Pura, Pūra, Purā, Pūrā: 24 definitions



Pura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Pura (पुर) refers to “city area” It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pura (पुर) refers to “harem”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Śiva said to Sitā:—“[...] O my beloved, beautiful woman, clouds will not reach the place where I have to make an abode for you. [...] The honourable ladies of Himālaya’s harem (pura) will cause immense pleasure to your gracious Self. They will impart you useful instruction, though you need none, with pleasure every day”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pura (पुर).—A demon.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pura (पुर).—Killed by Śiva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 55. 16.

1b) City; began with Pṛthu;1 its evacuation by the people for the woods during periods of anarchy.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 197; III. 50. 9; 56. 24; 63. 165; 69. 40; IV. 38. 44; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 6. 18-19; V. 36. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 10; 48. 7.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 13, 10. 32; 47. 257; 143. 3.

2) Purā (पुरा).—Towns; triangular, round, short or long, condensed; but a square type is celebrated; the chief house, (Palace) measuring 800 Kiṣku.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 5. 99; 7. 93 and 105; Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 99, 113ff.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (vastu)

Pura (पुर).—The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra 10.2 describes puras as being of three kinds—Big, middle and small which have different measurements for their ditches, buildings, streets and road-ways. The big pura one possesses a circumference of four thousand arcs, the middle pura of two thousand arcs and the small pura of one thousand arcs.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Pura (पुर) refers to “thin plinth § 3.3.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Pura (पुर) refers to the “aromatic resin commonly known as Guggulu burnt as incense before idols”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 21.37.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Pūrā (पूरा) is the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Pūrā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Pura (पुर) or Pur refers to a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reigned from 3rd century CE). Also see Pāṇini IV.2.122. In the later Vedic literature the word Pur meant “rampart”, “fort”, or “stronghold”. The meaning of pura as “city” developed later and was not at all in vogue in the Vedic literature. Lexicons define pura as a place containing large buildings surrounded by a ditch and extending not less than one kośa in length, if it extends for half that distance it is called a kheṭa; if less than that, a karvaṭa or small market town, any smaller cluster of houses is called a grāma or village.

T. Burrow derives pura from √pri to fill; Piparti ‘fills’: pur ‘city’: Lithuanian pilis (l becomes r). We find the word being spelt in two ways pur and pura. Pur (city), from puru (much) and pūrṇa (full) means “plentitude” or multitude of settlers. Similarly Greek polis (city) from poly (much): Latin populus (population, people) from plenus (full), and English folk from full. Pur is the city and puruṣa the citizen. Greek polites (citizens), is preserved in politics (civic concerns), police (city administration), and cosmopolitan (citizen of the world): Lithuanian pilis (fort, castle).

Pura, where it does not retain the original from pur, is changed into the following:

  1. war, as Puruṣapura, Peshawar; Nalapura, Narwar; Matipura, Madwār; Śalvapura, Alwar; Candrapura, Candwar.
  2. urs or ur, as Māyāpura, Mayura; Siṃhapura, Siṅgur; Juṣkapura, Zukur.
  3. or, as Traipura, Teor; Candrādityapura, Caindor.
  4. ora, as Ilbalapura, Ellora.
  5. ore, as Lavapura, Lahore.
  6. ola, as Āryapura, Aihole.
  7. ar, as Kusumapura, Kumrar.
  8. aur, as Siddhapura, Siddhaur.
  9. own, as Hiraṇyapura, Hindoun or Herdoun
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pura.—a temple (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, p. 184). See bhavana. Note: pura is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pura : (nt.) a town or city. || purā (ind.) formerly; in the past. pūra (adj.) full; full of.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pūra, (adj.) (cp. Class. Sk. pūra; fr. pṛ, see pūreti) full; full of (with Gen.) D. I, 244 (nadī); M. I, 215; III, 90, 96; A. IV, 230; Sn. 195, 721; Ud. 90 (nadī); J. I, 146; Pv IV. 313 (=pānīyena puṇṇa PvA. 251); Pug. 45, 46; PvA. 29.—dup° difficult to fill J. V, 425.—pūraṃ (-°) nt. as adv. in kucchi-pūraṃ to his belly’s fill J. III, 268; Vism. 108 (udara-pūra-mattaṃ). (Page 471)

— or —

Purā, (indecl.) (Vedic purā; to Idg. *per, cp. Goth. faúr= Ags. for=E. (be-) fore; also Lat. prae=Gr. parai/=Sk. pare) prep. c. Abl. “before” (only temporal) Vin. IV, 17 (purāruṇā=purā aruṇā before dawn); Sn. 849 (purā bhedā before dissolution (of the body), after which the Suttanta is named Purābhedasutta, cp. Nd1 210 sq.; expld by sarīra-bhedā pubbaṃ at SnA 549). (Page 469)

— or —

Pura, (nt.) (Vedic pur. f. , later Sk. puraṃ nt. & purī f. ) 1. a town, fortress, city Vin. I, 8=M. I, 171 (Kāsinaṃ puraṃ); J. I, 196, 215; Sn. 976, 991, 1012 (°uttama), 1013; J. VI, 276 (=nagara C); Mhvs 14, 29.—avapure below the fortress M. I, 68.—devapura city of the Gods S. IV, 202; Vv 6430 (=Sudassana-mahā-nagara VvA. 285). See also purindada.—2. dwelling, house or (divided) part of a house (=antepura), a meaning restricted to the Jātakas, e.g. V, 65 (=nivesana C.); VI, 251, 492 (=antepura). Cp. thīpura lady’s room, harem, also “lady” J. V, 296, and antepura.—3. the body (cp. Sk. pura body as given by Halāyudha 2, 355, see Aufrecht p. 273) Th. 1, 279 1150 (so read for pūra, cp. Kern, Toev. s. v. & under sarīradeha).—Cp. porin. (Page 468)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pura (पुर).—n S A town or city.

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purā (पुरा).—a (pūra S To fill.) Complete or entire; free from deficiency whether of quantity, part, or appendages. 2 Completed, finished, accomplished. 3 Perfect, adept, well versed and skilled in. 4 Sufficient or sufficing. 5 Used as ad Fully, thoroughly, perfectly: also adequately, sufficiently. purā karaṇēṃ To execute (a decree or a process of a court).

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purā (पुरा).—m (pura S) A ward or quarter of a town: also a supplemental or suburban district.

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pūra (पूर).—m (pūra or pūrṇa S) A filling or swelling of rivers; a sudden fresh. v . 2 fig. Exuberance, any overflowing plenty. 3 (pura S) A town or city. Usually in comp. as kōlhāpūra, paṇḍharapūra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pura (पुर).—n A town or city.

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purā (पुरा).—a Complete. Finished. Perfect, adept. Sufficient. ad Fully, thoroughly.

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purā (पुरा).—m A ward or quarter of a town: a suburban district.

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pūra (पूर).—m A Flood. Exuberance. A town or city. Usually in com. as kōlhāpūra, paṇḍharapūra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pura (पुर).—a. [pṛ-ka] Full of, filled with.

-ram 1 A town, city (containing large buildings, surrounded by a ditch, and not less than one Krośa in extent); पुरे तावन्तमेवास्य तनोति रविरातपम् (pure tāvantamevāsya tanoti ravirātapam) Ku.2.33; R.1.59.

2) A castle, fortress, stronghold.

3) A house, residence, abode.

4) The body; नवद्वारे पुरे देही नैव कुर्वन् न कारयन् (navadvāre pure dehī naiva kurvan na kārayan) Bg.5.13.

5) The female apartments.

6) Name of the town पाटलिपुत्र (pāṭaliputra); q. v.

7) The calyx of a flower, or any cup formed of leaves.

8) A brothel.

9) The skin.

1) Bdellium.

11) An upper story.

12) A store-house.

13) A fragrant grass (nāgaramustā).

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Purā (पुरा).—ind.

1) In former times, formerly, of yore, in the olden time; पुरा शक्रमुपस्थाय (purā śakramupasthāya) R.1.75; पुरा सरसि मानसे (purā sarasi mānase) ...यस्य यातं वयः (yasya yātaṃ vayaḥ) Bv.1.3; Ms.1.119;5.22.

2) Before, hitherto, upto the present time

3) At first, in the first place; रामं दर्शय मे शीघ्रं पुरा मेऽर्थोऽतिवर्तते (rāmaṃ darśaya me śīghraṃ purā me'rtho'tivartate) Rām.7.15.2.

4) In a short time, soon, ere-long, shortly (in this sense usually with a present tense to which it gives a future sense); पुरा सप्तद्वीपां जयति वसुधामप्रतिरथः (purā saptadvīpāṃ jayati vasudhāmapratirathaḥ) Ś. 7.33; पुरा दूषयति स्थलीम् (purā dūṣayati sthalīm) R.12.3; आलोके ते निपतति पुरा सा बलिव्याकुला वा (āloke te nipatati purā sā balivyākulā vā) Me.87; N.1.18, Śi.1.56; Ki.1. 5;11.36.

5) Ved. For the defence of.

6) Securely from.

7) Except, besides.

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Purā (पुरा).—

1) An epithet of the Ganges.

2) A kind of perfume.

3) The east.

4) A castle. See पुरम् (puram).

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Pūra (पूर).—[pūr-ka]

1) Filling, making full; तमहमुपसृतानां कामपूरं नतोऽस्मि (tamahamupasṛtānāṃ kāmapūraṃ nato'smi) Bhāg.8.13.47.

2) Satisfying, pleasing, making content.

3) Pouring in, supplying; अतैलपूराः सुरतप्रदीपाः (atailapūrāḥ suratapradīpāḥ) Ku.1.1.

4) The swelling or rising of a river or of the sea, flood; महोदधेः पूर इवन्दुदर्शनात् (mahodadheḥ pūra ivandudarśanāt) R.3.17.

5) A stream or flood in general; अम्बु°, बाष्प°, शोणित° (ambu°, bāṣpa°, śoṇita°) &c.

6) A piece of water, lake, pond.

7) The healing or cleansing of wounds.

8) A kind of cake.

9) Drawing in breath slowly through the nose; प्राणापानौ संनिरुन्ध्यात् पूर- कुम्भकरेचकैः (prāṇāpānau saṃnirundhyāt pūra- kumbhakarecakaiḥ)

1) The citron tree.

-ram A kind of incense.

Derivable forms: pūraḥ (पूरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pura (पुर).—(1) city, as masc. (Sanskrit nt.): Lalitavistara 300.22 (verse) pūrṇāṃ…purāṃ (acc. pl., for pūrṇān…purān); (2) in cpds. with numerals, tri-pura etc., an element in the architecture of a vihāra, according to Tibetan (b)rtseg, upper chamber: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.133.9 ff., monks’ vihāras have five, nuns’ three; a gandhakuṭi, and a bālāgrapūtikā, of monks have seven each, of nuns five.

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Pūra (पूर).—adj., full, and subst. m. (= Pali id.), mss. often pura, in verses meter proves pūra, full measure, full extent, full contents (Sanskrit also nearly in this sense, but usually of water, flood, according to [Boehtlingk and Roth] only fig. of other things); it is doubtful to which meaning some instances belong; (1) adj., udupānā pūrā (or °naṃ pūraṃ) Mahāvastu i.220.20 = ii.23.5 (verse); pūraṃ ca te bhaviṣyati sahasraṃ putrāṇāṃ, and you shall have a full thousand sons, Mahāvastu ii.158.17, and similarly Mahāvastu iii.107.6; 124.3, 8 (verse, putrāṇa te, or me, pūrasahasraṃ, a full thousand of sons); 377.21; yadi pi lokadhātu pūrā bhave…sarṣapehi Mahāvastu ii.295.10, if the universe were full of mustardseeds; (kṣetrā…) pūrā bhavetsuḥ yadi sarṣa- pāṇāṃ 379.13; kṣetrā sahasrā bahuvastra-pūrā 380.9; in Mahāvastu ii.461.21; 462.2, 3, as in some others of our citations, mss. puraṃ (gopiṭakaṃ, q.v.), but Senart seems surely right in his em. pūraṃ, full (cow-basket); contrasted with ūnakaṃ, empty, yaṃ ūnakaṃ (mss. corrupt, but compare next line) taṃ svanati (?) yaṃ pūraṃ śāntam eva taṃ Mahāvastu iii.389.6; pūrārgheṇa, with full value, Śiks 143.6, see s.v. prātimokṣa; (2) subst. m.: (dvau trīn vā) pātra-pūrāṃ (acc. pl.) [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 509.4, bowls-full; dva-tri-pātra-pūrātirikta- grahaṇam Mahāvyutpatti 8455; pātrapūra Divyāvadāna 51.16, 18; °ro dattaḥ 262.22; kaṭacchu- (q.v.)-pūra- Divyāvadāna 475.21; añjali- pūro dattaḥ Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 67.16; saptāhapūra, the full extent of a week, a full week, °raṃ ekaparyaṅkenātināmesi Mahāvastu ii.348.15, he spent a full week…: °ram, adv., for a full week, Mahāvastu ii.343.3; 349.2, 3, 5; bhavāgra(q.v.)-pūra, the [Page351-a+ 71] full extent of the top of the universe (or adj.?), heṣṭā upādāya (beginning from the bottom) bhavāgrapūraṃ jāmbūnadasya imaṃ (unmetrical(ly)) buddhakṣetraṃ Mahāvastu ii.378.21 (in same verse Śikṣāsamuccaya 303.1 vi-, for which read pi, bhavāgru yāvat); 380.2, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pura (पुर).—nf. (-raṃ-rī) A town, a city: a place containing large buildings surrounded by a ditch, and extending not less than one Krosha in length, is called a city, a pura or Nagara; if it extends not less than half a Krosha it is called a K'het'a or town; if less than that, a Karvat'a or small market town; and any cluster of houses less than that, is a Grama or village. n.

(-raṃ) 1. A town. 2. A fortress, a castle. 3. The female apartments. 4. A brothel. 5. A house. 6. Pataliputra or modern Patna. 7. The body. 8. The calyx of a flower, or any receptacle or cup formed of leaves. 9. Skin. 10. An upper story. 11. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus.) m.

(-raḥ) 1. A sort of resin, “bdellium.” 2. Yellow berleria. f.

(-rā) 1. The east. 2. A perfume. 3. An epithet of the Ganges. E. pur to precede, ka aff.

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Purā (पुरा).—Ind. 1. An ancient story. 2. Old. 3. Past. 4. Long past, of yore. 5. Near. 6. Future. 7. Proximate future. E. pur to precede, affs. ka and ṭāp.

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Pūra (पूर).—mfn. subst.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) A sort of unleavened cake, fried with Ghee or oil. m.

(-raḥ) 1. A piece of water, a large quantity of water, a lake. 2. The healing or cleansing of ulcers. 3. Making content, satisfying. 4. Filling. 5. Supply. 6. Swelling of a river or the sea. 7. A stream, a flood. n.

(-raṃ) A kind of incense. Adj.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Full, filled. E. pūr to fill, ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pura (पुर).—i. e. probably pṛ10 + a, I. n. 1. A fortified town, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 70. 2. A town, 8, 386. 3. The town, i. e. Pāṭaliputra. 4. An abode, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 11, 9. 5. An upper story. 6. The body, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 11, 5. 7. A kind of Cyperus. 8. Skin. Ii. m. 1. A sort of resin, Bdellium. 2. The name of a demon. Iii. f. , A perfume. Iv. f. (also ri). 1. A town, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 31. 2. The body, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 10, 28.

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Purā (पुरा).— (old instrum. sing. of a base pura, for para, cf. puras; u is changed to a by the influence of the preceding p); I. adv. 1. Formerly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 119. 2. Of old, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1231. 3. With na, Never, Mahābhārata 9, 1806. 4. First. 5. Soon. Ii. prep. with abl., Before, [Arjunasamāgama] 4, 20.

— Cf. (old loc.) in (old dat.), etc.; perhaps also with etc.; [Gothic.] faura and faur; [Anglo-Saxon.] for, fora-, fore-; [Latin] por-, e. g. in por-tendere, and probably also prō-.

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Pūra (पूर).—[pūr + a], m. 1. Filling, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 9, 7. 2. A large quantity of water, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 17. 3. A cake, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 100, 64 Gorr. 4. Drawing in breath through the nose, a religious practice, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 28, 9. 5. The healing or cleansing of ulcers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pura (पुर).—[neuter] ī [feminine] the same.

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Purā (पुरा).—[adverb] formerly, once upon a time, of yore; up to the present time, hitherto ([with] [present] ±sma); at first, firstly; soon, shortly ([with] [present]); [with] a neg. never. — As a [conjunctive] ere, before ([with] [present] ±na, mā, or yadi); as a [preposition] before, from, except, without ([ablative]).

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Pūra (पूर).—[adjective] filling, completing, satisfying (—°); [masculine] completion, fulfilment, satisfaction; flood, gush, stream; a cake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pura (पुर):—[from pur] 1. pura (for 2. See p.635), in [compound] for puras.

2) Purā (पुरा):—[from pur] a ind. (cf. pra, puras, pūrva) before, formerly, of old (with na, ‘never’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] in a previous existence, [Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

4) [v.s. ...] (with [present tense] = [perfect tense]) from of old, hitherto, up to the present time (also with sma cf. [Pāṇini 3-2, 122]; with na, ‘never yet’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] at first, in the beginning, [Bhartṛhari] (opp. to paścā, paścāt, [Pāṇini 5-3, 33; Kāśikā-vṛtti])

6) [v.s. ...] soon, shortly (with [present tense]= [future]), [Kālidāsa; Naiṣadha-carita]

7) [v.s. ...] (as [preposition], mostly in earlier language, with [ablative], rarely with [dative case] or [genitive case]) before

8) [v.s. ...] securely from

9) [v.s. ...] except, beside

10) [v.s. ...] (with [present tense]= [future] cf. [Pāṇini 3-3, 4], once with [Potential]) ere, before (sometimes with na or na and yāvat [followed by tāvat], with or yadi, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.])

11) Pura (पुर):—[from pur] 2. pura n. (for 1. See p. 634, col. 2) (ifc. f(ā). ) a fortress, castle, city, town (a place containing large buildings surrounded by a ditch and extending not less than one Kos in length ; if it extends for half that distance it is called a kheṭa, if less than that, a karvaṭa or small market town; any smaller cluster of houses is called a grāma or village, [Horace H. Wilson]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

12) [v.s. ...] the female apartments, gynaeceum, [Mahābhārata] (cf. antaḥ-p, nārī-p etc.)

13) [v.s. ...] a house, abode, residence, receptacle, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Tattvasamāsa]

14) [v.s. ...] an upper story, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] a brothel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] ‘the city’ [Greek] κατ᾽ ἐξοχήν id est. Pāṭali-putra or Patnā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] = tri-pura, the 3 strong holds of the Asuras, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

18) [v.s. ...] the body (cf. 3. pur), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

19) [v.s. ...] the skin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] a species of Cyperus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] Name of a constellation, [Varāha-mihira]

22) [v.s. ...] a leaf rolled into the shape of a funnel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([probably] [wrong reading] for puṭa)

23) [v.s. ...] Name of the subdivisions of the Vedānta [work] tripurī or tripuṭī (perhaps also [wrong reading] for puṭa), [Catalogue(s)]

24) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. a kind of resin, bdellium, [Suśruta; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) [v.s. ...] m. Name of an Asura= tri-pura (cf. pura-jit), of another man, [gana] kurv-ādi

26) Purā (पुरा):—[from pura > pur] b f. a stronghold, fortress (cf. agni-purā and aśma-p)

27) [v.s. ...] a kind of perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

28) c See p. 634, col. 3.

29) Pūra (पूर):—mfn. (√pṝ, [Causal]) filling, making full (cf. pāṇi-)

30) fulfilling, satisfying (cf. kāma-)

31) m. the act of filling, fulfilling etc., [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

32) the swelling or rising of a river or of the sea, a large quantity of water, flood, stream (also met. = abundance, high degree, [especially] ifc.), [Kāvya literature; Suśruta] etc.

33) a cake, [Rāmāyaṇa] (cf. ghṛta-)

34) a kind of breath-exercise = pūraka below, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

35) the cleansing of a wound, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. pūraṇa)

36) the citron tree (= bīja-pūra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

37) n. a kind of incense, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

38) bdellium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

39) mf(ā)n. a sort of unleavened cake fried with ghee or oil, [Horace H. Wilson] (cf. pūrikā below).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pura (पुर):—[(raṃ-rī) n. f.] A town or city. 1. m. A sort of resin, bdellium; yellow barleria. f. () The east; a perfume. n. A house; body; calyx; skin; a grass.

2) Purā (पुरा):—adv. An ancient story, old; past, future; near.

3) Pūra (पूर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A lake; healing ulcers. m. f. n. Unleavened cake fried with ghee or oil. a. Full.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pura (पुर):—[Siddhāntakaumudī.236,b,1.] m. n. gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 31.] f. n. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 5, 21.]

1) n. = 2. pur Burg, befestigte Stadt, Stadt überh. [Amarakoṣa 2, 1, 1. 3, 4, 18, 128. 23, 142. 25, 185.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 438.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 59. fg.] [Halāyudha 2, 130.] dhanurdurgaṃ mahīdurgamabdurgaṃ vārkṣameva vā . nṛdurgaṃ giridurgaṃ vā samāśritya vasetpuram .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 70. 9, 294.] ari [7, 181. 185.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 59.] daityānām [Sundopasundopākhyāna 1, 33.] grāma, pura [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 119.] yasya stenaḥ pure nāsti [8, 386. 9, 225.] [Nalopākhyāna 9, 8. 13, 21. 17, 45.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 6, 6.] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 119, 26.] nagare vā pure vāpi [4, 16, 19.] [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 74.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 165.] kṣaya [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 32, 22.] rodha Belagerung einer Burg, einer Stadt [12, 21. 33, 20.] lābha [29, 23.] sapurā mahī [Mahābhārata 3, 16215.] Am Ende eines comp. (oxyt.) st. pur [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 74. 4, 2, 122.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 6, 69.] Accent eines auf pura ausgehenden Städtenamens [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 99—101.] puramekādaśadvāram vom Leibe (vgl. 2.) [Kaṭhopaniṣad 5, 1.] navadvāre pure [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 3, 18.] [Bhagavadgītā 5, 13.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 16, 7.] = āgāra, geha, gṛha Haus [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 25, 185.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 363.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Wohnort, Behälter [Sânkhya Philosophy 5.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 11, 9.] = antaḥpura Inschr. in [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 6, 505,] [Śloka 19.] nārī ein Gynaeceum, ein ganzes Haus mit Weibern: adāṃ ca tatrāśvatarīsahasraṃ nārīpuram [Mahābhārata 13, 4915.] = gṛhopari gṛham ein oberes Stockwerk [VIŚVA im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) n. Leib, Körper [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 564.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Hārāvalī 258.] [Halāyudha 2, 355.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 11, 5. 6, 1, 48. 4, 24. 7, 14,] [?37; vgl. u. 1.] —

3) n. die Stadt κατ᾽ ἐξόχην Pāṭaliputra [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 1, 16. 3, 3, 263.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

4) n. Bordel [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1003.] —

5) n. eine Cyperus-Art (nāgaramu stā) [Ratnamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

6) Bdellium, m. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 2, 14.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 363.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna] [Suśruta 2, 276, 3.] purā [504, 20.] purākhyaḥ [Halāyudha][?2,465; vgl. 12,b.] —

7) n. eine best. Constellation [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 20, 2.] —

8) n. Haut [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

9) n. = puṣpādīnāṃ dalāvṛttiḥ eine Blattdüte für Blumen u.s.w. [Medinīkoṣa] Ungenaue Schreibweise für puṭa . —

10) n. Bez. der Unterabtheilungen in der tripuṭī oder tripurī genannten Vedānta-Schrift [Weber’s Verzeichniss 180.] —

11) m. = tripura Nomen proprium eines Unholden; s. purajit u. s. w. Nomen proprium eines Mannes gaṇa kurvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 151.] —

12) f. purā a) Wehr, Burg, am Ende eines comp.: agnipurā [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 6, 3, 3, 25.] aśma [3, 1, 3, 11] (streiche oben den Artikel 3. aśman). Vgl. jīva, deva, mahā . — b) ein best. wohlriechender Stoff [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma][?; vgl. 6.] — c) Osten (!) [Śabdakalpadruma] [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] —

13) f. purī a) Burg, Stadt [Amarakoṣa 2, 2, 1.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 971.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 130.] [Taittirīyāraṇyaka 1, 27, 3] (st. dessen puram acc. [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 10, 2, 29]). śakrasya [Indralokāgamana 1, 42.] cedirāja [Nalopākhyāna 13, 23.] [Mahābhārata 1, 4007.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 71. 5, 7. 34, 46.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 30.] [Meghadūta 31.] [Sūryasiddhānta 12, 39. 40.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 1. 325.] — b) Leib, Körper [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 10, 28.] — Vgl. tri, deva, paura .

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Purā (पुरा):—

--- OR ---

Pūra (पूर):—(von 1. par simpl. und caus.)

1) adj. füllend, erfüllend: pāṇipūrānna Speise, die die Hand füllt, so v. a. eine Handvoll Speise [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 320.] Vgl. kāma . —

2) m. [Amarakoṣa 3, 6, 2, 20.] gaṇa sakhyādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 80.] a) das Füllen, Vollmachen; Befriedigen, Zufriedenstellen: khāta [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 9, 7.] atailapūrāḥ suratapradīpāḥ die man nicht mit Oel zu füllen braucht [Kumārasaṃbhava 1, 10.] tṛṣṇayā bhavavāhinyā yogaiḥ kāmairapūrayā nicht zu füllen, nicht zu befriedigen [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 13, 23.] naṭaṃ tadā gataṃ viddhi pūraṃ (wohl puraṃ zu lesen) tava [Harivaṃśa 8659.] Vgl. duṣpūra, supūra . — b) Anschwellung eines Flusses, des Meeres, Fluth, Wassermenge [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 360.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1087.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 440.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 61.] [Halāyudha 3, 46.] apare tu prayāsyanti pūreṇa payaṣāṃ patim [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 14, 300.] mahodadheḥ pūraḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 17.] pūram vardhayituṃ payodheḥ [Spr. 1813.] aravindamapi ca sundari nilīyate pāthasāṃ pūre so v. a. im Teich, im See [2710.] Häufig in comp. mit einem Worte, das Wasser bedeutet: Wasserfluth, Wasserstrom, Wassermasse: salila [Pañcatantra II, 42.] vāripūrairgambhīraiḥ [Harivaṃśa 11759.] nadyambhaḥpurodbhagnataṭadrumāḥ [Suśruta 1, 22, 20.] saridvāripūra [Prabodhacandrodaja 5, 8.] ambu (am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā) [Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 166.] svedāmbu [Gītagovinda 1, 25.] vāṣpāmbupūraiḥ so v. a. Thränenstrom [Kathāsaritsāgara 25, 258.] raktāmbu so v. a. Blutstrom [Kathāsaritsāgara 47, 91.] vāṣpa Thränenstrom [Spr. 2606.] [Mālatīmādhava 21, 6.] gokulapayaḥpūraiḥ Milchströme [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 198.] sudhāpūraplāvitamivātmānaṃ manyamānaḥ [Pañcatantra 46, 16.] rūpamādhurya [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 418.] Vgl. jala, nadī, payaḥ . — c) Kuchen, Gebäck [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] phalaniryūhasaṃsiddhaiḥ pūrairapi rasānvitaiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 100, 64.] st. dessen sūpairgandharasānvitaiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa] [SCHL. 2, 91, 66.] Vgl. ghṛta (auch [Pañcatantra 199, 21]), piṣṭa . — d) langsames Einziehen des Athems durch die Nase (eine religiöse Uebung): pūrakumbhakarecakaiḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 28, 9. 4, 24, 50. 7, 15, 32.] Vgl. pūraka 2,c. — e) Reinigung einer Wunde [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — f) = bījapūra Citronenbaum [Ratnamālā 66.] —

3) n. eine Art Räucherwerk (dāhāguru) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. amla, karṇa (auch [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 22, 25.] karṇapūrīkṛta [Prabodhacandrodaja 2, 6]), dharaṇī, paureya .

--- OR ---

Pura (पुर):—

1) sapurā adj. [Kathāsaritsāgara 81, 102.] —

11) = tripura (als Burg): dāha [Kathāsaritsāgara 57, 2.] —

13) c) Name eines der zehn auf Schüler Śaṃkarācārya’s zurückgeführten Bettelorden, dessen Mitglieder das Wort purī ihrem Namen beifügen, [Oxforder Handschriften 227,b,16.] [WILSON, Sel. Works 1,202]; vgl. ananta, anātha, mādhavendra, yādavendra, vaikuṇṭha .

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Purā (पुरा):—

1) b) [Spr. 790.] — c) [Spr. 3575.] [Meghadūta 83 ] (v. l. pure) .

--- OR ---

Pūra (पूर):—

2) b) Strom [HĀLA 37. 105.] lasadbāṣpapūrā adj. [Kathāsaritsāgara 59, 85.] vilulitamatipūrairbāṣpam [UTTARARĀMAC. 53, 8 (68, 12).] — d) [Oxforder Handschriften 234,b,29. 237,a, No. 568.] —

4) f. ī Nomen proprium eines Frauenzimmers [Oxforder Handschriften 180,b,36.] — Vgl. maṇipūra .

--- OR ---

Purā (पुरा):—[Sp. 784, Z. 2] [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 6] gehört zu

2) b.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pura (पुर):——

1) n. — a) Burg , eine befestigte Stadt , Stadt überh. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā — b) Gynaeceum. — c) Wohnort , Behälter. — d) *Söller , — e) *Bordell. — f) *die Stadt κατ᾽εξόχην , Pāṭaliputra. — g) = tripura die drei Burgen der Asura. — h) Leib , Körper. — i) *eine Cyperus-Art. — k) *Haut. — l) eine best. Constellation. — m) *eine Blattdüte ; richtig puṭa. — n) Bez. der Unterabtheilungen in der Tripurī.

2) (*m.) f. ā) n. Bdellium.

3) m. Nomen proprium eines Asura , = tripura

4) f. ā — a) Wehr , Burg in agnipurā und aśmapurā. — b) *ein best. wohlriechender Stoff.

5) f. ī — a) Burg , Stadt. — b) Leib , Körper. — c) Name eines der zehn auf Schüler Śaṃkarācārya’s zurückgeführten Bettelorden , deren Mitglieder das Wort purī ihrem Namen anhängen.

--- OR ---

Purā (पुरा):——

1) Adv. — a) vormals , ehemals , ehemals , in einer früheren Existenz ([Varāhamihira’s Yogayātrā 4,58]). mit einer Negation niemals. — b) mit Präsens bisher , von jeher , von Alters her ; mit und ohne sma. Mit einer Negation bis jetzt nie (das Präsens durch das Perfectum wiederzugeben). — c) zuerst. — d) bald , in kurzer Zeit ; mit präs. = Fut. —

2) praep. mit Abl. — a) vor (zeitlich). — b) zum Schutz — , zur Sicherheit vor , sicher vor , unerreicht von. — c) mit Ausschluss von , ohne. purā vācaḥ pravaditoḥ ohne ein Wort zu reden. In einem negativen Satz ausser.

3) Conj. bevor , mit praes. (einmal Potent. des Metrumes wegen) Mit na ([Mahābhārata 4,17,21])., mit na yāvat und folgendem tāvat , mit und mit yadi dass.

--- OR ---

Pūra (पूर):——

1) Adj. am Ende eines Comp. — a) füllen. — b) erfüllend , befriedigend.

2) m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) — a) das Füllen , Vollmachen [Indische studien von Weber 14,367.] — b) das Befriedigen , Zufriedenstellen. — c) Schwellung eines Flusses , — des Meeres , ein volles Bette , Fluth , Strom , Erguss , Wassermenge. Häufig im Zusammensetzung mit einem Worte , das Wasser oder eine andere Flüssigkeit bezeichnet. In übertragener Bed. auch so v.a. Ueberfluss , hoher Grad von (im Comp. vorangehend). — d) Kuchen , Gebäck. — e) langsames Einziehen des Athems durch die Nase (eine asketische Uebung). — f) *Reinigung einer Wunde ; vgl. pūraṇa 4)b). — g) *Citronenbaum.

3) f. ī Nomen proprium eines Frauenzimmers. —

4) n. — a) *eine als Räucherwerk gebrauchte Art von Agallochum [Rājan 12,95.] — b) *Bdellium [Rājan 12,108.] — c) [Harivaṃśa 8656] fehlerhaft für pura Stadt.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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