Siddha, aka: Siddhā; 24 Definition(s)


Siddha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1a) Siddha (सिद्ध).—A son of Krodha and a deva gandharva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 38.

1b) Invisible celestials;1 impart wisdom;2 and sing in praise of Hari;3 came to see Kṛṣṇa;4 Kapila was the greatest of siddhas;5 vanquished by Rāvaṇa in Jambūdvīpa;6 wander in this world in the guise of Brahmans; hence guests must be fed worthy of them; devas are Yogeśvaras and move for the promotion of dharma in different guises.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 6. 13; III. 20. 44; V. 1. 8; VI. 2. 32; 7. 3-4; VII. 8. 37-8.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 14. 8; 23. 26.
  • 3) Ib. X. 3. 6; 4. 11; 10. 28: 25. 31: 39. 44; 62. 19; 85. 41.
  • 4) Ib. XI. 6. 3; 12. 3; 14. 5.
  • 5) Ib. XI. 16. 15; 24. 12; 31. 2; XII. 12. 6.
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 15. 10; III. 7. 255; IV. 20. 46; 30. 9; 33, 3, 39. 56.
  • 7) Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 191; 30. 88, 34. 21; 38. 58. 47. 46; 71. 74; 72. 35.

2a) Siddhā (सिद्धा).—The presiding deity of Sarvarohahara cakra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 37. 9.

2b) Another name for Kumārī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 92.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Siddha (सिद्ध).—Purāṇa also describes Siddhas by grouping them with Devariṣis, Pannagas, Yakśas, Gandharvas, Kinnaras etc. The kesin referred to in the Ṛg Veda is very similar to Siddhas.

(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (purana)
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Kathā (narrative stories)

Siddha (सिद्ध) is a Sanskrit name referring to a group of deities, attending Maheśvara at his dwelling place, which is the mountain-peak Kailāsa (located within Himavat), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 1. Accordingly, “There (Kailāsa) dwells Maheśvara the beloved of Pārvatī, the chief of things animate and inanimate, attended upon by Gaṇas, Vidyādharas and Siddhas.”

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Siddha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kathā book cover
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Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Siddha (सिद्ध) refers to a group of deities whose beard (śmaśru) should be represented as vicitra (smartly done), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing the beard is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

In Tamil Nadu, South India, a Siddha (see Siddhar) refers to a being who has achieved a high degree of physical as well as spiritual perfection or enlightenment. The ultimate demonstration of this is that Siddhas allegedly attained physical immortality. Thus Siddha, like Siddhar, refers to a person who has realised the goal of a type of sadhana and become a perfected being.

(Source): Wikipedia: Shaivism

Siddha (सिद्ध).—A Siddha is one who has realized” the non-duality of jīva (the psyche) and Śiva. He is one who has realized Śiva in himself. He is said to have attained Śivāṉubhava. Śivāṉubhava stands for the state of experiencing the non-duality or oneness between the experiencing jīva and Śiva

The Siddhas are the great human teachers who attained aṣtasiddhis (powers) through their yogic practices. These eight supernatural powers of the Siddhas are also elaborately described in the ‘Siddhar Kaṇam’ of Saint Tāyumāṉavar. He had sung nearly ten songs, in which many of the names of the Siddhas are mentioned by him.

According to Kamil V. Zvelebil, “A Siddha or Mahāsiddha is an yogin who has acquired siddha, that is, ‘power, prowess, strength, ability”. He also says that the designation ‘Siddha’ is also a name of a sect in North India partly synonymous with Nātha.

(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu

Siddha (सिद्ध) or Siddhāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The Śaivāgamas are divided into four groups viz. Śaiva, Pāśupata, Soma and Lākula. Śaiva is further divided in to Dakṣiṇa, Vāma and Siddhānta (eg., siddha).

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Upaniṣad (dialogues on the Vedas)

Siddha (सिद्ध).—According to Śvetaśvatara Upaniṣad, the Siddhas are those who possessed from birth the “superhuman” powers, as also of “knowledge and indifference to the world”.

(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (upanishad)
Upanishad book cover
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Upaniṣads (उपनिषद्, upanishad) convey the highest purpose of the Vedas. They are a category of sacred Sanskrit literature forming the basis of Vedānta (a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy). The Upaniṣads are usually found attached to the last part of the Brāhmaṇas and Āraṇyakas.

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Siddhā (सिद्धा) or Siddhatithi is the name of the last of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna while the Gārgīyajyotiṣa considers Saumyā to be the fifteenth. The associated deity for Siddhā or Saumyā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā are the Pitṛs. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(39) The New Moon is Siddhārthā. The worship of ancestors is praised on this tithi. One should enter sanctuaries (gokulāni) where there are holy rites and fire rites. (40) One should appoint a Purohita and perform sacrificial rites, make offerings and occasional oblations. The ancestors are the deity on this tithi”.

Also, “(41) The Full Moon is Kalyāṇī. One should engage in duties for the gods, acts for the Brahmans and kindle the sacrificial fire. One should devote to the sounds of the cattle. (42) One should appoint Purohitas and perform various rites for the kings. Auspicious acts should be performed. One should know Soma as the deity”.

(Source): Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Itihāsa (narrative history)

Siddha (सिद्ध) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.45, I.65, III.82.4, VI.10.55, III.174.9, VIII.44.32, IX.36.21, XIV.8.17, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Siddha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Pāñcarātra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Siddha (सिद्ध) or Siddhamudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 61-63.—Accordingly, “the two hands are to be turned upwards and placed at the navel the right hand being placed on the back of the left. This mudrā belongs to the line of the Siddhas. This mudrā, shall be, O Brahmins! Añjali for all others; likewise for the attendants, those who dwell at the enclosures of entrance. This shall be employed again and again with their mantras for others while being worshipped in their order. This is to be done again with heart, intellect and head”.

Mūdra (eg., Siddha-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.

(Source): Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Pāñcarātra book cover
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Pāñcarātra (पाञ्चरात्र, pancaratra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Nārāyaṇa is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaiṣnavism, the Pāñcarātra literature includes various Āgamas and tantras incorporating many Vaiṣnava philosophies.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Siddha (सिद्ध).—A perfected person, or mystic; a demigod from Siddhaloka; one who has realized the Brahman effulgence; a perfect devotee.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism


siddha : (pp. of sijjhati) happened; succeeded; availed.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Siddha, 2 (pp. of sijjhati) ended, accomplished Mhvs 23, 45, 78; successful Miln. 247.—(m.) a kind of semi-divine beings possessed of supernatural faculties, a magician Miln. 120, 267 (cp. Sk. siddha Halāyudha 1, 87; Yogasūtra 3, 33; Aufrecht remarks: “This is a post-vedic mythological fiction formed on the analogy of sādhya”).

—attha one who has completed his task Miln. 214. (Page 709)

2) Siddha, 1 (a specific Pali formation fr. sijjati (svid) in meaning “to cook, ” in analogy to siddha2) boiled, cooked J. II, 435 (=pakka); V, 201 (°bhojana); Miln. 272; SnA 27 (°bhatta=pakk’odana of Sn. 18). (Page 709)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Siddha (सिद्ध).—In Buddhism it denotes a class of saints who have attained Siddhi or perfection in Tāntric rites.

(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (buddhism)

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Siddha (सिद्ध).—In Jainism, this term is equivalent to the designation tīrthaṅkara.

(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (jainism)

Siddha (सिद्ध).—How many types of dispositions are there for pure souls (siddhas)? Pure souls have two types of dispositions namely due to destruction of karmas and due to the inherent nature of the soul. What are the dispositions (bhāva) of siddhas? These are four due to destruction of karmas and one due to the inherent nature of the soul.


(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

India history and geogprahy

Siddha medicine is a system of medicine that was brought to the south of India by the great siddhar or sage Agastya. It is said that Siddha medicine is the oldest system of medicine in the world, with siddhars claiming it to be 8,000 years old. It has two branches: Siddha medicine and Siddha massage. It was in the South under the auspices of Agastya nd the eighteen great siddhars that the techniques of detoxification processes called panchakarma and kya kalpa were developed.

(Source): Google Books: The Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Massage (history)

Siddha in the context of South Indian Tamiḻ culture, the Siddhas (cittar) are those who have attained the eight great supernatural powers (aṣtasiddhis), use their achievement in medical cure and/or alchemy, and express their views and doctrine in prose and verse composed in Tamiḻ.

(Source): DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (historical)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

siddha (सिद्ध).—p (S) Accomplished, effected, finished, completed, prepared, made. 2 Established, substantiated, evinced, demonstrated, proved; rendered true, valid, good &c. 3 Judged, decided, determined;-as a litigation, cause, suit. 4 Framed, formed, enacted, made;-as an award, a decision, regulation, law, rule. 5 Cooked or dressed;--as food: also prepared, cured, or made (by compounding, concocting &c.);--as a medicine. 6 Ready, prepared, willing and waiting;--as a person to act, an animal or a thing to be employed or used. 7 Adept or accomplished (in alchemy &c.) 8 In grammar. Concrete: contrad. from sādhita Abstract. Also Primitive: contrad. from sādhita Derivative. 9 Used as s m An inspired writer, as Vyasa and others: also a person to whom the past, present, and future are supposed to be known, a seer. 10 A divine personage of undefined attributes or character, a sort of demigod or spirit, inhabiting, together with the Widyadharas, Munis &c., the regions between the earth and sun. 11 An adept, a magician, one who, by the performance of certain mystical and magical rites, has acquired superhuman powers. 12 An ascetic who, by mystical and austere practices, has effected one or all of five purposes; viz. the wealth of the gods, the form of the gods, the society of the gods, residence in any of the divine lokas, identification with a deity. 13 The twenty-first of the astronomical Yogas. Note. Useful compounds are formed with this word as p; e.g. anubhavasiddha, anādisiddha, svabhāvasiddha, pūrvasiddha, pratyakṣasiddha, lōkasiddha, śāstrasiddha, vyākaraṇasiddha, nyāyasiddha, upādhisiddha, kriyāsiddha, jñānasiddha, yōgasiddha, ōṣadhīsiddha &c. Of these some will be found in order. sarva siddha āṇi culīsa pōtērēṃ Used where a person is ever prompt to cry out All's ready; whereas the cowdunging clout is still upon the fireplace (and thus dinner or the dressing of it is remote indeed). siddha is much used after participles in the ūna form; as karūna siddha, pāhūna siddha, aikūna siddha, śikūna siddha, bhōgūna or anubhavūna siddha Perfected, prepared, or become adept through doing, through seeing, through hearing about &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

siddha (सिद्ध).—p Accomplished. Cooked. Proved. Ready. Judged. Primitive. m An adept. An ascetic.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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