Vipra: 21 definitions


Vipra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vipra (विप्र).—A King born in the family of Dhruva. Two sons named Śiṣṭi and Bhavya were born to Dhruva by his wife Śambhū. Succhāyā the wife of Śiṣṭi gave birth to Ripu, Ripuñjaya, Vipra, Vṛkala and Vṛkatejas. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa I, Chapter 13).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vipra (विप्र) refers to a wise and virtuous Brahmin, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.13, “A Brahmin endowed with strict adherence to good conduct is perfectly wise. A Brahmin learned in Vedas and of good conduct (sadācāra) is called a Vipra. A Brahmin endowed with only one of these two is a mere Dvija”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vipra (विप्र).—A son of Sṛtaṃjaya, and father of Śuci.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 47; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 23. 5.

1b) A son of Śiṣṭi and Succhāyā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 2.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Vipra (विप्र) refers to one of the five sons of Chāyā and Sṛṣṭi: one of the four sons of Dhruva, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Uttānapāda’s son was Dhruva who achieved the highest place of worshipping Nārāyaṇa. Dhruva had four sons—Sṛṣṭi, Dhanya, Harya and Śaṃbhu; they all were Vaiṣṇavas. Chāyā gave birth to five sons of Sṛṣṭi; they were Ripu, Ripuṃjaya, Vipra, Vṛṣala and Vṛkatejas.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Vipra (विप्र) refers to “a learned brāhmaṇa”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vipra (विप्र) refers to a Brahmin, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Again, the one who pierces the mind (citta-vedha) (with the energy of grace) is a (true) teacher. He should awaken the unawakened to the Kula scripture by means of good languages. The one who can explain the (yogic states known as) ‘Established in the Body’, ‘Established on the Plane’ and the procedure related to (the ritual offering) of bodily substances—what is supreme, subtle and gross—is a (true) teacher. (Caste is) no consideration, (whatever he be,) starting from a Brahmin to an outcaste. Indeed, the teacher is one whose action (kriyā) (ritual and yogic) is such is said to be a Brahmin (vipra—regardless of his caste)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vipra (विप्र) refers to “Brahmins”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. If they should be eclipsed when in the first section of the firmament, those that live by fire and virtuous Brahmins [i.e., guṇādhika-vipra] will suffer as well as men belonging to one of the holy orders. If they should be eclipsed when in the second section of the firmament, agriculturists, heretics, merchants, the Kṣatriyas and commanders of the army will suffer. If when in the third section, artisans, the Śūdras, the Mlecchas and ministers will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Shodhganga: The Caraka Saṃhitā and the Suśruta Saṃhitā (h)

Vipra (विप्र).—In his commentary to the Ṛgveda, Sāyaṇa considers vipraḥ to be a wise Brāhmaṇa (prājñaḥ brāhmaṇaḥ);again in the Taittirīya Saṃhitā, he explains the term [Vipra] as “the wise man who is skilled in the production of the juices (of herbs) and strengths”. Zysk suggests that such a person may be called a “healer” or a “shaker” based on the etymology of the word, i.e., vipra is derived from the root vip, “to shake”. However, the term “vipra” is generally understood to have the following meanings - inspired, wise, learned (especially in theology), a sage, seer, singer, poet, a Brāhmaṇa, etc.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Vipra in India is the name of a plant defined with Ficus religiosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Urostigma religiosum (Linnaeus) Gasparrini (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. (1822)
· London Journal of Botany (1848)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1987)
· Numer. List (4493)
· Species Plantarum
· Not. Pl. Asiat. (1854)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Vipra, for example extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vipra (विप्र).—m (S) A Brahman.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vipra (विप्र).—m A Brâhman.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vipra (विप्र).—[vap-ran pṛṣo° ata itvam Uṇādi-sūtra 2.28]

1) A Brāhmaṇa; see the quotations under ब्राह्मण (brāhmaṇa).

2) A sage, wise man; त्वं मुखं पद्मजो विप्रः (tvaṃ mukhaṃ padmajo vipraḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.23.17.

3) The Aśvattha tree.

4) (In prosody) A foot of four short syllables.

5) A singer of hymns, praiser.

6) The month भाद्रपद (bhādrapada).

7) Ficus Religiosa (Mar. piṃpaḷa).

8) Acacia Sirissa (Mar. śirasa).

Derivable forms: vipraḥ (विप्रः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vipra (विप्र).—m.

(-praḥ) 1. A Brahman. 2. The Aśwattha tree. 3. (In prosody,) A foot of four short syllables. E. vi before, prā a Sautra root, to fill or complete, (the essential observances,) and ka aff.; or vap to shave, Unadi aff. ran, and i substituted for the radical vowel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vipra (विप्र).—m. 1. A poet, or singer of vedic hymns, Chr. 292, 11 and 3 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 11; 86, 3. 2. A Brāhmaṇa, a priest, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 4, 110; [Pañcatantra] 158, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vipra (विप्र).—[adjective] stirred inwardly, inspired, wise, learned, clever; [masculine] seer, poet, singer, priest, a Brahman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vipra (विप्र):—[from vip] a mf(ā)n. stirred or excited (inwardly), inspired, wise (said of men and gods, [especially] of Agni, Indra, the Aśvins, Maruts etc.; cf. paṇḍita), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] learned ([especially] in theology), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a sage, seer, singer, poet, learned theologian, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a Brāhman (ā f. a Br° woman), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] a priest, domestic priest, [Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] the month Bhādrapada, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Ficus Religiosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Acacia Sirissa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] (in prosody) a proceleusmatic, [Colebrooke]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Ślīṣṭi, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] ripra)

12) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śrutaṃ-jaya (or Śṛtaṃ-jaya), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhruva, [ib.]

14) [v.s. ...] [plural] a class of demi-gods (mentioned with the Sādhyas, Yakṣas and Rākṣasas), [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

15) b etc. See √vip, p.972.

16) Viprā (विप्रा):—[=vi-√prā] (only 2. sg. [perfect tense] -paprātha), to fill completely, [Ṛg-veda vi, 17, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vipra (विप्र):—(praḥ) 1. m. A brāhman; a quadrisyllabic foot.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vipra (विप्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vippa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vipra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vipra (विप्र):—(nm) a Brahman.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vipra (ವಿಪ್ರ):—

1) [noun] he who recites vedic hymns.

2) [noun] a brāhmaṇa.

3) [noun] a religious priest.

4) [noun] a ray or rays of light.

5) [noun] a blade of grass Desmodium tripinnata of Poaceae family, used in religious rites.

6) [noun] a learned man; a scholar.

7) [noun] Bhādrapada, the sixth month in the Hindu lunar month.

8) [noun] the moon.

9) [noun] the tree Ficus religiosa of Moraceae family; peepul tree.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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