Sudeva, aka: Sudevā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sudeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sudeva in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sudeva (सुदेव):—Son of Campa (son of Harita). He had a son named Vijaya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9,8,1)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Sudeva (सुदेव).—A brahmin who was a favourite of the King of Vidarbha. It was this brahmin who was sent by the King of Vidarbha to search for Damayantī. (See under Damayantī).

2) Sudeva (सुदेव).—A captain of the army of King Ambarīṣa. He was calm and fearless. Sudeva met with a heroic death in a battle and attained heaven. Indra gave him a suitable place. Later Ambarīṣa died and came to heaven. There he saw his captain Sudeva and was amazed. He asked Indra how it was that Sudeva was given a place in heaven. Indra replied that to fight fearlessly in the battle-field and meet with heroic death, was a yajña (sacrifice) and that due to this yajña Sudeva attained heaven. The King asked, when this took place. Indra continued:—"Once Ambarīṣa sent Sudeva to subdue the asuras and giants. Sudeva entered the battlefield and looked at the vast army of the enemy. Finding that it was impossible to defeat the army of giants, he sat down and meditated on Śiva, who appeared before him and encouraged him. A fierce battle followed in which Sudeva annihilated the army of the giants completely and he himself met with a heroic death. That is how he obtained heaven. (Mahābhārata Dākṣiṇātyapāṭha, Śānti Parva, Chapter 98).

3) Sudeva (सुदेव).—The son of Haryaśva, the King of Kāśī. He was quite valiant and radiant. After the death of his father he was anointed as King of Kāśī. As soon as he became King, the sons of King Vītahavya attacked Sudeva and captured him. After this Divodāsa became the King of Kāśī. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 30, Verse 13).

4) Sudeva (सुदेव).—A famous King. Nābhāga married Suprabhā the daughter of this King Sudeva. The following is a story taken from Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa stating how this Sudeva who was a Kṣatriya by birth, became a Vaiśya by the curse of hermit Pramati.

Once Nala, the friend of Sudeva, and the relative of Dhūmrākṣa, after having drunk too much liquor, tried to rape the wife of the hermit Pramati. All this happened while King Sudeva was standing silently near Nala. Pramati requested King Sudeva repeatedly to save his wife. Sudeva replied: 'The Kṣatriya who could help the needy, could save your wife also. But I am a Vaiśya." This arrogance of the King made the hermit angry. "May you become a Vaiśya." The hermit cursed the King. Sudeva repented and requested for liberation from the curse. "When a Kṣatriya steals away your daughter you will recover the lost feelings of Kṣatriya." The hermit gave this liberation from the curse.

Because of this curse Nābhāga stole away Suprabhā the daughter of Sudeva and Sudeva got back the lost feelings of Kṣatriya.

5) Sudevā (सुदेवा).—A daughter of the King of Aṅga named Ariha. The King Ṛkṣa was her son. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 24).

6) Sudevā (सुदेवा).—A princess born in the dynasty of King Daśārha. Vikuṇṭha, a King of the Pūru dynasty married Sudevā. The King Ajamīḍha was their son. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 36).

7) Sudevā (सुदेवा).—The wife of Ikṣvāku who was the son of Manu. This Sudevā was the daughter of Devarāta the King of Kāśī. Ikṣvāku and Sudevā are said to be the incarnations of Viṣṇu and Devī Lakṣmī respectively. While the couple were walking about in the forest, they saw a she-hog. That hog was the cursed form of a Brahmin woman named Sudevā. Sudevā, the wife of Ikṣvāku gave the merits she had earned in one year by her good deeds to Sudevā the she-hog and liberated her from her curse. This story occurs in Padma Purāṇa Bhūmikhaṇḍa, Chapter 42. The story is given below:

Once King Ikṣvāku and his wife Sudevā were hunting on the banks of the Gaṅgā. Then a big hog came there with his wife and children. The hog was afraid of Ikṣvāku. So he said to his wife:—"Look! beloved! Ikṣvāku the valiant, the son of Manu, is come for hunting. I am going to fight with him." His wife said. "How did you get this bravery to fight with the king, you who always try to evade the forest-men?" "It is not bravery, my love. It is because I could go to heaven if I fight with the king valiantly and meet with heroic death", replied the hog. The wife tried her utmost to dissuade her husband from his attempt. The children also tried to stop him. They could not change his mind. So all of them decided to help him as much as they could in his fight. They got ready for a fight against Ikṣvāku and his army.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Sudeva (सुदेव).—A son of Dakṣiṇā and Tuṣita god.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 7-8.

1b) A son of Campa and father of Vijaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 8. 1.

1c) A son of Devaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 22; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 130; Matsya-purāṇa 44. 72; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 129.

1d) A son of Cancu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 118; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 120.

1e) A son of Rukmiṇī and Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 245.

1f) A son of Madirā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 170.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sudevā (सुदेवा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.38) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sudevā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sudeva (सुदेव): A Brahman who traced Damayanti in Chedi and later helps Damayanti in her quest to find Nala. He was friend of Damayanti's brother.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Sudeva. A king of Dhannavati, father of Narada Buddha. Bu.x.18; but J.i.37 calls him Sumedha.

2. Sudeva. Aggasavaka of Mangala Buddha. J.i.34; Bu.iv.23.

3. Sudeva. Aggasavaka of Sujata Buddha (Bu.xiii.25); but see Deva.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sudeva (सुदेव).—(= Pali id.), n. of a leading disciple of the Buddha Maṅgala: Mv i.248.16; 252.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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