Itihasa, aka: Itihāsa; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Itihasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Itihasa in Purana glossaries]

Itihāsa (इतिहास).—(Purāṇa)—Historical literature known to Sūta;1 the fifth Veda; their origin; to be read or heard on days of fasting;2 came in a personified form, to see Trivikrama Hari.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 1. 6; Matsya-purāṇa 57. 15; 58. 4; 69. 33; 72. 6; 247. 17.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 4. 20, 22; III. 12. 39; Matsya-purāṇa 99. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 54. 115; 55. 2; 60. 16; 79. 53; 104. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 22. 83; III. 4. 10; V. 1. 38.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 21. 2; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 171; II. 34. 16; III. 15. 25; IV. 4. 47, 56; 7. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa I. 25, 32.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Itihasa in Hinduism glossaries]

Itihāsa is primarily a historical narrative in verse with an element of myth in it, with several interludes on morality, metaphysics, statecraft and other issues. Itihāsa was meant to popularize the message of the Vedas through stories of kings, and other ideal persons. Mahabharata is such an Itihāsa where there are innumerable case studies on dharma.

(Source): Advaita Academy: Hinduism

Itihas ("so indeed it was") as defined by Amarakosha (I.6.4) refers to purvavritta, i.e. events of the past. In the Vedic age, those portions of the Brahmanas which narrated events of bygone days were known as itihasa and had some ritualistic importance. The recitation of the itihasa-purana in the pariplava nights was a part of the Asvamedha ritual. Later, the connotation of the term widened to cover all such narratives which related to past events.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Itihāsa (इतिहास):—The Itihāsas describe how the duties taught in our Smṛtis are discharged by different individuals, how men should act when there is apparent conflict of duties, and thereby create in the minds of people a desire to follow dharma and to shun adharma. The Itihāsas are the Rāmāyana and the Mahābhārata.

(Source): Institute of Sri Ramchandra Consciousness: A Handbook of Hindu Religion: Literature

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Itihasa in Pali glossaries]

itihāsa : (m.) history; tradition.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Itihasa in Marathi glossaries]

itihāsa (इतिहास).—m (S) History; written or traditional account of. This word is used interchangeably with śabda as a form of pramāṇa or Proof. See ex. under pramāṇa. 2 A detailed account of an affair gen.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

itihāsa (इतिहास).—m History; a detailed account of an affair.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Itihasa in Sanskrit glossaries]

Itihāsa (इतिहास).—[fr. iti-ha-āsa (3rd. pers. sing. Perf. of as to be); so it has been] (

1) History (legendary or traditional); धर्मार्थकाममोक्षाणामुपदेशसमन्वितम् पूर्ववृत्तं कथा- युक्तमितिहासं प्रचक्षते (dharmārthakāmamokṣāṇāmupadeśasamanvitam pūrvavṛttaṃ kathā- yuktamitihāsaṃ pracakṣate); Mb. cf. also आर्यादिबहुव्याख्यानं देवर्षि- चरिताश्रयम् । इतिहासमिति प्रोक्तं भविष्याद्भुतधर्मयुक् (āryādibahuvyākhyānaṃ devarṣi- caritāśrayam | itihāsamiti proktaṃ bhaviṣyādbhutadharmayuk) ||

2) Heroic history (such as the Mahābhārata).

3) Historical evidence, tradition (which is recognized as a proof by the Paurāṇikas).

Derivable forms: itihāsaḥ (इतिहासः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 21 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Bharatetihasa
Bhāratetihāsa (भारतेतिहास).—the story of the Bhāratas (mahābhārata). Derivable forms: bhārateti...
Itihasavada
Itihāsavāda (इतिहासवाद).—historical story, legend; Māl.3.3.Derivable forms: itihāsavādaḥ (इतिहा...
Itihasanibandhana
Itihāsanibandhana (इतिहासनिबन्धन).—legendary composition or narrative; Ś3. Derivable forms: iti...
Itihasaveda
Itihāsaveda (इतिहासवेद) refers to the “science of history” and represents one of the divisions ...
Purana
Purāṇa (पुराण) refers to the “record of ancient events” and is one of the nine divisions of the...
Pramana
Pramāṇa (प्रमाण) refers to “valid perception, measure and structure” and represents one of the ...
Vyasa
Vyāsa (व्यास).—The sage Vyāsa who is the author of the Mahā-Bhārata. Genealogy. Descended from ...
Arthapatti
Arthāpatti (अर्थापत्ति) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Ci...
Asha
Āśa (आश).—a. One who eats, eater (mostly as the last member of comp.); e. g. हुताश, आश्रयाश (hu...
Brahmayajna
Brahmayajña (ब्रह्मयज्ञ).—A special sacrifice to be performed by a Brāhmin only. The rules and ...
Mahabharata
Mahābhārata (महाभारत) is the name of a Sanskrit text partly dealing with the ancient Indian sci...
Ramayana
Rāmāyaṇa (रामायण).—General. Rāmāyaṇa is considered to be the first poetic composition in the wo...
Paurusheya
Paurūṣeya (पौरूषेय) refers to “disciplines whose knowledge is contingent on the individual” and...
Lomaharshana
Lomaharṣaṇa (लोमहर्षण).—Father of Sūta who told Purāṇic stories. (1st Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata)....
Parisesa
Pariśeṣa (परिशेष) or Parīśeṣa (परीशेष).—1) Remainder, remnant, elimination; परिशेषादत्रैवर्णिको...

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