Bhaga, Bhāga, Bhāgā: 34 definitions


Bhaga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhag.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bhaga (भग).—General. One of the twelve Ādityas born as sons of Kaśyapa prajāpati by his wife, Aditi. Viṣṇu, Śakra, Aryaman, Dhātā, Tvaṣṭā, Pūṣā, Vivasvān, Savitā, Mitra, Varuṇa, Aṃśu and Bhaga—these are the Dvādaśādityas, and they were Devas famous as Tuṣitas in the last Cākṣuṣamanvantara. Other information. (1) Bhaga married Siddhi, and the couple begot three sons called Mahiman, Vibhu and Prabhu and three daughters called Suvratā, Varārohā, and Āśīs.

Bhaga participated in the birthday celebrations of Arjuna. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Verse 66).

At the time of Khāṇḍavadāha (burning of the Khāṇḍava forest) Bhaga, as a supporter of Indra, who was fighting Arjuna and Śrī Kṛṣṇa, sprang upon the enemies with sword in hand. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 236, Verse 36).

Bhaga shines forth in Indra’s assembly. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 22).

Bhaga was also present at the installation of Subrahmaṇya as commander of the fighting forces. (Mahābhārata, Śalya Parva, Chapter 45).

After Devayuga (Deva age), the Devas asembled together and decided upon the share of yajñas due to each of them, and in thus fixing shares they left out Rudra. Enraged at this neglect Rudra made a bow and fought against the Devas. During the fight Rudra, with the point of his bow, extracted the hands of Savitā, the eyes of Bhaga and the teeth of Pūṣā. Ultimately the Devas satisfied and pleased. Rudra, who returned to Bhaga and others the eyes etc. which had been extracted. (Mahābhārata, Sauptika Parva). (See full article at Story of Bhaga from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Bhaga (भग).—Certain Purāṇas refer to Bhaga as one of the eleven Rudras. But, this view is not universally accepted.

3) Bhaga (भग).—A vedic god considered to be the lord of wealth, prowess and happiness. Bhaga is also one of the six Ādityas mentioned in the Ṛgveda, viz. Bhaga, Mitra, Aryamā, Varuṇa, Dakṣa and Aṃśa. (Ṛgveda, 2.27).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Bhaga (भग) refers to the “primordial nature”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “the world bhaga means the primordial nature because it increases and flourishes. The śabdamātrā etc. (the cosmic sound principle i.e. all objects of enjoyment) evolved out of Prakṛti, being enjoyed by the sense organs; the word bhoga comes to mean that which gives bhaga. The principal bhaga is of course the Prakṛti and Bhagavān is Lord Śiva Himself. The lord alone is the bestower of enjoyment (bhoga) and not anyone else. The Lord who is the master of bhaga is called Bharga by wise men”.

2) Bhaga (भग) is the name of a deity, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.37. Accordingly:—“[...] after uprooting his enemies, like a lion the elephants of the forest, Vīrabhadra surveyed all the quarters frequently to know ‘who is where’. [...] Nandin plucked out the eyes of Bhaga who was felled over the ground with anger because it was he who winked at Dakṣa while cursing”.

3) Bhāga (भाग) refers to a “(sacrificial) share”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.43.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] permitted by Śiva and with his blessings, O sage, Dakṣa the devotee of Śiva, with a delighted heart completed his sacrifice. He allotted the full share (i.e., pūrṇa-bhāga) to Śiva and gave the gods their respective shares (i.e., bhāga). He gave charitable gifts to the Brahmins and secured the good blessings of Śiva”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bhaga (भग).—A son of Aditi; an Āditya; married Siddhi; father of Mahiman and others;1 seized by Nandi; his eyes were pulled out by Vīrabhadra (Rudra) as he made a sign with his eyes to Dakṣa when he insulted Śiva; Śiva ordered him to see with the eye of Mitra;2 to be worshipped before building a palace.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 39; 18. 2; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 4; 155. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 66; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 131.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 5. 17, 20; 6. 51; 7. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 33; III. 3. 67.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 171. 56; 268. 19.

1b) The name of the sun in the month of Puṣya (Tiṣya) (Hemanta, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 4.

1c) A muhūrta of the day.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 40.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bhaga (भग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.15, I.65, IX.44.5) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhaga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Bhaga (भग) is the name of one of the twelve Ādityas: the offspring of Aditi, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa. [...] Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are [viz., Aditi]. Aditi gives birth to twelve Ādityas, [viz. Bhaga].

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Bhāga (भाग) or Bhāga is associated with the constellation Pūrvaphālguni, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 6), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Mars (bhauma) should re-appear in the constellation of Pūrvaphālguni (sacred to Bhāga) or in that of Uttaraphālguni (sacred to Āryama), retrograde in the constellation of Uttarāṣāḍha (sacred to Viśvedeva) and disappear in the constellation of Rohiṇī (sacred to Bhauma), he will afflict the three worlds with miseries”.

2) Bhaga (भग) [=“The Sun”] refers to one of the twelve yugas of Jupiter’s cycle, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8).—Accordingly, “The twelve yugas of Jupiter’s cycle are known as belonging to the Devas 1. Viṣṇu, 2. Jupiter, 3. Indra, 4. Agni (fire), 5. Tvaṣṭā, 6. Ahirbudhnya, 7. The Pitṛs, 8. Vāsudeva, 9. Soma (the Moon), 10. Indrāgni, 11. Aśvinideva, 12. Bhaga (the Sun)”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Bhāga (भाग).—1. Degree. 2. Part. Note: Bhāga is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Bhaga (भग), father of Mahotpāta (also known as Ārohaṇa), is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly: “... then Siddhārtha fought on foot with Mahotpāta also on foot, and in a wrestling bout hurled him to the ground. But while he was trying to crush him, that Vidyādhara was delivered by his father, Bhaga, and flying up into the air left the battle-field”.

The story of Bhaga was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bhaga, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Bhagā (भगा) is another name for Kaivartikā, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Ventilago madraspatana (red creeper) from the Rhamnaceae or “buckthorn family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.120-121 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Notes: Ṭhākur B.S. et al identify it with either Smilax species or Ventilago species. Nāḍkarṇī suggests Ventilago madraspatana Gaertn. (Rhamnaceae). Even after Nāḍkarṇī’s identification the creeper needs further verification. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Bhagā and Kaivartikā, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kāmasūtra)

Bhaga (भग) refers to the “vulva” (=‘female genitalia’), according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyana and Jaśodhara’s commentary called the Jayamaṅgalā .—Accordingly, “[Commentary on verse 7.2.2]:—‘about to practice sex’: at the beginning of the sexual act. This is at the start [of the sexual act]. Even if the passion is weak with regards to sex because the penis is inert, first ‘her genitalia’, i.e. her vulva (bhagasambādhasya bhagasya), should be rubbed with his hand, should be stimulated with the ‘elephant trunk’ [method]...”.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Bhāga (भाग) refers to “equal part (in the calculation of proportions) § 2.2.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Bhaga (भग) refers to the “triangle” (representing the Yoni—womb), according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as Śrīnātha (i.e., Bhairava) said to the Goddess: “You are worshipped by the gods and demons in the middle of the peaks of the mountain (śilā) (of the Triangle [i.e., bhaga]) with divine gems, flowers, camphor, musk and vermilion. [...] You observed a vow of silence for a thousand years within the Triangle [i.e., bhaga]. Then you became subtle (there) within the Stone in the middle of Meru”

Note: The goddess is both the Triangle and the Point (bindu) in the centre of it. The former is called ‘bhaga’—the Womb. The latter is the living being (jīva) it contains, which is formed by the union of the male and female seed. This “ball of vital seed” is feminine. Generated by the fusion of opposites, it is the androgynous embryonic goddess. It rotates in an anticlockwise direction, that is, to the left—vāmā—and it is the woman—vāmā—who is the goddess Vāmā of the Practice of the Left (vāmācāra).

2) Bhaga (भग) or Bhagamudrā is the name of the Gesture (mudrā) associated with Jālandhara, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.

3) Bhaga (भग) also refers to the Gesture associated with Nāda, one of the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the Yogakhaṇḍa (chapter 14) of the Manthānabhairavatantra.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Bhaga (भग) refers to the “female sex-organ”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] If one torments the body with rain, cold and heat, …, devoted to recitation (japarata) and meditation, this is called the Great Observance. A woman skilled in the pleasures of love-making, endowed with beauty and youth; such a woman one should procure, holding one’s senses back from the objects of the senses, and one should kiss and embrace [her], placing the penis upon her sex (bhaga-upari) while remaining focussed upon recitation and meditation—one performs [thus] the Sword-Blade Observance. If one should succumb to the control of desire, then one certainly falls into hell. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

1) Bhāga (भाग) or Aṃśa refers to a “unit fraction” in Bhinna (“fractions”), which refers to one of the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—In the Śulba, unit fractions are denoted by the use of a cardinal number with the term bhāga or aṃśa; thus pañcadaśa-bhāga (“fifteen-parts”) is equivalent to one-fifteenth, sapta-bhāga (“seven-parts”) is equivalent to one-seventh, and so on. The use of ordinal numbers with the term bhāga or aṃśa is also quite common, e.g., pañcama-bhāga (“fifth part”) is equivalent to one-fifth. [...] The present method of expressing fractions is thus derived from Hindu sources and can be traced back to 3,000 B.C.

2) Bhāga (भाग) refers to one of the six classes (jāti) of combinations of Bhinna (“fractions”).—Hindu treatises contain special rules for the reduction of classes [of numbers] (jāti) to proper fractions (bhinna). Śrīdhara and Mahāvīra each enumerate six jātis [e.g., Bhāga], while Brahmagupta gives only five and Bhāskara II following Skandasena reduces the number to four. The need for the division of fractions into classes arose out of the lack of proper symbolism to indicate mathematical operations.

3) Bhāga (भाग) refers to “divided” whereas its abbreviation (bhā) refers to the “operation of division”, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’).—There are no special symbols for the fundamental operations in the Bakhshali work. Any particular operation intended is ordinarily indicated by placing the tachygraphic abbreviation, the initial syllable of a Sanskrit word of that import, after, occasionally before, the quantity affected. Thus the operation of addition is indicated by yu (an abbreviation from yuta, meaning added), subtraction by + which is very probably from kṣa (abbreviated from kṣaya, diminished), multiplication by gu (from gum or guṇita, multiplied) and division by bhā (from bhāga or bhājita, divided).

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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Bhaga (भग) refers to a “vagina”, according to the Amaraughaprabodha: a short 13th century treatise on Yoga attributed to Gorakṣanātha which teaches the fourfold system of yoga (Mantra, Laya, Haṭha and Rāja).—Accordingly, “Some drink urine, their own impurity. Some eat their saliva as food. Some draw up [their] semen that falls from a woman’s vagina (bhaga) after having penetrated [her]. And some who are skilled in circulating the breath through the channels of the entire body, consume dhātus. They do not have mastery of the body without [the state of] Rājayoga, in which their minds are absent. When the mind has attained equanimity and the breath moves into the central channel, [then] these Amarolī, Vajrolī and Sahajolī [Mudras] arise”.

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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Bhaga is one of the Adityas, a son of Aditi and sage Kashyapa. He is the god of wealth and marriage, and plays a minor role. Hymn [R.V.7.41] is dedicated to him. According to later legends, he was blinded by a monster named Virabhadra, created by Lord Shiva.

In another story, when the celestials conduct a sacrifice without apportioning Havis to Shiva, Shiva attacks and disrupts the sacrifice, and in the ensuing battle, Bhaga is once again blinded. After the anger of Shiva is pacified, his eyesight is restored.

India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Bhāgā (भागा) is the name of a town from which hailed Bhāskararāya (C. 1685-1775 C.E.): a polymath of 18th century and the son of Gambhīrarāya Bhāratī and Konamāmbā of Viśvāmitragotra and younger brother of Sakhārāma.  Bhāskararāya was born in a town called Bhāgā. Bhāskararāya’s thread ceremony (upanayana) was performed at Benares by his father and he was placed under the tuition of Narasiṃhādhvarin, who taught him eight vidyās. He studied Gauḍatarka under Gaṅgādhara Vājapeyin. He received dīkṣā of Pūrṇābhiṣeka under Śivadatta Śukla. He is also the preceptor of Umānandanātha, Candrasena.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhāga.—(IE 8-5; CII 3, 4; EI 30; HRS), the king's share of the produce, distinguished from bali in the Rummindei inscription and the Junagadh inscription of Rudradāman and from kara in many other records; later, tax in general, identical with bali and kara (according to lexicons); cf. references in the Arthaśāstra to (1) lavaṇa-bhāga (king's share of salt sold by private merchants), (2) udaka-bhāga (king's grain share levied as water-tax upon irrigated fields), (3) king's share of the produce of mines leased out to private persons; (4) share paid to the king by merchants for selling the royal merchandise. (IE 8-5), dues (see kara); generally, the king's share of grains, which was originally one-sixth. (IE 8-4), a subdivision of a district or a territory. (EI 23, 33), an allotment; a share. Note: bhāga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Bhāga.—see hāga, pāga. Note: bhāga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhaga : (nt.) luck; fortune; the female organ. || bhāga (m.) a portion; part; share; faction.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhaga, (Vedic bhaga, bhaj, see bhagavant etc. ) luck, lot, fortune, only in cpd. dub° (adj.) unhappy, unpleasant, uncomfortable It. 90; DA. I, 96 (°karaṇa).—bhaga (in verse “bhagehi ca vibhattavā” in exegesis of word “Bhagava”) at DA. I, 34 read bhava, as read at id. p. Vism. 210. (Page 495)

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Bhāga, (cp. Vedic bhāga, fr. bhaj, bhajati) 1. part, portion, fraction, share Vin. I, 285; Sn. 427 (sahassa-bhāgo maraṇassa=sahassaṃ bhāgānaṃ assā ti SnA 387; a thousand times a share of death, i.e. very near death, almost quite dead), 702 (v. l. SnA 492 for Sn. samāna-bhāva, evenness, proportionate-ness); Vv 146 (=kummāsa-koṭṭhāsa VvA. 62); Pv. I, 115 (aḍḍhi° one half); Vin. IV, 264.—Cp. vi°. —bhāgaso (Abl. -adv.) in parts, by parts, by portions, esp. in even portions, i.e. evenly, in proportion S. I, 193 (according to each one’s share; cp. Th. 1, 1242); M. III, 183; Vv 72; Miln. 330, 415 (aneka° hundredfold or more). bhāgaso mita (of cities or dwelling-places etc.) evenly planned, well laid out, i.e. in squares Sn. 300, 305 (nivesanāni suvibhattāni bhāgaso); J. V, 266 (cp. C. on p. 272)=Nd2 304III, D; Pv. I, 1013 (=bhāgato mita PvA. 52).—bhāgabhatta apportioned food, ration DhA. I, 134.—Cp. dobbhagga “disproportionateness,” i.e. bad luck.—2. apportioned share (of money), fee, remuneration, always in term ācariya° (ācariyassa) the teacher’s fee (usually consisting in 1, 000 kahāpaṇas) J. I, 273; V, 457; VI, 178; Miln. 10; DhA. I, 253.—3. division of space, quarter, side, place, region: disā° quarter of the compass Vin. II, 217; para° outside part KhA 206 =PvA. 24 (kuḍḍānaṃ parabhāgā=tiro-kuḍḍā); pacchābhāgaṃ (Acc. adv.) at the back part, behind PvA. 114.—fig. way, respect, in ubhato-bhāga-vimutta “free in both ways” D. II, 71; M. I, 477 (see Dial II. 70; i.e. free both by insight and by the intellectual discipline of the 8 stages of Deliverance, the aṭṭha vimokkhā).—4. division of time, time, always —°, e.g. pubba° the past, apara° the future PvA. 133; obl. cases adverbially: tena divasa-bhāgena (+ratti bhāgena) at that day (& that very night) Miln. 18; apara-bhāge (Loc.) in future J. I, 34; PvA. 116. (Page 501)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhaga (भग).—m (S) An ulcer or a sore; yet esp. applied to a venereal ulcer. 2 Pudendum muliebre.

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bhaga (भग).—n Vulgar for bhakṣa or bhaka Food &c.

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bhāga (भाग).—m (S) A share, portion, part. 2 In arithmetic. Quotient. 3 Division, dividing, parting. v . 4 Tenor, purport, sum, substance, gist (i.e. quotient) of a speech or a mind. 5 A fraction. bhāga hōṇēṃ or bhāgāsa yēṇēṃ or paḍaṇēṃ To become the parl or duty of. Ex. tyānēṃ śivī dilhī tēvhāṃ tyācē tōṇḍānta māraṇēṃ hēṃ bhāgāsa ālēṃ; sāṅgatāṃ tēñca aikatē mhaṇūna gōṣṭa yētī hyācē bhāgāṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhaga (भग).—m An ulcer.

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bhāga (भाग).—m A share. Division. Quotient. A fraction. Tenor of speech.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhaga (भग).—[bhaj-gha]

1) One of the twelve forms of the sun; the sun.

2) The moon.

3) A form of Śiva.

4) Good fortune, luck, happy lot, happiness; आस्ते भग आसीनस्य (āste bhaga āsīnasya) Ait. Br.; भगमिन्द्रश्च वायुश्च भगं सप्तर्षयो ददुः (bhagamindraśca vāyuśca bhagaṃ saptarṣayo daduḥ) Y.1.282.

5) Affluence, prosperity; 'ऐश्वर्यस्य समग्रस्य वीर्यस्य यशसः श्रियः । ज्ञानवैराग्ययोश्चैव षण्णां भग इतीरणा (aiśvaryasya samagrasya vīryasya yaśasaḥ śriyaḥ | jñānavairāgyayoścaiva ṣaṇṇāṃ bhaga itīraṇā) ||'; शमो दमो भगश्चेति यत्सङ्गाद्याति संक्षयम् (śamo damo bhagaśceti yatsaṅgādyāti saṃkṣayam) Bhāgavata 3.31.33.

6) Dignity, distinction.

7) Fame, glory.

8) Loveliness, beauty.

9) Excellence, distinction.

1) Love, affection.

11) Amorous dalliance or sport, pleasure.

12) The pudendum muliebre; Y.3.88; गुरुतल्पे भगः कार्यः (gurutalpe bhagaḥ kāryaḥ) Ms. 9.237.

13) Virtue, morality, religious merit. (dharma).

14) Effort, exertion.

15) Absence of desire, indifference to worldly objects.

16) Final beatitude.

17) Strength.

18) Omnipotence; (said to be n. also in the last 15 senses).

19) Name of an Āditya presiding over love and marriage; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.227.36.

2) Knowledge.

21) Desire, wish.

22) The superhuman power of becoming as small as an atom, one of the eight Siddhis or powers of Śiva; see अणिमन् (aṇiman).

-gā 1 (in comp.). Dignity, majesty; भूः कालभर्जितभगापि यदङ्घ्रिपद्मस्पर्शोत्थशक्ति- रभिवर्षति नोऽखिलार्थान् (bhūḥ kālabharjitabhagāpi yadaṅghripadmasparśotthaśakti- rabhivarṣati no'khilārthān) Bhāgavata 1.82.3.

2) The female organ.

-gam 1 The asterism called उत्तराफल्गुनी (uttarāphalgunī); भगं नक्षत्र- माक्रम्य सूर्यपुत्रेण पीड्यते (bhagaṃ nakṣatra- mākramya sūryaputreṇa pīḍyate) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 6.3.14.

2) The perinæum of males.

Derivable forms: bhagaḥ (भगः), bhagam (भगम्).

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Bhāga (भाग).—[bhaj bhāve ghañ]

1) A part, portion, share, division; as in भागहर, भागशः (bhāgahara, bhāgaśaḥ) &c.

2) Allotment, distribution, partition.

3) Lot, fate; निर्माणभागः परिणतः (nirmāṇabhāgaḥ pariṇataḥ) Uttararāmacarita 4.

4) A part of any whole; a fraction.

5) The numerator of a fraction.

6) A quarter, one-fourth part.

7) A degree or the 36th part of the circumference of a circle.

8) The 3th part of a zodiacal sign.

9) The quotient.

1) Room, space, spot, region, place; अयनेषु च सर्वेषु यथाभागमवस्थिताः (ayaneṣu ca sarveṣu yathābhāgamavasthitāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.11.; R.18.47.

11) A portion payable to Government; सीता, भागो, बलिः, करो (sītā, bhāgo, baliḥ, karo) ...... राष्ट्रम् (rāṣṭram) Kau.A.2.6.24.

12) One of the four contentments (Sāṅ. phil.); आध्यात्मिकाश्चतस्रः प्रकृत्युपादान- कालभागाख्याः (ādhyātmikāścatasraḥ prakṛtyupādāna- kālabhāgākhyāḥ) (v. l. bhāgyākhyāḥ) Sāṃkhyakārikā 5.

13) A half-rupee.

14) The number eleven.

Derivable forms: bhāgaḥ (भागः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaga (भग).—n. (gaṃ) 1. Pudendum muliebre. 2. Fortune, prosperity. 3. Beauty, splendour. 4. Excellence, greatness. 5. Desire, wish, love. 6. Strength, vigour. 7. Effort, exertion. 8. Fame, glory. 9. Knowledge. 10. Absence of passion, the tranquillity of the religious man, who has divested himself of worldly excitability. 11. Omnipotence, supreme or divine power. 12. Virtue, moral merit. 13. Final emancipation. m.

(-gaḥ) 1. The sun. 2. One of the twelve suns or Adityas. 3. The moon. 4. A form of Siva. E. bhaj to serve, &c. ga aff.

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Bhāga (भाग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. A portion, a share, a part. 2. Fate, fortune, luck. 3. A half-rupee. 4. Part of any thing given as interest. 5. A division of time, the thirtieth part of a Rasi or zodiacal sign. 6. A degree, the 360th part of the circumference of a great circle. 7. A fraction. 8. The quotient, (in math.) 9. Place, spot. 10. Room. E. bhaj to share, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaga (भग).—i. e. bhaj and bhañj + a, I. m. 1. The sun. 2. Śiva. Ii. n. 1. Divine power. 2. Fortune. 3. Virtue. 4. Beauty. 5. Pudendum muliebre, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 282.

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Bhāga (भाग).—i. e. bhaj + a, m. 1. A portion, part, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 447; side, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 26; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 42, 12. 2. Fortune, fate, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 38, 9. 3. A division of time, the 30th part of a zodiacal sign. 4. A degree, the 360th part of the circumference of a great circle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaga (भग).—[masculine] distributer, dispenser, gracious lord, protector, [Name] of an Āditya & [Epithet] of [several] gods; portion, lot, fortune; abundance. happiness; dignity, majesty; loveliness, beauty; affection, love; the vulva.

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Bhāga (भाग).—1. [masculine] part, portion, share, property; lot, [especially] happy lot, good fortune; place, spot, region, side.

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Bhāga (भाग).—2. [adjective] relating to Bhaga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhaga (भग):—a See p. 743, col. 2.

2) [from bhaj] b m. (ifc. f(ā and ī). [gana] bahv-ādi) ‘dispenser’, gracious lord, patron (applied to gods, [especially] to Savitṛ), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of an Āditya (bestowing wealth and presiding over love and marriage, brother of the Dawn, regent of the Nakṣatra Uttara-Phalgunī; Yāska enumerates him among the divinities of the highest sphere; according to a later legend his eyes were destroyed by Rudra), [ib.] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] the Nakṣatra U°-Ph°, [Mahābhārata vi, 81]

5) [v.s. ...] the sun, [ib. iii, 146]

6) [v.s. ...] the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Rudra, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] good fortune, happiness, welfare, prosperity, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Yājñavalkya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] (ifc. f(ā). ) dignity, majesty, distinction, excellence, beauty, loveliness, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] (also n., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) love, affection, sexual passion, amorous pleasure, dalliance, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] (n., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; ifc. f(ā). ) the female organs, pudendum muliebre, vulva, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

12) Bhagā (भगा):—[from bhaga > bhaj] f. in bhagā-nāmnī below

13) Bhaga (भग):—[from bhaj] n. a [particular] Muhūrta, [Catalogue(s)]

14) [v.s. ...] the perinaeum of males, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] mn. = yatna, prayatna, kīrti, yaśas, vairāgya, icchā, jñāna, mukti, mokṣa, dharma, śrī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] cf. [Zend] bagha = Old [Persian] baga; [Greek] Βαγαῖος; [Slavonic or Slavonian] bogŭ, bogatŭ; [Lithuanian] bagótas, na-bágas.

17) Bhāga (भाग):—1. bhāga m. (√bhaj) a part, portion, share, allotment, inheritance (in [Vedic or Veda] also = lot, [especially] fortunate lot, good fortune, luck, destiny), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

18) a part (as opp. to any whole; bhāgam bhāgam with [Causal] of √kḷp or bhāgān with √kṛ, to divide in parts)

19) a fraction (often with an ordinal number e.g. aṣṭamo bhāgaḥ, the eighth part, or in [compound] with a cardinal e.g. śata-bh; 1/100; aśīti-bh = 1/80), [Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

20) a quarter (See eka-bh, tri-bh)

21) part id est. place, spot, region, side (ifc. taking the place of, representing), [Lāṭyāyana; Mahābhārata] etc. (in this sense also n.; See bhūmi-bh)

22) part of anything given as interest, [Horace H. Wilson]

23) a half rupee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) the numerator of a fraction, [Colebrooke]

25) a quotient, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

26) a degree or 360th part of the circumference of a great circle, [Sūryasiddhānta]

27) a division of time, the 30th part of a Rāśi or zodiacal sign, [Horace H. Wilson]

28) Name of a king (also bhāgavata), [Purāṇa]

29) of a river (one of the branches of the Candra-bhāgā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

30) mfn. relating to Bhaga (as a hymn), [Nirukta, by Yāska]

31) n. Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

32) 2. bhāga Vṛddhi form of bhaga in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhaga (भग):—(gaṃ) 1. n. Fortune; beauty; desire; vigour; pudendum; glory. m. Sun; moon; Shiva.

2) Bhāga (भाग):—(gaḥ) 1. m. A fortune.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhaga (भग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhaga, Bhāa, Bhāga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhaga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bhaga (भग) [Also spelled bhag]:—(nf) the female genital, vulva.

2) Bhāga (भाग) [Also spelled bhaag]:—(nm) portion, part, fragment; fraction; share; luck; division; ~[phala] the quotient; ~[vaṃta/vān] fortunate, lucky; ~[hara] a cosharer; ~[hārī] a co-sharer; successor; —[karanā/denā] to divide; —[khulanā/camakanā/jāganā] to have an advent of good luck, to have a run of good luck; to be graced by the smile of Dame Luck; —[phūṭanā] to have a stroke of misfortune; to have a run of ill-luck; adverse times to commence.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Bhaga (भग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhaga.

2) Bhāga (भाग) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bhāga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhaga (ಭಗ):—

1) [noun] the sun.

2) [noun] name of one of the twelveādityas, a class of gods.

3) [noun] the gaining of wealth, fame, rank, etc.; success.

4) [noun] the external genitals of a woman; vulva.

5) [noun] the effects of one’s deeds in the past lives, affecting during the present life.

6) [noun] good luck; fortune.

7) [noun] the state of having much money or property; affluence; wealth.

8) [noun] prosperous condition; prosperty.

9) [noun] the quality of being worthy of esteem or honour; worthiness; dignity.

10) [noun] the state or quality of being superior, eminent; superiority; eminence; excellence.

11) [noun] the state or quality of being strong; force; power; vigoir.

12) [noun] an earnest attempt or effort; an endeavour.

13) [noun] 'brightness: brilliancy; splendor; effulgence; refulgence.'14) [noun] tender, warm feeling; affection; love.

15) [noun] freedom from evil, sin or currupting elements; purity; unsulliedness.

16) [noun] knowledge.

17) [noun] moral uprightness; righteousness; virtuousness.

18) [noun] the quality or sate of being not influenced by personal interest, selfish motives, sensual enjoyments, worldly possessions, etc.

19) [noun] a man who has subdued his passions; a sage.

20) [noun] the final emancipation of the soul from the cycle of births and deaths; Beautitude.

21) [noun] the act of meditating; deep, continued thought esp. on a religious object; meditation.

22) [noun] the time that is to come and what will happen; the future.

23) [noun] a god; a deity.

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Bhāga (ಭಾಗ):—

1) [noun] a portion or division of a whole that is separate or distinct; a part.

2) [noun] the full or proper portion or part allotted or belonging to or contributed or owed by an individual or group; a share.

3) [noun] a person’s share in or contribution to some action; duty, function or office.

4) [noun] the point toward which something faces or the line along which something moves or lies; a direction.

5) [noun] an administrative division consisting of several villages or towns.

6) [noun] good luck; fortune.

7) [noun] any of the four equal parts of something; a fourth; a quarter.

8) [noun] an opportunity or chance.

9) [noun] (math.) the term above the line in a fraction; the numerator.

10) [noun] the result obtained when one number is divided by another; the quotient.

11) [noun] a unit of measure for angles or arcs, one 360th part of the circumference of a circle; a degree.

12) [noun] (astron.) one 30th part of any of the twelve divisions of a zodiac; a degree.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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