Catushpatha, Catur-patha, Catuṣpatha, Catuppatha: 10 definitions

Introduction

Catushpatha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Catuṣpatha can be transliterated into English as Catuspatha or Catushpatha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chatushpatha.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (C) next»] — Catushpatha in Shaivism glossary
Source: archive.org: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Catuṣpatha (चतुष्पथ) refers to “creating four direction by crossing twigs” which is prescribed as one of the operations/ preliminary ceremonies related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Catuṣpatha is mentioned in the Mṛgendra-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 6). The Mataṅgapārameśvara (Kriyā-pāda, chap 4) mentions Catuṣpathakalpana, while the Kiraṇa-āgama (kriyā-pāda, chpater 4), Ajita-āgama (Kriyā-pāda, chapter 21) and the Svāyambhuva-āgama (chapter 17) mentions Catuṣpathanyāsa.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Husain Shahi Bengal

Catuṣpatha (चतुष्पथ) refers to “cross-way” according to Śrīnātha Ācāryacūḍāmaṇi’s Vivāha-tattvārṇava.—Rural settlements [in medieval Bengal] contained, in addition to habitations, roads and paths, tanks with bathing ghāṭs which supplied water to the people, jungles serving the purpose of the pasture-land and canals forming a sort of drainage system for the village. [...] It is known from Śrīnātha Ācāryacūḍāmaṇi’s Vivāha-tattvārṇava that rural areas had [viz., cross-way (catuṣpatha)][...]. Thus the disposition of land in rural settlements conformed, in many respects, to the needs of the people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Catuṣpatha.—(LP), a place where four roads meet. Note: catuṣpatha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Catushpatha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

catuṣpatha (चतुष्पथ).—n S A meeting place of four roads or ways.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Catushpatha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Catuṣpatha (चतुष्पथ).—(catuḥpathaḥ or catuṣpathaḥ)

-tham also) a place where four roads meet, a crossway; Ms.4.39,9,264.

-thaḥ a Brāhmaṇa.

Derivable forms: catuṣpathaḥ (चतुष्पथः).

Catuṣpatha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and patha (पथ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Catuṣpatha (चतुष्पथ).—m.

(-thaḥ) A Brahman. n.

(-thaṃ) A place where four roads meet. E. catur four, and pathi a road, ac aff. catvāraḥ panthānaḥ brahmacaryādayaḥ āśramā yasya ac samāsaḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Catuṣpatha (चतुष्पथ).—i. e. catur -patha, m. and n. A place where four roads meet, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 131.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Catuṣpatha (चतुष्पथ).—[masculine] [neuter] eross-way.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Catuṣpatha (चतुष्पथ):—[=catuṣ-patha] [from catuṣ > catasṛ] mn. a place where 4 roads meet, cross-way, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii; Kauśika-sūtra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. ‘walking the 4 paths (id est. Āśramas cf. catur-āśramin)’, a Brāhman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] n. one of the 18 ceremonies performed with Kuṇḍas, [Tantr.]

4) Cātuṣpatha (चातुष्पथ):—[from cātura] mfn. being on a cross-way (cat), [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra viii, 18, 1.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Catushpatha in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Catuppatha: a fourways J. IV, 460;

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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