Tikshna, Tīkṣṇā, Tīkṣṇa: 15 definitions


Tikshna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Tīkṣṇā and Tīkṣṇa can be transliterated into English as Tiksna or Tikshna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण, “sharp”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Tīkṣṇa is the characteristic of a drug referring to its ‘sharpness’, while its opposing quality, Manda, refers to its ‘dullness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Tīkṣṇa, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Pitta (bodily humour in control of digestion and metabolism), while it aggrevates the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Fire (agni).

2) Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण) is another name for Rājasarṣapa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Brassica nigra (black mustard), from the Brassicaceae family. Certain plant parts of Rājasarṣapa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 16.121), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण, “sharp”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteristics of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the rasa, vīrya and vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By vīrya [eg., Tīkṣṇa], the working capacity and potency is meant”.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Tīkṣṇā (तीक्ष्णा) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Tīkṣṇā and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Tīkṣṇā (तीक्ष्णा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Tejovatī, a medicinal plant similar to Jyotiṣmatī Celastrus paniculatus (black oil plant or intellect tree) from the Celastraceae or “staff vine” or “bittersweet family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.82. The Raj Nighantu reads Jyotiṣmatī and Tejovatī together while Bāpālāl identifies Tejovatī with Zanthoxylum budrunga (cape yellowwood or Indian ivy-rue) from the Rutaceae or “rue” or “citrus” family.

3) Tīkṣṇā (तीक्ष्णा) is another name for Atyamlaparṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 3.130-131. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Vaidyaka Śabda Sindhu equates Atyamlaparṇī with Amlaloṇī (Cāṅgerī) Oxalis corniculata Linn. (also known as creeping woodsorrel or sleeping beauty) but Chopra identifies Cāṅgerī as Rumex dentatus Linn.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—Utterance with a sharp tone characterizing the pronunciation of the Abhinihita kind of circumflex vowel as opposed to the utterance which is called मृदु (mṛdu) when the circumflex, called पादवृत्त (pādavṛtta), is pronounced; cf. सर्वतीक्ष्णोऽभिनिहितः प्रश्लिष्टस्तदनन्तरम्, ततो मृदुतरौ स्वारौ जात्यक्षै-प्रावुभौ स्मृतौ । ततो मृदुतरः स्वारस्तैरोव्यञ्जन उच्यते । पादवृत्तो मृदुतमस्त्वेतत्स्वारबलाबलम् (sarvatīkṣṇo'bhinihitaḥ praśliṣṭastadanantaram, tato mṛdutarau svārau jātyakṣai-prāvubhau smṛtau | tato mṛdutaraḥ svārastairovyañjana ucyate | pādavṛtto mṛdutamastvetatsvārabalābalam) Uvvata on V. Pr. I. 125.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.21, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tīkṣṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Society State and Polity: A Survey

Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण, “fireband”) refers to one of the various covers of spies, forming part of a the intelligence apparatus of a state (rājya), according to the ancient Indian science of Society and Polity, as defined in Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra (4th century BCE).—Kauṭilya suggests mass participation in intelligence gathering through institutions such as religion. Spies could be under the guises such as tīkṣṇa.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण) is a Sanskrit word roughly translating to “sharp”, “hot”, “pungent”, “fiery”, “acid” or “harsh”, “rough”, “rude” or “sharp”, “keen” etc..

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—a (S) Pungent, hot, biting. 2 Vehement or fierce--fire &c. 3 fig. Keen, zealous, enthusiastic: apt, acute, intelligent: sharp, severe, sarcastic, cutting, biting.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—a Pungent. Vehement. Fig. Zeal- ous. Sharp; cutting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—a. [tij-ksna Uṇ.3.18.]

1) Sharp (in all senses), pungent; तीक्ष्णा नारुंतुदा बुद्धिः (tīkṣṇā nāruṃtudā buddhiḥ) Śi. 2.19.

2) Hot, warm (as rays); विवस्वता तीक्ष्णतरांशुमालिनी (vivasvatā tīkṣṇatarāṃśumālinī) Ṛs.1.18.

3) Fiery, passionate.

4) Hard, forcible, strong (as upāya); आश्रयो धार्तराष्ट्राणां मानी तीक्ष्णपराक्रमः (āśrayo dhārtarāṣṭrāṇāṃ mānī tīkṣṇaparākramaḥ) Mb.12.1.2.

5) Rude, cross.

6) Severe, harsh, rough, strict; तीक्ष्ण- श्चैव मृदुश्च स्यात्कार्यं वीक्ष्य महीपतिः (tīkṣṇa- ścaiva mṛduśca syātkāryaṃ vīkṣya mahīpatiḥ) Ms.7.14.

7) Injurious, inauspicious.

8) Keen.

9) Intelligent, clever.

1) Zealous, vehement, energetic.

11) Devoted, self-abandoning.

12) Unfriendly, unfavourable.

13) Devout, ascetic, pious.

-kṣṇaḥ 1 Nitre.

2) Long pepper.

3) Black pepper.

3) Black mustard.

-kṣṇam 1 Iron.

2) Steel.

3) Heat, pungency.

4) War, battle.

5) Poison.

6) Death.

7) A weapon.

8) Sea-salt.

9) Haste.

1) Anything sharp (as words &c.).

11) Plague, pestilence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tikṣṇa (तिक्ष्ण).—[, Lefm., Tikṣu, Foucaux with v.l., wrong readings for Tiṣya, q.v. (Tibetan ḥod ldan) at Lalitavistara 172.3. Calcutta (see LV.) reads Vikṣu.]

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Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—name of a nāga: Mahāvyutpatti 3314.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—mfn.

(-kṣṇaḥ-kṣṇā-kṣṇaṃ) 1. Hot, warm. 2. Hot, pungent. 3. Self-devoted, self-abandoning, committing suicide, &c. 4. Zealous, active, warm. 5. Keen, intelligent. 6. Devout, ascetic, a devotee, a zealot. 7. Sharp, (as a sword.) n.

(-kṣṇaṃ) 1. Heat, warmth. 2. Poison. 3. Iron. 4. War, battle. 5. Plague, pestilence, epidemic, destruction. 6. Death, dying. 7. Any weapon. 8. Haste, hurry. 9. Sea salt. 10. The scrotum or testicles. 11. Any metal. 12. Pungency, the heat of pepper, &c. m.

(-kṣṇaḥ) Nitre. f.

(-kṣṇā) 1. Orris root. 2. The cast skin of a snake. E. tij to sharpen or be sharp, Unadi affix ksna .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—i. e. tij + sna, I. adj., f. ṇā, 1. Sharp, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 44, 22. 2. Hot, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 18; flashing, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 29, 14. 3. Energetic, Chr. 49, 14. 4. Of a pungent taste, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 17, 9. 5. Harsh, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 140. 6. Subtle, [Śiśupālavadha] 2, 109. Ii. n. Harsh speech, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 35, 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—[adjective] sharp, hot, pungent, acid; harsh, rude, noxious; eager, quick; subtle, keen, intelligent. [masculine] a man’s name; [feminine] [Name] of [several] plants; [neuter] [adverb], as subst. *iron, poison, slaughter.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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