Tikshna, Tīkṣṇā, Tīkṣṇa: 22 definitions
Tikshna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Tīkṣṇā and Tīkṣṇa can be transliterated into English as Tiksna or Tikshna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Tikshn.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
1) Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण, “sharp”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Tīkṣṇa is the characteristic of a drug referring to its ‘sharpness’, while its opposing quality, Manda, refers to its ‘dullness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.
The quality of Tīkṣṇa, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Pitta (bodily humour in control of digestion and metabolism), while it aggrevates the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Fire (agni).
2) Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण) is another name for Rājasarṣapa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Brassica nigra (black mustard), from the Brassicaceae family. Certain plant parts of Rājasarṣapa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 16.121), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण, “sharp”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteristics of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the rasa, vīrya and vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By vīrya [eg., Tīkṣṇa], the working capacity and potency is meant”.Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण) refers to “pungent”, which is mentioned in verse 3.19 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Having removed the surplus phlegm by pungent [viz., tīkṣṇa] emetics and sternutatories etc., by light and rough food, (and) by gymnastics, massage, and treading [...]”.
Note: Tīkṣṇa (“pungent”), though doubtless meant to be an attribute of “vamananasyādya”—“emetics, sternutatories, etc.” and also treated like that by the commentators, has been turned into a noun (rno, “pungent substance”) and co-ordinated with what follows by the insertion of daṅ (“and”).Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
1) Tīkṣṇā (तीक्ष्णा) is another name for Kapikacchu, a medicinal plant identified with Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean or cowhage or cowitch) from the Fabaceae or “bean family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.50-53 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Tīkṣṇā and Kapikacchu, there are a total of twenty-six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
2) Tīkṣṇā (तीक्ष्णा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Tejovatī, a medicinal plant similar to Jyotiṣmatī Celastrus paniculatus (black oil plant or intellect tree) from the Celastraceae or “staff vine” or “bittersweet family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.82. The Raj Nighantu reads Jyotiṣmatī and Tejovatī together while Bāpālāl identifies Tejovatī with Zanthoxylum budrunga (cape yellowwood or Indian ivy-rue) from the Rutaceae or “rue” or “citrus” family.
3) Tīkṣṇā (तीक्ष्णा) is another name for Atyamlaparṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 3.130-131. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Vaidyaka Śabda Sindhu equates Atyamlaparṇī with Amlaloṇī (Cāṅgerī) Oxalis corniculata Linn. (also known as creeping woodsorrel or sleeping beauty) but Chopra identifies Cāṅgerī as Rumex dentatus Linn.Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण, “sharp”) and Manda (“dull”) refers to one of the ten counterpart-couples of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Manda (“dull”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth, water and the associated actions of “slowing/pacifying/śamana”; while Tīkṣṇa (“sharp”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of fire and is associated with the action “penetrating/purifying/śodhana”.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—Utterance with a sharp tone characterizing the pronunciation of the Abhinihita kind of circumflex vowel as opposed to the utterance which is called मृदु (mṛdu) when the circumflex, called पादवृत्त (pādavṛtta), is pronounced; cf. सर्वतीक्ष्णोऽभिनिहितः प्रश्लिष्टस्तदनन्तरम्, ततो मृदुतरौ स्वारौ जात्यक्षै-प्रावुभौ स्मृतौ । ततो मृदुतरः स्वारस्तैरोव्यञ्जन उच्यते । पादवृत्तो मृदुतमस्त्वेतत्स्वारबलाबलम् (sarvatīkṣṇo'bhinihitaḥ praśliṣṭastadanantaram, tato mṛdutarau svārau jātyakṣai-prāvubhau smṛtau | tato mṛdutaraḥ svārastairovyañjana ucyate | pādavṛtto mṛdutamastvetatsvārabalābalam) Uvvata on V. Pr. I. 125.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.21, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Tīkṣṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Society State and Polity: A Survey
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण, “fireband”) refers to one of the various covers of spies, forming part of a the intelligence apparatus of a state (rājya), according to the ancient Indian science of Society and Polity, as defined in Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra (4th century BCE).—Kauṭilya suggests mass participation in intelligence gathering through institutions such as religion. Spies could be under the guises such as tīkṣṇa.
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण) is a Sanskrit word roughly translating to “sharp”, “hot”, “pungent”, “fiery”, “acid” or “harsh”, “rough”, “rude” or “sharp”, “keen” etc..
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—a (S) Pungent, hot, biting. 2 Vehement or fierce--fire &c. 3 fig. Keen, zealous, enthusiastic: apt, acute, intelligent: sharp, severe, sarcastic, cutting, biting.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—a Pungent. Vehement. Fig. Zeal- ous. Sharp; cutting.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—a. [tij-ksna Uṇ.3.18.]
1) Sharp (in all senses), pungent; तीक्ष्णा नारुंतुदा बुद्धिः (tīkṣṇā nāruṃtudā buddhiḥ) Śi. 2.19.
2) Hot, warm (as rays); विवस्वता तीक्ष्णतरांशुमालिनी (vivasvatā tīkṣṇatarāṃśumālinī) Ṛs.1.18.
3) Fiery, passionate.
4) Hard, forcible, strong (as upāya); आश्रयो धार्तराष्ट्राणां मानी तीक्ष्णपराक्रमः (āśrayo dhārtarāṣṭrāṇāṃ mānī tīkṣṇaparākramaḥ) Mb.12.1.2.
5) Rude, cross.
6) Severe, harsh, rough, strict; तीक्ष्ण- श्चैव मृदुश्च स्यात्कार्यं वीक्ष्य महीपतिः (tīkṣṇa- ścaiva mṛduśca syātkāryaṃ vīkṣya mahīpatiḥ) Ms.7.14.
7) Injurious, inauspicious.
9) Intelligent, clever.
1) Zealous, vehement, energetic.
11) Devoted, self-abandoning.
12) Unfriendly, unfavourable.
13) Devout, ascetic, pious.
-kṣṇaḥ 1 Nitre.
2) Long pepper.
3) Black pepper.
3) Black mustard.
-kṣṇam 1 Iron.
3) Heat, pungency.
4) War, battle.
7) A weapon.
1) Anything sharp (as words &c.).
11) Plague, pestilence.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Tikṣṇa (तिक्ष्ण).—[, Lefm., Tikṣu, Foucaux with v.l., wrong readings for Tiṣya, q.v. (Tibetan ḥod ldan) at Lalitavistara 172.3. Calcutta (see LV.) reads Vikṣu.]
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Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—name of a nāga: Mahāvyutpatti 3314.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kṣṇaḥ-kṣṇā-kṣṇaṃ) 1. Hot, warm. 2. Hot, pungent. 3. Self-devoted, self-abandoning, committing suicide, &c. 4. Zealous, active, warm. 5. Keen, intelligent. 6. Devout, ascetic, a devotee, a zealot. 7. Sharp, (as a sword.) n.
(-kṣṇaṃ) 1. Heat, warmth. 2. Poison. 3. Iron. 4. War, battle. 5. Plague, pestilence, epidemic, destruction. 6. Death, dying. 7. Any weapon. 8. Haste, hurry. 9. Sea salt. 10. The scrotum or testicles. 11. Any metal. 12. Pungency, the heat of pepper, &c. m.
(-kṣṇaḥ) Nitre. f.
(-kṣṇā) 1. Orris root. 2. The cast skin of a snake. E. tij to sharpen or be sharp, Unadi affix ksna .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—i. e. tij + sna, I. adj., f. ṇā, 1. Sharp, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 44, 22. 2. Hot, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 18; flashing, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 29, 14. 3. Energetic,
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण).—[adjective] sharp, hot, pungent, acid; harsh, rude, noxious; eager, quick; subtle, keen, intelligent. [masculine] a man’s name; [feminine] [Name] of [several] plants; [neuter] [adverb], as subst. *iron, poison, slaughter.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण):—mf(ā)n. (√tij) sharp, hot, pungent, fiery, acid, [Ṛg-veda x, 87, 9; Atharva-veda] etc.
2) harsh, rough, rude, [Manu-smṛti vii, 140; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
3) sharp, keen, [Śiśupāla-vadha ii, 109; Pāṇini 5-2, 76; Kāśikā-vṛtti]
4) zealous, vehement, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) self-abandoning, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) (with gati, ‘a planet’s course’, or nakṣatra ‘asterism’) inauspicious, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā vii, 8 and 10]
7) [iic, 7](asterisms Mūla, Ārdrā, Jyeṣṭhā, Ā-śleṣā)
8) m. nitre, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) = -taṇḍulā, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]
10) black pepper, [ib.]
11) black mustard, [ib.]
12) = -gandhaka, [ib.]
13) = -sārā, [ib.]
14) marjoram, [ib.]
15) white Kuśa or Darbha grass, [ib.]
16) the resin of Boswellia thurifera, [ib.]
17) an ascetic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
18) ([gana] aśvādi) Name of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī viii, 1742 f.]
19) of a Nāga, [Buddhist literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
20) n. [plural] sharp language, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 35, 33; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa xxxiv, 46]
21) sg. steel (cf. -varman), [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]
22) iron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
23) any weapon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]
24) sea-salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
25) nitre, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
26) Galmei, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]
27) poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
28) Bignonia suaveolens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
29) Piper Chaba, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
30) Asa foetida, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]
31) battle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
32) pestilence, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
33) death, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]
34) heat, pungency, [Horace H. Wilson]
35) haste, [Horace H. Wilson]
36) Tīkṣṇā (तीक्ष्णा):—[from tīkṣṇa] f. Name of several plants (Mucuna pruritus, Cardiospermum Halicacabum, black mustard, atyamla-parṇī, mahā-jyotiṣmatī, vacā, sarpakaṅkālikā), [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]
37) [v.s. ...] a mystical Name of the letter p, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad i, 77]
38) [v.s. ...] cf. a-, su-.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण):—(kṣṇaṃ) 1. n. Heat, pungency; poison; iron; war; plague; death; a weapon; haste; scrotum; sea salt; metal. m. Nitre. f. Orris root; the skin of a snake cast off. a. Hot, pungent, sharp, keen, zealous, self-devoted.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
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1) tīkṣṇopāya ein scharfes Mittel [Halāyudha 2, 216.] śatrumunmūlayetprājñastīkṣṇaṃ tīkṣṇena śatruṇā [Spr. 2943.] dūta fein [?4310. Zu Sp. 342. Z. 22. fgg.] vgl. [WEBER, Nakṣ. 2,] [?385; zu Z. 24 Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 3, 55, Einl.] — Vgl. mahā .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) Adj. (f. ā) , tīkṣṇam Adv. tīkṣṇataraund tikṣṇīyaṃs Compar. (vgl. jedoch tekṣṇiṣṭham) , — a) scharf , spitzig. — b) stechend , heiss brennend (auch von einem Geschmack). — c) scharf , so v.a. intensiv , heftig. — d) scharf , so v.a. streng unwirsch , rauh , verletzend. tīkṣṇam Adv. [Mahābhārata 5,4,5.] — e) scharf , so v.a. scharfsinnig , fein. — f) . gati f. Bez. einer best. Planetenbahn. — g) nakṣatrāṇi Bez. der Mondhäuser Mūla , Ārdrā , Gyeṣthā und Āśleṣā. Angeblich auch m. —
2) m. — a) *Salpeter. — b) *langer und *schwarzer Pfeffer. — c) *schwarzer Senf. — d) *Moringa pterygosperma. — e) *Dalbergia Sissoo. — f) *Majoran. — g) *weisses Kuśaoder Darbha-Gras. — h) *das Harz der Boswellia thurifera. — i) *ein Asket. — k) Nomen proprium — α) verschiedener Männer. — β) *eines Schlangendämons. —
3) f. tīkṣṇā — a) Bez. *verschiedener Pflanzen: Mucuna pruritus , Cardiospermum Halicacabum , schwarzer Senf , = atyamlaparṇī , mahājyotiṣmatī , vacā und sarpakaṅkālikā. — b) mystische Bez. des Lautes. pa. —
4) — a) scharfe Worte , etwas Scharfes , — Verletzendes. — b) Stahl ; vgl. vaman. — c) *Eisen. — d) *Geschoss. — e) Seesalz. — f) *Salpeter. — g) *Galmei. — h) *Gift. — i) Bignonia suaveolens. — k) *Piper Chaba. — l) *Asa foetida. — m) *Kampf. — n) *Seuche. — o) *Tod.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Tīkṣṇa (तीक्ष्ण) [Also spelled tikshn]:—(a) sharp; keen; pungent; intelligent; penetrating; ~[dṛṣṭi] (endowed with) keen/penetrating vision; of keen obser vation; ~[buddhi] nimble-witted, keenly intelligent; keen intelligence.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+57): Tikshnabhanga, Tikshnabuddhi, Tikshnadamshtra, Tikshnadamshtraka, Tikshnadamshtrata, Tikshnadana, Tikshnadanda, Tikshnadhara, Tikshnadharaka, Tikshnadhuma, Tikshnagandha, Tikshnagandhaka, Tikshnagni, Tikshnagra, Tikshnahridaya, Tikshnahridayatva, Tikshnai, Tikshnaka, Tikshnakalka, Tikshnakalpa.
Full-text (+128): Mahatikshna, Tikshnapushpa, Tikshnashuka, Tikshnadhara, Tikshnarasa, Sutikshna, Tikshnadamshtra, Tikshnatandula, Tikshnakanda, Tikshnagni, Tikshnayasa, Tikshnaphala, Atikshna, Tikshnamshu, Tikshnavrishana, Tikshnatva, Tikshnata, Taikshnayana, Tikshnamanjari, Tikshnasara.
Search found 26 books and stories containing Tikshna, Tiksna, Tīkṣṇā, Tīkṣṇa, Tikṣṇa, Ṭīkṣṇa; (plurals include: Tikshnas, Tiksnas, Tīkṣṇās, Tīkṣṇas, Tikṣṇas, Ṭīkṣṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 12 - Conducting Mining Operations and Manufacture < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 13 - Superintendent of Gold in the Goldsmiths’ Office < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 14 - The Duties of the State Goldsmith in the High Road < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 11 - Treatment of Piles (10): Tiksna-mukha rasa < [Chapter V - Piles]
Part 50 - Treatment for chronic diarrhea (22): Sarvarogya rasa < [Chapter III - Jvaratisara fever with diarrhoea]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 18 - Iron variety (d): Mandura iron < [Chapter IV - Metals (4): Lauha (iron)]
Part 3 - Iron variety (b): Tikshna iron < [Chapter IV - Metals (4): Lauha (iron)]
Part 4 - Vara-naga (extraction of excellent lead) < [Chapter XXXIV - Paribhasa (definitions)]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
II.c Four rebirths in the noble Path < [Part 8 - Predicting the fruits of ripening of various kinds of gifts]
Description of the nine successive absorptions (anupūrvasamāpatti) < [Class 8: The nine successive absorptions]
V. Why the Buddha eliminates the traces < [VIII. Destroying the traces of the conflicting emotions]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)