Ambara, Aṃbara, Ambarā: 31 definitions

Introduction:

Ambara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ambar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ambara (अम्बर) refers to “clothes”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.27 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Pārvatī: “If you are stopping me with devotion, truly desirous of hearing then I shall explain everything whereby you may gain some wisdom. I know Śiva through and through with all His weighty attributes. I shall tell you the truth. Listen with attention. The great lord is bull-bannered. His body is smeared with ashes. His hair is matted. He is clad in the hide of a tiger [i.e., vyāghracarman-ambara-dhara]. He has covered His body with the hide of an elephant. [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Ambara (अम्बर) is a general name for “clothing” once commonly made by craftsmen in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Craftsmen and their tools are referred to in the Nīlamata which enjoins upon the inhabitants of Kaśmīra the worship of Viśvakarmā—the originator of all crafts.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Aṃbara (अंबर).—An Asura follower of Vṛtra in his battle with Indra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 10. 19.

1b) Sacred to Viśvakāya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 27.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Ambara (अम्बर) is another name for Vastra or “garments” (i.e., ornamental), as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—According to the texts there are two type of clothing or robes, namely the bandhas and the vastras. [...] Vastra, also called Ambara, is the typical robe which drapes the lower part of the body, of both female and male icons. This is wrapped around the waist girdles, and consist either in a long garment, reaching just above the ankles or in a shorter one having a broad and well-defined border (ambarānta), seen just above the knees.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shilpa)

Ambara (अम्बर) refers to “(painting) garments”, according to the Citrasūtra section (on painting) from the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa.—Accordingly, “He who is able to paint waves, flames, smoke, flags and garments (ambaravaijayantyāmbarādikam) etc. with the speed of the wind is considered to be an expert”.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Ambara [अम्बाड़ा] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz from the Anacardiaceae (Cashew) family having the following synonyms: Spondias mangifera, Mangifera pinnata. For the possible medicinal usage of ambara, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ambara (अम्बर):—Synonym of mica, agnijar and also denotes cloth

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Ambara (अम्बर) refers to the “sky”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the God says to the Goddess: “I am Bhairava and your Command (operates) in the Śāmbhava, Śākta and Āṇava (spheres). There is no difference between the two (of us), like wind and the two skies [i.e., ambara] (atmospheric and celestial)”.

2) Ambara (अम्बर) refers to “clothes”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “(Jvālāmaṅgalyā), the goddess born of Jāla is very dignified and powerful. She has five faces, four arms, and sits on a white lion. She holds sword, club, fetter, and goad and is adorned with jewels. She wears clothes of various colours [i.e., citra-ambara-dharā], is fierce and, when worshipped, bestows boons”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Ambara (अम्बर) refers to “clothes”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I take refuge with the goddesses of becoming minute and other great accomplishments for the sake of success. They hold wish-fulfilling jewels in both hands. They are moon-crested, three-eyed, and red in complexion. I revere Brahmāṇī and the other mother-goddesses. They carry a skull-bowl and red lily in their hands, their bodies are dark-colored like the leaves of bamboo, and they are clad in lovely [red] clothes (rucira-ambara) resembling bandhūka flowers. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Ambara (अम्बर) refers to “cloths”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] I will now speak of the rules of the arghya (offering) to be presented to Agastya as stated by the Ṛṣis. [...] When the darkness of the night should just begin to be broken by streaks of red light from the eastern horizon, princes, previously prepared for the purpose, ought to offer their arghya to Agastya by pouring it on the Earth in the direction of the star Canopus rising in the south-east as will be pointed out by the astronomer. The offering to be made by princes in honor of Agastya shall consist of the fragrant flowers of the season, of fruits, of precious stones, of gold cloths [i.e., kanaka-ambara], of cows, of bulls, of well-cooked rice, of sweet-meats, of curdled milk, of colored rice, of perfumed smoke and fragrant paste”.

2) Ambara (अम्बर) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Ambara] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Ambara (अम्बर) refers to “clothes”, according to the Kiraṇatantra chapter 49 (dealing with vratacaryā).—Accordingly, “Garuḍa spoke: ‘You have taught me, O great Lord, the activities of the Neophyte, the Putraka and the Ācārya. Tell me those of the Sādhaka’. The Lord spoke: ‘[...] This is the auspicious Raudra-vrata: imposing with a chignon of matted locks, marked by a trident and khaṭvāṅga, equipped with a clean half skull, awe-inspiring with a third eye, clothed in the skin of a tiger (vyāghra-carman-ambara), peaceful. For one firm [in this observance], the highest siddhi will arise in six months; middling [powers] in four months; the lowest [powers] will arise in three months. [...]’”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Ambarā (अम्बरा) is the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Ambarā).

2) Ambara (अम्बर) refers to one of the various Ṛṣis (sages) and Mahārṣis (great sages) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Ambara (अम्बर).— The ambaras are a group of celestial beings living in the lower regions of adholoka (lower world) according to Jaina cosmology. Adholoka is made up of seven regions and offers residence to the infernal beings existing within these lands.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ambara.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘cypher’. Note: ambara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ambara : (nt.) 1. a cloth; 2. the sky.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Ambara, 2 (m.-nt.) (etym. = ambara1 (?) or more likely a distortion of kambala; for the latter speaks the combn. rattambara = ratta-kambala. — The word would thus be due to an erroneous syllable division rattak-ambala (= ambara) instead of ratta-kambala) some sort of cloth and an (upper) garment made of it (cp. kambala) Vv 537 (ratt° = uttariya VvA.236). (Page 74)

2) Ambara, 1 (nt.) (Vedic ambara circumference, horizon) the sky, Dāvs.I, 38; IV, 51; V, 32. — Note. At J.V, 390 we have to read muraja-ālambara, and not mura-jāla-ambara. (Page 74)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ambara (अंबर).—m dim. ambarī f A smith's pincers.

--- OR ---

ambara (अंबर).—m (S) Ambergris. 2 n Clothes or apparel. 3 In comp. Clothed; as nīlāmbara, pītāmbara Clothed in blue or yellow garments, vyāghracarmāmbara, gaja- carmāmbara, digambara &c. 4 n The sky or atmosphere. Ex.ambara kaisēṃ muṣṭīnta samāvēṃ.

--- OR ---

ambara (अंबर).—m ( P) A perpendicular cavity in the wall of a house, as a receptacle for corn. aṃ0 luṭaṇēṃ To consume the stock of corn wastefully.

--- OR ---

ambara (अंबर).—f (Properly amaravēla) A species of Moonseed.

--- OR ---

ambāra (अंबार).—n ( P) A perpendicular cavity in the wall of a house as a receptacle for grain.

--- OR ---

āmbara (आंबर).—m (Or āmbūra) A sort of pincers.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ambara (अंबर).—n Garment, clothes, apparel. The sky.

--- OR ---

āmbara (आंबर).—m A sort of pincers.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर).—[ambaḥ śabdaḥ taṃ rāti dhatte, rā-ka]

1) Sky, atmosphere, ether; कैलासनिलयप्रख्यमालिखन्तमिवाम्बरम् (kailāsanilayaprakhyamālikhantamivāmbaram) Rām. 5.2.23. तावतर्जयदम्बरे (tāvatarjayadambare) R.12.41.

2) Cloth, garment, clothing, apparel, dress; दिव्यमाल्याम्बरधरम् (divyamālyāmbaradharam) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 11.11; R.3.9. दिगम्बर (digambara); सागराम्बरा मही (sāgarāmbarā mahī) the sea, girt, earth.

3) Saffron.

4) Talc.

5) A kind of perfume (Ambergris).

6) Cotton. cf. अंबरं व्योम्नि वाससि । सुगन्धिनि च कार्पासे (aṃbaraṃ vyomni vāsasi | sugandhini ca kārpāse)... ()| Rāghava's Nānārtha.

7) Name of a people.

8) Circumference, compass.

9) Neighbourhood, surrounding country (Nir.) यद् वा स्थो अध्यम्बरे (yad vā stho adhyambare) Ṛgveda 8.8.14

1) Lip.

11) Evil, sin.

12) Destroyer of elephants (nāgabhid Trik.)

Derivable forms: ambaram (अम्बरम्).

--- OR ---

Ambara (अम्बर).—A threshold of a door.

Derivable forms: ambaraḥ (अम्बरः).

See also (synonyms): ambura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर).—(1) m., garment (recorded only as nt. in Sanskrit and Pali): Lalitavistara 92.16 (verse) ambarān, acc. pl.; (2) m., name of a Buddha: Mahāvastu i.124.4. See also dravyāmbara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. The sky or atmosphere. 2. Clothes, apparel. 3. A perfume, (Ambergris.) 4. Cotton. 5. Talc. E. amba to go, and aran aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर).— (akin to ambhas, cf. stambh and stamba). I. n. 1. Sky, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 9. 2. Cloth, Rām, 3, 55, 5. Sky and garment, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 7. Ii. m. plur. The name of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर).—[neuter] garment, (also [masculine]) sky; [ablative] tas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ambara (अम्बर):—n. circumference, compass, neighbourhood, [Ṛg-veda viii, 8,14]

2) (ifc. f(ā). ) clothes, apparel, garment, [Mahābhārata] etc.

3) cotton, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) sky, atmosphere, ether, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) (hence) a cipher, [Sūryasiddhānta]

6) Name of the tenth astrological mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka]

7) the lip

8) saffron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) a perfume (Ambra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Name of a country, [Matsya-purāṇa]

11) m. [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambara (अम्बर):—(raṃ) 1. n. The sky; clothes.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ambara (अम्बर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṃbara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ambara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Aṃbara (अंबर) [Also spelled ambar]:—(nm) the sky; cloth/clothes, garment; umber;—[ḍaṃbara] the crimson tinge acquired by the sky at sunset; the sky so tinged; ~[bela] see [ākāśa bela].

2) Aṃbāra (अंबार) [Also spelled ambar]:—(nm) heap, pile, bulk; ~[khānā] a junk-house, godown.

context information

...

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Aṃbara (अंबर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ambara.

2) Aṃbara (अंबर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ambara.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃbara (ಅಂಬರ):—

1) [noun] an article of dress made of woven material; clothe; a garment; an apparel.

2) [noun] the apparent blue covering hanging over our heads; the sky.

3) [noun] a symbol representing zero.

4) [noun] the area, region, environment around; neighbourhood; vicinity.

5) [noun] a rock-forming mineral usu. transparent, used as an electric insulator; mica.

6) [noun] a greyish, waxy substance from the intestines of sperm whales, and used in some perfumes; ambergris.

7) [noun] a woolly substance covering cotton seeds, used to make yarn; cotton.

8) [noun] a stuffed bag to sleep on; a couch; a bed; a mattress.

9) [noun] in prosody, a group of three syllables, two long ones followed by a short one(- u); antibacchius;10) [noun] ಅಂಬರದ ಹಕ್ಕಿ [ambarada hakki] ambarada hakki a small, swift-flying, insect-eating passerine bird of Hirundinidae family, with long, pointed wings and a forked tail, known for regular migrations in large flocks; a swallow.

--- OR ---

Aṃbāra (ಅಂಬಾರ):—

1) [noun] a stack of straw, stacked after the corns threshed out.

2) [noun] heap of corns.

3) [noun] that part of the crop, to be given to government as revenue.

--- OR ---

Āṃbara (ಆಂಬರ):—[noun] a spiced liquid food prepared with pulses and with or without vegetables, for mixing with cooked rice.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of ambara in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: