Jivana, Jīvana: 24 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Jivana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Jīvana (जीवन) or Jīvanapūrvaka refers to “ [effort arising from] just living” and represents one of two types of Prayatna (effort) according to the Vaiśeṣikadarśanam with Praśastapādabhāṣya.—According to Praśastapāda, prayatna is of two kinds, viz., jīvana-pūrvaka and icchādveṣa-pūrvaka. The first one is that which arises from just living and the second one arises from desire and aversion.

context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Jīvana (जीवन) refers to “vitalizing”, as mentioned in verse 5.1-2 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] vitalizing [viz., jīvana], refreshing, pleasing one’s stomach, satisfying, stimulating one’s intellect, thin, of indistinct taste, savoury, cold, light, (and) nectar-like (is) Ganges water fallen from the sky; (as it is), however, touched by sun, moon, and wind (in falling), it is largely dependent upon place and time so far as its wholesomeness and unwholesomeness are concerned”.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Jīvana (जीवन):—1. Life 2. To give life, one of the functions of Rakta Dhātu.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Jīvana (जीवन) is another name for Jīvaka, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Microstylis wallichii Lindl., which is a synonym of Crepidium acuminatum (D.Don) Szlach. from the Orchidaceae or “orchid” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.11-13 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Jīvana and Jīvaka, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Jīvana (जीवन) or Jīvanarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 4, ajīrṇa: indigestion). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., jīvana-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Jīvana (जीवन) refers to “giving life” and represents one of the ten purifying rites of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these [sixty defects: ...], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes [i.e., jīvana—giving life] for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...] Just as the weapons rubbed on the stone are sharp, so the Mantras subjected to these ten processes acquire power”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jīvana.—(SITI), maintenance; cf. jīvaṇa-śiṣa. See also bhṛtyebhyo jīvanam kartuṃ (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, pp. 109-10). Note: jīvana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jīvana : (nt.) living; means of subsistence; livelihood.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jīvana, (nt.) living, means of subsistence, livelihood PvA. 161. Spelt jīvāna (v. l. jīvino) (adj.) at J. III, 353 (yācana°). (Page 285)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jīvana (जीवन).—n (S) Living, existing, subsisting. 2 Any means of life, immediate or remote,--any provision or food, or any profession or business: also the pabulum or aliment of anything. Ex. agnīcēṃ jī0 vāyu; divyācēṃ jī0 tēla; jhāḍāñcēṃ jī0 pāṇī. 3 Water. Ex. lāhanaca disē tayācā sāṇṭā || parī jī0 kāḍhitāṃ na yē tōṭā ||. 4 Used in comp. as a in the sense Lifegiving. Ex. tēṃ jīvananāma japata || tēthēṃ baisalā dhyānastha ||. jī0 ghālaṇēṃ To inject or to bestow life. Ex. kari rāmakathānirōpaṇa || tyāsīṃ jī0 ghālīna mī ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jīvana (जीवन).—n Living, existing. Any means of life. Water.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jīvana (जीवन).—a. (- f.) [जीव् भावे ल्युट् (jīv bhāve lyuṭ)] Enlivening, giving life.

-naḥ 1 A living being.

2) Wind.

3) A son.

4) The Supreme Being; बीजानां प्रभव नमोऽस्तु जीवनाय (bījānāṃ prabhava namo'stu jīvanāya) Ki.18. 39.

-nam 1 Life, existence; (fig. also) त्वमसि मम भूषणं त्वमसि मम जीवनम् (tvamasi mama bhūṣaṇaṃ tvamasi mama jīvanam) Gīt.1.

2) The principle of life, vital energy; Bg.7.9.

3) Water; बीजानां प्रभव नमोऽस्तु जीव- नाय (bījānāṃ prabhava namo'stu jīva- nāya) Ki.18.39; or जीवनं जीवनं (jīvanaṃ jīvanaṃ) (life) हन्ति प्राणान् हन्ति समी- रणः (hanti prāṇān hanti samī- raṇaḥ) Udb.

4) Livelihood, profession, means of existence (fig. also); Ms.11.77; विदुषां जीवनं मूर्खः (viduṣāṃ jīvanaṃ mūrkhaḥ) H.3.33.

5) Butter made from milk one day old.

6) Marrow.

7) Enlivening, making alive.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvana (जीवन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. A plant, commonly Jiuti, (Odina wodier.) 2. A son. 3. A living being, an animal. f. (-nā or -nī) A plant, commonly Jiyati: see jīvantī. f. (-nī) 1. Jasmin. 2. giving life. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Life, existence. 2. Livelihood, profession. 3. Water. 4. Butter of new one day-old milk. 5. Marrow. 6. Wind. E. jīv to live, affix lyu or karaṇe vā bhāve lyuṭ. .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvana (जीवन).—[jīv + ana], I. adj., f. , Animating, enlivening, Mahābhārata 1, 3241. Ii. n. Life, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 19, 19. 2. Subsistence, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 76. 3. A means of subsistence, Mahābhārata 3, 13724. 4. Revivification, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 105.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvana (जीवन).—[feminine] ī causing to live, vivifying; [neuter] life, existence, mode of life; livelihood, subsistence (adj. —° living on); making alive, enlivening; water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Jīvana (जीवन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted by Keśava in Dvaitapariśiṣṭa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jīvana (जीवन):—[from jīv] mf(ī)n. vivifying, giving life, enlivening, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii, 3, i, 10; Mahābhārata] (said of wind, the sun, etc.; of Śiva[, xiii, 1236]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a living being, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a son, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the plant kṣudraphalaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the plant jīvaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of the author of Mānasa-nayana

8) [v.s. ...] n. life, [Ṛg-veda i, 48, 10; x, 161, 1; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] ix etc.

9) [v.s. ...] manner of living, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā vi, 1, 9, 4]

10) [v.s. ...] living by ([instrumental case] or in [compound]), livelihood, means of living, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya iii; Mahābhārata] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] enlivening, making alive, [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 105; Kathāsaritsāgara lxxvi, 25; Aṣṭāṅga-hṛdaya]

12) [v.s. ...] enlivening a magical formula, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha xv, 254 and 256]

13) [v.s. ...] ‘life-giving element’, water, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 20, 6; Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 416]

14) [v.s. ...] fresh butter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] milk, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

16) [v.s. ...] marrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) Jīvanā (जीवना):—[from jīvana > jīv] f. Name of a medicinal plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jīvana (जीवन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Life; livelihood; a son; water; butter; marrow. m. Living being; plant. f. () Marrow; () jasmin.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jīvana (जीवन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jīvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jivana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jīvana (जीवन) [Also spelled jivan]:—(nm) life; animation; existence; -[krama] the journey of life; living; ~[carita] biography; ~[caritakāra] a biographer; ~[caryā] living; routine of life; -[dāna] sacrifice of life; (commitment) to spare somebody’s life; ~[dhana] the basic wealth of life; a woman’s husband; -[naiyā/naukā] the ship of life; -[maraṇa] life and death; •[cakra] the life and death-cycle; -[vṛtta/vṛttāṃta] biography, bio-data; -[śakti] elan vital, vitality; -[saṃgharṣa] struggle for life; struggle for existence; -[saṃdhyā] the evening of one’s life—the last phase of life; -[stara] standard of living; ~[hīna] lifeless; insipid; ~[hetu] livelihood; the basis of existence; —[bhāra honā] life to become a burden.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Jīvaṇa (जीवण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Jīvana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jīvana (ಜೀವನ):—

1) [noun] the state or fact of existing; existence of a living being.

2) [noun] the general or universal condition of human existence; life.

3) [noun] the period of existence of a living being.

4) [noun] the course of existence or sum of experiences and actions that constitute a person’s existence.

5) [noun] a mode or manner of existence, as in the world of affairs or society.

6) [noun] a means of supporting one’s existence, esp. financially or vocationally; livelihood.

7) [noun] the act of makeing the life of a person active, vigorous or lively; a filling with life and energy; invigoration.

8) [noun] water.

9) [noun] a man who invigorates (another).

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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