Muhurta, aka: Muhūrta, Muhūrtā; 9 Definition(s)
Muhurta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Muhūrta (मुहूर्त).—A measurement of time; thirty kalas making a day and a night, a muhūrta; 15 for day and 15 for night on an equinoctial day; 45 kalas one muhūrta; 15 muhūrtas make a day exactly in Viṣuvat; division of day into units of three muhūrtas;1 those of the afternoon are Raudra, Sārpa, Maitra, Pitṛya, Vāsava, Āpya, Vaiśvadeva and Brāhma; those of the day are Prājāpatya, Indra, Indrāgni, Nirṛti, Vāruṇa, Aryamana, and Bhaga; these are to be calculated according to the shadow cast by a gnomon; the muhūrtas of the night are the Ajaikapad, Ahirbudhnya, Pūṣāśvi, Yama, Āgneya, Prājāpatya, Saumya, Āditya, Bārhaspatya, Vaiṣṇava, Sāvitra, Tvāṣṭra, Vāyavya and Samgraha; time reckoned by the movement of the moon.2 Kṛṣṇa born in the Vijayamuhūrta;3 the eighth muhūrta said to be kutapa, auspicious for beginning any activity; the sun becomes manda or inactive then.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 11. 8; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 16; 21. 95, 116-22; 24. 56; 29. 6; IV. 1. 76, 213, 216; 32. 14; Matsya-purāṇa 124. 86-91; 142. 4; 203. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 13; 100. 215, 218; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 3. 9; II. 8. 59-61; VI. 3. 9.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 32, 39-45; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 33.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 206; 72. 30.
- 4) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 84-5.
2) Muhūrtā (मुहूर्ता).—A daughter of Dakṣa and one of Dharma's ten wives; begot Muhūrtaka gaṇa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 4 and 9; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 3 and 32; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 16, 18; 203. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 33; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 105-6.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Muhūrta (योग) is a Sanskrit technical term referring a division of time (48 minutes). There are 30 muhūrtas in a single day (vāra; comprises day and night). The term is used throughout Jyotiṣa literature.Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Muhūrta (मुहूर्त).—A time unit equal to one-thirtieth of a day. Note: Muhūrta is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Muhūrta (मुहूर्त, “division of time”).—In the Hindu division of time a day is divided in thirty parts called muhūrtas, each with a duration of forty-eight minutes. The composition of these “moments” are defined in the Vedic Brāhmanạs.
These are the names:
- Jīva-muhūrta (also known as Amṛta-muhūrta),
The year is reckoned to comprise 360 days-and-nights, each having thirty muhūrtas (“hours” of forty-eight minutes), so that one year has 10,8000 muhūrtas.
The thirty muhūrtas are based on the parallelism of three principal time cycles, each split into luminous and dark halves in the Veda:
- a (twenty-four-hour) nychthemeron of thirty muhūrtas comprising a day of fifteen muhūrtas and a night of fifteen muhūrtas;
- a month of thirty days comprising the “white half” of the waxing moon (fifteen days) and the “black half” of the waning moon (fifteen days);
- and a year of twelve months (twenty-fou half-months), comprising the auspicious “northern course” of the sun (six months or twelve half-months), and its ominous “southern course” (again six months or twelve half-months).
In Yajurvedic ritual, it was of the greates importance to make a sacrifice to accompany every transition from one half to the other in these three time cycles.Source: Google Books: The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and the Indus Civilization
General definition (in Jainism)
Muhūrta (मुहूर्त) refers to an “Indian-hour” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.40.—What is the duration of one nādi? It consists of 38.5 lava. What is an Indian-hour (muhūrta)? It consists of two nādis. What is the meaning of different durations of intra-Indian-hour (antara-muhūrta). Reducing muhūrta by one time-instant or more time-instants results in antara-muhūrta. What is the meaning of bhinna-muhūrta. Reducing muhūrta by two time-instants results in bhinna-muhūrta.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
muhūrta (मुहूर्त).—m An hour of 48 minutes. Fig. The fit time.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Muhūrta (मुहूर्त).—[hurch-kta dhātoḥ pūrvaṃ muṭ ca Tv.]
1) A moment, any short portion of time, an instant; नवाम्बुदानीकमुहूर्त- लाञ्छने (navāmbudānīkamuhūrta- lāñchane) R.3.53; संध्याभ्ररेखेव मुहूर्तरागाः (saṃdhyābhrarekheva muhūrtarāgāḥ) Pt.1.194; Me.19; Ku.7.5.
2) A period, time (auspicious or otherwise).
3) A period of 48 minutes.
-rtaḥ An astrologer.
Derivable forms: muhūrtaḥ (मुहूर्तः), muhūrtam (मुहूर्तम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 110 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Brāhmamuhūrta (ब्राह्ममुहूर्त).—The period of forty-eight minutes before the sunrise is called ...
Lagnamuhūrta (लग्नमुहूर्त).—auspicious time, the time fixed upon (by astrologers &c.) as auspi...
Antaramuhūrta (अन्तरमुहूर्त) refers to an “intra-Indian-hour” according to the 2nd-century Tatt...
Bhinnamuhūrta (भिन्नमुहूर्त) refers to a unit of time according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasū...
Jīva-muhūrta (जीव-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used in a...
Amṛta-muhūrta (अमृत-मुहूर्त):—Another name for “Jīva-muhūrta”, which is a name for a s...
Samudra-muhūrta (समुद्र-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, use...
Kaṇḍa-muhūrta (कण्ड-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used in...
Bhaga-muhūrta (भग-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used in a...
Yama-muhūrta (यम-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used in an...
Naktanakarā-muhūrta (नक्तनकरा-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the da...
Mitra-muhūrta (मित्र-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used i...
Vasu-muhūrta (वसु-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used in a...
Vidhātṛ-muhūrta (विधातृ-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, use...
Puṣya-muhūrta (पुष्य-मुहूर्त):—Name for a specific portion or phase of the day, used i...
Search found 49 books and stories containing Muhurta, Muhūrta or Muhūrtā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 3 - The race of Dharma: three attributes of the self-born God < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 21 - Description of the solar system < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 1 - Description of the dissolution of the Universe (a) < [Section 4a - Upasaṃhāra-pāda]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1.64 < [Section XXXVII - Measures of Time]
Verse 4.92 < [Section XI - Daily Duties]
Verse 7.145 < [Section XII - Daily Routine of Work]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 31 - Description of Creation (2) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 13 - The glory of the Purāṇas < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 8 - The span of life of the trinity < [Section 7.1 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (1)]
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa X, adhyāya 4, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Tenth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XII, adhyāya 3, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Twelfth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa X, adhyāya 4, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Tenth Kāṇḍa]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 1: Mahāvīra’s omniscience < [Chapter V - Mahāvīra’s omniscience and the originating of the fourfold congregation]
Part 15: Mahāvīra’s (Vīra’s) mokṣa (nirvāṇa, emancipation) < [Chapter XIII - Śrī Mahāvīra’s nirvāṇa]
Part 32: Description of the Upper World (ūrdhvaloka) < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]