṇa 251. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 81; 67. 60; 68. 20; 111. 5; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 19. 52; II. 12. 22.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 7; VIII. 10. 31; 21. 19.
- 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 1.
- 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 1-4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 89; 24. 136; III. 14. 3; Matsya-purāṇa 93. 10.
- 5) Ib. 106. 26.
- 6) Ib. 107. 12; 127. 10.
- 7) Ib. 163. 42.
- 8) Ib. 188. 87.
- 9) Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 3.
1b) A Parā god.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 57.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
One of the Nava-graha (Hands that indicate the Nine Planets).—Rahu: left hand–Sarpa-śīrṣa, right hand–Sūci.(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Katha (narrative stories)
Rāhu (राहु) was the Asura who, disguised as a god at the Churning of the Ocean, obtained possession of some of the Amṛta and proceeded to drink it in order to become immortal. Sūrya and Soma (the sun and moon), however, noticed what was going on, and immediately told Nārāyaṇa (Viṣṇu), who instantly cut off Rāhu’s head with his discus. As the head contained Amṛta it became immortal and came to represent the ascending nodes of the moon’s orbit. The body of Rāhu, according to the Puranic notion, was called Ketu, and represented the descending nodes.(Source): archive.org: The ocean of story, vol. 1
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Rahu is one of the nine planets, Navagrahas. He was originaly one of the Asuras, who became immortal by drinking Amrit, disguised as one of the Devas. He was decapitated by the discus of Vishnu. His head became Rahu, while the rest of his body became Ketu. This incident is chronicled elsewhere. He causes the eclipses of the sun, by eating Surya occasionally in revenge.(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Rāhu (राहु): Rahu is a snake that swallows the sun or the moon causing eclipses. Rahu is one of the navagrahas.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
An Asura chieftain (Asurinda) (cp. Mtu.iii.138, 254). The Samyutta Nikaya (S.i.49f) says that on one occasion when he seized Candima (Moon god), and on another Suriya (Sun god), both these invoked the aid of the Buddha. The Buddha then instructed Rahu to let them free. Rahu immediately let them go and ran to Vepacitti, trembling and with stiffened hair. This incident evidently refers to the Indian myth of the eclipses, and the legend has been annexed by the Buddhists to illustrate the Buddhas power and pity.
Elsewhere (A.ii.17) Rahu is spoken of as the chief of those possessing personality (attabhava). The Commentaries (E.g., AA.ii.474; DA.ii.487f.; MA.ii.790; SA.i.86, contains more details and differs slightly) explain that he is four thousand eight hundred leagues in height, and that the breadth of his chest is one thousand two hundred yojanas. His hands and feet are two hundred leagues long, each finger joint measuring fifty leagues, the space between the eyebrows also measuring fifty leagues. His forehead is fifty leagues broad, and his head nine hundred leagues in height. His face measures one hundred leagues, his nose three hundred, and the depth of his mouth one hundred. He is jealous of the gods of the Sun and the Moon, and stands in their paths with wide open mouth. When they fall into his mouth, the gods abandon their abodes and flee for their lives. Sometimes he caresses their abodes with his hand only, or with the lower part of his jaw, or with his tongue. Sometimes he takes them up and places them against his cheek; but he cannot stop the course of either the Sun or the Moon; if he attempts to do so, he will meet with disaster. So he journeys along with them.
The seizure of the Moon by Rahu and the escape from him is often used as a simile (E.g., SN. vs. 465; J.i.183, 274; iii.364, 377; iv.330; v.453; DhA.iv.19, etc.). Rahu is one of the four stains (upakkilesa) of the Sun and the Moon, preventing them from shining in all their glory (A.ii.53; Vin.ii.295; cp. J.iii.365). He is further mentioned as one of the five causes of lack of rain (vassassa antaraya). When he gathers water into his hands and spills it into the ocean, there is no rain (A.iii.243). The idea seems to be that he gathers up the rain water which is in the sky in order to cool his body.
To bring Rahu down from the sky is mentioned as one of the impossible tasks (J.iii.477).
It is said (DA.i.285; MA.ii.790f ) that for a long time Rahu did not visit the Buddha, he thought that being so tall he would fail to see the Buddha. One day, however, he decided to go, and the Buddha, aware of his intention, lay on a bed when he arrived, and, by his iddhi power, contrived to make himself so tall that Rahu had to crane his neck to see his face. Rahu, thereupon, confessed his folly and accepted the Buddha as his teacher.
Rahu is mentioned (D.ii.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Rāhu (राहु) is the name of an Asura king mentioned in the Tsa a han according to appendix 8 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “Once the Buddha was dwelling at Śrāvastī in the Jetavana, in the garden of Anāthapiṇḍada. At that time, Rāhu, king of the Asuras, was blocking Candima, the Devaputra. Then full of terror, Candima Devaputra came to the Buddha and having bowed his head to the Buddha’s feet, stood aside and spoke these stanzas of praise to the Buddha...”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Rahu: A dark monster/ planet said to be responsible for the phases of the moon by swallowing it.(Source): Longchen Nyingtik in Ukraine: The Great Chariot
Languages of India and abroad
rāhu : (m.) name of an asura king; an eclipse.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Rāhu, (Vedic rāhu) N. of an Asura: see under Proper Names.—rāhumukha “mouth of Rāhu, ” designation of a certain punishment for criminals (M. I, 87; III, 164; Nd1 154 (in list of tortures)=Nd2 604=Miln. 197. (Page 571)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
rahū (रहू).—m C More commonly rōha.
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rāhu (राहु).—m (S) The ascending node. 2 In mythology. A daitya with the tail of a dragon whose head was severed from his body by Vishn̤u. The head and tail, retaining their separate existence, were transferred to the planetary heavens, and became, the first, the eighth planet, the second (or kētu) the ninth. To them are ascribed the eclipses of the sun and moon. rāhukētu māgēṃ lāgaṇēṃ or rāhūsārakhā māgēṃ lāgaṇēṃ-yēṇēṃ -pāṭha ghēṇēṃ &c. To press upon and worry greatly.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
rāhu (राहु).—m The ascending node. A daitya.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Rāhu (राहु).—[rah-uṇ Uṇ.1.3]
1) Name of a demon, son of Viprachitti and Siṁhikā and hence often called Saiṁhikeya; ग्रसते हि तमोपहं मुहुर्ननु राह्वाह्वमहर्पतिं तमः (grasate hi tamopahaṃ muhurnanu rāhvāhvamaharpatiṃ tamaḥ) Śi.16.57; विधुरपि विधियोगाद् ग्रस्यते राहुणासौ (vidhurapi vidhiyogād grasyate rāhuṇāsau) H. [When the nectar, that was churned out of the ocean, was being served to the gods, Rāhu disguised himself and attempted to drink it along with them. But he was detected by the sun and the moon who informed Viṣṇu of the fraud. Visnu, thereupon, severed his head from the body; but as he had tasted a little quantity of nectar the head became immortal, and is supposed to wreak its vengeance on the sun and moon at the time of conjunction and opposition; cf. Bh.2.34. In astronomy Rāhu is regarded, like Ketu, as one of the nine planets, or only as the ascending node of the moon.]
2) An eclipse, or rather the moment of occultation.
4) One who abandons.
5) The regent of the southwest quarter.
Derivable forms: rāhuḥ (राहुः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 61 books and stories containing Rahu or Rāhu. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 15 - The fight between the gods and Jalandhara < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 19 - Jalandhara’s emissary to Śiva < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 16 - Śiva’s Incarnation as Yakṣeśvara < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
The Book of Protection (by Piyadassi Thera)
Discourse 10 - The Sun Deity's Prayer For Protection < [Discourses]
Discourse 9 - The Moon Deity's Prayer For Protection < [Discourses]
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Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Village Folk-tales of Ceylon (Sri Lanka), vol. 1-3 (by Henry Parker)