Pashupati, aka: Paśupati, Pasupati, Pashu-pati, Paśūpati; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pashupati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Paśupati and Paśūpati can be transliterated into English as Pasupati or Pashupati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Paśupati (पशुपति):—One of the eight names of Rudra, given to him by Brahmā, according to the Pādma-purāṇa. This aspect became the presiding deity over the air. The corresponding name of the consort is Svāhā. His son is called Sarga.

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pashupati in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Paśupati (पशुपति) refers to one of the eight names of Śiva (śivanāma) and is mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] the eight names of Śiva viz:—Hara, Maheśvara, Śambhu, Śūlapāṇi, Pinākadhṛk, Śiva, Paśupati and Mahādeva shall be used respectively for the rites of bringing the clay, kneading, installation, invocation, ceremonial ablution, worship, craving the forbearance and ritualistic farewell. Each of the names shall be prefixed with Oṃkāra. The name shall be used in the dative case and Namaḥ shall be added to them. The rites shall be performed respectively with great devotion and joy. [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation

1a) Paśupati (पशुपति).—Fourth name of Śiva; the fifth tanu of Agni; has pacikaśakti; wife Svāhā and son Skanda;1 hence fire to be kept clean.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 80; Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 11, 53; 30. 89.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 13 and 45.

1b) See Rudra;1 the presiding deity of fire.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 154. 485. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 6; V. 18. 56.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 162. 9; 265. 40.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Paśūpati (पशूपति) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Paśū-pati) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

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Paśupati (पशुपति) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Nepāla, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Paśupati) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Paśupati (पशुपति).—Owing to ignorance human beings are caught entangled in a circle of life and death. Human beings are paśu animals and are bound by pāśa bonds and it is Śiva who cuts off these bonds. That is the reason why He is called Paśupati.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śaivism)
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Pashupati in Pali glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pasupati : (m.) the god īsvara.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

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paśupati (पशुपति).—m (S) A name of Shiva as Lord of all living creatures.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paśupati (पशुपति).—m A name of Shiva as Lord of all living creatures. Blockhead.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pashupati in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Paśupati (पशुपति).—

1) an epithet of Śiva; Me.38,58; पशुपतिरपि तान्यहानि कृच्छ्रादगमयदद्रिसुतासमा- गमोत्कः (paśupatirapi tānyahāni kṛcchrādagamayadadrisutāsamā- gamotkaḥ) Ku.6.95. कस्त्वं (kastvaṃ) ? शूली (śūlī),.........पशुपतिर्नैव दृश्ये विषाणे (paśupatirnaiva dṛśye viṣāṇe) Subhāṣ.

2) a herdsman, owner of cattle.

3) Name of a philosopher who taught the philosophical doctrine called पाशुपत (pāśupata); see Sarva. S. ad loc.

Derivable forms: paśupatiḥ (पशुपतिः).

Paśupati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms paśu and pati (पति).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 946 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Prajapati
Prajāpati (प्रजापति).—m. (1) n. of one of the 16 devaputra who guard the bodhimaṇḍa: LV 277.12;...
Pashu
Paśu.—(EI 8), animal sacrifice. Cf. a-paśu-medhya (IE 8-5), ‘free from the obligation of supply...
Senapati
Senāpati (सेनापति).—1) a general. 2) Name of Śiva. 3) Name of Kārtikeya. 4) A leader of ten पत्...
Ganapati
Gaṇapati is the name of deity as found depicted in the Meenakshi Temple in Madurai (or Madura),...
Grihapati
Gṛhapati (गृहपति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. A house. holder, a man of the second class, or who after having...
Pati
Patī (पती) refers to a “hero married to a woman” and represents one of the three kinds of “hero...
Ashvapati
Āsvapati (आस्वपति).—(*), nowhere recorded except in BHS ppp. āsupta, and caus. adj. or nom. act...
Gopati
Gopati (गोपति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. Of Indra. 3. The sun. 4. A king. 5. A bull. E. ...
Umapati
Umāpati (उमापति).—m. (-tiḥ) A name of Siva. E. umā and pati master; the husband of Uma.
Danapati
Dānapati (दानपति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. A liberal or munificent man. 2. A name of Akrura, the kinsman o...
Gajapati
Gajapati.—(IE 8-2; EI 9, 30; CII 4; HD), ‘the lord of elephants’; officer in charge of the elep...
Sabhapati
Sabhāpati (सभापति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. The keeper of a gaming-house. 2. The president of an assembly....
Camupati
Camūpati (चमूपति).—m. (-tiḥ) A general of division, any general. E. camū, and pati master.
Bhogapati
Bhogapati (भोगपति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. A viceroy, a governor. 2. A person having possession or usufru...
Tarapati
Tarapati.—(IE 8-3; CII 4; HD), officer in charge of the ferries; superintendent of the ferries;...

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