Ambara, Aṃbara, Ambarā: 18 definitions



Ambara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Ambara (अम्बर) is a general name for “clothing” once commonly made by craftsmen in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Craftsmen and their tools are referred to in the Nīlamata which enjoins upon the inhabitants of Kaśmīra the worship of Viśvakarmā—the originator of all crafts.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Aṃbara (अंबर).—An Asura follower of Vṛtra in his battle with Indra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 10. 19.

1b) Sacred to Viśvakāya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 27.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Ambara (अम्बर) is another name for Vastra or “garments” (i.e., ornamental), as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—According to the texts there are two type of clothing or robes, namely the bandhas and the vastras. [...] Vastra, also called Ambara, is the typical robe which drapes the lower part of the body, of both female and male icons. This is wrapped around the waist girdles, and consist either in a long garment, reaching just above the ankles or in a shorter one having a broad and well-defined border (ambarānta), seen just above the knees.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Ambarā (अम्बरा) is the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Ambarā).

2) Ambara (अम्बर) refers to one of the various Ṛṣis (sages) and Mahārṣis (great sages) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Ambara (अम्बर).— The ambaras are a group of celestial beings living in the lower regions of adholoka (lower world) according to Jaina cosmology. Adholoka is made up of seven regions and offers residence to the infernal beings existing within these lands.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ambara.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘cypher’. Note: ambara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ambara : (nt.) 1. a cloth; 2. the sky.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Ambara, 2 (m.-nt.) (etym. = ambara1 (?) or more likely a distortion of kambala; for the latter speaks the combn. rattambara = ratta-kambala. — The word would thus be due to an erroneous syllable division rattak-ambala (= ambara) instead of ratta-kambala) some sort of cloth and an (upper) garment made of it (cp. kambala) Vv 537 (ratt° = uttariya VvA.236). (Page 74)

2) Ambara, 1 (nt.) (Vedic ambara circumference, horizon) the sky, Dāvs.I, 38; IV, 51; V, 32. — Note. At J.V, 390 we have to read muraja-ālambara, and not mura-jāla-ambara. (Page 74)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ambara (अंबर).—m dim. ambarī f A smith's pincers.

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ambara (अंबर).—m (S) Ambergris. 2 n Clothes or apparel. 3 In comp. Clothed; as nīlāmbara, pītāmbara Clothed in blue or yellow garments, vyāghracarmāmbara, gaja- carmāmbara, digambara &c. 4 n The sky or atmosphere. Ex.ambara kaisēṃ muṣṭīnta samāvēṃ.

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ambara (अंबर).—m ( P) A perpendicular cavity in the wall of a house, as a receptacle for corn. aṃ0 luṭaṇēṃ To consume the stock of corn wastefully.

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ambara (अंबर).—f (Properly amaravēla) A species of Moonseed.

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ambāra (अंबार).—n ( P) A perpendicular cavity in the wall of a house as a receptacle for grain.

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āmbara (आंबर).—m (Or āmbūra) A sort of pincers.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ambara (अंबर).—n Garment, clothes, apparel. The sky.

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āmbara (आंबर).—m A sort of pincers.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर).—[ambaḥ śabdaḥ taṃ rāti dhatte, rā-ka]

1) Sky, atmosphere, ether; कैलासनिलयप्रख्यमालिखन्तमिवाम्बरम् (kailāsanilayaprakhyamālikhantamivāmbaram) Rām. 5.2.23. तावतर्जयदम्बरे (tāvatarjayadambare) R.12.41.

2) Cloth, garment, clothing, apparel, dress; दिव्यमाल्याम्बरधरम् (divyamālyāmbaradharam) Bg.11.11; R.3.9. दिगम्बर (digambara); सागराम्बरा मही (sāgarāmbarā mahī) the sea, girt, earth.

3) Saffron.

4) Talc.

5) A kind of perfume (Ambergris).

6) Cotton. cf. अंबरं व्योम्नि वाससि । सुगन्धिनि च कार्पासे (aṃbaraṃ vyomni vāsasi | sugandhini ca kārpāse)... ()| Rāghava's Nānārtha.

7) Name of a people.

8) Circumference, compass.

9) Neighbourhood, surrounding country (Nir.) यद् वा स्थो अध्यम्बरे (yad vā stho adhyambare) Rv.8.8.14

1) Lip.

11) Evil, sin.

12) Destroyer of elephants (nāgabhid Trik.)

Derivable forms: ambaram (अम्बरम्).

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Ambara (अम्बर).—A threshold of a door.

Derivable forms: ambaraḥ (अम्बरः).

See also (synonyms): ambura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर).—(1) m., garment (recorded only as nt. in Sanskrit and Pali): Lalitavistara 92.16 (verse) ambarān, acc. pl.; (2) m., name of a Buddha: Mahāvastu i.124.4. See also dravyāmbara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. The sky or atmosphere. 2. Clothes, apparel. 3. A perfume, (Ambergris.) 4. Cotton. 5. Talc. E. amba to go, and aran aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर).— (akin to ambhas, cf. stambh and stamba). I. n. 1. Sky, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 9. 2. Cloth, Rām, 3, 55, 5. Sky and garment, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 7. Ii. m. plur. The name of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर).—[neuter] garment, (also [masculine]) sky; [ablative] tas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ambara (अम्बर):—n. circumference, compass, neighbourhood, [Ṛg-veda viii, 8,14]

2) (ifc. f(ā). ) clothes, apparel, garment, [Mahābhārata] etc.

3) cotton, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) sky, atmosphere, ether, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) (hence) a cipher, [Sūryasiddhānta]

6) Name of the tenth astrological mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

7) the lip

8) saffron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) a perfume (Ambra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Name of a country, [Matsya-purāṇa]

11) m. [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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