Siddhi; 20 Definition(s)

Introduction

Siddhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Siddhi in Shaktism glossaries]

Siddhi (सिद्धि, “perfection”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ सिद्ध्यै नमः
oṃ siddhyai namaḥ.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[Siddhi in Pancaratra glossaries]

The Yoga Sutras give the following enumeration of the Siddhis:—

  1. anima — ability to become infinitely small like an atom
  2. mahima — ability to become huge
  3. laghima — ability to become very light
  4. garima — ability to become very heavy
  5. prāpti — ability to obtain anything desired
  6. prakāmya — ability to become irresistible
  7. īśita — ability to rule over others
  8. vaśita — ability to completely subjugate and control others

Some other texts give a slightly different list: —

  1. ātma-siddhi — power to be completely unattached and unaffected by material nature.
  2. vividha-siddhi — power to control matter, and minds of others.
  3. jñāna-siddhi — ability to remember past incarnations of oneself and of others, and the power to see the future.
  4. tapas-siddhi — perfect control over heat and cold, hunger and thirst, etc.
  5. kṣetra-siddhi — ability to astral travel anywhere in the universe.
  6. deva-siddhi — control over devas, demons, elementals, nature spirits and others.
  7. śarīra-siddhi — attainment of physical perfection, to delay the aging process, have perfect health and to heal others.
  8. vikriya-siddhi — power to accomplish all desires, to change ones appearance into any desired form.

These siddhis are the outcome of intense yogic practice, but they are undesirable as they can possibly be the cause of one’s downfall from the spiritual path through distraction of the mind from the Ultimate Reality. Sooner or later every serious yoga practitioner is accosted by one of these gate-keepers (dvārapālaka), but one should not heed them.

(Source): SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Siddhi in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Siddhi (सिद्धि) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in warfare, referring to “achievement” (of the king), using the three divisions of his strength (śakti). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Nītiprakāśikā 8.87)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Siddhi in Natyashastra glossaries]

1) Siddhi (सिद्धि) is the Sanskrit name for a deity to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Siddhi).

2) Siddhi (सिद्धि) refers to “success”. According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 6.10, success in the dramatic performance is of two kinds:

  1. divine (daivikī)
  2. and human (mānuṣī).

2) Siddhi (सिद्धि, “siddhi”) translates to “persuasion” and refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights.

(Description of siddhi): When name of many relevant persons are mentioned with a view to accomplish the object aimed at, it is an instance of Persuasion (siddhi, lit. “success”).

3) Siddhi (सिद्धि) refers to “success” in the dramatic production according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 27.—“`Siddhi (success) which arises from words, sattva and gestures (vāksattvāṅga) is of two kinds: divine (daivikī), and human (mānuṣī), and relates to various psychological states (bhāva) and sentiments (rasa). The human success has ten features, and the divine success two; and they (i.e. such features) consist mostly of various sattvas expressed vocally (vāṅmayī) and physically (śārīrī).

Vocal success (siddhi): Slight Smile (smita), Smile (ardhahāsa) and Excessive Laughter (atihāsa), ‘excellent’ (sādhu), ‘how wonderful’ (aho), ‘how pathetic’ (kaṣṭa), and tumultuous applause (pravṛddhanāda, lit. swelling uproar) are the signs of the Success (siddhi) expressed vocally (vāṅmayī).

Physical success (siddhi): Joy expressed in horripilation, the rising up from the seat and the giving away of clothes (celadāna) and throwing of rings (aṅguli-kṣepa) are signs of the Success (siddhi) expressed physically (śārīrī).

4) Siddhi (सिद्धि) is the name of a cloud whose sound corresponds to the Āṅkika note made by drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “after seeing that the Mṛdaṅgas, Paṇavas and Dardaras have been made, the great sage Svāti brought about a similarity of their notes with those of clouds... The cloud named Siddhi gave note to Āṅkika... Those who want Success of performances should make to these clouds, offerings which are dear to spirits (bhūta)”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

[Siddhi in Purana glossaries]

Siddhi (सिद्धि, “perfect being”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Siddhivināyaka, Siddhigaṇeśa and Siddhivighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Siddhi is positioned in the Eastern corner of the first circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Manikarnika Gali, CK 9 / 1”. Worshippers of Siddhi will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “giving relief from the curse of Yama/Death-god”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.18702, Lon. 83.00869 (or, 25°11'13.3"N, 83°00'31.3"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Siddhi, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa

Siddhi (सिद्धि) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Siddhi) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

(Source): Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

1a) Siddhi (सिद्धि).—Wife of Bhaga.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 2.

1b) A daughter of Dakṣa; married Dharma; mother of Sukha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 9. 50, 61, 62; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 25, 37; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 23 and 31.

1c) The wife of Kāma.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 62.

1d) A devī in the Cakrarājaratha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 4.

1e) A Kalā of Brahmā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 94.

1f) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 18.

1g) Of yoga; when one feels himself and the earth all of tejas becomes a siddha;1 the state of attaining the desired thing by means of vaivastya from the śarīrimahat;2 characteristics of: pratibhā, śravaṇa, darśan of devas and brahmāvarta;3 eight fold.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 11. 64.
  • 2) Ib. 59. 75.
  • 3) Ib. 12. 6 and 9.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 6. 16.

1h) Eighteen in number of which ten are the principles of guṇas, and eight depend on Hari. These are Aṇimā, Mahimā, Laghimā, Prākāśya, Īśitva, Vaśita: other siddhis enumerated: All these are consequences of yoga.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 15. 3-34. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 18. 18; 38. 38.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[Siddhi in Samkhya glossaries]

Siddhi (सिद्धि, “attainment”) refers to a category of pratyayasarga (intellectual products) according to the Sāṃkhya theory of evolution. Pratyayasarga is the first of two types of sarga (products) that come into being during tattvapariṇāma (elemental manifestations), which in turn, evolve out of the two types of pariṇāma (change, modification).

There are eight types of siddhi (attainment) defined:

  1. adhyayana (study),
  2. śabda (oral instruction),
  3. ūha (proper reasoning),
  4. suhṛtprāpti (discussion with friend),
  5. dānā (purity),
  6. ādhyātmika-duḥkhabighāta (cessation of sorrow caused one's ownself),
  7. ādhibhautika-duḥkhabighāta (cessation of sorrow caused by human and sub-human beings),
  8. ādhidaivika-duḥkhabighāta (cessation of sorrow caused by super-human beings).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy
context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Siddhi in Vyakarana glossaries]

Siddhi (सिद्धि).—Formation of a word; establishment of the correct view after the removal of the objection; e. g. संज्ञासिद्वि, कार्यसिद्धि, स्वरसिद्धि (saṃjñāsidvi, kāryasiddhi, svarasiddhi).

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[Siddhi in Chandas glossaries]

1) Siddhi (सिद्धि) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Siddhi corresponds to Citralatā, Rucirā, Śaśivadanā. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Siddhi (सिद्धि) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Siddhi) in 20 verses.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Siddhi in Shaivism glossaries]

Siddhi (सिद्धि) refers to “perfection”, “accomplishment” or “attainment” and is mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.11-13. There are various siddhis mentioned:

  1. vaśya (controlling others),
  2. ākarṣaṇa (attracting others),
  3. stambha (immoilizing others)
  4. moha (bewildering enemies),
  5. uccāṭa (extirpating enemies),
  6. māraṇa (killing others),
  7. vidveṣa (provoking enmity),
  8. vyādhikaraṇa (causing illness),
  9. paśuśasyārtha-nāśana (causing loss of cattle, grain and other properties),
  10. kautuka (conjuring tricks),
  11. indrajāla (creating illusions),
  12. yakṣiṇī-mantrasādhana (invoking yakṣīṇīs),
  13. ceṭaka (using someone as a slave),
  14. devāñjana (divine ointment),
  15. adṛśya (becoming invisible),
  16. pādukāgati (magic shoes),
  17. guṭikā (magic pill),
  18. khecaratva (going to the sky),
  19. mṛtasaṃjīvana (reviving the dead).

The Sādhakas (tantric practitioners), being accompanied by faith and amenability, and being suitable to and pleased by [a siddhi], have known each means of mantra. By excellent Sādhakas wishing the siddhi, the mantrasādhana should be performed in advance, for the sake of the siddhi. One would not attain any siddhi without the [means of] mantra-vidhāna (the classification of mantra).

(Source): Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Siddhi in Hinduism glossaries]

Supernatural powers (siddhis) arise from birth, drugs, mantras, austerity, or yoga (samadhi). (Yoga-sutras 4.1)

(Source): Ashtanga Yoga: Yoga Sutrani Patanjali

Siddhi (सिद्धि).—Mystic perfections usually acquired by yoga practice and natural to residents of Siddhaloka:

  1. becoming small like a particle (aṇimā-siddhi),
  2. or lighter than a soft feather (laghimā-siddhi),
  3. Get anything from everywhere (prāpti-siddhi),
  4. becoming heavier than the heaviest (mahimā-siddhi),
  5. create something wonderful or annihilate anything at will (īśitva-siddhi),
  6. to control all material elements (vaśitva-siddhi),
  7. possessing such power as will never be frustrated in any desire (prākāmya-siddhi),
  8. assuming any shape or form one may even whimsically desire (kāmāvasāyitā-siddhi).
(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Siddhi in Theravada glossaries]

Transformation: power of: siddhi.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Siddhi in Pali glossaries]

siddhi : (f.) accomplishment; success.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Siddhi, (f.) (fr. sidh, Vedic siddhi) accomplishment, success, prosperity Mhvs 29, 70; Sdhp. 14, 17, 325, 469; PvA. 63 (attha° advantage); padasiddhi substantiation of the meaning of the word DA. I, 66; cp. sadda°. (Page 709)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Siddhi in Marathi glossaries]

siddhi (सिद्धि).—f (S) A supernatural power or faculty supposed to be acquirable through the performance of certain magical, mystical, or alchymical rites or processes. Eight are enumerated; viz. aṇimā, mahimā, garimā, laghimā, prāpti, prākāmya, īśitva, vaśitva, which see explained in their order. Hence 2 Any marvelous or extraordinary skill or capability. 3 The fruit or product of a course of ascetic severities, or of adoration of any particular divinity. 4 Accomplishment, completion, fulfilment; finished, effected, or attained state (of an article, fabrication, or work, of a business or an undertaking, of a purpose, object, or desire). 5 Establishment, substantiation, demonstration; proved or evinced state (of an argument, affirmation, cause, plea &c.) 6 Adjudgment, settlement, determination (of a dispute &c.) 7 Enactment, constitution, formation; framed or made state (of decrees, laws, rules &c.) 8 Readiness, preparedness through culinary or other operation (of articles of food, of medicines &c.) 9 Readiness, prepared or willing state (of a person to act, of an animal or a thing to be used). 10 Adeptness, attainedness, proficiency (in magical or mystical or alchymical rites or processes, or in the powers and properties flowing from the observance of them). 11 The perfection or accomplishment of mortal existence, viz. emancipation from transmigration, and beatification by absorption into the essence of the Supreme Spirit. 12 Prosperity or success; prosperous and flourishing state. 13 The sixteenth of the astronomical Yogas: also the nineteenth of the twenty-eight astrological Yogas. siddhīsa āṇaṇēṃ or nēṇēṃ To bring or carry to completion or accomplishment.

--- OR ---

siddhī (सिद्धी).—m (Or śiddhī, śiddī &c.) An Abyssinian, a Cidi.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

siddhi (सिद्धि).—f The fruit of a course of ascetic severities. Completion. Proved state. Readiness. siddhīsa nēṇēṃ Bring or carry to completion.

--- OR ---

siddhī (सिद्धी).—m An Abyssinian

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 266 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sarvasiddhi
Sarvasiddhi (सर्वसिद्धि).—f. universal success. (-m.) the Bilva tree. Derivable forms: sarvasid...
Rasasiddhi
Rasasiddhi (रससिद्धि).—f. skill in alchemy. Derivable forms: rasasiddhiḥ (रससिद्धिः).Rasasiddhi...
Rupasiddhi
Rūpasiddhi (रूपसिद्धि) is one of the four heavenly beings from Nārikela, as mentioned in the Ka...
Mahasiddhi
Mahāsiddhi (महासिद्धि).—f. a kind of magical power. Derivable forms: mahāsiddhiḥ (महासिद्धिः).M...
Arthasiddhi
Arthasiddhi (अर्थसिद्धि).—f. fulfilment of a desired object, success. द्वारमिवार्थसिद्धेः (dvār...
Sadhyasiddhi
Sādhyasiddhi (साध्यसिद्धि).—f. 1) accomplishment. 2) conclusion. °पादः (pādaḥ) judgment, decisi...
Anyathasiddhi
Anyathāsiddhi (अन्यथासिद्धि).—f. wrong demonstration; one in which arguments, not being true ca...
Mantrasiddhi
Mantrasiddhi (मन्त्रसिद्धि).—f. 1) the working or accomplishment of a spell. 2) the power which...
Siddhida
Siddhida (सिद्धिद).—a. 1) granting success or supreme felicity. 2) giving the eight superhuman ...
Dehasiddhi
Dehasiddhi (देहसिद्धि).—A Yogasiddhi.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 36. 53.
Siddhikshetra
Siddhikṣetra (सिद्धिक्षेत्र) refers to a sacred region within Nayapāla (Nepal) according to a f...
Sarvarthasiddhi
Sarvārthasiddhi (सर्वार्थसिद्धि) is one of the five anuttaras: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born...
Siddhivinayaka
Siddhivināyaka (सिद्धिविनायक) is short for Siddhi (perfect being), one of the fifty-six vināyak...
Siddhivighnesha
Siddhivighneśa (सिद्धिविघ्नेश) is short for Siddhi (perfect being), one of the fifty-six vināya...
Siddhiganesha
Siddhigaṇeśa (सिद्धिगणेश) is short for Siddhi (perfect being), one of the fifty-six vināyakas a...

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