Vasa, aka: Vāsā, Vāsa, Vasā, Vaśā, Vasha; 13 Definition(s)
Vasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Vaśā can be transliterated into English as Vasa or Vasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Vāsā (वासा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)
1) Vāsā (शकुलादनी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Justicia adhatoda (Malabar nut), from the Acanthaceae family. Certain plant parts of Vāsā are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. The Sanskrit word Vāsā is derived from Vāsa (वास), referring to “perfume”. Also see Vāsaka (वासक), which means “scenting”, “perfuming” or “infusing”. In a different context, Vāsa can refer to “dwelling”, “apartment” or “residence”.
According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Vāsaka, Vāsikā, Vāsā, Bhiṣaṅmātā, Siṃhikā, Siṃhāsya, Vājidantā, Āṭarūṣa, Aṭarūṣaka, Atarūṣa, Vṛṣa, Tāmra and Siṃhaparṇa. The Bhāvaprakāśa is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.
According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 10.148-149), the Malabar nut (vāsā) has the following synonyms: Vāsaka, Vāsikā, Vasuka, Vasādanī, Aṭarūṣaka, Aṭarūṣa, Āṭaru, Kaṇṭhīravī, Bhiṣaṅmātṛ, Mṛgendrāṇī, Vṛṣa, Vṛṣaka, Vājidanta, Vājidantā, Vājidantaka, Vājī, Nāsā, Pañcamukhī, Siṃhamukhī, Siṃhaparṇī, Siṃhī, Siṃhikā and Śitaparṇī.
According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th-century Āyurvedic work), this plant (Vāsā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter. In this work it is also known by the names Vāsaka and Vāsa, and refers to both Adhatoda vasica and Adhatoda zeylanica.
2) Vasā (वसा) is a Sanskrit terchnical term referring to “muscle fat” and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhita.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vāsa (वास) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12 and the Mānasāra XIX.108-12, both populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra literature.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Vasā (वसा) refers to the “oily substance in the body”, referred to as one of the twelve ‘excretions’ (or, ‘impurities’) of human beings. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 5.133)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Vaśa (वश).—A hermit who is praised in the Ṛgveda. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Sūkta 116).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Vasa (वस).—A tribe to be conquered by Kalki.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 73. 108.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Vaśā (वशा) denotes ‘cow’ in the Rigveda and later. According to the commentators, the word means a ‘ barren cow’, but this is not a necessary sense except in a few passages.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Vasā (वसा, “suint”) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., vasā]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
vasa : (m.) control; influence; authority. || vasā (f.) the fat; grease. vāsa (m.) 1. living; sojourn; habitation; 2. a clothe; 3. perfume.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Vasa, (m. & nt.) (cp. Vedic vaśa; vaś to be eager, to desire) power, authority, control, influence S. I, 43, 240 (kodho vo vasam āyātu: shall be in your power; vasa=āṇāpavattana K. S. I. 320); M. I, 214 (bhikkhu cittaṃ vasaṃ vatteti, no ca cittassa vasena vattati: he brings the heart under his control, but is not under the influence of the heart); Sn. 297, 315, 578, 586, 968; Sdhp. 264.—The Instr. vasena is used as an adv. in meaning “on account of, because” e.g. mahaggha-vasena mahâraha “costly on account of its great worth” PvA. 77; cp. J. I, 94; PvA. 36 (putta°); Mhvs 33, 92 (paṭisanthāra°).—Freq. in phrase vase (Loc.) vattati to be in somebody’s power J. V, 316 (te vase vattati), cp. M. I, 214 (cittassa vasena vattati) & 231 (vatteti te tasmiṃ vaso have you power over that?); trs. vase vatteti to get under control, to get into one’s power J. IV, 415 (attano vase vattetvā); V, 316 (rājāno attano v. v.); DhA. II, 14 (rājānaṃ attano v. v.), cp. M. I, 214 (vasan vatteti) & PvA. 89 (vasaṃ vattento).—Note. The compn form in connection with kṛ and bhū is vasī° (q. v.).
—ânuga being in somebody’s power, dependent, subjected, obedient Sn. 332, 1095; J. III, 224 (=vasavattin C.); Th. 2, 375 (=kiṅkāra-paṭissāvin ThA. 252); Sdhp. 249. —ânuvattin id.; f. °inī obedient, obliging (to one’s husband) Vv 313. —uttama highest authority, greatest ideal Sn. 274. —gata being in someone’s power J. V, 453 (narīnaṃ); cp. vasī-kata. —vattaka wielding power Sdhp. 483 (°ika); a° having no free will PvA. 64. —vattana wielding power, (having) authority Miln. 356. —vattin — 1. (act. i.e. vatteti) having highest power, domineering, autocrat, (all-)mighty; fig. having self‹-› mastery, controlling one’s senses D. I, 247; II, 261; A. II, 24; It. 122; Th. 2. 37; Pv. II, 333; Miln. 253; DA. I, 111, 114, 121; SnA 133 (°bhavana).—2. (pass.; i.e. vattati) being in one’s power, dependent, subject J. III, 224; V, 316; ThA. 226 (read vattino for °vattito!). (Page 604)
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1) Vāsa, 3 (cp. Class. Sk. vāsa, e.g. Mālatīm. 148, 4; fr. vā: see vāta) perfume J. I, 242; VI, 42. (Page 610)
2) Vāsa, 2 (vas to dwell, see vasati2) 1. living, sojourn, life Sn. 191; Mhvs 17, 2 (anātha-vāsaṃ vasati to lead a helpless life); PvA. 12 (saraagga-vāsaṃ v. live a life of concord); SnA 59 (lokantarika°). Cp. pari°, saṃ°. ‹-› 2. home, house, habitation Sn. 40. vāsaṃ kappeti to live (at a place), to make one’s home J. I, 242; PvA. 47, 100. vāsaṃ upagacchati to enter a habitation (for spending the rainy season) PvA. 32. In special sense “bed”: see cpd. °ûpagata.—2. state, condition (-°), in ariya° holy state A. V, 29 sq.; brahmacariya° chastity PvA. 61.—4. (adj.) (-°) staying, living, abiding, spending time Sn. 19 (ekaratti°), 414 (ettha°). vassa° spending Lent PvA. 20; vuttha° having spent Lent J. I, 183. Cp. ante-vāsika-vāsa.
—attha home success, luck in the house, prosperity A. II, 59, 61 sq. —âgāra bedroom J. III, 317. —ûpagata (a) having entered one’s hut or abode (for the rainy season) Sn. 415.—(b) gone to bed Pv. II, 128; PvA. 280. —ghara living room, bedroom SnA 28 (=kuṭī). —dhura ordinary duty (lit. burden) or responsibility of living, or the elementary stages of saintliness SnA 194, 195 (contrasted to pariyatta-dhura), 306 (: ganthadhura). (Page 610)
3) Vāsa, 1 (vas to clothe, see vasati1) clothing; adj. (-°) clothed in J. VI, 47 (hema-kappana-vāsase). (Page 610)
— or —
1) Vasā, 2 (f.) (cp. Vedic vasā) fat, tallow, grease Sn. 196; Kh III, ; Pv. II, 23; J. III, 356; V, 489; PvA. 80; VbhA. 67. In detail at Vism. 263, 361; VbhA. 246. (Page 605)
2) Vasā, 1 (f.) (Vedic vaśā; cp. vāśitā; Lat. vacca cow) a cow (neither in calf nor giving suck) Sn. 26, 27; SnA 49 (=adamita-vuddha-vacchakā). (Page 605)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
vaśa (वश).—p S Subjected, subdued, rendered submissive. 2 Subdued by spells and incantations; charmed, fascinated, enchanted.
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vaśā (वशा).—m (vaśa S Of one's own.) A surveyor or overseer of fields, crops, and the operations of reaping, thrashing &c. employed by the proprietor as a guard again the appropriations of the actual cultivator. The word is much the same with sāṇā q.v.
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vasa (वस).—a (Or ōsa) Uninhabited or forsaken--a village &c.: lying uncultivated--land.
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vasā (वसा).—f S Serum or marrow of the flesh; considered by some authorities as the same with, by others, as different from, the marrow of the bones. 2 Fat or suet. 3 The inner or true skin, vera cutis.
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vāsa (वास).—m (S) Smell or odor in general. 2 vāsa is used figuratively as the word Scent for Flavor or smack, trace or sign, color or appearance, for a quality generally indicating the presence of. 3 fig. The smallest or slightest remains or quantity of. Ex. vihirīnta pāṇyācā vāsa nāhīṃ. 4 A covert name, at night, for Assafœtida. vāsa kāḍhaṇēṃ -ghēṇēṃ -pāhaṇēṃ -śōdhaṇēṃ-lāvaṇēṃ g. of o. To scent or smell out; to track or trace. vāsa nighaṇēṃ-lāgaṇēṃ g. of s. To be scented out. vāsācā Of the smell or smack of; of the general quality or character of.
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vāsa (वास).—m (S) Abiding, dwelling, residing, staying: also an abode, a dwelling place, a habitation.
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vāsa (वास).—m n S Cloth: also clothes or an article of clothing. Ex. kṛṣṇavāsavēṣṭita viśēṣa || hātīṃ daravī ghētalī ||.
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vāsā (वासा) [or वांसा, vāṃsā].—m (vaṃśa S) A rafter; or a pole viewed as fit for a rafter. Pr. khāllyā gharacē vāsē mōjaṇēṃ To seek the evil of a benefactor. 2 fig. Applied to the backbone, the bone of the nose if extraordinarily large, a thick and coarse writing reed &c.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vaśa (वश).—p Subjected, subdued. Charmed.
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vasā (वसा).—m A self-imposed religious observance.
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vāsa (वास).—m Smell. Trace. The smallest remains of. Abiding. m n Cloth.
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vāsā (वासा).—m A rafter. khāllā gharacē vāsē mōjaṇēṃ To seek the evil of a bene- factor.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Vaśa (वश).—a. [vaś kartari ac bhāve ap vā]
1) Subject to, influenced by, under the influence or control of, usually in comp; शोकवशः, मृत्युवशः (śokavaśaḥ, mṛtyuvaśaḥ) &c.
2) Obedient, submissive, compliant.
3) Humbled, tamed.
4) Charmed, fascinated.
5) Subdued by charms.
-śaḥ, -śam 1 Wish, desire, wil; Ait. Up.5.2.
2) Power, influence, control, mastership, authority, subjection, submission; स्ववश (svavaśa) 'subject to oneself', independent; परवश (paravaśa) 'under the influence of others'; अनयत् प्रभुशक्तिसंपदा वशमेको नृपती- ननन्तरान् (anayat prabhuśaktisaṃpadā vaśameko nṛpatī- nanantarān) R.8.19; वशं नी (vaśaṃ nī), or आनी (ānī) to reduce to subjection, subdue, win over; वशं गम्-इ-या (vaśaṃ gam-i-yā) &c. to become subject to, give way, yield, submit; विषमालोड्य पास्यामि मा कीचकवशं गमम् (viṣamāloḍya pāsyāmi mā kīcakavaśaṃ gamam) Mb.4.21.48; न शुचो वशं वशिनामुत्तम गन्तुमर्हसि (na śuco vaśaṃ vaśināmuttama gantumarhasi) R.8.9; वशे कृ (vaśe kṛ) or वशीकृ (vaśīkṛ) to subdue, overcome, win over; to fascinate, bewitch; वशात् (vaśāt) (abl.) is frequently used adverbially in the sense of 'through the force, power or influence of', 'on account of', 'for the purpose of'; दैववशात्, वायुवशात्, कार्यवशात् (daivavaśāt, vāyuvaśāt, kāryavaśāt) &c.
3) Being tamed.
-śaḥ The residence of harlots.
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1) A woman.
2) A wife.
3) A daughter.
4) A husband's sister.
5) A cow.
6) A barren woman; वशाऽपुत्रासु चैवं स्याद्रक्षणं निष्कुलासु च (vaśā'putrāsu caivaṃ syādrakṣaṇaṃ niṣkulāsu ca) Ms.8.28.
7) A barren cow.
8) A female elephant; स्त्रीरत्नेषु ममोर्वशी प्रियतमा यूथे तवेयं वशा (strīratneṣu mamorvaśī priyatamā yūthe taveyaṃ vaśā) V.4.25.
9) A harlot; L. D. B.
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1) The marrow of the felsh, fat, marrow; adept, suet; निर्वान्त्यद्यापि नैते स्रुतबहलवसावाहिनो हव्य- वाहाः (nirvāntyadyāpi naite srutabahalavasāvāhino havya- vāhāḥ) Mu.3.28; R.15.16; Ve.1.27; शुद्धमांसस्य यः स्नेहः सा वसा परिकीर्तिता (śuddhamāṃsasya yaḥ snehaḥ sā vasā parikīrtitā) Suśr.
2) Any oily or fatty exudation.
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Vāsa (वास).—[vas nivāse ācchādane vā ghañ]
2) Living, dwelling; वासो यस्य हरेः करे (vāso yasya hareḥ kare) Bv.1.63; R.19.2; नरके नियतं वासो भवतीत्यनुशुश्रुम (narake niyataṃ vāso bhavatītyanuśuśruma) Bg.1.44.
3) An abode, a habitation, house; एष शाकुनिकः शेते तव वासं समाश्रितः (eṣa śākunikaḥ śete tava vāsaṃ samāśritaḥ) Mb.12.145.7.
4) Site, situation; अवाप्य वासं नरदेवपुत्राः (avāpya vāsaṃ naradevaputrāḥ) Mb.3.176.4.
5) A day's journey.
6) Imagination. (vāsanā).
8) Clothes, dress.
Derivable forms: vāsaḥ (वासः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 45 books and stories containing Vasa, Vāsā, Vāsa, Vasā, Vaśā or Vasha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXV - Symptoms of diseases of the head < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter XXVI - Treatment of diseases of the head < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter LI - Symptoms and Treatment of Asthma (Shvasa) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.6.1-3 < [Chapter 6 - Priyatama: The Most Beloved]
Verse 1.4.79 < [Chapter 4 - Bhakta: The Devotee]
Verse 1.2.87-88 < [Chapter 2 - Divya: In Heaven]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 5.133 < [Section XIII - Purification of Substances]
Verse 8.28 < [Section V - Protection of the Interest of Minors (bāla)]
Verse 8.123 < [Section XX - Penalty for Perjury]
Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation) (by Swami Lokeswarananda)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)