Bhaga, aka: Bhāga, Bhāgā; 14 Definition(s)


Bhaga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1a) Bhaga (भग).—A son of Aditi; an Āditya; married Siddhi; father of Mahiman and others;1 seized by Nandi; his eyes were pulled out by Vīrabhadra (Rudra) as he made a sign with his eyes to Dakṣa when he insulted Śiva; Śiva ordered him to see with the eye of Mitra;2 to be worshipped before building a palace.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 39; 18. 2; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 4; 155. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 66; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 131.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 5. 17, 20; 6. 51; 7. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 33; III. 3. 67.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 171. 56; 268. 19.

1b) The name of the sun in the month of Puṣya (Tiṣya) (Hemanta, Vāyu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 4.

1c) A muhūrta of the day.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 40.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Bhāga (भाग).—1. Degree. 2. Part. Note: Bhāga is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Bhaga (भग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.15, I.65, IX.44.5) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhaga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Katha (narrative stories)

Bhaga (भग), father of Mahotpāta (also known as Ārohaṇa), is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 50. Accordingly: “... then Siddhārtha fought on foot with Mahotpāta also on foot, and in a wrestling bout hurled him to the ground. But while he was trying to crush him, that Vidyādhara was delivered by his father, Bhaga, and flying up into the air left the battle-field”.

The story of Bhaga was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bhaga, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Bhagā (भगा) is another name for Kaivartikā, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Ventilago madraspatana (red creeper) from the Rhamnaceae or “buckthorn family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.120-121 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Notes: Ṭhākur B.S. et al identify it with either Smilax species or Ventilago species. Nāḍkarṇī suggests Ventilago madraspatana Gaertn. (Rhamnaceae). Even after Nāḍkarṇī’s identification the creeper needs further verification. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Bhagā and Kaivartikā, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Bhaga is one of the Adityas, a son of Aditi and sage Kashyapa. He is the god of wealth and marriage, and plays a minor role. Hymn [R.V.7.41] is dedicated to him. According to later legends, he was blinded by a monster named Virabhadra, created by Lord Shiva.

In another story, when the celestials conduct a sacrifice without apportioning Havis to Shiva, Shiva attacks and disrupts the sacrifice, and in the ensuing battle, Bhaga is once again blinded. After the anger of Shiva is pacified, his eyesight is restored.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

India history and geogprahy

Bhāgā (भागा) is the name of a town from which hailed Bhāskararāya (C. 1685-1775 C.E.): a polymath of 18th century and the son of Gambhīrarāya Bhāratī and Konamāmbā of Viśvāmitragotra and younger brother of Sakhārāma.  Bhāskararāya was born in a town called Bhāgā. Bhāskararāya’s thread ceremony (upanayana) was performed at Benares by his father and he was placed under the tuition of Narasiṃhādhvarin, who taught him eight vidyās. He studied Gauḍatarka under Gaṅgādhara Vājapeyin. He received dīkṣā of Pūrṇābhiṣeka under Śivadatta Śukla. He is also the preceptor of Umānandanātha, Candrasena.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Bhāga.—(IE 8-5; CII 3, 4; EI 30; HRS), the king's share of the produce, distinguished from bali in the Rummindei inscription and the Junagadh inscription of Rudradāman and from kara in many other records; later, tax in general, identical with bali and kara (according to lexicons); cf. references in the Arthaśāstra to (1) lavaṇa-bhāga (king's share of salt sold by private merchants), (2) udaka-bhāga (king's grain share levied as water-tax upon irrigated fields), (3) king's share of the produce of mines leased out to private persons; (4) share paid to the king by merchants for selling the royal merchandise. (IE 8-5), dues (see kara); generally, the king's share of grains, which was originally one-sixth. (IE 8-4), a subdivision of a district or a territory. (EI 23, 33), an allotment; a share. Note: bhāga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Bhāga.—see hāga, pāga. Note: bhāga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Bhaga in Pali glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bhaga : (nt.) luck; fortune; the female organ. || bhāga (m.) a portion; part; share; faction.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Bhaga, (Vedic bhaga, bhaj, see bhagavant etc. ) luck, lot, fortune, only in cpd. dub° (adj.) unhappy, unpleasant, uncomfortable It. 90; DA. I, 96 (°karaṇa).—bhaga (in verse “bhagehi ca vibhattavā" in exegesis of word “Bhagava") at DA. I, 34 read bhava, as read at id. p. Vism. 210. (Page 495)

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Bhāga, (cp. Vedic bhāga, fr. bhaj, bhajati) 1. part, portion, fraction, share Vin. I, 285; Sn. 427 (sahassa-bhāgo maraṇassa=sahassaṃ bhāgānaṃ assā ti SnA 387; a thousand times a share of death, i.e. very near death, almost quite dead), 702 (v. l. SnA 492 for Sn. samāna-bhāva, evenness, proportionate-ness); Vv 146 (=kummāsa-koṭṭhāsa VvA. 62); Pv. I, 115 (aḍḍhi° one half); Vin. IV, 264.—Cp. vi°. —bhāgaso (Abl. -adv.) in parts, by parts, by portions, esp. in even portions, i.e. evenly, in proportion S. I, 193 (according to each one’s share; cp. Th. 1, 1242); M. III, 183; Vv 72; Miln. 330, 415 (aneka° hundredfold or more). bhāgaso mita (of cities or dwelling-places etc.) evenly planned, well laid out, i.e. in squares Sn. 300, 305 (nivesanāni suvibhattāni bhāgaso); J. V, 266 (cp. C. on p. 272)=Nd2 304III, D; Pv. I, 1013 (=bhāgato mita PvA. 52).—bhāgabhatta apportioned food, ration DhA. I, 134.—Cp. dobbhagga “disproportionateness, " i.e. bad luck.—2. apportioned share (of money), fee, remuneration, always in term ācariya° (ācariyassa) the teacher’s fee (usually consisting in 1, 000 kahāpaṇas) J. I, 273; V, 457; VI, 178; Miln. 10; DhA. I, 253.—3. division of space, quarter, side, place, region: disā° quarter of the compass Vin. II, 217; para° outside part KhA 206 =PvA. 24 (kuḍḍānaṃ parabhāgā=tiro-kuḍḍā); pacchābhāgaṃ (Acc. adv.) at the back part, behind PvA. 114.—fig. way, respect, in ubhato-bhāga-vimutta “free in both ways" D. II, 71; M. I, 477 (see Dial II. 70; i.e. free both by insight and by the intellectual discipline of the 8 stages of Deliverance, the aṭṭha vimokkhā).—4. division of time, time, always —°, e.g. pubba° the past, apara° the future PvA. 133; obl. cases adverbially: tena divasa-bhāgena (+ratti bhāgena) at that day (& that very night) Miln. 18; apara-bhāge (Loc.) in future J. I, 34; PvA. 116. (Page 501)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

bhaga (भग).—m (S) An ulcer or a sore; yet esp. applied to a venereal ulcer. 2 Pudendum muliebre.

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bhaga (भग).—n Vulgar for bhakṣa or bhaka Food &c.

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bhāga (भाग).—m (S) A share, portion, part. 2 In arithmetic. Quotient. 3 Division, dividing, parting. v . 4 Tenor, purport, sum, substance, gist (i.e. quotient) of a speech or a mind. 5 A fraction. bhāga hōṇēṃ or bhāgāsa yēṇēṃ or paḍaṇēṃ To become the parl or duty of. Ex. tyānēṃ śivī dilhī tēvhāṃ tyācē tōṇḍānta māraṇēṃ hēṃ bhāgāsa ālēṃ; sāṅgatāṃ tēñca aikatē mhaṇūna gōṣṭa yētī hyācē bhāgāṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhaga (भग).—m An ulcer.

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bhāga (भाग).—m A share. Division. Quotient. A fraction. Tenor of speech.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhaga (भग).—[bhaj-gha]

1) One of the twelve forms of the sun; the sun.

2) The moon.

3) A form of Śiva.

4) Good fortune, luck, happy lot, happiness; आस्ते भग आसीनस्य (āste bhaga āsīnasya) Ait. Br.; भगमिन्द्रश्च वायुश्च भगं सप्तर्षयो ददुः (bhagamindraśca vāyuśca bhagaṃ saptarṣayo daduḥ) Y.1.282.

5) Affluence, prosperity; 'ऐश्वर्यस्य समग्रस्य वीर्यस्य यशसः श्रियः । ज्ञानवैराग्ययोश्चैव षण्णां भग इतीरणा (aiśvaryasya samagrasya vīryasya yaśasaḥ śriyaḥ | jñānavairāgyayoścaiva ṣaṇṇāṃ bhaga itīraṇā) ||'; शमो दमो भगश्चेति यत्सङ्गाद्याति संक्षयम् (śamo damo bhagaśceti yatsaṅgādyāti saṃkṣayam) Bhāg.3.31.33.

6) Dignity, distinction.

7) Fame, glory.

8) Loveliness, beauty.

9) Excellence, distinction.

1) Love, affection.

11) Amorous dalliance or sport, pleasure.

12) The pudendum muliebre; Y.3.88; गुरुतल्पे भगः कार्यः (gurutalpe bhagaḥ kāryaḥ) Ms. 9.237.

13) Virtue, morality, religious merit. (dharma).

14) Effort, exertion.

15) Absence of desire, indifference to worldly objects.

16) Final beatitude.

17) Strength.

18) Omnipotence; (said to be n. also in the last 15 senses).

19) Name of an Āditya presiding over love and marriage; Mb.1.227.36.

2) Knowledge.

21) Desire, wish.

22) The superhuman power of becoming as small as an atom, one of the eight Siddhis or powers of Śiva; see अणिमन् (aṇiman).

-gā 1 (in comp.). Dignity, majesty; भूः कालभर्जितभगापि यदङ्घ्रिपद्मस्पर्शोत्थशक्ति- रभिवर्षति नोऽखिलार्थान् (bhūḥ kālabharjitabhagāpi yadaṅghripadmasparśotthaśakti- rabhivarṣati no'khilārthān) Bhāg.1.82.3.

2) The female organ.

-gam 1 The asterism called उत्तराफल्गुनी (uttarāphalgunī); भगं नक्षत्र- माक्रम्य सूर्यपुत्रेण पीड्यते (bhagaṃ nakṣatra- mākramya sūryaputreṇa pīḍyate) Mb.6.3.14.

2) The perinæum of males.

Derivable forms: bhagaḥ (भगः), bhagam (भगम्).

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Bhāga (भाग).—[bhaj bhāve ghañ]

1) A part, portion, share, division; as in भागहर, भागशः (bhāgahara, bhāgaśaḥ) &c.

2) Allotment, distribution, partition.

3) Lot, fate; निर्माणभागः परिणतः (nirmāṇabhāgaḥ pariṇataḥ) U.4.

4) A part of any whole; a fraction.

5) The numerator of a fraction.

6) A quarter, one-fourth part.

7) A degree or the 36th part of the circumference of a circle.

8) The 3th part of a zodiacal sign.

9) The quotient.

1) Room, space, spot, region, place; अयनेषु च सर्वेषु यथाभागमवस्थिताः (ayaneṣu ca sarveṣu yathābhāgamavasthitāḥ) Bg.1.11.; R.18.47.

11) A portion payable to Government; सीता, भागो, बलिः, करो (sītā, bhāgo, baliḥ, karo) ...... राष्ट्रम् (rāṣṭram) Kau.A.2.6.24.

12) One of the four contentments (Sāṅ. phil.); आध्यात्मिकाश्चतस्रः प्रकृत्युपादान- कालभागाख्याः (ādhyātmikāścatasraḥ prakṛtyupādāna- kālabhāgākhyāḥ) (v. l. bhāgyākhyāḥ) Sāṅ. K.5.

13) A half-rupee.

14) The number eleven.

Derivable forms: bhāgaḥ (भागः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Tribhāga (त्रिभाग).—1) the third part; त्रिभागं ब्रह्महत्यायाः कन्या प्राप्नोति दुष्यती (tribhā...

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