Pashupati, aka: Paśupati, Pasupati, Pashu-pati, Paśūpati; 11 Definition(s)
Pashupati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Paśupati and Paśūpati can be transliterated into English as Pasupati or Pashupati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Paśupati (पशुपति):—One of the eight names of Rudra, given to him by Brahmā, according to the Pādma-purāṇa. This aspect became the presiding deity over the air. The corresponding name of the consort is Svāhā. His son is called Sarga.Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Paśupati (पशुपति) refers to one of the eight names of Śiva (śivanāma) and is mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] the eight names of Śiva viz:—Hara, Maheśvara, Śambhu, Śūlapāṇi, Pinākadhṛk, Śiva, Paśupati and Mahādeva shall be used respectively for the rites of bringing the clay, kneading, installation, invocation, ceremonial ablution, worship, craving the forbearance and ritualistic farewell. Each of the names shall be prefixed with Oṃkāra. The name shall be used in the dative case and Namaḥ shall be added to them. The rites shall be performed respectively with great devotion and joy. [...]”.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 80; Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 11, 53; 30. 89.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 13 and 45.
Paśūpati (पशूपति) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Paśū-pati) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Paśupati (पशुपति) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Nepāla, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Paśupati) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Paśupati (पशुपति).—Owing to ignorance human beings are caught entangled in a circle of life and death. Human beings are paśu animals and are bound by pāśa bonds and it is Śiva who cuts off these bonds. That is the reason why He is called Paśupati.Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śaivism)
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
pasupati : (m.) the god īsvara.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
paśupati (पशुपति).—m (S) A name of Shiva as Lord of all living creatures.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
paśupati (पशुपति).—m A name of Shiva as Lord of all living creatures. Blockhead.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) an epithet of Śiva; Me.38,58; पशुपतिरपि तान्यहानि कृच्छ्रादगमयदद्रिसुतासमा- गमोत्कः (paśupatirapi tānyahāni kṛcchrādagamayadadrisutāsamā- gamotkaḥ) Ku.6.95. कस्त्वं (kastvaṃ) ? शूली (śūlī),.........पशुपतिर्नैव दृश्ये विषाणे (paśupatirnaiva dṛśye viṣāṇe) Subhāṣ.
2) a herdsman, owner of cattle.
3) Name of a philosopher who taught the philosophical doctrine called पाशुपत (pāśupata); see Sarva. S. ad loc.
Derivable forms: paśupatiḥ (पशुपतिः).
Paśupati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms paśu and pati (पति).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Prajāpati (प्रजापति).—m. (1) n. of one of the 16 devaputra who guard the bodhimaṇḍa: LV 277.12;...
Paśu.—(EI 8), animal sacrifice. Cf. a-paśu-medhya (IE 8-5), ‘free from the obligation of supply...
Senāpati (सेनापति).—1) a general. 2) Name of Śiva. 3) Name of Kārtikeya. 4) A leader of ten पत्...
Gaṇapati is the name of deity as found depicted in the Meenakshi Temple in Madurai (or Madura),...
Gṛhapati (गृहपति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. A house. holder, a man of the second class, or who after having...
Patī (पती) refers to a “hero married to a woman” and represents one of the three kinds of “hero...
Āsvapati (आस्वपति).—(*), nowhere recorded except in BHS ppp. āsupta, and caus. adj. or nom. act...
Gopati (गोपति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. Of Indra. 3. The sun. 4. A king. 5. A bull. E. ...
Umāpati (उमापति).—m. (-tiḥ) A name of Siva. E. umā and pati master; the husband of Uma.
Dānapati (दानपति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. A liberal or munificent man. 2. A name of Akrura, the kinsman o...
Gajapati.—(IE 8-2; EI 9, 30; CII 4; HD), ‘the lord of elephants’; officer in charge of the elep...
Sabhāpati (सभापति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. The keeper of a gaming-house. 2. The president of an assembly....
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Search found 34 books and stories containing Pashupati, Paśupati, Pasupati, Pashu-pati or Paśūpati. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Hiraṇyakeśin-gṛhya-sūtra (by Hiraṇyakeśin)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 2 - The eight forms of Śiva < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
Chapter 3 - Upamanyu’s advice to lord Kṛṣṇa < [Section 7.2 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (2)]
Chapter 9 - Śiva’s campaign < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Āśvalāyana)
Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra (by Baudhāyana)
Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Śāṅkhāyana)