Vipra: 20 definitions
Vipra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Vipra (विप्र) refers to a wise and virtuous Brahmin, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.13, “A Brahmin endowed with strict adherence to good conduct is perfectly wise. A Brahmin learned in Vedas and of good conduct (sadācāra) is called a Vipra. A Brahmin endowed with only one of these two is a mere Dvija”.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Vipra (विप्र).—A King born in the family of Dhruva. Two sons named Śiṣṭi and Bhavya were born to Dhruva by his wife Śambhū. Succhāyā the wife of Śiṣṭi gave birth to Ripu, Ripuñjaya, Vipra, Vṛkala and Vṛkatejas. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa I, Chapter 13).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vipra (विप्र).—A son of Sṛtaṃjaya, and father of Śuci.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 47; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 23. 5.
1b) A son of Śiṣṭi and Succhāyā.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 2.
Vipra (विप्र) refers to one of the five sons of Chāyā and Sṛṣṭi: one of the four sons of Dhruva, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Uttānapāda’s son was Dhruva who achieved the highest place of worshipping Nārāyaṇa. Dhruva had four sons—Sṛṣṭi, Dhanya, Harya and Śaṃbhu; they all were Vaiṣṇavas. Chāyā gave birth to five sons of Sṛṣṭi; they were Ripu, Ripuṃjaya, Vipra, Vṛṣala and Vṛkatejas.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Vipra (विप्र) refers to “a learned brāhmaṇa”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Vipra (विप्र) refers to a Brahmin, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Again, the one who pierces the mind (cittavedha) (with the energy of grace) is a (true) teacher. He should awaken the unawakened to the Kula scripture (kulagrantha) by means of good languages (subhāṣā). The one who can explain the (yogic states known as) ‘Established in the Body’ (piṇḍastha), ‘Established on the Plane’ (padastha) and the procedure (krama) related to (the ritual offering) of bodily substances [i.e., kāyadravya-gata]—what is supreme, subtle and gross—is a (true) teacher. (Caste is) no consideration, (whatever he be,) starting from a Brahmin to an outcaste. Indeed, the teacher is one whose action (kriyā) (ritual and yogic) is such is said to be a Brahmin (vipra—regardless of his caste)”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Vipra (विप्र) refers to “Brahmins”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. If they should be eclipsed when in the first section of the firmament, those that live by fire and virtuous Brahmins [i.e., guṇādhika-vipra] will suffer as well as men belonging to one of the holy orders. If they should be eclipsed when in the second section of the firmament, agriculturists, heretics, merchants, the Kṣatriyas and commanders of the army will suffer. If when in the third section, artisans, the Śūdras, the Mlecchas and ministers will suffer”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Shodhganga: The Caraka Saṃhitā and the Suśruta Saṃhitā (h)
Vipra (विप्र).—In his commentary to the Ṛgveda, Sāyaṇa considers vipraḥ to be a wise Brāhmaṇa (prājñaḥ brāhmaṇaḥ);again in the Taittirīya Saṃhitā, he explains the term [Vipra] as “the wise man who is skilled in the production of the juices (of herbs) and strengths”. Zysk suggests that such a person may be called a “healer” or a “shaker” based on the etymology of the word, i.e., vipra is derived from the root vip, “to shake”. However, the term “vipra” is generally understood to have the following meanings - inspired, wise, learned (especially in theology), a sage, seer, singer, poet, a Brāhmaṇa, etc.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vipra (विप्र).—m (S) A Brahman.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vipra (विप्र).—m A Brâhman.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vipra (विप्र).—[vap-ran pṛṣo° ata itvam Uṇ.2.28]
1) A Brāhmaṇa; see the quotations under ब्राह्मण (brāhmaṇa).
2) A sage, wise man; त्वं मुखं पद्मजो विप्रः (tvaṃ mukhaṃ padmajo vipraḥ) Mb.1.23.17.
3) The Aśvattha tree.
4) (In prosody) A foot of four short syllables.
5) A singer of hymns, praiser.
6) The month भाद्रपद (bhādrapada).
7) Ficus Religiosa (Mar. piṃpaḷa).
8) Acacia Sirissa (Mar. śirasa).
Derivable forms: vipraḥ (विप्रः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-praḥ) 1. A Brahman. 2. The Aśwattha tree. 3. (In prosody,) A foot of four short syllables. E. vi before, prā a Sautra root, to fill or complete, (the essential observances,) and ka aff.; or vap to shave, Unadi aff. ran, and i substituted for the radical vowel.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vipra (विप्र).—m. 1. A poet, or singer of vedic hymns,
Vipra (विप्र).—[adjective] stirred inwardly, inspired, wise, learned, clever; [masculine] seer, poet, singer, priest, a Brahman.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vipra (विप्र):—[from vip] a mf(ā)n. stirred or excited (inwardly), inspired, wise (said of men and gods, [especially] of Agni, Indra, the Aśvins, Maruts etc.; cf. paṇḍita), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] learned ([especially] in theology), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] a sage, seer, singer, poet, learned theologian, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] a Brāhman (ā f. a Br° woman), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] a priest, domestic priest, [Rāmāyaṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] the month Bhādrapada, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] Ficus Religiosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Acacia Sirissa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] (in prosody) a proceleusmatic, [Colebrooke]
11) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Ślīṣṭi, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] ripra)
12) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śrutaṃ-jaya (or Śṛtaṃ-jaya), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
13) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhruva, [ib.]
14) [v.s. ...] [plural] a class of demi-gods (mentioned with the Sādhyas, Yakṣas and Rākṣasas), [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]
15) b etc. See √vip, p.972.
16) Viprā (विप्रा):—[=vi-√prā] (only 2. sg. [perfect tense] -paprātha), to fill completely, [Ṛg-veda vi, 17, 7.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vipra (विप्र):—(praḥ) 1. m. A brāhman; a quadrisyllabic foot.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vipra (विप्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vippa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Vipra (विप्र):—(nm) a Brahman.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] he who recites vedic hymns.
2) [noun] a brāhmaṇa.
3) [noun] a religious priest.
4) [noun] a ray or rays of light.
5) [noun] a blade of grass Desmodium tripinnata of Poaceae family, used in religious rites.
6) [noun] a learned man; a scholar.
7) [noun] Bhādrapada, the sixth month in the Hindu lunar month.
8) [noun] the moon.
9) [noun] the tree Ficus religiosa of Moraceae family; peepul tree.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+259): Vipra-vinodin, Viprabandhu, Viprabhajita, Viprabhava, Viprabodhita, Viprabruva, Viprabuddha, Vipracchanna, Viprach, Viprachit, Viprachitti, Vipracint, Vipracit, Vipracita, Vipracitta, Vipracitti, Vipracudamani, Vipradaha, Vipradamana, Vipradeva.
Full-text (+343): Vipravasa, Vippa, Viprayana, Vipralumpaka, Viprakara, Viprayoga, Grahavipra, Kulavipra, Viproshita, Vipralapa, Vipramanman, Viprasva, Viprakarsha, Vipralapta, Vipralapin, Vipralaya, Vipralambhana, Vipradaha, Vipralapita, Viprataraka.
Search found 45 books and stories containing Vipra, Viprā, Vi-pra, Vi-prā; (plurals include: Vipras, Viprās, pras, prās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Ramayana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XII < [Book 1 - Bāla-kāṇḍa]
Chapter IX < [Book 1 - Bāla-kāṇḍa]
Chapter LXXIV < [Book 1 - Bāla-kāṇḍa]
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter 46 - Bali Promises to Give Lands to the Dwarf < [Book 3 - Bhavishya Parva]
Chapter 45 - Vishnu’s Birth As a dwarf < [Book 3 - Bhavishya Parva]
Chapter 8 - The Duration and Characteristics of Yoga < [Book 3 - Bhavishya Parva]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 9.18.2 < [Sukta 18]
Rig Veda 8.25.24 < [Sukta 25]
Rig Veda 6.50.10 < [Sukta 50]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1776 < [Chapter 20 - Examination of Syādvāda (doctrine)]
Verse 3582-3583 < [Chapter 26 - Examination of the ‘Person of Super-normal Vision’]
Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas (by Goswami Mitali)
Part 12 - Savitṛ (the Bestower of Wisdom and Intelligence) < [Chapter 2 - Salient Traits of the Solar Divinities in the Veda]
Part 10 - Characteristics of the Vedic Gods < [Chapter 1 - Vedic Concept of God and Religion]
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)