Dhara, Dhārā, Dhāra, Dharā: 31 definitions
Dhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Dharā (धरा).—Wife of a Vasu named Droṇa (see under Nandagopa).
2) Dhara (धर).—He is the first Vasu born to Dharma of his wife Dhūmrā. (Śloka 19, Chapter 66, Ādi Parva).
3) Dhara (धर).—A king who was a friend of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Śloka 39, Chapter 158, Droṇa Parva, Mahābhārata).
4) Dhāra (धार).—A holy place. If one bathes in this holy place (Bath) his sorrows will be at an end. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 84, Stanza 25).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
2a) Dharā (धरा).—The wife of Vasu Droṇa and born as Yaśodā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 8. 48-50.
2b) Earth; one of the five elements; resultant of the five elements. Janapadas, cities, etc., are found here.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 2.
2c) The neck of the Veda.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 73.
3) Dhāra (धार).—A son of Candra.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 23.
Dhārā (धारा) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.82.22). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dhārā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Dhara is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study
Dhara (धर) is sometimes substituted for Nala: one of the eight Vasus who are the sons of Vasu, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the ten wives of Dharma are [viz., Vasu]. The Vasus were born from Vasu. The eight Vasus are Āpa, Nala, Soma, Dhruva, Anila, Anala, Pratyuṣa and Prabhāsa. But the Pañcalakṣaṇa text gives Dhara instead of Nala.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Dharā (धरा).—1. Base of a triangle. 2. Earth. Note: Dharā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
1) Dharā (धरा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Dharā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.
2) Dhara (धर) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) as mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam
Dhārā (धारा) refers to the medicinal process of “pouring of a continuous and soothing stream of medicines”, and is dealt with in the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—Vṛścikaviṣa (scorpion envenomation) is the subject matter of chapter seven. The text recommends initial dhārā (pouring of a continuous and soothing stream of medicines) followed by pāna-yogas (drink recipes). If sting is severe, snake bite management steps should be undertaken. Immediate application of juice of Karañja (Pongamia pinnata) into eyes, mouth and bite site is said to relieve all types of scorpion poison according to the author.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Dhāra (धार):—It’s a type of Antariksha jala. The water which falls from the mountain in the form of falls .
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Kavya (poetry)Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa
Dhārā (धारा) refers to the “place of a horse”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 1.72.Source: academia.edu: Bhoja’s Mechanical Garden
Dhārā (धारा) refers to “water jets” (e.g., as found in a fountain-house), as mentioned in his Śṛṅgāramañjarīkathā (“Stories for Śṛṅgāramañjarī”).—[...] Bhoja’s description of his mechanical fountain house (yantradhārāgṛha) actually occupies most of the scene-setting narrative—and his description of it merits closer consideration. It seems to have been a structure of immense ingenuity, the chief feature of which, as its name indicates, was water, or water jets (dhārā), to be precise.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Dhārā (धारा) refers to a “stream” (of nectar), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “O you who reside at the End of the Eighteen! (You are) also beyond the state of the Transmental. You are Śāmbhavī who awakens Śambhu. [...] (At the same time) you are on the plane of the current of the state beyond the Transmental. (Your) nature is subtle; your form is that of the beautiful and radiant energy which is the Half Moon. Encompassed by the Triangle, you are in the centre. Born from the limbs of the three lines (of the Triangle), you are completely full and reside in the sacred seat in the centre. O Kubjī, you are Mālinī who awakens (Bhairava) the Gander (haṃsa). (When you are) in the Cavity (in the centre), you are sprinkled inwardly by the stream of nectar of the Śiva principle [i.e., śivatattva-pīyūṣa-dhārā-anta-saṃsiktā]”
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Dhārā (धारा) denotes the ‘edge’ of a weapon, as of an axe (svadhitì), or of a razor (kṣura).3 See also Asi.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Dhara (धर) is the father of Padmaprabha according to Śvetāmbara (according to Digambara he is named Dharaṇa), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Padmaprabha is the sixth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.
The wife of Dhara is is Susīmā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Dhara (धर) is the name of an ancient king from Kauśāmbī and father of Padmaprabha, according to chapter 3.4 [padmaprabha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“Now in Jambūdvīpa in this zone Bharata, there is a city Kauśāmbī, the ornament of Vatsadeśa. [...] Its king was Dhara, who excelled the clouds and mountains in removing heat (pain) from the earth and in supporting it. The kings on earth did not break his commands, but rather placed them on their heads like unbroken flower wreaths. Though having rods in the form of arms formidable with the bow, he did not show cruelty in punishment, but was gentle as a bhadra-elephant. [...] He had a wife, the crest of good wives, Susīmā by name, rivaling a celestial maiden”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Dhara.—cf. Vinaya-dhara (EI 33), ‘one who has committed the [Buddhist] Vinaya texts by heart’. Note: dhara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Dharā.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. Note: dharā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
dhara : (adj.) (in cpds.) bearing; holding; keeping in mind; wearing.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
1) Dhārā, 2 (f.) (Sk. dhārā, from dhāvati 2.) the edge of a weapon J.I, 455; VI, 449; DhA 317; DA.I, 37.—(adj.) (-°) having a (sharp) edge J.I, 414 (khura°) Miln.105 (sukhuma°); ekato°-ubhato° single- & double-edged J.I, 73 (asi); IV, 12 (sattha). (Page 341)
2) Dhārā, 1 (f.) (Sk. dhārā, from dhāvati 1) torrent, stream, flow, shower D.I, 74 (sammā° an even or seasonable shower; DA.I, 218=vuṭṭhi); II, 15 (udakassa, streams); J.I, 31; Ps.I, 125 (udaka°); Pv.II, 970 (sammā°); VvA.4 (hingulika°); PvA.139; DhA.IV, 15 (assu°); Sdhp.595 (vassa°). (Page 341)
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Dhara, (usually —°, except at Miln.420) (adj.) (Sk. dhara, to dhr see dharati) bearing, wearing, keeping; holding in mind, knowing by heart. frequent in phrase dhammadhara (knowing the Dhamma, q. v.), vinaya°, mātikā° e.g. D.II, 125. dhamma° also Sn.58; Th.1, 187; Nd2 319; vinaya° Miln.344; jaṭājina° Sn.1010. See also dhāra. (Page 339)
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Dhāra, (adj.) (-°) (Sk. dhāra to dhāreti; cp. dhara) bearing, holding, having D.I, 74 (udaka-rahado sītavāri°); M I.281 (ubhato°) Sn.336 (ukkā°); It.101 (antimadeha°), 108 (ukkā°). See also dhārin. (Page 340)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
dhara (धर).—m (dharaṇa or dhṛ S) Power of holding or retaining, lit. fig., hold; or of holding on or to; cohesiveness, retentiveness, adhesiveness. Ex. vā- yūmuḷēṃ hātācā dhara gēlā; tyā ambyālā dhara nāhīṃ mōhōra yētāñca paḍatō; cunā junā jhālā mhaṇajē tyālā dhara nāhīṃsā hōtō; hyācē buddhīlā dhara nāhīṃ ēka ślōka dāhā vēḷā sāṅgitalā pāhijē. 2 Power of upholding or supporting (as of a foundation-material or bottom); hold. 3 Power of suspension (of the animal functions). 4 Power of endurance, fortitude, persistence. 5 Consistency, congruity, constancy, steadiness, uniformity (of speech, conduct &c.) Ex. tyācē bhāṣaṇāsa dhara nāhīṃ ātāṃ ēka bōlēla maga ēka bōlēla. 6 In comp. with Sanskrit words. That holds or keeps. Ex. jaladhara, cakradhara, gaṅgādhara. dhara dharaṇēṃ To keep at home or in the house. 2 To become conjugally faithful;--used of the female or the male.
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dharā (धरा).—f S dharitrī f S The earth; the ground: also the terraqueous globe.
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dhāra (धार).—f (dhārā S) The edge of a weapon or tool; and hence, the edge or brink of a precipice &c.: and by meton., A sword; a fierce disposition; a fierce person. 2 Stream--in most of its applications with us: viz. the course or current of a river; a line of descending fluid (as of rain or of water poured out); a line oozing and running from a vessel; a stream of prosperity; a stream of curses or abuse; the stream of opinion, of life &c. 3 The sensible horizon. Ex. divasa dhārēsa ālā. 4 Milking. Ex. dhārēcī vēḷa ālī. 5 A line or chain of hills. dhāra karaṇēṃ To edge or sharpen. 2 To perform deeds of valor. dhāra kāḍhaṇēṃ or dhāra piḷaṇēṃ g. of o. (To draw forth streams.) To milk. dhāra dharaṇēṃ To pour in a continuous stream cold water upon the head. (Practised in certain disorders.) 3 To fall heavily, downright &c.--rain. 4 To array one's self or stand up against. dhārabhara A small quantity (of oil, ghee, milk, honey). See kavaḍī. dhāra māraṇēṃ To cut with a sword; to achieve feats of arms. dhārēvaracā vāgha (A tiger from the horizon, from some distant region.) A phrase merely expletive and corresponding closely with a vulgar and profane phrase in English; too vulgar however for insertion. Ex. hēṃ kāma tū karīnāsa tara dhārēvaracā vāgha karīla; tulā na hāka mārūṃ tara dhārēvaracē vāghāsa hāka mārūṃ. dhārēvara āṇaṇēṃ or dharaṇēṃ To bring or to hold under strict discipline; to place or to keep a tight hand over. dhārēvara yēṇēṃ To come under strict discipline. dhārēvara vāgaṇēṃ To behave with great caution and circumspection; or to be on an arduous and perilous course of action. To the above add the following. cārahī dhārā tōṇḍāta paḍaṇēṃ (To be drinking from the four teats of the udder.) To enjoy numerous sources of emolument. Also cāra0 paḍata nāhīnta All good things do not fall to one's lot. dhāra dēṇēṃ (dhānyālā or dāṇyālā) To let fall (grain) from on high, in a stream, after the ordinary winnowing; in order the more effectually to cleanse it. dhāra paḍaṇēṃ-hōṇēṃ in. con. To feel some edge or pressure bearing upon one. The phrase is used as the phrase dhāḍa paḍaṇēṃ q. v. and perhaps is misused for it. dhāra banda karaṇēṃ To blunt the edge (as of a weapon, lit. fig. as by mantra). dhāra māruna na pāhaṇēṃ (Mingere scilicet aversor) To view as altogether bad or worthless. dhāra lāgaṇēṃ in. con. To stream or flow copiously; as pāva- sāsa -dhānyāsa -guḷāsa -ḍōḷyāsa -nākātōṇḍāsa -gāṇḍīsa- dhāra lāgalī. dhāra phuṭaṇēṃ (gāyīsa &c.) To begin to give milk copiously--a cow &c.
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dhārā (धारा).—m (S) General course or practice (in points of business): the usual rate or amount (in matters of sale, rent, hire, wages, taxes). 2 The settled assessment on fields and plantations. 3 f The pieces of money used in the ceremony of svarṇābhiṣēka at marriages. 4 Edge (of a weapon or a tool). 5 The flowing of a liquid, a running, streaming, oozing, trickling: also a stream or line of rain or any descending liquid. 6 fig. Progeny or offspring. dhārā ghālaṇēṃ To pour forth streams;--used of the clouds. Ex. ghālī dhārā mēgha kaḍāḍilā māthāṃ || barī avacitā dēkhiyēlā ||.
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dhārā (धारा).—a (Poetry.) Younger, junior. 2 (Common at Satara &c.) Shorter or short.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
dhara (धर).—m Power of holding; lit. fig. Hold. Power of endurance. Congruity.
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dharā (धरा).—f dharitrī f The earth.
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dhāra (धार).—f The edge of a weapon or tool; the edge or brink of a precipice &c. Stream. A line of descending fluid. The sensible horizon. Ex. divasa dhārēsa ālā. Milking. dhāra karaṇēṃ To edge or sharpen. dhāra kāḍhaṇēṃ or dhāra piḷaṇēṃ To milk. dhāra dharaṇēṃ To pour in a continuous stream. dhārabhara A small quantity. dhāra māraṇēṃ To achieve feats or arms. dhārēvara āṇaṇēṃ or dharaṇēṃ To bring or to hold under strict discipline; to place or to keep a tight hand over. dhārēvara yēṇēṃ To come under strict discipline. dhārēvara vāgaṇēṃ To behave with great caution and circumspec- tion; or to be on an arduous and peril- ous course of action. cārahī dhārā tōṇḍānta paḍaṇēṃ (To be drinking from the four teats of the udder.) To enjoy numerous sources of emolument. Also cāra?B paḍata nāhīnta All good things do not fall to one's lot.
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dhārā (धारा).—m General course or practice. The settled assessment on fields and plantations.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Dhara (धर).—a. (-rā, -rī f.) [धृ-अच् (dhṛ-ac)] (Usually at the end of comp.) Holding, carrying, bearing, wearing, containing, possessing, endowed with, preserving, observing, &c.; as in अक्षधर, अंशुधर, गदाधर, गङ्गाधर, महीधर, असृग्धर, दिव्याम्बरधर (akṣadhara, aṃśudhara, gadādhara, gaṅgādhara, mahīdhara, asṛgdhara, divyāmbaradhara) &c.
-raḥ 1 A mountain; a hill-fort. शिवस्य यस्य हस्तेऽद्य धरौ सिंहपुरंदरौ (śivasya yasya haste'dya dharau siṃhapuraṃdarau) Śiva. B.15.17. उत्कं धरं द्रष्टुमवेक्ष्य शौरिमुत्कन्धरं दारुक इत्युवाच (utkaṃ dharaṃ draṣṭumavekṣya śaurimutkandharaṃ dāruka ityuvāca) Śi.4.18; धरसंस्थः (dharasaṃsthaḥ) Ki.15.12.
2) A flock of cotton.
3) A frivolous or dissolute man (viṭa).
4) The king of the tortoises; i. e. Viṣṇu in his Kūrma incarnation.
5) Name of one of the Vasus.
6) A sword.
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Dharā (धरा).—[dharati viśvaṃ dhṛ-ac]
1) The earth; धरा धारापातैर्मणिमयशरैर्भिद्यत इव (dharā dhārāpātairmaṇimayaśarairbhidyata iva) Mk.5.22.
2) A vein.
4) The womb or uterus.
5) A mass of gold or other valuables given as a present to Brāhmaṇas.
6) The ground, earth, land; ब्रह्मचारी धराशयः (brahmacārī dharāśayaḥ) Ms.6.26.
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Dhāra (धार).—a. [dhṛ-ṇic-ac]
1) Holding, bearing, supporting; नमः स्त्रीरूपधाराय (namaḥ strīrūpadhārāya) Mb.13.14.13.
2) Streaming, dripping, flowing.
-raḥ 1 An epithet of Visnu.
2) A sudden and violent shower of rain, sharp-driving shower.
3) Snow, hail.
4) A deep place.
6) A boundary, limit.
7) A sort of stone.
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Dhārā (धारा).—1 A stream or current of water, a line of descending fluid, stream, current; धारा नैव पतन्ति चातक- मुखे मेघस्य किं दूषणम् (dhārā naiva patanti cātaka- mukhe meghasya kiṃ dūṣaṇam) Bh.2.93; Me.55; R.16.66; आबद्ध- धारमश्रु प्रावर्तत (ābaddha- dhāramaśru prāvartata) Dk.74.
2) A shower, a hard or sharpdriving shower.
3) A continuous line or series; प्रणतौ हन्त निरन्तराश्रुधाराः (praṇatau hanta nirantarāśrudhārāḥ) Bv.2.2.
4) A leak or hole in a pitcher.
5) The pace of a horse; धाराः प्रसाधयितुमव्यतिकीर्ण- रूपाः (dhārāḥ prasādhayitumavyatikīrṇa- rūpāḥ) Śi.5.6; N.1.72.
6) The margin, edge or border of anything; ध्रुवं स नीलोत्पलपत्रधारया शमीलतां छेत्तुमृषिर्व्यव- स्यति (dhruvaṃ sa nīlotpalapatradhārayā śamīlatāṃ chettumṛṣirvyava- syati) Ś.1.18.
7) The sharp edge of a sword, axe, or of any cutting instrument; तर्जितः परशुधारया मम (tarjitaḥ paraśudhārayā mama) R.11.78; 6.42;1.86,41; Bh.2.28.
8) The edge of mountain or precipice.
9) A wheel or the periphery of a wheel; धारानिबद्धेव कलङ्करेखा (dhārānibaddheva kalaṅkarekhā) R.13.15.
1) A garden-wall, fence, hedge.
11) The van or front line of an army.
12) The highest point, excellence.
13) A multitude.
18) The tip of the ear.
2) Rumour, report.
21) Name of an ancient town in Mālvā, capital of king Bhoja.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ-rā-rī-raṃ) Who or what has or holds. m.
(-raḥ) 1. A mountain. 2. A flock of cotton. 3. The tortoise Avatara. 4. One of the demigods called Vasus. f.
(-rā) 1. The earth. 2. The uterus or womb. 3. Marrow. 4. A vessel of the body. 5. A golden globe or heap of valuables, representing the earth, and given to Brahmans. E. dhṛñ to have or hold, to contain or support. &c. affix ac, or ṭa fem. affix ṭāp or ṅīṣ.
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(-raṃ) Water derived from rain. m.
(-raḥ) 1. A sort of stone. 2. Debt. 3. Slight sprinling rain. 4. Frost. 5. End, bound, a line or limit. 6. A deep place, a depth. f.
(-rā) 1. A horse’s pace, as the trot, canter, &c. 2. The van of an army. 3. The sharp edge of a sword or any cutting instrument. 4. The flowing. running, oozing, or distilling &c. of any liquid, the motion of a fluid, stream, current, &c. 5. Offspring. 6. A leak, a flaw, a hole in pitcher &c. 7. Excellence. 8. The wheel of a carriage. 9. A garden wall or fence, a hedge, &c. 10. The edge of a mountain. 11. Quantity, multitude. 12. A heavy shower falling in large drops, or hail. 13. Fame. 14. Likeness. 15. Custom, usage. 16. The capital of Bhoja. 17. Pouring a stream of water upon an image to get rid of a fever. E. dhṛ to fall, to uphold &c. in the cansal form, and ṇic and ac affs. dhārāyā idam aṇ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhara (धर).—i. e. dhṛ + a, I. adj., f. rā. 1. Bearing, especially latter part of comp. adj., e. g. [Arjunasamāgama] 6, 10. 2. Preserving, Mahābhārata 6, 3005. 3. Possessed of, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 9, 27. 4. Observing, [Pañcatantra] 187, 12. Ii. m. The name of a Vasu, Mahābhārata 1, 2582. Iii. f. rā, The earth, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 26.
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Dhāra (धार).—i. e. I. dhṛ + a, latter part of comp. words, Holding, bearing, e. g. chattra-, m. The bearer of the royal parasol, [Pañcatantra] 156, 22; daṇḍa-, adj. Holding the staff, as symbol of judicature, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 108. Ii. dhārā + a. 1. adj. Coming down in a shower, [Suśruta] 1, 170, 1. 2. m. A shower, Haviv. 6333.
— Cf. dhārā.
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Dhārā (धारा).— (akin to dhāv, ), f. 1. A torrent, Mahābhārata 6, 5785. 2. A river, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 8325. 3. A shower, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 76, 15. 4. A drop, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 91, 4; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 89. 5. A multitude, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 88, 3. 6. pl. A horse’s pace, as the trot, canter, etc., [Śiśupālavadha] 5, 60. 7. The sharp edge of a sword or any cutting instrument, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 23, 35. 8. The circumference of a wheel, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 13, 15.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhara (धर).—[adjective] bearing, supporting, wearing, carrying, keeping, preserving, knowing, owning, possessing (—°); [masculine] a man’s name; [feminine] ā the earth.
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Dhāra (धार).—1. [feminine] ī holding, bearing; (debtor*).
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Dhāra (धार).—2. [masculine] [neuter] (only °— & —°), dhārā [feminine] stream, jet, gush, flood.
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Dhārā (धारा).—1. v. 2 dhāra.
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Dhārā (धारा).—2. [feminine] edge, blade (p. vant): margin, circumference ([especially] of a wheel); continuous line or series.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Dhara (धर):—mf(ā)n. (√dhṛ) bearing, supporting ([scilicet] the world, said of Kṛṣṇa and Śiva), [Mahābhārata]
2) ifc. holding, bearing, carrying, wearing, possessing, having, keeping (also in memory), sustaining, preserving, observing (cf. aṃśu-, akṣa-, kulaṃetc.), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
3) m. a mountain, [Kirātārjunīya xv, 12] (cf. kṣiti-, bhūetc.)
4) a flock of cotton, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) a frivolous or dissolute man (= viṭa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) a sword, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]
7) Name of a Vasu, [Mahābhārata]
8) of a follower of the Pāṇḍavas, [ib.] of the king of the tortoises, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) of the father of Padma-prabha (6th Arhat of [present tense] Ava-sarpiṇī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) Dharā (धरा):—[from dhara] a f. ‘bearer, supporter’, the earth, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
11) [v.s. ...] the uterus or womb, [Bhāvaprakāśa]
12) [v.s. ...] a vein or tubular vessel of the body, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] marrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] a mass of gold or heap of valuables (representing the earth and given to Brāhmans), [Horace H. Wilson]
15) [v.s. ...] one of the 8 forms of Sarasvatī idem
16) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the wives of Kaśyapa (mother of the land and water-birds, [probably] = the Earth), [Harivaṃśa 232] ([varia lectio] irā)
17) Dhara (धर):—n. poison, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] dara)
18) Dharā (धरा):—[from dhara] b f. of ra q.v.
19) Dhāra (धार):—1. dhāra mf(ī)n. (√dhṛ) holding, supporting, containing (ifc.; cf. karṇa-, chattra-, tulāetc.)
20) m. Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
21) debt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
22) 2. dhāra m. or n. (√1. dhāv) stream, gush (cf. taila- [add.] and toya-)
23) mfn. coming down in a stream or as rain, [Suśruta; Bhāvaprakāśa]
24) Dhārā (धारा):—[from dhāra] 1. dhārā f. stream or current of water
25) [v.s. ...] (cf. tri-, dvi-, śata-, sahasra-), flood, gush, jet, drop (of any liquid), shower, rain (also [figuratively] of arrows, flowers, etc.; vasor dh, ‘source of good’, Name of a [particular] libation to Agni, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]; of a sacred bathing-place, [Mahābhārata]; of Agni’s wife, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa])
26) [v.s. ...] a leak or hole in a pitcher etc., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
27) [v.s. ...] the pace of horse, [Śiśupāla-vadha v, 60] (5 enumerated, viz. dhorita, valgita, pluta, ut-tejita, ut-terita, or ā-skandita, recita for the two latter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; with paramā, the quickest pace, [Kathāsaritsāgara xxxi, 39])
28) [v.s. ...] uniformity, sameness (as of flowing water?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
29) [v.s. ...] custom, usage, [Horace H. Wilson]
30) [v.s. ...] continuous line or series (cf. vana-)
31) [v.s. ...] [figuratively] line of a family, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
32) [v.s. ...] Name of a sacred bathing-place (also with māheśvarī cf. above), [Mahābhārata]
33) [v.s. ...] of a town (the residence of Bhoja), [Catalogue(s)]
34) Dhāra (धार):—3. dhāra m. a sort of stone, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
35) edge. boundary, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. 2. dhārā)
36) deep place, depth, [Horace H. Wilson] (to 1. dhāra?).
37) Dhārā (धारा):—2. dhārā f. (√2. dhāv) margin, sharp edge, rim, blade ([especially] of a sword, knife, etc.; [figuratively] applied to the flame of fire), [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
38) the edge of a mountain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
39) the rim of a wheel, [Raghuvaṃśa xiii, 15]
40) the fence or hedge of a garden, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
41) the van of an army, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
42) the tip of the ear, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
43) highest point, summit (cf. rādhirūḍha) glory, excellence, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
44) night, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
45) turmeric, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Dhara (धर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Holding. m. A mountain; flock of cotton; the tortoise Avatār; a Vasu demigod. f. The earth; womb; marrow; blood-vessel; heap of valuables.
2) Dhāra (धार):—(raḥ) 1. m. A sort of stone; debt; slight rain; frost; a depth; a limit. f. Edge of a sword; horse’s pace; the van of an army; distillation; offspring; a leak; a wheel; a hedge; a custom; a heavy shower. n. Rain water.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Dhara (धर) [Also spelled dhar]:——a Sanskrit suffix meaning he who or that which bears/carries/holds/sustains (e.g. [jaladhara, bhūdhara], etc.); (nm) nominal form of [dharanā; -pakaḍa] mass arrests, searching and arrests, apprehensions, combing operations.
2) Dharā (धरा):—(nf) the earth.
3) Dhāra (धार) [Also spelled dhar]:—(nf) an edge; sharp edge; sharpness; current; flow; jet; an adjectival suffix meaning one who holds or supports (as [karṇadhāra]); ~[dāra] sharp; —[dharanā] to sharpen (as a knife, sword, etc); —[baṃdhanā] to flow non-stop; to flow out in a jet; —[ke saṃga tairanā] to swim with the flowing side, to go afloat with the current; to take to an easy course.
4) Dhārā (धारा):—(nf) current, stream; flow (of water etc.), eddy; section (of law); clause (of a bill); ~[pravāha] fluent, non-stop, incessant; ~[vāhika/vāhī] serial; serialised; -[sabhā] a legislative assembly, legislature; ~[sāra (varṣā)] incessant and heavy (downpour).
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Dhara (धर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dhṛ.
2) Dhara (धर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhara.
3) Dhara (धर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhara.
4) Dhara (धर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhara.
5) Dharā (धरा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dharā.
6) Dhāra (धार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhāra.
7) Dhāra (धार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhāra.
8) Dhārā (धारा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhārā.
9) Dhārā (धारा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhārā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)