Bhaga, Bhāga, Bhāgā: 19 definitions
Bhaga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Bhāga (भाग).—1. Degree. 2. Part. Note: Bhāga is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Bhaga (भग).—General. One of the twelve Ādityas born as sons of Kaśyapa prajāpati by his wife, Aditi. Viṣṇu, Śakra, Aryaman, Dhātā, Tvaṣṭā, Pūṣā, Vivasvān, Savitā, Mitra, Varuṇa, Aṃśu and Bhaga—these are the Dvādaśādityas, and they were Devas famous as Tuṣitas in the last Cākṣuṣamanvantara. Other information. (1) Bhaga married Siddhi, and the couple begot three sons called Mahiman, Vibhu and Prabhu and three daughters called Suvratā, Varārohā, and Āśīs.
Bhaga participated in the birthday celebrations of Arjuna. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 122, Verse 66).
At the time of Khāṇḍavadāha (burning of the Khāṇḍava forest) Bhaga, as a supporter of Indra, who was fighting Arjuna and Śrī Kṛṣṇa, sprang upon the enemies with sword in hand. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 236, Verse 36).
Bhaga shines forth in Indra’s assembly. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 22).
Bhaga was also present at the installation of Subrahmaṇya as commander of the fighting forces. (Mahābhārata, Śalya Parva, Chapter 45).
After Devayuga (Deva age), the Devas asembled together and decided upon the share of yajñas due to each of them, and in thus fixing shares they left out Rudra. Enraged at this neglect Rudra made a bow and fought against the Devas. During the fight Rudra, with the point of his bow, extracted the hands of Savitā, the eyes of Bhaga and the teeth of Pūṣā. Ultimately the Devas satisfied and pleased. Rudra, who returned to Bhaga and others the eyes etc. which had been extracted. (Mahābhārata, Sauptika Parva). (See full article at Story of Bhaga from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Bhaga (भग).—Certain Purāṇas refer to Bhaga as one of the eleven Rudras. But, this view is not universally accepted.
3) Bhaga (भग).—A vedic god considered to be the lord of wealth, prowess and happiness. Bhaga is also one of the six Ādityas mentioned in the Ṛgveda, viz. Bhaga, Mitra, Aryamā, Varuṇa, Dakṣa and Aṃśa. (Ṛgveda, 2.27).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Bhaga (भग) refers to the “primordial nature”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “the world bhaga means the primordial nature because it increases and flourishes. The śabdamātrā etc. (the cosmic sound principle i.e. all objects of enjoyment) evolved out of Prakṛti, being enjoyed by the sense organs; the word bhoga comes to mean that which gives bhaga. The principal bhaga is of course the Prakṛti and Bhagavān is Lord Śiva Himself. The lord alone is the bestower of enjoyment (bhoga) and not anyone else. The Lord who is the master of bhaga is called Bharga by wise men”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Bhaga (भग).—A son of Aditi; an Āditya; married Siddhi; father of Mahiman and others;1 seized by Nandi; his eyes were pulled out by Vīrabhadra (Rudra) as he made a sign with his eyes to Dakṣa when he insulted Śiva; Śiva ordered him to see with the eye of Mitra;2 to be worshipped before building a palace.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 39; 18. 2; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 4; 155. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 66; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 131.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 5. 17, 20; 6. 51; 7. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 33; III. 3. 67.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 171. 56; 268. 19.
1b) The name of the sun in the month of Puṣya (Tiṣya) (Hemanta, Vāyu-purāṇa).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 4.
1c) A muhūrta of the day.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 40.
Bhaga (भग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.15, I.65, IX.44.5) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhaga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Bhaga (भग), father of Mahotpāta (also known as Ārohaṇa), is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly: “... then Siddhārtha fought on foot with Mahotpāta also on foot, and in a wrestling bout hurled him to the ground. But while he was trying to crush him, that Vidyādhara was delivered by his father, Bhaga, and flying up into the air left the battle-field”.
The story of Bhaga was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bhaga, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Bhagā (भगा) is another name for Kaivartikā, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Ventilago madraspatana (red creeper) from the Rhamnaceae or “buckthorn family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.120-121 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Notes: Ṭhākur B.S. et al identify it with either Smilax species or Ventilago species. Nāḍkarṇī suggests Ventilago madraspatana Gaertn. (Rhamnaceae). Even after Nāḍkarṇī’s identification the creeper needs further verification. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Bhagā and Kaivartikā, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Bhaga is one of the Adityas, a son of Aditi and sage Kashyapa. He is the god of wealth and marriage, and plays a minor role. Hymn [R.V.7.41] is dedicated to him. According to later legends, he was blinded by a monster named Virabhadra, created by Lord Shiva.
In another story, when the celestials conduct a sacrifice without apportioning Havis to Shiva, Shiva attacks and disrupts the sacrifice, and in the ensuing battle, Bhaga is once again blinded. After the anger of Shiva is pacified, his eyesight is restored.
India history and geogprahySource: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
Bhāgā (भागा) is the name of a town from which hailed Bhāskararāya (C. 1685-1775 C.E.): a polymath of 18th century and the son of Gambhīrarāya Bhāratī and Konamāmbā of Viśvāmitragotra and younger brother of Sakhārāma. Bhāskararāya was born in a town called Bhāgā. Bhāskararāya’s thread ceremony (upanayana) was performed at Benares by his father and he was placed under the tuition of Narasiṃhādhvarin, who taught him eight vidyās. He studied Gauḍatarka under Gaṅgādhara Vājapeyin. He received dīkṣā of Pūrṇābhiṣeka under Śivadatta Śukla. He is also the preceptor of Umānandanātha, Candrasena.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Bhāga.—(IE 8-5; CII 3, 4; EI 30; HRS), the king's share of the produce, distinguished from bali in the Rummindei inscription and the Junagadh inscription of Rudradāman and from kara in many other records; later, tax in general, identical with bali and kara (according to lexicons); cf. references in the Arthaśāstra to (1) lavaṇa-bhāga (king's share of salt sold by private merchants), (2) udaka-bhāga (king's grain share levied as water-tax upon irrigated fields), (3) king's share of the produce of mines leased out to private persons; (4) share paid to the king by merchants for selling the royal merchandise. (IE 8-5), dues (see kara); generally, the king's share of grains, which was originally one-sixth. (IE 8-4), a subdivision of a district or a territory. (EI 23, 33), an allotment; a share. Note: bhāga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
--- OR ---
Bhāga.—see hāga, pāga. Note: bhāga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
bhaga : (nt.) luck; fortune; the female organ. || bhāga (m.) a portion; part; share; faction.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Bhaga, (Vedic bhaga, bhaj, see bhagavant etc. ) luck, lot, fortune, only in cpd. dub° (adj.) unhappy, unpleasant, uncomfortable It. 90; DA. I, 96 (°karaṇa).—bhaga (in verse “bhagehi ca vibhattavā” in exegesis of word “Bhagava”) at DA. I, 34 read bhava, as read at id. p. Vism. 210. (Page 495)
— or —
Bhāga, (cp. Vedic bhāga, fr. bhaj, bhajati) 1. part, portion, fraction, share Vin. I, 285; Sn. 427 (sahassa-bhāgo maraṇassa=sahassaṃ bhāgānaṃ assā ti SnA 387; a thousand times a share of death, i.e. very near death, almost quite dead), 702 (v. l. SnA 492 for Sn. samāna-bhāva, evenness, proportionate-ness); Vv 146 (=kummāsa-koṭṭhāsa VvA. 62); Pv. I, 115 (aḍḍhi° one half); Vin. IV, 264.—Cp. vi°. —bhāgaso (Abl. -adv.) in parts, by parts, by portions, esp. in even portions, i.e. evenly, in proportion S. I, 193 (according to each one’s share; cp. Th. 1, 1242); M. III, 183; Vv 72; Miln. 330, 415 (aneka° hundredfold or more). bhāgaso mita (of cities or dwelling-places etc.) evenly planned, well laid out, i.e. in squares Sn. 300, 305 (nivesanāni suvibhattāni bhāgaso); J. V, 266 (cp. C. on p. 272)=Nd2 304III, D; Pv. I, 1013 (=bhāgato mita PvA. 52).—bhāgabhatta apportioned food, ration DhA. I, 134.—Cp. dobbhagga “disproportionateness,” i.e. bad luck.—2. apportioned share (of money), fee, remuneration, always in term ācariya° (ācariyassa) the teacher’s fee (usually consisting in 1, 000 kahāpaṇas) J. I, 273; V, 457; VI, 178; Miln. 10; DhA. I, 253.—3. division of space, quarter, side, place, region: disā° quarter of the compass Vin. II, 217; para° outside part KhA 206 =PvA. 24 (kuḍḍānaṃ parabhāgā=tiro-kuḍḍā); pacchābhāgaṃ (Acc. adv.) at the back part, behind PvA. 114.—fig. way, respect, in ubhato-bhāga-vimutta “free in both ways” D. II, 71; M. I, 477 (see Dial II. 70; i.e. free both by insight and by the intellectual discipline of the 8 stages of Deliverance, the aṭṭha vimokkhā).—4. division of time, time, always —°, e.g. pubba° the past, apara° the future PvA. 133; obl. cases adverbially: tena divasa-bhāgena (+ratti bhāgena) at that day (& that very night) Miln. 18; apara-bhāge (Loc.) in future J. I, 34; PvA. 116. (Page 501)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
bhaga (भग).—m (S) An ulcer or a sore; yet esp. applied to a venereal ulcer. 2 Pudendum muliebre.
--- OR ---
bhaga (भग).—n Vulgar for bhakṣa or bhaka Food &c.
--- OR ---
bhāga (भाग).—m (S) A share, portion, part. 2 In arithmetic. Quotient. 3 Division, dividing, parting. v dē. 4 Tenor, purport, sum, substance, gist (i.e. quotient) of a speech or a mind. 5 A fraction. bhāga hōṇēṃ or bhāgāsa yēṇēṃ or paḍaṇēṃ To become the parl or duty of. Ex. tyānēṃ śivī dilhī tēvhāṃ tyācē tōṇḍānta māraṇēṃ hēṃ bhāgāsa ālēṃ; sāṅgatāṃ tēñca aikatē mhaṇūna gōṣṭa yētī hyācē bhāgāṃ.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
bhaga (भग).—m An ulcer.
--- OR ---
bhāga (भाग).—m A share. Division. Quotient. A fraction. Tenor of speech.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) One of the twelve forms of the sun; the sun.
2) The moon.
3) A form of Śiva.
4) Good fortune, luck, happy lot, happiness; आस्ते भग आसीनस्य (āste bhaga āsīnasya) Ait. Br.; भगमिन्द्रश्च वायुश्च भगं सप्तर्षयो ददुः (bhagamindraśca vāyuśca bhagaṃ saptarṣayo daduḥ) Y.1.282.
5) Affluence, prosperity; 'ऐश्वर्यस्य समग्रस्य वीर्यस्य यशसः श्रियः । ज्ञानवैराग्ययोश्चैव षण्णां भग इतीरणा (aiśvaryasya samagrasya vīryasya yaśasaḥ śriyaḥ | jñānavairāgyayoścaiva ṣaṇṇāṃ bhaga itīraṇā) ||'; शमो दमो भगश्चेति यत्सङ्गाद्याति संक्षयम् (śamo damo bhagaśceti yatsaṅgādyāti saṃkṣayam) Bhāg.3.31.33.
6) Dignity, distinction.
7) Fame, glory.
8) Loveliness, beauty.
9) Excellence, distinction.
1) Love, affection.
11) Amorous dalliance or sport, pleasure.
12) The pudendum muliebre; Y.3.88; गुरुतल्पे भगः कार्यः (gurutalpe bhagaḥ kāryaḥ) Ms. 9.237.
13) Virtue, morality, religious merit. (dharma).
14) Effort, exertion.
15) Absence of desire, indifference to worldly objects.
16) Final beatitude.
18) Omnipotence; (said to be n. also in the last 15 senses).
19) Name of an Āditya presiding over love and marriage; Mb.1.227.36.
21) Desire, wish.
22) The superhuman power of becoming as small as an atom, one of the eight Siddhis or powers of Śiva; see अणिमन् (aṇiman).
-gā 1 (in comp.). Dignity, majesty; भूः कालभर्जितभगापि यदङ्घ्रिपद्मस्पर्शोत्थशक्ति- रभिवर्षति नोऽखिलार्थान् (bhūḥ kālabharjitabhagāpi yadaṅghripadmasparśotthaśakti- rabhivarṣati no'khilārthān) Bhāg.1.82.3.
2) The female organ.
-gam 1 The asterism called उत्तराफल्गुनी (uttarāphalgunī); भगं नक्षत्र- माक्रम्य सूर्यपुत्रेण पीड्यते (bhagaṃ nakṣatra- mākramya sūryaputreṇa pīḍyate) Mb.6.3.14.
2) The perinæum of males.
Derivable forms: bhagaḥ (भगः), bhagam (भगम्).
--- OR ---
Bhāga (भाग).—[bhaj bhāve ghañ]
1) A part, portion, share, division; as in भागहर, भागशः (bhāgahara, bhāgaśaḥ) &c.
2) Allotment, distribution, partition.
3) Lot, fate; निर्माणभागः परिणतः (nirmāṇabhāgaḥ pariṇataḥ) U.4.
4) A part of any whole; a fraction.
5) The numerator of a fraction.
6) A quarter, one-fourth part.
7) A degree or the 36th part of the circumference of a circle.
8) The 3th part of a zodiacal sign.
9) The quotient.
1) Room, space, spot, region, place; अयनेषु च सर्वेषु यथाभागमवस्थिताः (ayaneṣu ca sarveṣu yathābhāgamavasthitāḥ) Bg.1.11.; R.18.47.
11) A portion payable to Government; सीता, भागो, बलिः, करो (sītā, bhāgo, baliḥ, karo) ...... राष्ट्रम् (rāṣṭram) Kau.A.2.6.24.
12) One of the four contentments (Sāṅ. phil.); आध्यात्मिकाश्चतस्रः प्रकृत्युपादान- कालभागाख्याः (ādhyātmikāścatasraḥ prakṛtyupādāna- kālabhāgākhyāḥ) (v. l. bhāgyākhyāḥ) Sāṅ. K.5.
13) A half-rupee.
14) The number eleven.
Derivable forms: bhāgaḥ (भागः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhaga (भग).—n. (gaṃ) 1. Pudendum muliebre. 2. Fortune, prosperity. 3. Beauty, splendour. 4. Excellence, greatness. 5. Desire, wish, love. 6. Strength, vigour. 7. Effort, exertion. 8. Fame, glory. 9. Knowledge. 10. Absence of passion, the tranquillity of the religious man, who has divested himself of worldly excitability. 11. Omnipotence, supreme or divine power. 12. Virtue, moral merit. 13. Final emancipation. m.
(-gaḥ) 1. The sun. 2. One of the twelve suns or Adityas. 3. The moon. 4. A form of Siva. E. bhaj to serve, &c. ga aff.
--- OR ---
(-gaḥ) 1. A portion, a share, a part. 2. Fate, fortune, luck. 3. A half-rupee. 4. Part of any thing given as interest. 5. A division of time, the thirtieth part of a Rasi or zodiacal sign. 6. A degree, the 360th part of the circumference of a great circle. 7. A fraction. 8. The quotient, (in math.) 9. Place, spot. 10. Room. E. bhaj to share, aff. ghañ .
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+251): Bhaga-bhoga, Bhaga-bhoga-kara, Bhaga-bhoga-pashu-hiranya-kara-shulka, Bhaga-karshana, Bhaga-muhurta, Bhagabhadra, Bhagabhaga, Bhagabhaganem, Bhagabhagata, Bhagabhagita, Bhagabhagya, Bhagabhaj, Bhagabhakshaka, Bhagabhakta, Bhagabhuj, Bhagabhuka, Bhagada, Bhagadada, Bhagadaivata, Bhagadala.
Ends with (+183): Abhaga, Addhabhaga, Adhobhaga, Agnivibhaga, Agrabhaga, Ajyabhaga, Akshabhaga, Anubhaga, Anyonyavibhaga, Aparabhaga, Apibhaga, Appatibhaga, Arbhaga, Arddhabhaga, Ardhabhaga, Artabhaga, Arvagbhaga, Ashitibhaga, Atithisamvibhaga, Attapati-bhaga.
Full-text (+348): Bhagadevata, Bhagadhana, Agrabhaga, Durbhaga, Bhoga, Mukhabhaga, Durbhagatva, Candrabhaga, Bhagakama, Bhagavritti, Bhagakalpana, Bhagada, Bhagabhaj, Dheya, Rajabhaga, Mandalabhaga, Surabhaga, Bhagadaivata, Bhagavitta, Aditya.
Search found 54 books and stories containing Bhaga, Bhāga, Bhāgā, Bhagā; (plurals include: Bhagas, Bhāgas, Bhāgās, Bhagās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.5.7 < [Chapter 5 - Priya: The Beloved]
Verse 2.7.126 < [Chapter 7 - Jagad-ānanda: The Bliss of the Worlds]
Verse 2.1.6 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya: Renunciation]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 62 - The science of music < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 24 - The arrangement of the heavenly luminaries < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 3 - The race of Dharma: three attributes of the self-born God < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.2.36 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Verse 1.1.43 < [Part 1 - Qualities of Pure Bhakti (bhagavad-bhakti-bheda)]
Verse 3.4.25 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2685-2686 < [Chapter 24b - Arguments against the reliability of the Veda (the Revealed Word)]
Verse 2296 < [Chapter 24a - The case for the reliability of the Veda (the Revealed Word)]
Verse 593-594 < [Chapter 10 - The Examination of the First Category—‘Substance’]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)