Vaidya: 20 definitions


Vaidya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vaidy.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vaidya is a medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "the surgeon".

Source: Shodhganga: The Caraka Saṃhitā and the Suśruta Saṃhitā

Vaidya (वैद्य) refers to a “medical practitioner who   completed his medical education”.—Knowledge of the principles of aetiology of disease, treatment and application of drugs can be obtained by training and practicing the subject under the able guidance of a preceptor. Suśruta says that one who practices medicine after having received education from the preceptors, and having regularly meditated upon the same, is a physician in the true sense. Those without formal education are designated as charlatans. Caraka categorically states that a medical practitioner comes to be known as a “vaidya” only on the completion of his medical education

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vaidya (वैद्य).—One of the sons born to Varuṇa by his wife Sunādevī. His sons Ghṛṇi and Muni fought with each other and died. (Vāyu: 84: 6-8).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vaidya (वैद्य).—A son of Varuṇa and Sunādevī; father of Ghṛṇi and Muni, both of whom ate each other and died.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 6-8.

1b) A Sukha god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 18.

1c) The king's physician skilled in aṣṭāṅga;1 residence of.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 215. 34.
  • 2) Ib. 254. 26.

1d) A mukhya gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 18.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Studies in Kautilya Vocabulary

Vaidya (वैद्य) refers to a type of profession mentioned in the Śukranītisāra 2.128-188.—The Śukranītisāra is a Sanskrit work on ethics by Śukrācārya comprised of four chapters. The second chapter (uvarājādikṛtya, “the duties of the royal princes and the like”) describes a large number of varied topics, eg., it contains observations on the ministers, priests, sacive, treasury, a large number of officers and employees (such as a Vaidya).

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vaidya (वैद्य) refers to “physicians”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Sagittarius (Dhanuṣa), ministers, fine horses, the Videhas, the Mallānas, the Pāñcālas, physicians [i.e., vaidya], merchants and persons skilled in the use of destructive weapons will perish. If when in the sign of Capricornus (Makara), fishes, the families of ministers, the Cāṇḍālas, skilled magicians, physicians and old soldiers will perish”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Vaidya (वैद्य) refers to “doctors”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, having praised the Lord with these verses, addressed himself to the Lord: ‘[...] The Lord, having become the king of doctors (vaidya-rāja), establishes the way into the state without disease (vyādhi) or death (maraṇa) for [living beings] who are involved with this world covered with desire, defilement, and obstruction (āvaraṇa) from beginningless until endless time (anavarāgra). The Lord, having had power and vitality, is skilled in the knowledge if what is proper and what is improper, and has obtained the three knowledges (trividya). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vaidya.—(EI 9, 30; BL), a physician; member of the physician community. Note: vaidya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaidya (वैद्य).—m (S) A doctor of medicine, a physician.

--- OR ---

vaidya (वैद्य).—a S Relating to the science or the practice of medicine, medical. 2 Relating to the Vedas.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vaidya (वैद्य).—m A physician. a Medical.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaidya (वैद्य).—a. (-dyī f.)

1) Relating to the Vedas, spiritual.

2) Relating to medicine, medical.

-dyaḥ [vidyā astyasya aṇ]

1) A learned man, scholar, doctor.

2) A medical man, physician; वैद्ययत्नपरिभाविनं गदं न प्रदीप इव वायुमत्यगात् (vaidyayatnaparibhāvinaṃ gadaṃ na pradīpa iva vāyumatyagāt) R.19. 53; वैद्यानामातुरः श्रेयान् (vaidyānāmāturaḥ śreyān) Subhaṣ.

3) A man of the medical caste, supposed to be one of the mixed classes; (the offspring of a Brāhmaṇa by a Vaiśya woman). Cf. Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.49.9.

4) A man of a lower mixed tribe (the offspring of a Śūdra father by Vaiśya mother).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaidya (वैद्य).—mfn.

(-dyaḥ-dyī-dyaṃ) 1. Medical, practising or relating to medicine. 2. Relating or conformable to the Vedas. m.

(-dyaḥ) 1. A physician. 2. A tree, (Justicia ganderussa, &c.) 3. A learned man. 4. A follower of the Vedas, or one well in them. 5. A man of a mixed class, the offspring of a Brahmana by a Vaiśya woman. f.

(-dyā) A drug, commonly Kakoli. E. veda the medical or Ayur-Vedas or the Vedas in general, and yañ or ṣyañ aff.; or vidyā'styasya aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaidya (वैद्य).—i. e. veda + ya, I. adj. 1. Relating to the Vedas, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] Pentap. 67, 43. 2. Relating to medicine, medical. Ii. m. 1. A follower of the Vedas, or one conversant with the Vedas. 2. A learned man, [Brāhmaṇavilāpa] 2, 1. 3. A physician, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 67.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaidya (वैद्य).—[adjective] learned; [masculine] physician, doctor.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaidya (वैद्य):—mfn. ([from] vidyā, and in some meanings [from] veda) versed in science, learned, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Kātyāyana; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) relating or belonging to the Vedas, conformable to the V°s, Vedic, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) medical, medicinal, practising or relating to medicine, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [wrong reading] for vedya, [Mahābhārata]

5) m. a learned man, Pandit, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) follower of the Vedas or one well versed in them, [ib.]

7) an expert (versed in his own profession, [especially] in medical science), skilled in the art of healing, a physician (accounted a mixed caste), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) Gendarussa Vulgaris, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Name of a Ṛṣi, [Mahābhārata] ([wrong reading] for raibhya)

10) Vaidyā (वैद्या):—[from vaidya] f. a kind of medicinal plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaidya (वैद्य):—[(dyaḥ-dyī-dyaṃ) m.] A physicina; Justicia tree; a pandit. 1. f. A drug. a. Medical; according to the Vedas.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vaidya (वैद्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vijja, Vejja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vaidya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vaidya (वैद्य) [Also spelled vaidy]:—(nm) an Ayurvedic physician; ~[rāja] most outstanding of vaidyas, a pre-eminent vaidya; -[vidyā/śāstra] the Indian medicinal system.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vaidya (ವೈದ್ಯ):—

1) [adjective] of or having the properties of, medicine; curing, healing or relieving.

2) [adjective] of or related to the medical treatment of sick persons.

--- OR ---

Vaidya (ವೈದ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] a learned man; a man of erudition; a scholar.

2) [noun] a man well versed in the vedas.

3) [noun] medical treatment of sick, injured persons.

4) [noun] the science and art of diagnosing, treating, curing, and preventing disease, relieving pain, and improving and preserving health; medicine.

5) [noun] a man licensed to practice any of the healing arts, as an osteopath, dentist, veterinarian, etc.; a doctor; a physician or surgeon.

6) [noun] Viṣṇu.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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