Itihasa, Itihāsa, Iti-hasa: 15 definitions

Introduction

Itihasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Itihāsa (इतिहास).—(Purāṇa)—Historical literature known to Sūta;1 the fifth Veda; their origin; to be read or heard on days of fasting;2 came in a personified form, to see Trivikrama Hari.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 1. 6; Matsya-purāṇa 57. 15; 58. 4; 69. 33; 72. 6; 247. 17.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 20, 22; III. 12. 39; Matsya-purāṇa 99. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 54. 115; 55. 2; 60. 16; 79. 53; 104. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 22. 83; III. 4. 10; V. 1. 38.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 21. 2; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 171; II. 34. 16; III. 15. 25; IV. 4. 47, 56; 7. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa I. 25, 32.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of itihasa in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Advaita Academy: Hinduism

Itihāsa is primarily a historical narrative in verse with an element of myth in it, with several interludes on morality, metaphysics, statecraft and other issues. Itihāsa was meant to popularize the message of the Vedas through stories of kings, and other ideal persons. Mahabharata is such an Itihāsa where there are innumerable case studies on dharma.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Itihas ("so indeed it was") as defined by Amarakosha (I.6.4) refers to purvavritta, i.e. events of the past. In the Vedic age, those portions of the Brahmanas which narrated events of bygone days were known as itihasa and had some ritualistic importance. The recitation of the itihasa-purana in the pariplava nights was a part of the Asvamedha ritual. Later, the connotation of the term widened to cover all such narratives which related to past events.

Source: Institute of Sri Ramchandra Consciousness: A Handbook of Hindu Religion: Literature

Itihāsa (इतिहास):—The Itihāsas describe how the duties taught in our Smṛtis are discharged by different individuals, how men should act when there is apparent conflict of duties, and thereby create in the minds of people a desire to follow dharma and to shun adharma. The Itihāsas are the Rāmāyana and the Mahābhārata.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Itihāsa.—(EI 13), legendary lore. J Note: itihāsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of itihasa in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (I) next»] — Itihasa in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

itihāsa : (m.) history; tradition.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Itihāsa refers to: (= iti ha āsa, preserving the Vedic form āsa, 3rd sg. perf. of atthi) “thus indeed it has been”, legendary lore, oral tradition, history; usually mentioned as a branch of brahmanic learning, in phrase itihāsa-pañca-mānaṃ padako veyyākaraṇo etc. D. I, 88 = (see DA. I, 247); A. I, 163; III, 223; Sn. 447, 1020. Cp. also M Vastu I. 556.—hītiha (itiha + itiha) “so & so” talk, gossip, oral tradition, belief by hearsay etc. (cp. itikirā & anītiha. Nd2 spells ītihītiha) M. I, 520; S. I, 154; Sn. 1084; Nd2 151. (Page 118)

Note: itihāsa is a Pali compound consisting of the words iti and hāsa.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of itihasa in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

itihāsa (इतिहास).—m (S) History; written or traditional account of. This word is used interchangeably with śabda as a form of pramāṇa or Proof. See ex. under pramāṇa. 2 A detailed account of an affair gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

itihāsa (इतिहास).—m History; a detailed account of an affair.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of itihasa in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Itihāsa (इतिहास).—[fr. iti-ha-āsa (3rd. pers. sing. Perf. of as to be); so it has been] (

1) History (legendary or traditional); धर्मार्थकाममोक्षाणामुपदेशसमन्वितम् पूर्ववृत्तं कथा- युक्तमितिहासं प्रचक्षते (dharmārthakāmamokṣāṇāmupadeśasamanvitam pūrvavṛttaṃ kathā- yuktamitihāsaṃ pracakṣate); Mb. cf. also आर्यादिबहुव्याख्यानं देवर्षि- चरिताश्रयम् । इतिहासमिति प्रोक्तं भविष्याद्भुतधर्मयुक् (āryādibahuvyākhyānaṃ devarṣi- caritāśrayam | itihāsamiti proktaṃ bhaviṣyādbhutadharmayuk) ||

2) Heroic history (such as the Mahābhārata).

3) Historical evidence, tradition (which is recognized as a proof by the Paurāṇikas).

Derivable forms: itihāsaḥ (इतिहासः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Itihāsa (इतिहास).—m.

(-saḥ) History, traditional accounts of former events, heroic history, as the Mahabharata and Ramayana. E. itiha traditional instruction, as to be, and ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Itihāsa (इतिहास):—[=iti-hāsa] [from iti] a see below

2) [=iti-hāsa] [from iti-ha > iti] b m. (iti-ha-āsa, ‘so indeed it was’), talk, legend, tradition, history, traditional accounts of former events, heroic history, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of itihasa in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: