Gambhira, Gambhīra, Gambhīrā: 35 definitions


Gambhira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Gambhir.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Gambhira in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Gambhīra (गम्भीर):—Son of Rabhasa (son of Rābha). He had a son who was called Akriya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.10)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Gambhīrā (गम्भीरा) is the name of a beautiful damsel (kanyā), with black curly hair and red lips, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 92. Gambhīrā (and other innumerable ladies) arose out of the agitation of Vaiṣṇavī while she was doing penance at Viśālā. For these young women, Vaiṣṇavī created the city Devīpura, containing numerous mansions with golden balconies, crystal stairs and water fountains, with jewelled windows and gardens.

Vaiṣṇavī is the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gambhīra (गम्भीर) refers to a “slow” (wind), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.6.—Accordingly, after the Gods eulogised Goddess Śivā who resided in the womb of Menā:—“[...] Coming out of the belly of Menā at the proper time in her real form, she resembled Lakṣmī coming out of the ocean. When she was born, Śiva was glad. A slow [i.e., gambhīra], fragrant and auspicious wind blew favourably. Along with the rain there was a shower of flowers. Fires calmly glowed and the clouds rumbled. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Gambhīra (गम्भीर).—(Gabhīra, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) a son of Rabhasa and father of Akriya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 10.

1b) A son of Bhautya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 114.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Gambhīra (गम्भीर):—Deeply rooted, lying deep

2) Solemn disposition. Somber

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Gambhīra (गम्भीर) refers to “deep” (i.e., deep lakes), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(Jālandhara) is in the southern corner of (Kailāśa). It shines (like) the moon and has the moon’s radiant lustre. Its form is that of the city of the Half Moon. It has deep lakes and rivers full of waves [i.e., jala-kallola-gambhīra]. It contains the ocean of the six planes, and is fearsome (with the many great) waves that wash against its shores. [...]”.

2) Gambhīrā (गम्भीरा) refers to one of the eight Yoginīs (yoginī-aṣṭaka) associated with Pūrṇagiri or Pūrṇapīṭha (which is located in the northern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Yoginīs: Gambhīrā, Bhīṣaṇī, Mahānādā, Jvālāmukhī [...]

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Gambhīra (गम्भीर) refers to a “sonorous voice” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. He must be of noble birth and of agreeable appearance; meek, truthful and without jealousy; of proportional limbs; of joints well built and of good growth; have no physical defects; be of fine hands, feet, nails, eyes, chin, teeth, ears, forehead, eye-brows and head; of fine physique and of high, sonorous voice [i.e., gambhīragambhīraudāttaghoṣaḥ]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1) A seaport village, visited by Mittavindaka in the course of his flight from Benares. J.i.239.

2) A channel branching off from the Parakkama Samudda. It started at the point of the flood escape known as Makara. Cv.lxxix.40.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Gambhīra (गम्भीर) refers to one of the eight trees (vṛkṣa) of the Kāyacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the kāyacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (‘emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. Gambhīra is associated with the charnel ground (śmaśāna) named Bhayaṃkara and with the hell-guardian (narakapāla) named Gambhīrī.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Gambhīra (गम्भीर) refers to “deep”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In the Mandala, an obscured Himalaya, abiding seated in lotus posture, [..] making many triple-dark demons, world protectors, destroying all fear, with a tiger skin garment, doing wrong, overcoming wrong, firm, deep (gambhīra), the letters Hūṃ, Phaṭ, or the letters Hāṃ Hāṃ, filling up the entire sky, [...] a helper for crossing over together, the dreadful wilderness of saṃsāra, routing Māra, Śrī Vajrasattva, homage”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gambhīra (गम्भीर) refers to “deep (reflection)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Accordingly, “This dharma of generosity favors the adept if he seeks the Path. Why is that? Nirvāṇa is called the cessation of the fetters (saṃyojana-nirodha). Now, when generosity is practiced, the afflictions (kleśa) diminish. Thus generosity favors nirvāṇa. Actually, [...] iii) by giving with the right mind, hypocrisy (mrakṣa) is opposed; iv) by giving resolutely (ekacitta), discursiveness is opposed; v) by giving after deeply reflecting (gambhīra-manasikāra), regret (kaukṛtya) is opposed; [...]”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Gambhīra (गम्भीर) refers to (1) “profound” (i.e., that which can never be grasped) or (2) “(that which is) deep”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] That which can never be grasped is ‘profound’ (gambhīra). The self has never been grasped by any Buddha. Why is that? The self is originally pure, and just as the self is pure, so all dharmas are pure. Why do we say ‘pure’? Since any dharma is unoriginated and beyond origination, not ceased, and beyond cessation, it is called ‘pure’. In what is beyond darkness, beyond manifestation, without basis and blindness, in what is the deep (gambhīra) and highest truth, there is no sight or cessation of sight, up to and including no mind or cessation of mind, that is the space of objects where there is no calculation. [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Gambhīra (गम्भीर) refers to the “deep (knowledge of the Buddha)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after hostile Nāgas released winds, thunderbolts, etc.] “[...] Beings experience great and severe suffering. Listen, O Nāgas, there is the evident empowerment of the Tathāgata’s miracles. Behold the deep (gambhīra) knowledge of the Buddha, the power of the Tathāgata, the empowerment of special merit”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Gambhīra (गम्भीर) refers to a class of mahoraga deities gods according to the Digambara tradition, while the Śvetāmbara does not recognize this class. The mahoraga refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The mahoragas are are dark or black in complexion and the Nāga is their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred-tree).

The deities such as the Gambhīras are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Gambhīra (गम्भीर) refers to one of the warriors in Rāvaṇa’s army, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] When the battle had been going on for a long time, the army of the Rākṣasas was broken by the Vānaras like a forest by winds. [...] From anger at the killing of Hasta and Prahasta, [Gambhīra, ...] and others in Daśānana’s army advanced. [...] Then the soldiers of Rāma and Rāvaṇa returned, purifying their own men, killed and unkilled”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Gambhīrā (गम्भीरा) is the name of a river.— Gambhīrā (the deep) is a designation of the lowest portion of the course of the Viśokā between the point where it receives the waters of the Rembyār and its own confluence with the Vitastā. I suggest that this portion of the course of the river Viśokā flowing near the village Dhyānoḍḍāra was formerly called Dhyānadhāriṇī—the sustainer of the village Dhyāna—and was later on given the appellation Gambhīrā for being there too deep to be fordable. Why is the name Gambhīrā—highly extolled in the Māhātmyas—absent in the Nīlamata, is also explained by this identification.

Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Gambhīrā is one of the twenty canal-systems associated with Parakkamasamudda waters that existed in the Polonnaruva (Polonnaruwa) district of Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—The Pūjāvaliya gives the name Mahāsamudra to the Parakkamasamudda at Polonnaruva. The canal system associated with Parakkamasamudda is described and named in the Cūlavamsa as follows:—[...] Gambhīrā canal, from the Makara sluice; [...].

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Gambhira in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Ocimum americanum L. from the Lamiaceae (Mint) family having the following synonyms: Ocimum canum Sims, Ocimum album, Ocimum thymoides. For the possible medicinal usage of gambhira, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Gambhira in India is the name of a plant defined with Ocimum americanum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ocimum petitianum A. Rich. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Amoenitates academicae (1755)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Botanical Magazine (2452)
· Centuria I. Plantarum (1755)
· Flora of West Tropical Africa (1931)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Gambhira, for example diet and recipes, side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gambhira in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gambhīra : (adj.) deep; profound; hard to perceive. (nt.), depth.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gambhīra, (adj.) (Vedic gambhīra & gabhīra) deep, profound, unfathomable, well founded, hard to perceive, difficult.—(a) lit. of lakes: Dh.83; Pv.II, 119 (=agādha); Pug.46; of a road (full of swamps) J.I, 196.—(b) fig. of knowledge & wisdom: dhammo g. duddaso ... M.I, 487; S.I, 136; Tathāgato g. appameyyo duppariyogāho M.I, 487; parisā g. (opp. uttāna, shallow, superficial, thoughtless) A.I, 70; g. ṭhāna w. ref. jhāna, etc. Ps.II, 21; saddhamma g. Sdhp. 530; g. gūḷha nipuṇa Nd 342; lokanātho nipuṇo g. PvA.1; also w. nipuṇa J.VI, 355; Miln.234; Bdhd. 118, 137;— (nt.) the deep; deep ground, i.e. secure foundation Sn.173; Kh VIII, 1, 3 (see KhA 217).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gambhīra (गंभीर).—a (S) Deep--the ocean, a river &c.; but used in Marahi only in figurative senses. Grave, serious, solemn, staid, thoughtful, reflecting, considerate. Deep or full--a sound.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gambhīra (गंभीर).—a Deep. Fig. Grave, solemn, staid, reflecting, thoughtful. Deep or full- a sound.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gambhīra (गम्भीर).—a. [gacchati jalamatra; gam-īran ni° bhugāgamaḥ] = गभीर (gabhīra) q. v.; स्निग्धगम्भीरनिर्घोषमेकं स्यन्दनमास्थितौ (snigdhagambhīranirghoṣamekaṃ syandanamāsthitau) R.1.36; Me. 66.68.

-raḥ 1 A lotus,

2) A citron.

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Gambhīrā (गम्भीरा).—Name of a river; गम्भीरायाः पयसि (gambhīrāyāḥ payasi) Meghadūta 42.

See also (synonyms): gambhīrikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gambhīra (गम्भीर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Deep, (as water, but applied metaphorically to sound, intellect, &c. as in English.) 2. Dull. slow. m.

(-raḥ) A Mantra or magical incantation written in prose in the Rig Veda. 2. A lotus. 3. The citron. f.

(-rā) Hiccup, violent singultus. E. gam to go, iran Unadi affix, ma changed to bha, and num inserted see gabhīra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gambhīra (गम्भीर).—see gabhīra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gambhīra (गम्भीर).—= gabhīra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gambhīra (गम्भीर):—[from gabha] a mfn. = gabh, [Ṛg-veda] (only in the beginning of Pādas, six times), [Atharva-veda] etc. (in post-Vedic writings gambh is more used than gabh; the deepness of a man’s navel, voice, and character are praised together, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxviii, 85]; hence a person who is said to have a deep navel, voice, and character is called tri-gambhīra mf(ā)n., [Mahābhārata iv, 254; v, 3939])

2) [v.s. ...] m. (= jambh) the lemon tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a lotus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a Mantra of the [Ṛg-veda; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] (= gabh) Name of a son of Bhautya, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio])

6) Gambhīrā (गम्भीरा):—[from gambhīra > gabha] f. a hiccup, violent singultus (with hikkā, [Suśruta]), [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Meghadūta 41]

8) Gambhīra (गम्भीर):—[from gabha] n. ‘depth’, with jamad-agneḥ Name of a Sāman.

9) [from gambhiṣṭha] b See, [ib.]

10) Gāmbhīra (गाम्भीर):—[from] gambh [gana] saṃkaladi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gambhīra (गम्भीर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Deep; slow; dull. m. An incantation; a lotus; a citron. f. () Hiccup.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gambhīra (गम्भीर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gaṃbhīra, Gaṃbhīrā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gambhira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Gambhira in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gaṃbhīra (गंभीर) [Also spelled gambhir]:—(a) serious, grave; sober; grim; reserved; deep; profound.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Gaṃbhīra (गंभीर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gambhīra.

2) Gaṃbhīrā (गंभीरा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gambhīrā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gaṃbhīra (ಗಂಭೀರ):—

1) [adjective] deeply or intensely felt; being so.

2) [adjective] not inclined to flirt; not given to fun, cheap amusement; restrained in speech, action, etc.; dignified; decent.

3) [adjective] solemn; deeply earnest.

4) [adjective] that cannot easily or superficially be understood; of, containing, implying or characterised by mystery; that which requires serious thought, study, etc.; serious; grave.

5) [adjective] inspiring awe or admiration through grandeur, beauty, etc.; sublime; stately; majestic.

--- OR ---

Gaṃbhīra (ಗಂಭೀರ):—

1) [noun] dignified or decent behaviour.

2) [noun] a sober man; a man of serious thought, action, etc.

3) [noun] a lotus flower.

4) [noun] the tree Citrus medica of Rutaceae family.

5) [noun] its fruit.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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