Shobhana, Sobhaṇa, Śobhana, Sobhana, Sobhanā, Śobhanā, Sobhāna: 26 definitions


Shobhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śobhana and Śobhanā can be transliterated into English as Sobhana or Shobhana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shobhan.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śobhana (शोभन) refers to “happiness”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If when in mid-heaven, the central provinces will suffer, but there will be happiness [i.e., śobhana] over the land and the price of food grains will fall. If when in the fifth section, herbivorous animals, ministers and household inmates will suffer as also the Vaiśyas. If they should be eclipsed when in the sixth section of the firmament, women and the Śūdras will suffer; if when setting, robbers and the border Mlecchas will perish. Those will be happy in whose section the eclipse terminates”.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Śobhana (शोभन) or Śobhakṛta refers to the thirty-seventh saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘shobhana’ makes progress in every field. He is handsome looking, has excellent virtues, is kind-hearted, and doer of good deeds. Specially he gets victory or success in the battle of life. He is endowed with brilliance, courtesy or humility, has beautiful eyes and is skilful.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year shobhana (2023-2024 AD) will be wise, possessed of royal virtues and fond of learned pursuits.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shobhana in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śobhana (शोभन).—Son-in-law of Mucukunda. (See Para 3 under Mucukunda).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śobhanā (शोभना) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.6). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śobhanā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra

Śobhanā (शोभना) is the name of one of the thirty-six Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Uḍḍāmareśvaratantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (e.g., Śobhanā) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Śobhana (शोभन) or Suśobhana refers to “very handsome” and is used to describe Viṣṇu, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 13.1-9, while describing the appearance and worship of Viṣṇu]—“Or, [the Mantrin] worships a very handsome (suśobhana), eight-armed, yellow Deva. He is naked, sits on a ram, and is unadorned He rests on one horn [of a sheep and] offer up a pile of wheel spokes, the hand... having the shape of a boy. [He is] constantly at play with a flock of beautiful, naked women. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Śobhanā (शोभना) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Śobhanā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sobhana. An arama, given by Upali in a previous birth as Sumana, for the use of Padumuttara Buddha. ThagA.i.362.

2. Sobhana. A householder (kutumbika). Ananda, born as Sumana, bought his park (also called Sobhana) for one sum of one hundred thousand and built in it a vihara for Padumuttara Buddha. ThagA.ii.123; DA.ii.490; SA.ii.69f.; AA.i.162, etc.

3. Sobhana. The city of birth of Atthadassi Buddha, where he later preached to his relations. Bu.xv.5, 14; BuA.179; but J.i.39 calls it Sobhita.

4. Sobhana. A city, built by Vessakamma for the use of Ukkasatika, in his birth as a Cakkavatti, fifty five kappas ago. Ap.ii.414.

5. Sobhana. v.l. for Sobha.

-- or --

. An eminent Theri of Ceylon. Dpv.xviii.15.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

See Sobhana Cittas

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Beatiful (sobhana).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'lofty', beautiful, pure, are called, in Abh. S., all states of consciousness excepting the unwholesome and those without roots (ahetuka).

Sobhana-sādhārana are called the mental factors (cetasika) common to all lofty consciousness; s. Tab. II.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shobhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sobhaṇa : (adj.) shining; beautiful.

-- or --

sobhana : (adj.) shining; beautiful.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Sobhaṇa, 2 (adj.) (fr. śubh) 1. adorning, shining, embellishing A. II, 8, 225; very often spelt sobhana J. I, 257; ThA. 244; nagara-sobhaṇā (or °iṇī) a courtesan J. II, 367; III, 435, 475; Miln. 350; PvA. 4.—2. good Miln. 46 (text °na); Cpd. 96; 101; 106. (Page 726)

2) Sobhaṇa, 1 (nt.) (fr. śubh) 1. a kind of edging on a girdle Vin. II, 136.—2. beauty, ornament Miln. 356. (Page 726)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śōbhana (शोभन).—n (S) Adorning; causing to look beautiful, handsome, or graceful. 2 A festal ceremony, rite, or occasion;--as a marriage, a thread-investiture. 3 A covert term for Copulation. 4 A covert and auspicious term for the fuel used in dressing the dishes prepared upon festal occasions. Used plurally. 5 m The fifth of the astronomical Yogas.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śōbhana (शोभन).—n A dorning; a festal ceremony.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śobhana (शोभन).—a. (- f.) [शोभते शुभ्-ल्यु (śobhate śubh-lyu)]

1) Shining, splendid; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 4.42.12 (com. suphalaḥ śobhanabhallikaḥ).

2) Handsome, beautiful, lovely.

3) Good, auspicious, fortunate.

4) Richly decorated.

5) Moral, virtuous.

6) Correct, right.

-naḥ 1 Name of Śiva.

2) A planet.

3) A burnt offering for the production of happy results.

-nā 1 Turmeric.

2) A beautiful or virtuous woman; तदिदं परिरक्ष शोभने भवितव्यप्रियसंगमं वपुः (tadidaṃ parirakṣa śobhane bhavitavyapriyasaṃgamaṃ vapuḥ) Kumārasambhava 4.44.

3) A sort of yellow pigment (= gorocanā q. v.).

-nam 1 Beauty, lustre, brilliance.

2) A lotus.

3) An ornament.

4) Virtue.

5) Tin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śobhanā (शोभना).—(otherwise °na, nt.), beauty: dṛṣṭā sa (m.c. for sā) viyūha-śobhanā (one word; Lefm. so°, but most mss. śo°) bodhimaṇḍasmi marubhi yā kṛtā Lalitavistara 364.20 (verse); there are too many f. forms to question; perhaps blend of śobhana with śobhā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śobhana (शोभन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā or nī-naṃ) 1. Beautiful, handsome. 2. Shining, splendid. 3. Richly dressed or ornamented. 4. Propitious, auspicious. 5. Virtuous, moral, decorous, good. m.

(-naḥ) 1. The fifth Yoga. 2. A planet. 3. Burnt-offering for auspicious results. 4. A name of Siva. n.

(-naṃ) 1. A lotus. 2. Shining, being splendid or handsome. f.

(-nā) 1. A virtuous or beautiful woman. 2. Turmeric. 3. A kind of Pigment, commonly called Gorochana. E. śubh to shine, aff. lyu .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śobhana (शोभन).—i. e. śubh + ana, I. adj., f. . 1. Splendid. 2. Beautiful, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 44, 38; ironically, [Pañcatantra] 216, 8. 3. Propitious, [Pañcatantra] 143, 23; 153, 21 (n. with na, Misfortune, [Pañcatantra] 175, 18). 4. Virtuous. 5. Good, [Pañcatantra] 126, 20. 6. Richly dressed. Ii. m. 1. A planet. 2. Burnt offering for auspicious results. Iii. n. 1. Shining, being splendid. 2. A lotus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śobhana (शोभन).—[feminine] ā (& ī) beautiful, splendid, fair, good; eminent, distinguished by ([instrumental] or —°); auspicious, fortunate. [feminine] ā a fair woman; [neuter] ornament, luck, welfare, (moral) good.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śobhana (शोभन):—[from śobha] mf(ā or ī)n. brilliant, splendid, beautiful (at end of [compound] = ‘beautiful by reason of’), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] excellent, glorious, magnificent, distinguished in or by ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) superior to, better than, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] propitious, auspicious, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) [v.s. ...] virtuous, moral (See [compound])

5) [v.s. ...] correct, right, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Agni at the Śuṅgā-karman, [Gṛhyāsaṃgraha]

7) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] a burnt offering for auspicious results, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] the fifth of the [astronomy] [Yoga-sūtra; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a planet, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] the eleventh year of Jupiter’s cycle, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

12) Śobhanā (शोभना):—[from śobhana > śobha] f. a beautiful woman (often in [vocative case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] turmeric, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] the yellow pigment Go-rocanā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

16) Śobhana (शोभन):—[from śobha] n. the act of adorning, causing to look beautiful, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

17) [v.s. ...] an ornament (See karṇa-ś)

18) [v.s. ...] anything propitious or auspicious, welfare, prosperity, [Rāmāyaṇa; Purāṇa]

19) [v.s. ...] moral good, virtue, [ib.] brilliance, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

20) [v.s. ...] a lotus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] tin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] (with kaśyapasya) Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śobhana (शोभन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Beautiful, shining, becoming; propitious. m. 5th Yoga; a planet; an auspicious sacrifice. n. A lotus.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śobhana (शोभन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sohaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shobhana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shobhana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śobhana (शोभन) [Also spelled shobhan]:—(a) befitting, becoming; graceful; hence ~[nīya] (a).

2) Sobhanā (सोभना):—(v) to appear impressive, to befit; to suit.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śōbhana (ಶೋಭನ):—

1) [adjective] shining brilliantly; gleaming; splendid; resplendent.

2) [adjective] auspicious; propitious.

--- OR ---

Śōbhana (ಶೋಭನ):—

1) [noun] a resplendent quality or state; splendour.

2) [noun] the quality of being auspicious; auspiciousness.

3) [noun] beauty; loveliness; attractiveness.

4) [noun] a state of ease and quiet enjoyment, free from worry, pain or trouble; comfort.

5) [noun] an auspicious occasion as a marriage.

6) [noun] an auspicious day or moment.

7) [noun] a song sung on auspicious occasion.

8) [noun] a ceremony on a day after marriage, on which night the married copule would have sexual intercourse for the first time.

9) [noun] sexual intercourse.

10) [noun] (astrol.) the fifth of the twenty seven yogas.

--- OR ---

Śōbhāna (ಶೋಭಾನ):—[noun] = ಶೋಬಾನ [shobana].

--- OR ---

Sōbhāna (ಸೋಭಾನ):—[noun] = ಸೋಬಾನೆ [sobane].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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