Dhara, aka: Dhārā, Dhāra, Dharā; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Dharā (धरा).—1. Base of a triangle. 2. Earth. Note: Dharā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Dharā (धरा).—Wife of a Vasu named Droṇa (see under Nandagopa).

2) Dhara (धर).—He is the first Vasu born to Dharma of his wife Dhūmrā. (Śloka 19, Chapter 66, Ādi Parva).

3) Dhara (धर).—A king who was a friend of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Śloka 39, Chapter 158, Droṇa Parva, Mahābhārata).

4) Dhāra (धार).—A holy place. If one bathes in this holy place (Bath) his sorrows will be at an end. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 84, Stanza 25).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Dhara (धर).—One of the eight Vasus; a Vasava; father of three sons. Dravīṇa, Hutahavya and Raja; (Dravīṇa and1 according to Matsya-purāṇa he had two sons by Kalyāṇi and three by Mandharā.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 21-22; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 20, 21.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 5. 21-14; 203. 3 and 4.

2a) Dharā (धरा).—The wife of Vasu Droṇa and born as Yaśodā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 8. 48-50.

2b) Earth; one of the five elements; resultant of the five elements. Janapadas, cities, etc., are found here.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 2.

2c) The neck of the Veda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 73.

3) Dhāra (धार).—A son of Candra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 23.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dhārā (धारा) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.82.22). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dhārā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Dhara is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Dharā (धरा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Dharā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

2) Dhara (धर) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) as mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dhārā (धारा) denotes the ‘edge’ of a weapon, as of an axe (svadhitì), or of a razor (kṣura).3 See also Asi.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Dhara (धर) is the father of Padmaprabha according to Śvetāmbara (according to Digambara he is named Dharaṇa), according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). Padmaprabha is the sixth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism. A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Dhara is is Susīmā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Dhara.—cf. Vinaya-dhara (EI 33), ‘one who has committed the [Buddhist] Vinaya texts by heart’. Note: dhara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Dharā.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. Note: dharā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Dhara in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dhara : (adj.) (in cpds.) bearing; holding; keeping in mind; wearing.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Dhārā, 2 (f.) (Sk. dhārā, from dhāvati 2.) the edge of a weapon J.I, 455; VI, 449; DhA 317; DA.I, 37.—(adj.) (-°) having a (sharp) edge J.I, 414 (khura°) Miln.105 (sukhuma°); ekato°-ubhato° single- & double-edged J.I, 73 (asi); IV, 12 (sattha). (Page 341)

2) Dhārā, 1 (f.) (Sk. dhārā, from dhāvati 1) torrent, stream, flow, shower D.I, 74 (sammā° an even or seasonable shower; DA.I, 218=vuṭṭhi); II, 15 (udakassa, streams); J.I, 31; Ps.I, 125 (udaka°); Pv.II, 970 (sammā°); VvA.4 (hingulika°); PvA.139; DhA.IV, 15 (assu°); Sdhp.595 (vassa°). (Page 341)

— or —

Dhara, (usually —°, except at Miln.420) (adj.) (Sk. dhara, to dhr see dharati) bearing, wearing, keeping; holding in mind, knowing by heart. Freq. in phrase dhammadhara (knowing the Dhamma, q. v.), vinaya°, mātikā° e.g. D.II, 125. dhamma° also Sn.58; Th.1, 187; Nd2 319; vinaya° Miln.344; jaṭājina° Sn.1010. See also dhāra. (Page 339)

— or —

Dhāra, (adj.) (-°) (Sk. dhāra to dhāreti; cp. dhara) bearing, holding, having D.I, 74 (udaka-rahado sītavāri°); M I.281 (ubhato°) Sn.336 (ukkā°); It.101 (antimadeha°), 108 (ukkā°). See also dhārin. (Page 340)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

dhara (धर).—m (dharaṇa or dhṛ S) Power of holding or retaining, lit. fig., hold; or of holding on or to; cohesiveness, retentiveness, adhesiveness. Ex. vā- yūmuḷēṃ hātācā dhara gēlā; tyā ambyālā dhara nāhīṃ mōhōra yētāñca paḍatō; cunā junā jhālā mhaṇajē tyālā dhara nāhīṃsā hōtō; hyācē buddhīlā dhara nāhīṃ ēka ślōka dāhā vēḷā sāṅgitalā pāhijē. 2 Power of upholding or supporting (as of a foundation-material or bottom); hold. 3 Power of suspension (of the animal functions). 4 Power of endurance, fortitude, persistence. 5 Consistency, congruity, constancy, steadiness, uniformity (of speech, conduct &c.) Ex. tyācē bhāṣaṇāsa dhara nāhīṃ ātāṃ ēka bōlēla maga ēka bōlēla. 6 In comp. with Sanskrit words. That holds or keeps. Ex. jaladhara, cakradhara, gaṅgādhara. dhara dharaṇēṃ To keep at home or in the house. 2 To become conjugally faithful;--used of the female or the male.

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dharā (धरा).—f S dharitrī f S The earth; the ground: also the terraqueous globe.

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dhāra (धार).—f (dhārā S) The edge of a weapon or tool; and hence, the edge or brink of a precipice &c.: and by meton., A sword; a fierce disposition; a fierce person. 2 Stream--in most of its applications with us: viz. the course or current of a river; a line of descending fluid (as of rain or of water poured out); a line oozing and running from a vessel; a stream of prosperity; a stream of curses or abuse; the stream of opinion, of life &c. 3 The sensible horizon. Ex. divasa dhārēsa ālā. 4 Milking. Ex. dhārēcī vēḷa ālī. 5 A line or chain of hills. dhāra karaṇēṃ To edge or sharpen. 2 To perform deeds of valor. dhāra kāḍhaṇēṃ or dhāra piḷaṇēṃ g. of o. (To draw forth streams.) To milk. dhāra dharaṇēṃ To pour in a continuous stream cold water upon the head. (Practised in certain disorders.) 3 To fall heavily, downright &c.--rain. 4 To array one's self or stand up against. dhārabhara A small quantity (of oil, ghee, milk, honey). See kavaḍī. dhāra māraṇēṃ To cut with a sword; to achieve feats of arms. dhārēvaracā vāgha (A tiger from the horizon, from some distant region.) A phrase merely expletive and corresponding closely with a vulgar and profane phrase in English; too vulgar however for insertion. Ex. hēṃ kāma tū karīnāsa tara dhārēvaracā vāgha karīla; tulā na hāka mārūṃ tara dhārēvaracē vāghāsa hāka mārūṃ. dhārēvara āṇaṇēṃ or dharaṇēṃ To bring or to hold under strict discipline; to place or to keep a tight hand over. dhārēvara yēṇēṃ To come under strict discipline. dhārēvara vāgaṇēṃ To behave with great caution and circumspection; or to be on an arduous and perilous course of action. To the above add the following. cārahī dhārā tōṇḍāta paḍaṇēṃ (To be drinking from the four teats of the udder.) To enjoy numerous sources of emolument. Also cāra0 paḍata nāhīnta All good things do not fall to one's lot. dhāra dēṇēṃ (dhānyālā or dāṇyālā) To let fall (grain) from on high, in a stream, after the ordinary winnowing; in order the more effectually to cleanse it. dhāra paḍaṇēṃ-hōṇēṃ in. con. To feel some edge or pressure bearing upon one. The phrase is used as the phrase dhāḍa paḍaṇēṃ q. v. and perhaps is misused for it. dhāra banda karaṇēṃ To blunt the edge (as of a weapon, lit. fig. as by mantra). dhāra māruna na pāhaṇēṃ (Mingere scilicet aversor) To view as altogether bad or worthless. dhāra lāgaṇēṃ in. con. To stream or flow copiously; as pāva- sāsa -dhānyāsa -guḷāsa -ḍōḷyāsa -nākātōṇḍāsa -gāṇḍīsa- dhāra lāgalī. dhāra phuṭaṇēṃ (gāyīsa &c.) To begin to give milk copiously--a cow &c.

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dhārā (धारा).—m (S) General course or practice (in points of business): the usual rate or amount (in matters of sale, rent, hire, wages, taxes). 2 The settled assessment on fields and plantations. 3 f The pieces of money used in the ceremony of svarṇābhiṣēka at marriages. 4 Edge (of a weapon or a tool). 5 The flowing of a liquid, a running, streaming, oozing, trickling: also a stream or line of rain or any descending liquid. 6 fig. Progeny or offspring. dhārā ghālaṇēṃ To pour forth streams;--used of the clouds. Ex. ghālī dhārā mēgha kaḍāḍilā māthāṃ || barī avacitā dēkhiyēlā ||.

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dhārā (धारा).—a (Poetry.) Younger, junior. 2 (Common at Satara &c.) Shorter or short.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhara (धर).—m Power of holding; lit. fig. Hold. Power of endurance. Congruity.

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dharā (धरा).—f dharitrī f The earth.

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dhāra (धार).—f The edge of a weapon or tool; the edge or brink of a precipice &c. Stream. A line of descending fluid. The sensible horizon. Ex. divasa dhārēsa ālā. Milking. dhāra karaṇēṃ To edge or sharpen. dhāra kāḍhaṇēṃ or dhāra piḷaṇēṃ To milk. dhāra dharaṇēṃ To pour in a continuous stream. dhārabhara A small quantity. dhāra māraṇēṃ To achieve feats or arms. dhārēvara āṇaṇēṃ or dharaṇēṃ To bring or to hold under strict discipline; to place or to keep a tight hand over. dhārēvara yēṇēṃ To come under strict discipline. dhārēvara vāgaṇēṃ To behave with great caution and circumspec- tion; or to be on an arduous and peril- ous course of action. cārahī dhārā tōṇḍānta paḍaṇēṃ (To be drinking from the four teats of the udder.) To enjoy numerous sources of emolument. Also cāra?B paḍata nāhīnta All good things do not fall to one's lot.

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dhārā (धारा).—m General course or practice. The settled assessment on fields and plantations.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhara (धर).—a. (-rā, -rī f.) [धृ-अच् (dhṛ-ac)] (Usually at the end of comp.) Holding, carrying, bearing, wearing, containing, possessing, endowed with, preserving, observing, &c.; as in अक्षधर, अंशुधर, गदाधर, गङ्गाधर, महीधर, असृग्धर, दिव्याम्बरधर (akṣadhara, aṃśudhara, gadādhara, gaṅgādhara, mahīdhara, asṛgdhara, divyāmbaradhara) &c.

-raḥ 1 A mountain; a hill-fort. शिवस्य यस्य हस्तेऽद्य धरौ सिंहपुरंदरौ (śivasya yasya haste'dya dharau siṃhapuraṃdarau) Śiva. B.15.17. उत्कं धरं द्रष्टुमवेक्ष्य शौरिमुत्कन्धरं दारुक इत्युवाच (utkaṃ dharaṃ draṣṭumavekṣya śaurimutkandharaṃ dāruka ityuvāca) Śi.4.18; धरसंस्थः (dharasaṃsthaḥ) Ki.15.12.

2) A flock of cotton.

3) A frivolous or dissolute man (viṭa).

4) The king of the tortoises; i. e. Viṣṇu in his Kūrma incarnation.

5) Name of one of the Vasus.

6) A sword.

-ram poison.

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Dharā (धरा).—[dharati viśvaṃ dhṛ-ac]

1) The earth; धरा धारापातैर्मणिमयशरैर्भिद्यत इव (dharā dhārāpātairmaṇimayaśarairbhidyata iva) Mk.5.22.

2) A vein.

3) Marrow.

4) The womb or uterus.

5) A mass of gold or other valuables given as a present to Brāhmaṇas.

6) The ground, earth, land; ब्रह्मचारी धराशयः (brahmacārī dharāśayaḥ) Ms.6.26.

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Dhāra (धार).—a. [dhṛ-ṇic-ac]

1) Holding, bearing, supporting; नमः स्त्रीरूपधाराय (namaḥ strīrūpadhārāya) Mb.13.14.13.

2) Streaming, dripping, flowing.

-raḥ 1 An epithet of Visnu.

2) A sudden and violent shower of rain, sharp-driving shower.

3) Snow, hail.

4) A deep place.

5) Debt.

6) A boundary, limit.

7) A sort of stone.

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Dhārā (धारा).—1 A stream or current of water, a line of descending fluid, stream, current; धारा नैव पतन्ति चातक- मुखे मेघस्य किं दूषणम् (dhārā naiva patanti cātaka- mukhe meghasya kiṃ dūṣaṇam) Bh.2.93; Me.55; R.16.66; आबद्ध- धारमश्रु प्रावर्तत (ābaddha- dhāramaśru prāvartata) Dk.74.

2) A shower, a hard or sharpdriving shower.

3) A continuous line or series; प्रणतौ हन्त निरन्तराश्रुधाराः (praṇatau hanta nirantarāśrudhārāḥ) Bv.2.2.

4) A leak or hole in a pitcher.

5) The pace of a horse; धाराः प्रसाधयितुमव्यतिकीर्ण- रूपाः (dhārāḥ prasādhayitumavyatikīrṇa- rūpāḥ) Śi.5.6; N.1.72.

6) The margin, edge or border of anything; ध्रुवं स नीलोत्पलपत्रधारया शमीलतां छेत्तुमृषिर्व्यव- स्यति (dhruvaṃ sa nīlotpalapatradhārayā śamīlatāṃ chettumṛṣirvyava- syati) Ś.1.18.

7) The sharp edge of a sword, axe, or of any cutting instrument; तर्जितः परशुधारया मम (tarjitaḥ paraśudhārayā mama) R.11.78; 6.42;1.86,41; Bh.2.28.

8) The edge of mountain or precipice.

9) A wheel or the periphery of a wheel; धारानिबद्धेव कलङ्करेखा (dhārānibaddheva kalaṅkarekhā) R.13.15.

1) A garden-wall, fence, hedge.

11) The van or front line of an army.

12) The highest point, excellence.

13) A multitude.

14) Fame.

15) Night.

16) Turmeric.

17) Likeness.

18) The tip of the ear.

19) Speech.

2) Rumour, report.

21) Name of an ancient town in Mālvā, capital of king Bhoja.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Śrīdhara (श्रीधर).—n. of an author: Sādh 328.9.
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