Nishtha, Niṣṭhā, Nīṣṭhā: 15 definitions



Nishtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Niṣṭhā and Nīṣṭhā can be transliterated into English as Nistha or Nishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Nishth.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Niṣṭhā (निष्ठा).—In the pāṇigrahaṇa mantra in the seventh Pāda; known to Satyavrata.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 97.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Niṣṭhā (निष्ठा).—The affixes क्त (kta) and क्तवत् (ktavat) in Panini's Grammar; cf. क्तक्तवत् निष्ठा (ktaktavat niṣṭhā) P. I. 1.26.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Niṣṭhā (निष्ठा) refers to “fixed adherence, or resolve; devotional practice that does not waver at any time. It is the fifth stage in the development of the creeper of devotion”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Niṣṭhā (निष्ठा) refers to:—Firm faith; established devotional practice that does not waver at any time. The fourth stage in the development of the creeper of devotion. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Nīṣṭhā (नीष्ठा) refers to:—Fixed determination; the stage of sādhana-bhakti wherein all the unwanted desires of the practitioner have been cleared and he maintains a constant intensity of endeavor by his intelligence. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

niṣṭha (निष्ठ).—p (S) Fixed in, seated in, inherent. In comp. as ghaṭaniṣṭha, manōniṣṭha, dēhaniṣṭha.

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niṣṭhā (निष्ठा).—f (S) Fixed affection or attention; devotedness or engagedness of heart or mind; attachment. 2 Reliance, trust, confidence. 3 Ordinary and uniform practice or profession. 4 Fixedness or seatedness in, inherence. 5 Conclusion. 6 (Poetry.) Condition or state. Ex. tṛṣā lāgalī nātha ōṣṭhā- mṛtācī || śarīrāsi jyāvīṇa niṣṭhā mṛtācī ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

niṣṭha (निष्ठ).—p Fixed in, seated in, inherent.

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niṣṭhā (निष्ठा).—f Fixed affection or attention; devotedness. Reliance, confidence. Fixedness or inherence. Conclusion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niṣṭha (निष्ठ).—a. [ni-sthā-ka ṣatvaṭutve] (Usually at the end of comp.)

1) Being in or on, situated on; तन्निष्ठे फेने (tanniṣṭhe phene).

2) Depending or resting on, referring or relating to; तमोनिष्ठाः (tamoniṣṭhāḥ) Ms.12.95.

3) Devoted or attached to, practising, intent on; सत्यनिष्ठ (satyaniṣṭha).

4) Skilled in.

5) Believing in; धर्मनिष्ठ (dharmaniṣṭha).

6) Conducive to, effecting; हेमाम्भोज स्रजस्ते विशद सुमहते प्लोषपोषाय निष्ठाः (hemāmbhoja srajaste viśada sumahate ploṣapoṣāya niṣṭhāḥ) B. R.5.51.

-ṣṭhā 1 Position, condition, state; तेषां निष्ठा तु का कृष्ण (teṣāṃ niṣṭhā tu kā kṛṣṇa) Bg.17.1; तेषामशान्तकामानां का निष्ठाऽविजितात्मनाम् (teṣāmaśāntakāmānāṃ kā niṣṭhā'vijitātmanām) Bhāg.11.5.1.

2) Basis, foundation.

3) Fixity, fixedness, steadiness; मनो निष्ठाशून्यं भ्रमति च किमप्यालिखति च (mano niṣṭhāśūnyaṃ bhramati ca kimapyālikhati ca) Māl.1.31;

4) Devotion or application, close attachment.

5) Belief, firm adherence, faith; शास्त्रेषु निष्ठा (śāstreṣu niṣṭhā) Māl.3.11; लोकेऽस्मिन् द्विविधा निष्ठा पुरा प्रोक्ता मयाऽनघ (loke'smin dvividhā niṣṭhā purā proktā mayā'nagha) Bg.3.3.

6) Excellence, skill, proficiency, perfection.

7) Conclusion, end, termination; (śṛṇu) चरितं पार्थिवेन्द्रस्य यथा निष्ठां गतश्च सः (caritaṃ pārthivendrasya yathā niṣṭhāṃ gataśca saḥ) Mb.1.49.6; अत्यारूढि- र्भवति महतामप्यपभ्रंशनिष्ठा (atyārūḍhi- rbhavati mahatāmapyapabhraṃśaniṣṭhā) Ś.4.3. (v. l.).

8) The catastrophe or end of a drama.

9) Accomplishment, completion (samāpti); पाणिग्रहणिका मन्त्रा नियतं दारलक्षणम् । तेषां निष्ठा तु विज्ञेया विद्वद्भिः सप्तमे पदे (pāṇigrahaṇikā mantrā niyataṃ dāralakṣaṇam | teṣāṃ niṣṭhā tu vijñeyā vidvadbhiḥ saptame pade) || Ms.8.227.

1) The culminating point; इयं च निष्ठा नियतं प्रजानाम् (iyaṃ ca niṣṭhā niyataṃ prajānām) Bu. Ch.3.61.

11) Death, destruction, disappearance from the world at the fixed time.

12) Fixed or certain knowledge, certainty.

13) Begging.

14) Suffering, trouble, distress, anxiety.

15) (In gram.) A technical term for the past participial terminations क्त, क्तवतु (kta, ktavatu) (i. e. ta and tavata.)

16) Name of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣṭha (निष्ठ).—mfn.

(-ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) 1. Staying, being in, who or what stays or is in or on anything. 2. Believing, faithful. 3. Skilled in. 4. Devoted to. f.

(-ṣṭhā) 1. The catastrophe of a drama, the conclusion of a fable. 2. Conclusion in general, end, termination. 3. Disappearance, loss, destruction. 4. Confirmation, completion. 5. Asking, begging. 6. Ordinary and uniform practice or profession. 7. Good conduct, excellence. 8. Religious practice, devout and austere exercise. 9. Faith, belief. 10. Condition, state. 11. Fixed time of life, &c. 12. Trouble, distress, anxiety. 13. The technical term for the past participial affixes kta and ktavatu. E. ni completely, assuredly, sthā to stay or stop, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣṭha (निष्ठ).—i. e. ni-, and probably also nis, -stha (vb. sthā), I. adj., f. ṭhā. 1. Being on, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 123. 2. Grounded on, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 95. 3. Intent on, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 134. Ii. f. ṭhā, 1. Basis, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 3, 3. 2. Certain knowledge, Mahābhārata 14, 626. 3. Accomplishment, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 227. 4. End, catastrophe, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 78 n. 5. Death, Mahābhārata 13, 3151.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niṣṭha (निष्ठ).—[adjective] staying, lying, being, resting, footing, dependent, or intent upon; relating, attached, or devoted to (—°), [abstract] [feminine]

— [feminine] ā stand-point, basis, foundation; devotion to, familiarity with ([locative]); height, summit, close, end (adj. —° ending with); decision, sentence, verdict ([jurisprudence]); the endings ta & tavant and the participles formed with them ([grammar]).

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Niṣṭhā (निष्ठा).—[adjective] excelling, leading.

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Nisthā (निस्था).—[Causative] fix in ([locative]).

Nisthā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ni and sthā (स्था).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niṣṭhā (निष्ठा):—[=ni-ṣṭhā] a (√sthā; [Aorist] ny-aṣṭhāt [perfect tense] ni-tasthau, [Vopadeva]) :—[Causal] ([Aorist] ny-atiṣṭhipat) to fix in ([locative case]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

—to give forth, emit, yield, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

2) Niṣṭha (निष्ठ):—[=ni-ṣṭha] [from ni-ṣṭhā] mfn. (in some senses = or [wrong reading] for niḥ + stha) being in or on, situated on, grounded or resting on, depending on, relating or referring to (usually ifc.), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] intent on, devoted to, [ib.] (cf. dharma-, satya-)

4) [v.s. ...] conducive to, effecting ([dative case]), [Bālarāmāyaṇa v, 51]

5) Niṣṭhā (निष्ठा):—[=ni-ṣṭhā] b f. (ifc. f(ā). ) state, condition, position, [Bhagavad-gītā]

6) [v.s. ...] firmness, steadiness, attachment, devotion, application, skill in, familiarity with, certain knowledge of ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] decision about ([genitive case]), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

8) [v.s. ...] decisive sentence, judgement, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra]

9) [v.s. ...] completion, perfection, culminating or extreme point, [Manu-smṛti; Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] conclusion, end, termination, death (ifc. ‘ending with’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] asking, begging, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] trouble, distress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) Name of the [past participle] affixes ta and tavat

14) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) the end or catastrophe, [Horace H. Wilson]

15) [=ni-ṣṭhā] c ([Padapāṭha] niḥ-ṣṭhā) mfn. excelling, eminent, [Ṛg-veda]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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