Pashupati, aka: Pashu-pati, Paśupati, Pasupati, Paśūpati; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pashupati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Paśupati and Paśūpati can be transliterated into English as Pasupati or Pashupati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Paśupati (पशुपति):—One of the eight names of Rudra, given to him by Brahmā, according to the Pādma-purāṇa. This aspect became the presiding deity over the air. The corresponding name of the consort is Svāhā. His son is called Sarga.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of pashupati or pasupati in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana

1a) Paśupati (पशुपति).—Fourth name of Śiva; the fifth tanu of Agni; has pacikaśakti; wife Svāhā and son Skanda;1 hence fire to be kept clean.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 80; Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 11, 53; 30. 89.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 13 and 45.

1b) See Rudra;1 the presiding deity of fire.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 154. 485. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 6; V. 18. 56.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 162. 9; 265. 40.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Paśupati (पशुपति) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Nepāla, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Paśupati) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Paśupati (पशुपति).—Owing to ignorance human beings are caught entangled in a circle of life and death. Human beings are paśu animals and are bound by pāśa bonds and it is Śiva who cuts off these bonds. That is the reason why He is called Paśupati.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śaivism)
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Itihasa (narrative history)

Paśūpati (पशूपति) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Paśū-pati) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

pasupati : (m.) the god īsvara.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

paśupati (पशुपति).—m (S) A name of Shiva as Lord of all living creatures.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paśupati (पशुपति).—m A name of Shiva as Lord of all living creatures. Blockhead.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paśupati (पशुपति).—

1) an epithet of Śiva; Me.38,58; पशुपतिरपि तान्यहानि कृच्छ्रादगमयदद्रिसुतासमा- गमोत्कः (paśupatirapi tānyahāni kṛcchrādagamayadadrisutāsamā- gamotkaḥ) Ku.6.95. कस्त्वं (kastvaṃ) ? शूली (śūlī),.........पशुपतिर्नैव दृश्ये विषाणे (paśupatirnaiva dṛśye viṣāṇe) Subhāṣ.

2) a herdsman, owner of cattle.

3) Name of a philosopher who taught the philosophical doctrine called पाशुपत (pāśupata); see Sarva. S. ad loc.

Derivable forms: paśupatiḥ (पशुपतिः).

Paśupati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms paśu and pati (पति).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

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