Itihasa, aka: Itihāsa, Iti-hasa; 10 Definition(s)


Itihasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Itihasa in Purana glossary... « previous · [I] · next »

Itihāsa (इतिहास).—(Purāṇa)—Historical literature known to Sūta;1 the fifth Veda; their origin; to be read or heard on days of fasting;2 came in a personified form, to see Trivikrama Hari.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 1. 6; Matsya-purāṇa 57. 15; 58. 4; 69. 33; 72. 6; 247. 17.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 20, 22; III. 12. 39; Matsya-purāṇa 99. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 54. 115; 55. 2; 60. 16; 79. 53; 104. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 22. 83; III. 4. 10; V. 1. 38.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 21. 2; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 171; II. 34. 16; III. 15. 25; IV. 4. 47, 56; 7. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa I. 25, 32.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Itihāsa is primarily a historical narrative in verse with an element of myth in it, with several interludes on morality, metaphysics, statecraft and other issues. Itihāsa was meant to popularize the message of the Vedas through stories of kings, and other ideal persons. Mahabharata is such an Itihāsa where there are innumerable case studies on dharma.

Source: Advaita Academy: Hinduism

Itihas ("so indeed it was") as defined by Amarakosha (I.6.4) refers to purvavritta, i.e. events of the past. In the Vedic age, those portions of the Brahmanas which narrated events of bygone days were known as itihasa and had some ritualistic importance. The recitation of the itihasa-purana in the pariplava nights was a part of the Asvamedha ritual. Later, the connotation of the term widened to cover all such narratives which related to past events.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Itihāsa (इतिहास):—The Itihāsas describe how the duties taught in our Smṛtis are discharged by different individuals, how men should act when there is apparent conflict of duties, and thereby create in the minds of people a desire to follow dharma and to shun adharma. The Itihāsas are the Rāmāyana and the Mahābhārata.

Source: Institute of Sri Ramchandra Consciousness: A Handbook of Hindu Religion: Literature

India history and geogprahy

Itihāsa.—(EI 13), legendary lore. J Note: itihāsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Itihasa in Pali glossary... « previous · [I] · next »

itihāsa : (m.) history; tradition.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Itihasa in Marathi glossary... « previous · [I] · next »

itihāsa (इतिहास).—m (S) History; written or traditional account of. This word is used interchangeably with śabda as a form of pramāṇa or Proof. See ex. under pramāṇa. 2 A detailed account of an affair gen.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

itihāsa (इतिहास).—m History; a detailed account of an affair.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Itihāsa (इतिहास).—[fr. iti-ha-āsa (3rd. pers. sing. Perf. of as to be); so it has been] (

1) History (legendary or traditional); धर्मार्थकाममोक्षाणामुपदेशसमन्वितम् पूर्ववृत्तं कथा- युक्तमितिहासं प्रचक्षते (dharmārthakāmamokṣāṇāmupadeśasamanvitam pūrvavṛttaṃ kathā- yuktamitihāsaṃ pracakṣate); Mb. cf. also आर्यादिबहुव्याख्यानं देवर्षि- चरिताश्रयम् । इतिहासमिति प्रोक्तं भविष्याद्भुतधर्मयुक् (āryādibahuvyākhyānaṃ devarṣi- caritāśrayam | itihāsamiti proktaṃ bhaviṣyādbhutadharmayuk) ||

2) Heroic history (such as the Mahābhārata).

3) Historical evidence, tradition (which is recognized as a proof by the Paurāṇikas).

Derivable forms: itihāsaḥ (इतिहासः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Itihāsa (इतिहास).—m.

(-saḥ) History, traditional accounts of former events, heroic history, as the Mahabharata and Ramayana. E. itiha traditional instruction, as to be, and ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1154 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Aṭṭahāsa (अट्टहास) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāma...
Hasa (हस).—m. (-saḥ) 1. Laughter, laughing, laugh. 2. Mirth, merriment, joy. 3. Derision. E. ha...
Iti (इति).—ind. A particle implying, 1. Cause, (thus, therefore.) 2. Manifestation, (lo! behold...
Candrahāsa (चन्द्रहास).—m. (-saḥ) 1. A scimitar. 2. the sword of Ravana. f. (-sā) Moon plant, (...
Ityādi (इत्यादि).—a. having such a thing or things at the beginning, so forth, et cætera (&c.)....
Itivṛtta (इतिवृत्त).—(nt. or m.), = next (rarely): nidānetivṛtta-Kv 81.21 (prose), in list of c...
Ityartha (इत्यर्थ).—sum and substance, meaning in short (often) used by commentators). Derivabl...
Puṣpahāsā (पुष्पहासा).—f. (-sā) A woman during menstruation. E. puṣpa, and hāsa who smiles.
Īṣaddhāsa (ईषद्धास).—m. (-saḥ) A smile. E. īṣat a little, and hāsa laughter.
Nirīti (निरीति).—a. free from the calamities of the season; निरातङ्का निरीतयः (nirātaṅkā nirīta...
Vanahāsa (वनहास).—m. (-saḥ) A sort of tall grass, (Saccharum spontaneum.) E. vana wood, and hās...
Māṃsahāsā (मांसहासा).—f. (-sā) Skin. E. māṃsa flesh, hāsa a smile.
Antarhāsa (अन्तर्हास).—mfn. (-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Laughing inwardly. m. (-saḥ) Self-satisfaction, conce...
Niśāhasa (निशाहस).—m. (-saḥ) The white water lily. E. niśā, and hasa what smiles; opening its p...
Jalahāsa (जलहास).—m. (-saḥ) Cuttle fish bone, considered as the indurated foam of the sea; also...

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