Bhagavad-gita, Bhagavadgītā, Bhagavadgita, Bhagavat-gita: 6 definitions

Introduction

Bhagavad-gita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhagavad-gita in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता).—General. The Bhagavad Gītā is a poem consisting of 650 verses divided into eighteen chapters. The Gītā covers chapters 25-45 in the Bhīṣma Parva of the Mahābhārata, and it is in the form of a talk or discussion between Arjuna and Lord Kṛṣṇa. The mighty armies of the Pāṇḍavas and the Kauravas were arrayed on opposite sides for mortal combat on the field of Kurukṣetra when Arjuna, overcome by grief at the prospect of fathers, brothers, preceptors and other Kinsmen fighting and killing one another expressed to his charioteer, Śrī Kṛṣṇa his aversion to fighting. But, the Lord pointed out to the unwilling Arjuna, by unique and various arguments, his imperative duty, under the circumstance, to fight and fight in heroic earnestness with the result that Arjuna shed his disinclination to fight and entered the fray, which ended in the ultimate victory of the Pāṇḍavas. And the dialogue between Arjuna and Kṛṣṇa, and especially the great teaching of Kṛṣṇa on the field form the theme of the Gītā. The Gītā contains three spheres or fields of teaching; the karma yoga (philosophy of action), jñāna yoga (philosophy of knowledge) and Bhaktiyoga (philosophy of devotion). The three yogas are treated each in six chapters. (See full article at Story of Bhagavat-gītā from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of bhagavad-gita or bhagavadgita in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhagavad-gita in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता).—The Bhagavad Gita (lit. “song of the Lord”) is a 700 verse Hindu scripture in Sanskrit that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata (chapters 23–40 of the 6th book of Mahabharata). The Gita is set in a narrative framework of a dialogue between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide and charioteer Lord Krishna. Facing the duty as a warrior to fight the Dharma Yudhha or righteous war between Pandavas and Kauravas, Arjuna is counselled by Lord Krishna to “fulfill his Kshatriya (warrior) duty as a warrior and establish Dharma”.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhagavad-gita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता).—Name of a celebrated sacred work; (it is an episode of the great Bhārata and purports to be a dialogue between Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna).

Bhagavadgītā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhagavat and gītā (गीता).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhagavadgīta (भगवद्गीत).—[adjective] sung or declared by Bhagavant i.e. Kṛṣṇa; [feminine] ā [plural] (±upaniṣad) T. of a philosophical poem.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—shorter gītā an episode from the Bhīṣmaparvan of the Mahābhārata. Jones. 414. [Mackenzie Collection] 12. 58. Cop. 8. Pet. 721. Io. 29. 112. 278. 678. 1802. 2052 (and—[commentary]). 2254. 2400. W. p. 108. 109. Oxf. 1^b. 2^a. 3. 343^a. Paris. (D 6-8. 63. 247. D 8 A). Hall. p. 117. Khn. 24. K. 34. B. 2, 56. 58. Ben. 62. 70. 72. 78. Bik. 555. Tu7b. 16. Rādh. 5. Oudh. Xv, 16. Burnell. 185^a. Bhk. 30. Bhr. 252-55. Poona. 563. 589. 612. Lahore. 1882, 7. Jac. 697. Proceed. Asb. 1865, 138. 1869, 224 (and—[commentary]). Taylor. 1, 12. 13. 84. 85. 224. 226. 334. 335. 337. 340. Oppert. 90. 780. 1513. 2143. 2921. 3658. 6394. 7106. 7561. 7765. Ii, 398. 1988. 2161. 2608. 2678. 3730. 4096. 5537. 6632. 7411. 7661. 7898. 8462. 8565. 8905. 9178. 9486. 9962. 10052. Rice. 138. 160. 162. Peters. 3, 392. Bp. 268. Bühler 556. Quoted in Brahmasūtra 2, 3, 45, in Śāṇḍilyasūtra Oxf. 228^b.
—[commentary] Pheh. 12. Rādh. 5. Oppert. Ii, 7964. Rice. 160.
—[commentary] Laghuvyākhyā. Oppert. 7065.
—[commentary] Bṛhadvyākhyā. Oppert. 1696.
—[commentary] Tattvadīpikā. Rice. 162.
—[commentary] Pañcolī. L. 1703. Rādh. 44. Oudh. 1877, 12. Xviii, 10.
—[commentary] Padayojanā. Oppert. 7142.
—[commentary] Paiśācabhāṣya. Hall. p. 120. L. 672. Pheh. 12. NW. 290. Np. Viii, 44 (attributed to Hanumat). Bl. 6. Oppert. 2636. Sb. 392.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītātātparyabodhikā. Oppert. 1812.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītāpratipada. Oppert. 2310.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītābodhaka. Oppert. Ii, 7080.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītāmṛtataraṅgiṇī. Hall. p. 120. NW. 278. 292 (by Śaṅkarācārya).
—[commentary] Sajjanavallabha. Rādh. 44.
—[commentary] Sarvagītārthasaṃgraha. Io. 112.
—[commentary] Subodhinī. Bp. 305 (See Śrīdhara).
—[commentary] Hanumadbhāṣya. Pheh. 12. Np. Viii, 44. Rice. 142. 162.
—[commentary] by Āñjaneya. Oppert. Ii, 7900. See the preceding
—[commentary].
—[commentary] Svātmānandavivardhinī by Ānanda. Bp. 271. Io. 496 (Bhagavadgītābhāvaprakāśa).
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Ānandatīrtha. L. 1349. B. 2, 58. Oudh. Xi, 4. Burnell. 102^b. Oppert. 7930. Ii, 75. 2820. 3137. 4406. 4554. 6061. 9812. Rice. 140. Bp. 305.
—[sub-commentary] Ṭippaṇī. Burnell. 103^b.
—[sub-commentary] Prameyadīpikā by Jayatīrtha K. 34. Burnell. 103^a. Oppert. 3613. Ii, 77. 1264. 2821. Rice. 156. C
—[sub-commentary] Bhāvaprakāśa by Kṛṣṇa, son of Tirumalācārya. Burnell. 103^a. Oppert. Ii, 6062.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītātātparyanirṇaya by Ānandatīrtha. L. 1350. Burnell. 103^b. Oppert. Ii, 72. 4553. 6058. Rice. 138.
—[sub-commentary] Nyāyadīpikā by Jayatīrtha. K. 36. Burnell. 103^b. Oppert. Ii, 73. 74. 628. 1257. 6059. Rice. 150.
—[commentary] Oppert. Ii, 6060.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītāprasthāna by Ānandatīrtha. Rice. 140.
—[commentary] Rasikarañjinī by Kalyāṇa Bhaṭṭa. Hall. p. 118. NW. 296.
—[commentary] by Kṛṣṇa. NW. 500.
—[commentary] Gītātattvaprakāśikā by Keśava Bhaṭṭa, son of Śrīmaṅgala. Hall. p. 118. NW. 320. Oudh. Xvi, 42. Sb. 393.
—[commentary] Gītāpradīpa by Jagaddhara, son of Ratnadhara. L. 2138.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītāsārārthasaṃgraha by Jayarāma. Hall. p. 118. K. 36. Ben. 70. NW. 324.
—[commentary] Prabodhacandrikā by Dattātreya. K. 36.
—[commentary] Bhāvadīpikā by Nīlakaṇṭha. K. 36.
—[commentary] Gītābhūṣaṇabhāṣya by Baladeva Vidyābhūṣaṇa. L. 674.
—[commentary] by Brahmānandagiri. See Burnell. 186^a.
—[sub-commentary] by Veṅkaṭanātha. Burnell. 186^a.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītāprakāśa by Mathurānātha Śukla. NW. 274.
—[commentary] Gūḍhārthadīpikā or Gūḍhārthaprakāśikā by Madhusūdana (later than Śrīdhara). Io. 142. Hall. p. 119. L. 1364. 1470. Khn. 24. K. 34. B. 2, 58. Ben. 62. Bik. 557. Pheh. 12. Rādh. 5. 42. NW. 290. Oudh. Xiv, 20. Burnell. 185^b. Bhk. 30. Poona. 373. Bonn. 123. H. 236. Oppert. 1516. 2599. 5258. Ii, 3731. 7539. 7662. 9144. 9459. Rice. 162. Peters. 2, 186. Bühler 556. Quoted by Puruṣottama Oxf. 38^b.
—[commentary] by Mukundadāsa. L. 680. NW. 282.
—[commentary] by Yāmunācārya. Oudh. Ix, 16.
—[commentary] by Rāghavendra. Burnell. 109^b. Oppert. 3615. Ii, 78.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītārthasaṃgraha by Rāghavendra, Burnell. 109^b.
—[commentary] Sarvatobhadra by Rājānaka Rāmakaṇṭha, Śaiva doctrine. Io. 66. Report. Xxvii. [Oudh 1876-1877], 26. H. 238. Bp. 270.
—[commentary] by Rāmakṛṣṇa. Ben. 86.
—[commentary] Gītātātparyaśuddhi, an abridgment of Śaṅkara’s Bhāṣya, by Rāmacandra Sarasvatī. Hall. p. 117.
—[commentary] by Rāmanārāyaṇa. Lahore. 1882, 7.
—[commentary] by Rāmānandatīrtha. Mentioned L. 1017.
—[commentary] by Rāmānuja. Hall. p. 92. 118. L. 1563. K. 34. B. 2, 58. Ben. 62. Rādh. 5. Oudh. V, 22. Ix, 16. Xv, 16. Xvi, 42. Xvii, 6. Burnell. 185^b. Mysore. 5. Lahore. 20. Oppert. 888. 1180. 1224. 1514. 2311. 5030. 5422. 5783. 7929. Ii, 653. 1056. 1246. 1575. 1617. 2042. 2474. 2918. 3135. 3494. 3627. 4002. 5831. 8549. 9024. 9179. Rice. 140. Bp. 268.
—[commentary] Gūḍhārthacandrikā by Vanamālin. Rādh. 5. NW. 312.
—[commentary] by Vallabhācārya. Hall. p. 117. Peters. 3, 392.
—[commentary] by Vijñānabhikṣu Np. V, 108.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītātātparya by Viṭṭhala Dīkṣita. Peters. 3, 392. Hall. p. 205 (Arthavivaraṇa).
—[commentary] by Vidyādhirāja. K. 34. Burnell. 110^a. Bhr. 677. Taylor. 1, 12. Bp. 305.
—[commentary] by Viśveśvara. B. 2, 58.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītātātparyacandrikā by Vedāntācārya (?). Mysore. 6. Oppert. 181. 432. 895. 1136. 1245. 2309. 2511. 3122. 6349. Ii, 623. Rice. 148.
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya. Io. 278. 1802. Oxf. 3^b. Hall. p. 117. Khn. 24. K. 34. B. 2, 58. Ben. 62. Bik. 556. Rādh. 5. 6. Oudh. Xv, 16. Np. Ii, 108. Burnell. 185^b. Gu. 5. P. 19. Bhr. 252. 253. Jac. 697. H. 237. Oppert. 2. 1515. 2817. 3123. 3612. 4017. 4427. 4818. 6072. 6570. 6957. 7051. 7295. 7597. Ii, 1586. 1744. 2917. 3136. 6546. 6657. 7021. 7081. 7412. 7541. 7899. 8290. 8636. 9180. 10164. Rice. 140.
—[sub-commentary] Oppert. Ii, 76. 612. Rice. 140. 142.
—[sub-commentary] Bhagavadgītābhāṣyavivaraṇa by Ānandatīrtha. Io. 214. 376. Hall. p. 117. K. 34. Ben. 62. Bik. 556. Rādh. 5. Oudh. Xiv, 20. Bhk. 30. Oppert. 1435. 1813. 6328. Ii, 2475. 7082. 7542.
—[sub-commentary] by Rāmānanda. Oppert. 3200.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītātātparyabodhinī by Śaṅkarānanda. L. 1456. K. 36. B. 2, 58 (Pañcolī). Oudh. Viii, 24. Xv, 16. Oppert. 1697. 7928. Ii, 7540. Rice. 142. Sb. 392.
—[commentary] Oppert. 2816.
—[commentary] by Śivadayālu. Rādh. 5. NW. 312.
—[commentary] Subodhinī by Śrīdharasvāmin. Io. 184. 286. W. p. 105. 108. Oxf. 2^a. Paris. (D 6). Khn. 24. K. 34. B. 2, 58. Report. Xxvii (Brahma- bodhinī). Ben. 72. 78. Tu7b. 16. 20. Rādh. 5. Oudh. Xv, 16. Burnell. 186^a. Bhk. 30. Bhr. 254. 255. Bonn. 123. Oppert. 2308. 7516. Ii, 3138. 5447. 6658. 7543. 8291.
—[commentary] Bhāvaprakāśa by Sadānanda Vyāsa, written in 1780. Hall. p. 120. Rādh. 5. 42. 45. NW. 290.
—[commentary] Paramārthaprapā by Sūrya Paṇḍita, son of Jñānarāja. Hall. p. 119. Journal Asb. 1862, 29.
—[commentary] by Hariyaśomiśra, based on Madhusūdana. L. 1693.

2) Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता):—
—[commentary] by Mādhavācārya. Oudh. Xi, 4.

3) Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता):—or shortened gītā Aberdeen Un. (two copies). Bl. 181. Fl. 423-25. 430. Gb. 39. Hz. 35. Io 29. 112. 278. 549. 678. 1329. 1802. 1943. 2052. 2073. 2127. 2243. 2244. 2248. 2250. 2254. 2400. 2693. 3020. 3216. 3236. Oudh. Xx, 22. 24. 26. Stein 193.
—[commentary] Hz. 19 (inc.). 216. Io. 444.
—[commentary] Pañcolī. Oudh. Xxi, 34. Stein 194.
—[commentary] Paiśācabhāṣya. Stein 194.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītāmṛtataraṅgiṇī. Stein 193 (adhy. 1. inc.).
—[commentary] by Ānanda Rājānaka. Stein 195.
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Ānandatīrtha. Rgb. 686. Stein 194.
—[commentary] Bhagavadgītātātparyanirṇaya by the same. Io. 1185. Stein 195.
—[commentary] by Keśavārka. Io. 2052.
—[commentary] Kusumavaijayantī by Giridhāridāsa. Stein 194.
—[commentary] by Nīlakaṇṭha. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 23. Stein 195.
—[commentary] Gūḍhārthadīpikā by Madhusūdana. Io. 142. 2024. 2350. 2763. Oudh. Xx, 22. 24. 26. Stein 193. 194.
—[commentary] by Yāmunācārya. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 23.
—[commentary] by Rāghavendra. Aberdeen Univ.
—[commentary] Sarvatobhadra by Rājānaka Rāmakaṇṭha. Io. 66. Stein 195.
—[commentary] Padayojanā by Rāmacandra Sarasvatī. Hz. 9 (inc.). 50. 119. 291. 585 (inc.). 602.
—[commentary] Gītātātparyapariśuddhi by Rāmacandra Sarasvatī. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 23 (Rāmacandrānandasarasvatī). Stein 193.
—[commentary] by Rāmānuja. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 23. Hz. 233. 369. Io. 3259. 3260. Oudh. Xxi, 34. Rgb. 654. Stein 194.
—[sub-commentary] Bhāṣyabhūṣaṇa by Bhagavāndāsa (?), son of Mohanadāsa. Rgb. 655.
—[commentary] Tattvaprakāśikā by Lakṣmīrāma Rājānaka. Stein 195.
—[commentary] Gītānigūḍhārthacandrikā by Vanamālin. Stein 193.
—[commentary] Bhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 23. Hz. 18. 187. 336. Io. 278. 1329. 1802. 2073. 2127. 3216. Oudh. Xx, 30. Xxii, 56. Stein 195.
—[sub-commentary] Bhagavadgītābhāṣyavivaraṇa by Ānandatīrtha. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 23. Hz. 237. 337. Io. 214. 376 C. Rgb. 604. 605.
—[commentary] Subodhinī by Śrīdharasvāmin. Bl. 181. Fl. 423. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 23. Hz. 81. 407. 457. 494. 575. Io. 286. 549. 846. 1577 A. 1910. 2070. 2147. 2387. 2764. 2803. Oudh. Xx, 22. 24. Xxii, 56. Stein 194.
—[commentary] Bhāvaprakāśa by Sadānanda Vyāsa. Io. 496. Stein 194.
—[commentary] Bhāvaratnakośa (Madhvamata) by Sumatīndratīrtha. Rgb. 666.
—[commentary] Paramārthaprapā by Sūrya Paṇḍita. Stein 194.

4) Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता):—Ulwar 527. 528. 531. 532.
—[commentary] Sārārthavarṣiṇī. Ulwar 533.
—[commentary] by Pañcola Ācārya. Ulwar 534.
—[commentary] by Baladeva Vidyābhūṣaṇa. Ulwar 532.
—[commentary] by Madhusūdana. Ulwar 535.
—[commentary] by Śaṅkarācārya. Ulwar 528. 530.
—[sub-commentary] by Ānandatīrtha. Ulwar 529. 530.
—[commentary] by Śrīdharasvāmin. Ulwar 531.

5) Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता):—Ak 163-165. As p. 127 (5 Mss.). Bd. 159. 160. 206. 660. Cr. (3 Mss.). Cs 4, 92. 95-97. 98 (inc.). 100. 101. 107. 273. Hz. 775. Il (2 Mss.). Io. 66. 111. 112. 142. 184. 214. 278. 286. 549. 678. 846 (till 3, 18). 1329. 1577 A (up to 4, 25). 1802. 1943. 2024. 2052. 2070. 2073. 2127. 2147. 2243. 2244. 2248. 2250. 2254. 2350. 2387. 2400. 2693. 2763. 2764. 2803. 2942. 2964. 3020. 3236. 3259. 3260. 3261. L.. 144-152. 153 (Adhy. 1-5). Peters. 5, 271-273. 6, 291. 294. 295. Śg. 2, 138. 157. 158. Tb. 44. 45. 182 F. Whish 39. 163 (breaks off in the beginning of 14). C. Io. 444. 2052. C. Bhagavadgītātātparyacandrikā. Bc 294. C. Paiśācabhāṣya attributed to Hanumat. Adyar Libr. 25. Bc 83. C. Sārārthavarṣiṇī by a follower of Caitanya. Hpr. 2, 146. C. by Ānandatīrtha. Bc 309. 525. C. Tattvaprakāśikā by Keśava Kāśmīrin, a follower of Nimbārka. Hpr. 2, 147. C. Bhagavadgītārahasyaprakāśikā by Jagadīśa Pañcānana. Hpr. 1, 257. C. Pañcolī by Pañcolācārya. Peters. 6, 295. C. by Baladeva Vidyābhūṣaṇa. Peters. 5, 271. C. Bhagavadgītābhāṣyatātparyacandrikā, a subcommentary by Veṅkaṭanātha on Brahmānandagiri’s C. Quoted in Nyāyasiddhāñjana p. 86. See also Cc. I p. 392 b. C. Gūḍhārthadīpikā by Madhusūdana Sarasvatī. As p. 128. Bd. 660. Cs 4, 107. Hz. 1415. Io. 142. 2024. 2350. 2763. C. Bhagadgīthārthasaṃgraha by Rāghavendra. Cs 4, 101. C. Padayojanā by Rāmacandrānanda Sarasvatī. Śg. 2, 155. 156. C. Sārāvalī by Rāmaśaṅkara. Hpr. 2, 148. C. Haribhaktirasaprajñā by Rāmasubrahmaṇya Śāstrin. Hz. 1553. C. Bhāṣya by Rāmānuja. As p. 127. Bc 83. Io. 3259. 3260. Peters. 5, 273. Śg. 1, 64 (1-13). C. by Vanamālin. Peters. 6, 292. C. Bhāṣya by Śaṅkarācārya. As p. 128 (2 Mss.). Bc 82. Cs 4, 94. 98 (inc.). Io 278. 1329. 1802. 2073. 2127. 3261. L.. 152. Peters. 5, 272. Śg. 1, 63 (13 Adhyāyāḥ). Cc. Śg. 2, 147 (3 Adhyāyāḥ). Cc. by Ānandagiri. As p. 128 (2 Mss.). Io. 214. 376. Peters. 6, 290. C. Bhagadgītātātparyabodhinī by Śaṅkarānanda. Tb. 45. C. Subodhinī by Śrīdharasvāmin. Ak 163. As p. 127. Cr. Cs 4, 92. 93. 95. 96. 100. Io. 286. 549. 846 (till 3, 18). 1577 A (till 4, 25). 2070. 2147. 2387. 2764. 2803. L.. 145. 146. 148. 149. 150. 151 (these both in a fuller recension). Whish 40. C. Paramārthaprapā by Sūrya Paṇḍita. Tb. 44. C. by Hariyaśas. Peters. 6, 291.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhagavadgītā (भगवद्गीता):—[=bhagavad-gītā] [from bhagavad > bhaj] f. [plural] (sometimes with upaniṣad; once n(ta). , [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]) ‘Kṛṣṇa’s song’, Name of a celebrated mystical poem (interpolated in the [Mahābhārata] where it forms an episode of 18 chapters, [from vi, 830-1532], containing a dialogue between Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna, in which the Pantheism of the Vedānta is combined with a tinge of the Sāṃkhya and the later principle of bhakti or devotion to Kṛṣṇa as the Supreme Being; cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 122 etc.])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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