Vidhi: 23 definitions
Vidhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Vidhi (विधि, “Creator”):—One of the male offspring from Mahālakṣmī (rajas-form of Mahādevī). Also known as Brahmā. Mahālakṣmī is one of the three primary forms of Devī, the other two being Mahākālī and Mahāsarasvatī. Not to be confused with Lakṣmī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named rajas. Also see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Vidhi (विधि) refers to “processing and combination with other drugs having various effects”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhitā or the Carakasaṃhitā.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Vidhi (विधि):—[vidhiḥ] A mandatory injunction prescribed in Text
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vidhi (विधि).—A god of the ten branches of the Rohita gaṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 86; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 91.
1b) A name of Brahmā.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 28. 89.
1c) Prescriptions in the Śāstras; they are twofold, one with mantra, and the other without mantra.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 183. 44.
1d) (ety) one of the ten lakṣaṇas of the brāhmaṇa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 136.
1e) An Ajitadeva.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 34.
1f) The araṇi from which to get sacred fire.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 112. 50.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis
Vidhi (विधि, “injunction”) refers to “precepts” or “injunctions” and is one of the five divisions of subject-matter of the Vedic, Puranic and Tantric literature according to Mīmāṃsā philosophy.—A vidhi is a statement that induces one to act. All actions (karma), according to Mīmāṃsa are said to have two effects: one external, manifest and gross (dṛṣṭārtha); the other internal, potential and subtle (adṛṣṭārtha). The internal aspect is regarded as being long-lasting, while the external effect is transitory.
The inducement to act consists of three parts—What? Through what? & How? These three aspects of the vidhi are technically known as:—
- Utpatti-vidhi—Primary Injunction to perform a action,
- Viniyoga-vidhi—Injunction of Application,
- Prayoga-vidhi—Injunction of Employment,
The variable is the:—
- Adhikāra-vidhi—Injunction of Qualification.
There are another 3 sub-vidhis:—
- Apūrva-vidhi—Original injunction,
- Niyama-vidhi—Restrictive injunction,
- Parisaṅkhya-vidhi—Preclusive injunction.
The Injunctions (vidhi) constitute Dharma and are therefore the essence of the śabda Revelation.
Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.
Vedanta (school of philosophy)Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis (vedānta)
Vidhi (विधि).—In the Vedānta the vidhi are also those statements regarding the Ultimate Reality—Brahman, the Ātman and purpose of life (puruṣārtha)—all matters which cannot be comprehended by the either perception or reason. According to Vedānta knowledge must have a practical application, so therefore Brahman, jīva etc are always mentioned in the context of “doing” something i.e. meditation.
Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study
Vidhi (विधि).—Injunction, that is, inducing or commanding a subordinate person to do something. Vidhi as the denotation of liṅ is pravartanā qualified by the absence of an inhibitory factor.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vidhi (विधि).—(l) a prescriptive rule; cf. तत्र अपूर्वो विधिरस्तु नियमोस्तु इत्यपूर्वं एव विधि-र्भविष्यति न नियमः (tatra apūrvo vidhirastu niyamostu ityapūrvaṃ eva vidhi-rbhaviṣyati na niyamaḥ) M.Bh. on P.I.4.3; ct. also समर्थः पदविधिः । विपूर्वाद्वाञः कर्म-साधन इकारः । विधीयते विधिरिति (samarthaḥ padavidhiḥ | vipūrvādvāñaḥ karma-sādhana ikāraḥ | vidhīyate vidhiriti) M.Bh.on P.II. 1.1: (2) prescription, statement; injunction; cf. अस्ति भावसा-धनः । विधानं विधिः । (asti bhāvasā-dhanaḥ | vidhānaṃ vidhiḥ |) M.Bh. on P. I. 1. 57.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
vidhi : (m.) method; way; luck; destiny; form.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Vidhi, (f.) (fr. vi+dhā, cp. Ved. vidhi) 1. form, way; rule, direction, disposition, method, motto Vism. 278 (manasikāra°, eightfold); PvA. 78 (dāna°=dāna), 126; VvA. 82.—Instr. vidhinā in due form Mhvs 14, 52; PvA. 130; Sdhp. 336.—2. luck, destiny J. II, 243 (°rahita unlucky). (Page 623)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vidhi (विधि).—m (S) A sacred precept; a rite, observance, or act prescribed by the Vedas. 2 A rule, form, formula. Ex. of comp. udyāpanavidhi, upāsanā- vidhi, karmavidhi, dānavidhi, pūjāvidhi, bhōjana- vidhi, vratavidhi, śāstravidhi, śaucavidhi, snānavidhi, hōmavidhi. 3 A precept, command, injunction, order in general. 4 Fate, luck, destiny. 5 A text, a sentence in some authority of religion or of law prescribing an act. 6 A kind, sort, manner. 7 A name of Brahma.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vidhi (विधि).—m A sacred precept; a rule. Des- tiny. A rite.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Doing, performance, practice, an act or action; ब्रह्मध्यानाभ्यसनविधिना योगनिद्रां गतस्य (brahmadhyānābhyasanavidhinā yoganidrāṃ gatasya) Bh.3.41; योगविधि (yogavidhi) R.8.22; अस्याः सर्गविधौ (asyāḥ sargavidhau) V.1.8; लेखाविधि (lekhāvidhi) Māl. 1.35.
2) Method, manner, way, means, mode; निः- साराल्पफलानि ये त्वविधिना वाञ्छन्ति दण्डोद्यमैः (niḥ- sārālpaphalāni ye tvavidhinā vāñchanti daṇḍodyamaiḥ) Pt.1.376.
3) A rule, commandment, any precept which enjoins something for the first time (as distinguished from niyama and parisaṃkhyā q. q. v. v.); विधिरत्यन्तमप्राप्तौ (vidhiratyantamaprāptau); चिकीर्षाकृतिसाध्यत्व- हेतुधीविषयो विधिः (cikīrṣākṛtisādhyatva- hetudhīviṣayo vidhiḥ); वहति विधिहुतं या हविः (vahati vidhihutaṃ yā haviḥ) Ś.1.1.
4) A sacred precept or rule, ordinance, injunction, law, a sacred command, religious commandment (opp. arthavāda which means 'an explanatory statement coupled with legends and illustrations'; see arthavāda); प्रवृत्तिपरं वाक्यं विधिः (pravṛttiparaṃ vākyaṃ vidhiḥ), as ज्योतिष्टोमेन स्वर्गकामो यजेत (jyotiṣṭomena svargakāmo yajeta); श्रद्धा वित्तं विधिश्चेति त्रितयं तत् समागतम् (śraddhā vittaṃ vidhiśceti tritayaṃ tat samāgatam) Ś.7.29; R.2.16.
5) Any religious act or ceremony, a rite, ceremony; स चेत् स्वयं कर्मसु धर्मचारिणां त्वमन्तरायो भवसि च्युतो विधिः (sa cet svayaṃ karmasu dharmacāriṇāṃ tvamantarāyo bhavasi cyuto vidhiḥ) R.3.45;1.34.
6) Behaviour, conduct.
7) Condition; V.4.
8) Creation, formation; सामग्र्यविधौ (sāmagryavidhau) Ku.3.28; कल्याणी विधिषु विचित्रता विधातुः (kalyāṇī vidhiṣu vicitratā vidhātuḥ) Ki.7.7.
9) The creator.
10) Fate, destiny, luck; विधौ वामारम्भे मम समुचितैषा परिणतिः (vidhau vāmārambhe mama samucitaiṣā pariṇatiḥ) Māl.4.4.
11) The food of elephants.
13) A physician.
14) Name of Viṣṇu.
15) Use, application.
16) A means, expedient for; अक्षरं गन्तुमनसो विधिं वक्ष्यामि शीघ्रगम् (akṣaraṃ gantumanaso vidhiṃ vakṣyāmi śīghragam) Mb.12. 236.13.
17) Any act, action.
Derivable forms: vidhiḥ (विधिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vidhi (विधि).—f. (only m. in Sanskrit, and according to Childers in Pali; [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] gives it as f., but I have found no evidence for this; according to [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary], AMg. vidhi, vihi, only m., but according to [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo], Prakrit vihi also f.; a fem. adj. form with the word is cited), way, etc. (as in Sanskrit): n. pl. (oṣadhi-, [Page489-a+ 71] better °dhī-)-vidhīyo (rather with mss. -vidhiyo) Mahāvastu i.115.1 (verse; this ending usually fem.); bhojanavidhiṃ ca citrāṃ 116.6; etāye vidhiye 209.9 = ii.11.16 (verse); yādṛśāye ca vidhīye ii.208.11 (prose).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-dhiḥ) 1. A sacred precept, an act or rite prescribed by the Vedas, for effecting certain consequences. 2. Rule, form, formula. 3. Fate, luck, destiny. 4. Brahma. 5. Time. 6. Order, injunction, command. 7. A name of Vishn'U. 8. Act, action, general or particular. 9. A text, a sentence in some authority of law or religion, prescribing any particular act or observance. 10. Kind, sort, manner. 11. Fodder, food for elephants or horses. 12. A sacred work, a Shaśtra, scripture, the law, (by metonymy.) 13. Creation. 14. A physician. E. vi before, ghā to have; or vidh to rule, aff. ki .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vidhi (विधि).—i. e. vi-dhā (cf. nidhi), m. 1. Order, injunction, command, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 20, 27; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 238 (daiva-, When destiny commands). 2. Rule, [Pañcatantra] 117, 11; precept, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 167, M.M.; 89, 6 (na vidhiḥ, Is not prescribed, cf. [Hitopadeśa] 94, 3; not just). 3. A sacred precept. 4. Ceremony, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 67; [Pañcatantra] 158, 5. 5. A text prescribing any particular act. 6. A sacred work. 7. Fate, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 20. 8. Creator, Brahmav. 2, 94; Brahman. 9. A name of Viṣṇu. 10. Time. 11. Kind, sort, manner, [Pañcatantra] 138, 15; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 72 (ko yaṃ vidhiḥ, How comes that to pass?). 12. Act, action, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 78; [Pañcatantra] 260, 17; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 9; creation, [Kirātārjunīya] 7, 7. 13. Behaviour, life, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 16. 14. Food for horses, elephants, etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vidhi (विधि).—[masculine] disposition, arrangement, ordinance, prescription, rule, method, way, procedure, means of ([dative], [locative], or —°); act, the action of (—°), performance, business, work; solemn act, ceremony; creation, fate, destiny; the Creator or Brahman.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vidhi (विधि):—[from vidh] 1. vidhi m. (for 2. See p. 968, col. 1) a worshipper, one who does homage, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]
2) [from vi-dhā] 2. vidhi m. (for 1. See p. 967, col. 2) a rule, formula, injunction, ordinance, statute, precept, law, direction ([especially] for the performance of a rite as given in the Brāhmaṇa portion of the Veda, which [according to] to [Sāyaṇa] consists of two parts, 1. Vidhi, ‘precepts or commandments’ e.g. yajeta, ‘he ought to sacrifice’, kuryāt, ‘he ought to perform’; 2. Artha-vāda, ‘explanatory statements’ as to the origin of rites and use of the Mantras, mixed up with legends and illustrations), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 24])
3) [v.s. ...] a grammatical rule or precept, [Pāṇini 1-1, 57; 72]
4) [v.s. ...] any prescribed act or rite or ceremony, [Manu-smṛti; Kālidāsa; Pañcatantra]
5) [v.s. ...] use, employment, application, [Caraka]
6) [v.s. ...] method, manner or way of acting, mode of life, conduct, behaviour, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
7) [v.s. ...] a means, expedient for ([dative case] [locative case], or [compound]; adhvavidhinā, by means of id est. along the road), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa; Hitopadeśa]
8) [v.s. ...] any act or action, performance, accomplishment, contrivance, work, business (ifc. often pleonastically e.g. mathana-vidhi, the [act of] disturbing), [Yājñavalkya; Śakuntalā] etc.
9) [v.s. ...] creation (also [plural]), [Kumāra-sambhava; Kirātārjunīya]
10) [v.s. ...] fate, destiny, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
11) [v.s. ...] the creator, [Pañcarātra]
12) [v.s. ...] Name of Brahmā, [Śakuntalā; Naiṣadha-carita]
13) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] of Agni at the Prāyaścitta, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]
15) [v.s. ...] a physician, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] time, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] fodder, food for elephants or horses, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) [v.s. ...] f. Name of a goddess, [Catalogue(s)]
18) Vidhī (विधी):—[=vi-√dhī] (or dīdhī, only [subjunctive] -dīdhayaḥ and -dīdhyaḥ), to be uncertain, hesitate, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vidhi (विधि):—(dhiḥ) 1. m. A sacred precept; rule; fate; act; time; command; text; sort; fodder; Brahmā; Vishnu.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vidhi (विधि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vihi.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Vidhi (विधि):—(nf) law; method, manner; system; direction; rule; a prescribed act or rite or ceremony, prescription; imperative; destiny; providence; (nm) the Creator-Lord Brahma: —[aura vyavasthā] law and order; ~[ka] legal, in accordance with law; ~[karttā] a legislator; law giver; ~[jña] a legist; lawyer, legal expert; an adept in any technical field; ~[ta:] de jure; -[niṣedha] dos and don'ts; prescription and negation; ~[pūrvaka] duly, methodically, systematically; ~[mānya] valid; ~[mānyatā] validity; ~[liṃga] the potential mood (in Grammar); ~[vaktā] a barrister-at-law; ~[vat] duly, methodically, systematically; in conformity with rules, as prescribed by law; -[varga] the bar; ~[vaśa/vaśāt] by providence; -[vidhāna] method and manner; writ of providence; •[pūrvaka/se] methodically, following elaborate prescription; —[viparyaya] providential adversity; -[virūddha] unlawful, lawless; ~[vihita] valid; prescribed by law, ordained by law; ~[vettā] legist; a jurist, juris consultant; -[śāstra] jurisprudence; ~[śāstrī] a jurisprudent, jurist; ~[saṃgata/sammata] legitimate; ~[hīna] lawless; violating the law; without a system/method, irregular; hence ~[hinatā] (nf); —[kā lekha/-kā vidhāna] the writ of destiny; —[kī viḍaṃbanā] irony of fate; —[baiṭhanā] to be harmonised, to conform; to have things move as one wishes; —[milanā] the horoscopes (of a boy and a girl) to conform; —[vāma/viparīta honā]one’s destiny to be adversely disposed, to be ill-fated.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] an order; a command.
2) [noun] a rule, injunction ordinance, statute.
3) [noun] a direction, manner prescribed for the performance of something.
4) [noun] a book, treatise, scripture that deals with the procedure for observing religious rites.
5) [noun] an observance, duty enjoined by the scripture.
6) [noun] the way, manner, method in which something is to be done.
7) [noun] Brahma, the Creator of the Universe.
8) [noun] Viṣṇu.
9) [noun] a decent, respectable man.
10) [noun] a learned man.
11) [noun] a poet.
12) [noun] a number of persons, come together to be recognised as a unit; a group.
13) [noun] time; period of time.
14) [noun] a physician; a doctor.
15) [noun] the power or agency supposed to determine the outcome of events before they occur; destiny; fate.
16) [noun] an alternative means or possibility.
17) [noun] a set of circumstances or attributes characterizing a person or thing at a given time; state; condition.
18) [noun] (gram.) the form of a word designated as commanding verb (as 'do', 'go', etc.).
19) [noun] ವಿಧಿ ನಿಷೇಧ [vidhi nishedha] vidhi niṣēdha (pl.) the things permitted or required and the things forbidden; 2. rules regulating these; precept and prohibition.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] = ವೀಥಿ - [vithi -] 2 & 3.
2) [noun] the space, amount or degree to which a thing extends; size; length; breadth.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+81): Vidhi-muhurta, Vidhi-patra, Vidhia, Vidhianda, Vidhibaliyastva, Vidhibhakti, Vidhibhanjaka, Vidhibhanjana, Vidhibhushana, Vidhidappu, Vidhidarpana, Vidhidarshaka, Vidhidarshin, Vidhideshaka, Vidhidrishta, Vidhidvaidha, Vidhighna, Vidhihina, Vidhija, Vidhijna.
Ends with (+968): Abhinavacandrarghavidhi, Abhinavachandrarghavidhi, Abhishavanavidhi, Abhishavavidhi, Abhishekapathavidhi, Abhishekavidhi, Abhividhi, Acamanavidhi, Acaravidhi, Adbhutavidhi, Adhanadisarvakarmavidhi, Adhanavidhi, Adhikaravidhi, Adhividhi, Adhyatmavidyopadeshavidhi, Adityavidhi, Adyadipadanavidhi, Agastyarghavidhi, Agastyarghyavidhi, Agnihotrahomavidhi.
Full-text (+848): Vidhiprasanga, Vidhighna, Visheshavidhi, Pancavidhya, Kriyavidhi, Vidhihina, Dandavidhi, Vidhiprayoga, Prayashcittavidhi, Vidhideshaka, Yathavidhi, Prasadhanavidhi, Vidhiyoga, Vidhiviparyaya, Atmopadesha, Vidhipurvakam, Dharmavidhi, Avidhi, Niyogavidhi, Vidhiyajna.
Search found 61 books and stories containing Vidhi, Vidhī, Vi-dhi, Vi-dhī, Vīdhi; (plurals include: Vidhis, Vidhīs, dhis, dhīs, Vīdhis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 14 - Mīmāṃsā as philosophy and Mīmāṃsā as ritualism < [Chapter IX - Mīmāṃsā Philosophy]
Part 1 - The place of the Upaniṣads in Vedic literature < [Chapter III - The Earlier Upaniṣads (700 B.c.— 600 B.c.)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 6 - Conception of Sacrificial Duties in the Gītā < [Chapter XIV - The Philosophy of the Bhagavad-gītā]
Part 27 - Appaya Dīkṣita (a.d. 1550) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 9 - Maṇḍana (a.d. 800) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
The various sects of Shaivism < [Volume 2 - Nampi Arurar and Mythology]
Chapter 3 - Thiruvathigai Veeratanam or Tiruvatikai Virattanam (Hymn 38) < [Volume 3.1 - Pilgrim’s progress: to Arur]
Chapter 2 - The Hymns, their Compilation and their Name < [Volume 1 - Nampi Arurar’s Tevaram (his life and age)]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2.104 < [Section XIX - Twilight Prayers]
Verse 4.187 < [Section XIV - Other Duties]
Verse 3.127 < [Section VIII - Śrāddhas]
Mimamsa interpretation of Vedic Injunctions (Vidhi) (by Shreebas Debnath)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)