Pralaya, aka: Pralayā; 9 Definition(s)
Pralaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Pralayā (प्रलया):—Fourth of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Ātmī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Pralayā, symbolize the different kinds of souls, as well as the impurities by which these souls are bound (except for Niṣkala or Śiva). They are presided over by the Bhairava Caṇḍa and his consort Brāhmī. Ātmī is the second of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the ātman.Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Pralaya (प्रलय, “fainting”).—One of the eight ‘involutary states’ (sāttvikabhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘involutary states’ are different from consequents (anubhāva) because of their arising from the inner nature (sattva). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.6-7)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Pralaya (प्रलय, “fainting”) occurs due to too much toil, swoon, intoxication, sleep, injury, astonishment and the like. Loss of Consciousness should be represented by inaction, motionlessness, imperceptible breathing and [finally] by falling on the ground.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Pralaya (प्रलय).—(Destruction). Pralaya is of four kinds. The first is nityapralaya. This is the destruction going on daily for all animate and inanimate objects born on earth. The second is Brāhmapralaya or naimittikapralaya. The third is Prākṛtapralaya. This is the great deluge made by prakṛti (nature) at the end of a thousand Caturyugas (four yugas). The fourth is ātyantikapralaya. This is the union of the soul with the Supreme Being due to Jñāna. Of the above the Brāhmapralaya, or naimittikapralaya happens at the end of a Kalpa or a day of Brahmā or a thousand yugas. The nature of this pralaya is as follows: At the end of a thousand yugas the world will look famished. Then there will be excessive drought for a hundred years together and everything in this world would be destroyed then. Then Mahāviṣṇu, lord of everything in this universe, would present himself in the seven big rays of the Sun and drink to emptiness all the waters of all the three worlds, earth, ocean and pātāla. Then by the divine power of Mahāviṣṇu the seven rays of the Sun which had grown fat by drinking this water would become seven separate Suns. These Suns would burn all the three worlds including Pātāla. Then the earth would look like the back of a tortoise (Kūrmapṛṣṭha) At that time Rudra, equal in brilliance to Kālāgni, would from beneath burn the pātāla sending breaths from Ādiśesa. After pātāla Kālāgnirudra would burn the earth and then the heavens. Because of this all the worlds would look like globes of fire. Then the inhabitants of these worlds would go to Maharloka unable to bear the heat and from there to Janaloka. Thus Viṣṇu in the form of Rudra would destroy everything. (See full article at Story of Pralaya from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: archive.org: Puranic EncyclopaediaSource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
pralaya (प्रलय).—m (S) The general destruction at the close of a kalpa or period of 432,000,000 years. 2 Death, dissolution, loss, annihilation; destruction gen. 3 Applied figuratively to any extensive havoc or devastation; or, more laxly, to express vehemence, excessiveness, wildness, and tumultuousness gen. Ex. pāvasānēṃ pra0 māṇḍalā; jarīmarīnēṃ pra0 kēlā; hōḷakarānēṃ dēśāvara mōṭhā pra0 kēlā; laḍhā- īcā-julumācā-undirāñcā-pōpaṭāñcā-pra0. Also extravagance (of action) or exuberance (of things); as khēḷaṇyācā-gāṇyācā-śikaṇyācā-lihiṇyācā-pikācā- dhānyācā pra0. The word agrees well with anartha Sig. II. 3 Syncope or swooning. See aṣṭabhāva.
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praḷaya (प्रळय).—Poetical and popular forms of pralaya &c.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pralaya (प्रलय).—m The general destruction. Death. Devastation.
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praḷaya (प्रळय).—&c., Poetical and popular forms of pralaya &c.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Destruction, annihilation, dissolution; स्थानानि किं हिमवतः प्रलयं गतानि (sthānāni kiṃ himavataḥ pralayaṃ gatāni) Bh.3.7,69; प्रलयं नीत्वा (pralayaṃ nītvā) Si.11.66. 'causing to disappear'.
2) The destruction of the whole universe (at the end of a kalpa), universal destruction; Ku.2.8; अहं कृत्स्नस्य जगतः प्रभवः प्रलय- स्तथा (ahaṃ kṛtsnasya jagataḥ prabhavaḥ pralaya- stathā) Bg.7.6.
3) Any extensive destruction or devastation.
4) Death, dying, destruction; प्रारब्धाः प्रलयाय मांसवदहो विक्रेतुमेते वयम् (prārabdhāḥ pralayāya māṃsavadaho vikretumete vayam) Mu.5.21;1.14; यदा सत्त्वे प्रवृद्धे तु प्रलयं याति देहभृत् (yadā sattve pravṛddhe tu pralayaṃ yāti dehabhṛt) Bg.14.14.
5) Swoon, fainting, loss of consciousness, syncope; प्रलयान्तोन्मिषिते विलोचने (pralayāntonmiṣite vilocane) Ku.4.2.
6) (In Rhet.) Loss of consciousness, considered as one of the 33 subordinate feelings; प्रलयः सुखदुःखाद्यै- र्गाढमिन्द्रियमूर्छनम् (pralayaḥ sukhaduḥkhādyai- rgāḍhamindriyamūrchanam) Pratāparudra.
7) The mystic syllable om.
8) Spiritual unification (laya); बुद्धिः कर्मगुणैर्हीना यदा मनसि वर्तते । तदा संपद्यते ब्रह्म तत्रैव प्रलयं गतम् (buddhiḥ karmaguṇairhīnā yadā manasi vartate | tadā saṃpadyate brahma tatraiva pralayaṃ gatam) || Mb.12.24. 17.
Derivable forms: pralayaḥ (प्रलयः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-yaḥ) The end of a Kalpa, or destruction of the world. 2. Death, dying, loss, destruction, dissolution, annihilation. 3. Fainting, syncope, loss of sense or consciousness, considered as one of the thirty-three subordinate feelings, (in Rhetoric.) 4. The mystic Syllable “Om.” E. pra before, lī to destroy, aff. ac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Ends with: Annapralaya, Atyantikapralaya, Bhutapralaya, Brahmapralaya, Dainandinapralaya, Jalapralaya, Khandapralaya, Mahapralaya, Nityapralaya, Prakritapralaya, Prakritikapralaya, Prakritipralaya, Tithipralaya, Utpatapralaya, Vipralaya.
Full-text (+79): Pralayakala, Nityapralaya, Pralayavija, Dainandinapralaya, Khandapralaya, Pralayaagni, Ashtabhava, Bahirisasana, Pralayacapala, Sthanu, Pralayasaudamini, Pralayasaudamina, Bhimanada, Vayuloka, Vidyutpataka, Prakritika, Annapralaya, Ahasparameshvara, Prakritapralaya, Jalapralaya.
Search found 41 books and stories containing Pralaya, Pralayā, Praḷaya; (plurals include: Pralayas, Pralayās, Praḷayas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Mandukya Upanishad, verse 11 < [Chapter I - Agama Prakarana (Scripture)]
Mandukya Karika, verse 1.2 < [Chapter I - Agama Prakarana (Scripture)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 12 - Pralaya and the disturbance of the Prakṛti Equilibrium < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Part 11 - Dissolution (Pralaya) and Creation (Srṣṭi) < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Part 19 - Buddhi and Puruṣa < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Vedānta-sūtras Part I (by George Thibaut)
II, 2, 12 < [Second Adhyāya, Second Pāda]
II, 2, 14 < [Second Adhyāya, Second Pāda]
I, 3, 30 < [First Adhyāya, Third Pāda]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 12 - Vācaspati Miśra (a.d. 840) < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 21 - Dialectic of Śaṅkara and Ānandajñāna < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]
Part 3 - Śaṅkara’s Defence of Vedānta < [Chapter XI - The Śaṅkara School of Vedānta (continued)]