Sulocana, Sulocanā, Su-locana: 26 definitions


Sulocana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sulochana.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sulocanā (सुलोचना) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Sulocanā, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sulocana in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Sulocanā (सुलोचना) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Sulocanā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sulocana (सुलोचन).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Bhīmasena killed him in battle of Kurukṣetra. (Mahā-Bhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 64, Verse 37).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sulocanā (सुलोचना) refers to a “sweet-eyed woman”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.5 (“The Tripuras are fascinated).—Accordingly, as Arihan said to the Lord of the Three Cities: “[...] It is unnecessary to divide the people into different castes. When all are men who is superior and who is inferior? Old men say that creation began with Brahmā. He begot two sons the famous Dakṣa and Marīci. Kaśyapa, the son of Marīci married thirteen of the sweet-eyed (sulocanā) daughters of Dakṣa, they say, in accordance with righteous path. But people of modern times whose intelligence and valour are but a modicum unnecessarily wrangle over the fact whether this is proper or improper. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sulocanā (सुलोचना).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 17.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sulocana (सुलोचन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sulocana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra

Sulocanā (सुलोचना) or Prabhutā is the name of one of the thirty-two Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra, as well as one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (e.g., Sulocanā) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Sulocana (सुलोचन) refers to “having beautiful eyes” and is used to describe Brahmā, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 13.29-36, while describing the appearance and worship of Rudra]—“The auspicious Brahmā [has] four faces, four arms, beautiful eyes (sulocana), and a red complexion. [He holds] a bundle of very sharp grass [that] hangs down [from his hands]. [Brahmā is] mounted on Haṃsa, holds a stick and rudrākṣa, carries a water jar for protection, [and] the four Vedas. [He] gives the fruits of all siddhis”.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sulocana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Sulocanā (सुलोचना) is the daughter of king Suṣeṇa and the Apsaras Rambhā, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 28. Accordingly, “in time she [Sulocanā] grew up to womanhood, and a young hermit, named Vatsa, the descendant of Kaśyapa, as he was roaming about at will, beheld her in a garden”.

2) Sulocanā (सुलोचना), daughter of king Paurava, was captivated by love at the sight of Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 44. Accordingly, as Vajraprabha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... and wherever any princesses beheld him [Sūryaprabha] she was immediately bewildered by love and chose him for her husband. ... And the fourth was the daughter of King Paurava, sovereign of Lāvāṇaka, Sulocanā by name, with lovely eyes”.

3) Sulocanā (सुलोचना) is the name of powerful Yakṣīnī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 49. Accordingly, as a certain Yakṣiṇī said to Ādityaśarman: “... yes, handsome man, there is. Vidyunmālā, Candralekhā and Sulocanā the third are the best among the Yakṣiṇīs, and among these Sulocanā”.

4) Sulocanā (सुलोचना) is the daughter of Amitagati from Vakrapura, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 107. Accordingly, “...  and when he [Amitagati] described how he had obtained all these magic powers, Amitagati was so delighted that he gave him [Naravāhanadatta] as a present his own daughter named Sulocanā. And with her, thus obtained, like a second imperial fortune of the Vidyādhara race, the emperor joyfully passed that day as one long festival”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sulocanā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sulocana (सुलोचन) refers to “one who has beautiful eyes”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] That city of the Supreme Lord is on top of the lord of the principles. It is adorned with snow (white) moonstones and varied enclosing walls, archways, and palaces. It possesses many qualities and wonders. There the god is the lord of the (Water) principle and his form is sustained by the goddess. He is dark blue and, possessing great power, he holds a noose and has beautiful eyes [i.e., sulocana]. It is the foundation of all creation and is on top of the great sacred seat. Full of many (divine) qualities, one should mark the sacred seat of Jālandhara there on Kailāśa's southern peak”.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Sulocanā (सुलोचना) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Sulocanā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Sulocanā (सुलोचना) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Sulocanā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Sulocana (सुलोचन) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Sulocana is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Sulocanā (सुलोचना) is the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sulocanā).

2) Sulocanā (सुलोचना) is also the name of a Yakṣiṇī mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Sulocana (सुलोचन) (or Sunetra) is the name of a Vidyādhara-king, according to chapter 2.4 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Sagara was addressed by a chamberlain:—“O master, on Mt. Vaitāḍhya in this same Bharatakṣetra there is a city Gaganavallabha, a favorite of good fortune. In it there was a Vidyādhara-king, Sulocana, resembling Trilocanasakha (Kubera) in the city Alakā. There is a son of his, Sahasranayana, judicious; and this daughter, Sukeśā, a crest-jewel of all woman-kind. [...]”.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Sulocanā (सुलोचना) is the daughter of king Amarasena, according to the Lalitāṅgakumārarāsa by Kṣamākalaśa (dealing with the lives of Jain teachers), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Accordingly, “[...] During the night Lalitāṅgakumāra overheard Bhūts talking together. They were discussing about the promise of king Amarasena to give his daughter Sulocanā and half the kingdom to anyone who would be able to cure the girl from her innate blindness. One of the Bhūts explained that if the the juice of a certain creeper growing at the foot of the tree would be applied on her eyes, she would gain eyesight. Lalitāṅgakumāra applied the remedy to himself and was again able to see. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sulocana (सुलोचन).—a. fine-eyed.

-naḥ a deer. (-) 1 a beautiful woman.

Sulocana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and locana (लोचन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sulocana (सुलोचन).—(1) name of one or two former Buddhas: Mahāvastu i.137.12; Lalitavistara 5.7; (2) name of a Bodhisattva: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 62.13.

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Sulocanā (सुलोचना).—name of a female lay-disciple: Gaṇḍavyūha 51.17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sulocana (सुलोचन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Fine-eyed. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A deer. 2. Duryo4Dhana. f.

(-nā) A handsome woman. E. su excellent, and locana an eye.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sulocana (सुलोचन).—[adjective] fair-eyed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sulocana (सुलोचन):—[=su-locana] [from su > su-yaj] mf(ā)n. fine-eyed, having beautiful eyes, [Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a deer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Daitya, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra ([according to] to some of Dur-yodhana), [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Buddha, [Lalita-vistara]

6) [v.s. ...] of the father of Rukmiṇī, [Catalogue(s)]

7) Sulocanā (सुलोचना):—[=su-locanā] [from su-locana > su > su-yaj] f. Name of an Apsaras, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a Yakṣiṇī, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

9) [v.s. ...] of the wife of king Mādhava, [Padma-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of various other women, [Daśakumāra-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sulocana (सुलोचन):—[su-locana] (naḥ) 1. m. A deer; Duryodhana. 1. f. Fine woman.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sulocana (सुलोचन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Suloyaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sulocana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sulocana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sulocanā (सुलोचना) [Also spelled sulochna]:—(a) beautiful-eyed (woman), having charming eyes.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sulōcana (ಸುಲೋಚನ):—

1) [noun] an eye (in gen.).

2) [noun] a beautiful eye.

3) [noun] a pair of eyeglasses.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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