Vipra: 11 definitions


Vipra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vipra (विप्र) refers to a wise and virtuous Brahmin, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.13, “A Brahmin endowed with strict adherence to good conduct is perfectly wise. A Brahmin learned in Vedas and of good conduct (sadācāra) is called a Vipra. A Brahmin endowed with only one of these two is a mere Dvija”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vipra (विप्र).—A King born in the family of Dhruva. Two sons named Śiṣṭi and Bhavya were born to Dhruva by his wife Śambhū. Succhāyā the wife of Śiṣṭi gave birth to Ripu, Ripuñjaya, Vipra, Vṛkala and Vṛkatejas. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa I, Chapter 13).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vipra (विप्र).—A son of Sṛtaṃjaya, and father of Śuci.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 47; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 23. 5.

1b) A son of Śiṣṭi and Succhāyā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 2.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Shodhganga: The Caraka Saṃhitā and the Suśruta Saṃhitā (h)

Vipra (विप्र).—In his commentary to the Ṛgveda, Sāyaṇa considers vipraḥ to be a wise Brāhmaṇa (prājñaḥ brāhmaṇaḥ);again in the Taittirīya Saṃhitā, he explains the term [Vipra] as “the wise man who is skilled in the production of the juices (of herbs) and strengths”. Zysk suggests that such a person may be called a “healer” or a “shaker” based on the etymology of the word, i.e., vipra is derived from the root vip, “to shake”. However, the term “vipra” is generally understood to have the following meanings - inspired, wise, learned (especially in theology), a sage, seer, singer, poet, a Brāhmaṇa, etc.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vipra (विप्र).—m (S) A Brahman.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vipra (विप्र).—m A Brâhman.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vipra (विप्र).—[vap-ran pṛṣo° ata itvam Uṇ.2.28]

1) A Brāhmaṇa; see the quotations under ब्राह्मण (brāhmaṇa).

2) A sage, wise man; त्वं मुखं पद्मजो विप्रः (tvaṃ mukhaṃ padmajo vipraḥ) Mb.1.23.17.

3) The Aśvattha tree.

4) (In prosody) A foot of four short syllables.

5) A singer of hymns, praiser.

6) The month भाद्रपद (bhādrapada).

7) Ficus Religiosa (Mar. piṃpaḷa).

8) Acacia Sirissa (Mar. śirasa).

Derivable forms: vipraḥ (विप्रः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vipra (विप्र).—m.

(-praḥ) 1. A Brahman. 2. The Aśwattha tree. 3. (In prosody,) A foot of four short syllables. E. vi before, prā a Sautra root, to fill or complete, (the essential observances,) and ka aff.; or vap to shave, Unadi aff. ran, and i substituted for the radical vowel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vipra (विप्र).—[adjective] stirred inwardly, inspired, wise, learned, clever; [masculine] seer, poet, singer, priest, a Brahman.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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