Apada, Āpadā, Āpādā, Apāda, Apādā, Āpāda: 24 definitions


Apada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Apda.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Āpāda (आपाद) refers to the “feet” (e.g., āpādatala—from the soles of the feet), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Above [Śiva] is the tranquil (energy called) Śivā. [...] If he desires liberation, the one who possesses (this) glory should abide on that plane. [...] And then the (Supreme) State arises and that state is Śāmbhavī, (otherwise called) Śivā. [...] Pulsating there, he should ascend from the foundation of the root (Wheel) as does a monkey (along) a tree, from the soles of the feet up to the top of the head [i.e., āpāda-tala-mūrdhānta]. Then comes liberation in the venerable Śrīkrama. Beyond that is the Transmental. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (artha)

Āpadā (आपदा) refers to “adversities (divine or human)”, according to the Arthaśāstra verse 1.9.9-10.—Accordingly, “He should appoint as chaplain a man who comes from a very distinguished family and has an equally distinguished character, who is thoroughly trained in the Veda together with the limbs, in divine omens, and in government, and who could counteract divine and human adversities (āpadā) through Atharvan means. He should follow him as a pupil his teacher, a son his father, and a servant his master”.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Apada (अपद) refers to the “absence of words”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Ratnaśrī said: ‘Son of good family, how is ‘matter of dispute (adhikaraṇa)’ explained?’ Gaganagañja said: ‘Son of good family, ‘matter of dispute’ is a word for imputing. One who does not impute anything to any dharma does not makes any matter of dispute concerning any dharma, therefore a word for ‘no matter of dispute’ is a word for sameness; a word for sameness is a word for the incomparable; a word for the incomparable is a word for the absence of words (apada); a word for the absence of words is a word for the absence of letters; [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Āpadā (आपदा) refers to “misfortune”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Holy vermillion sandlewood purifies, destroys the wicked, Daily removes misfortune (āpadā), (and) always yields good fortune”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Apada (अपद) refers to “without feet”, and represents classification of things that can be stolen (steya, caurya), according to Umāsvāti’s Śrāvaka-prajñapti 265 and Haribhadra’s commentary on the Āvaśyaka-sūtra p. 822b. It is related to the Asteya-vrata (vow of not stealing).

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Āpada (आपद) refers to “calamities”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Is one not disturbed by [family] attachments? Is this body not cut down by diseases? Does death not open its mouth? Do calamities not do harm every day (āpadapratidinaṃ druhyanti kiṃ nāpadaḥ)? Are hells not dreadful? Are not sensual pleasures deceiving like a dream? Because of which, having discarded one’s own benefit, you have a desire for the world which is like a city of Kiṃnaras”.

2) Āpada (आपद) refers to “misfortune”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “All the connections arising from the ocean of life are the abode of bad luck [com.—āpada-gṛhaāpadāṃ gṛhaṃ—‘the home of misfortune’] for human beings [and] thus, in the end, [the connections] are exceedingly tasteless”.

Synonyms: Vipada.

Source: academia.edu: The Original Paṇhavāyaraṇa/Praśnavyākaraṇa Discovered

Apada (अपद) refers to “creatures without feet”, as taught in the Paṇhavāgaraṇa (Sanskrit: Praśnavyākaraṇa): the tenth Anga of the Jain canon which deals with the prophetic explanation of queries regarding divination.—The Praśnavyākaraṇa deals with the praśnavidyā in a rather complex way. It is divided into at least 33 short chapters [e.g., apada-adhikāra; part of the chapter called jīvacintā-prakaraṇa], some of which are further divided into sub-chapters. Some contents of the text, mainly those related with articulation and pronunciation can have significance far beyond the scope of the praśnavidyā.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

apada : (adj.) footless. || apāda (adj.), footless; creeping. āpadā (f.), misfortune; distress.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Apāda, (?) (apa + ā + ) giving away in marriage J.IV, 179 (in expln. of anāpāda unmarried; reading should prob. be āpāda = pariggaha). (Page 54)

— or —

Āpadā, (f.) (Sk. āpad, fr. ā + pad, cp. āpajjati & BSk. āpad, e. g. in āpadgata Jtm 3133) accident, misfortune, distress, D.III, 190; A.II, 68 (Loc. pl. āpadāsu), 187; III, 45; IV, 31; Th.1, 371; J.IV, 163 (āpadatthā, a difficult form; vv. ll. T. aparattā, āpadatvā, C. aparatthā; expld. by āpadāya); V, 340 (Loc. āpade), 368; PvA.130 (quot.); Sdhp.312, 554. Note. For the contracted form in Loc. pl. āpāsu (= *āpatsu) see *āpā. (Page 102)

— or —

Āpādā, (f.) (short for āpādikā) a nursing woman, in an° not nursing, unmarried J.IV, 178. (Page 102)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āpadā (आपदा).—f (S) A misfortune or calamity. 2 Distress or affliction; suffering from want, sickness &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āpadā (आपदा).—f Misfortune, calamity; distress.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apada (अपद).—a.

1) Footless.

2) Having no office or post.

-daḥ A reptile.

-dam No place or abode.

2) A wrong or bad place or abode; wrong timer चिरमपदे शङ्कितोऽस्मि (ciramapade śaṅkito'smi) M.1 my doubts were out of place, ill-founded; प्रेम पश्यति भयान्यपदेऽपि (prema paśyati bhayānyapade'pi) Kirātārjunīya 9.7 unreasonably.

3) A word which is not a pada or an inflected word.

4) Ether.

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Apāda (अपाद).—= अपद् (apad) q. v.

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Apādā (अपादा).—3 A. To take off or away, to remove; तत्पाप्मानमपादत्ते (tatpāpmānamapādatte); मृत्पिण्डमपादाय महावीरं करोति (mṛtpiṇḍamapādāya mahāvīraṃ karoti) Śat. Br.

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Āpadā (आपदा).—f. Misfortune, calamity.

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Āpāda (आपाद).—[ā-pad-ghañ]

1) Attainment, obtaining.

2) Reward, remuneration.

Derivable forms: āpādaḥ (आपादः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Apada (अपद).—adj. (= Pali id.; not in Sanskrit in this meaning), trackless, that cannot be traced: Mahāvastu iii.91.20 (= Dhammapada (Pali) 179 id.) buddhaṃ…apadaṃ; Aṣṭasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 306.7, of the (Buddha's) dharma.

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Āpadā (आपदा).—(Pali and Sanskrit Lex. id., Sanskrit āpad; compare § 15.9), disaster: āpadāsu Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iv.115.14; 116.1, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apada (अपद).—mfn.

(-da-dā or -dī-daṃ) 1. Footless, having no feet. 2. Having no place, no station. adv. n.

(-daṃ) Unseasonably, inopportunely. m.

(-daḥ) A reptile. E. a neg. pada a foot.

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Āpadā (आपदा).—fn.

(-dā-daṃ) Misfortune, calamity. E. āṅ before pad to go, aṅ and ṭāp affs.; also āpad.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apada (अपद).—I. n. a wrong place, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 26, 23. Ii. adj. wanting feet, [Pañcatantra] 211, 6.

Apada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and pada (पद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apada (अपद).—1. [neuter] no or a wrong place.

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Apada (अपद).—2. [adjective] footless.

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Apādā (अपादा).—[Middle] take off.

Apādā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms apā and (दा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apada (अपद):—[=a-pada] [from a-pad] n. no place, no abode, [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] the wrong place or time, [Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] mfn. footless, [Pañcatantra]

4) Apāda (अपाद):—[=a-pāda] [from a-pād] mfn. not divided into Pādas not metrical.

5) Apādā (अपादा):—[=apā-dā] -√1. [Ātmanepada] to take off or away, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra]

6) Āpadā (आपदा):—[=ā-padā] [from ā-pad] f. misfortune, calamity, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Āpāda (आपाद):—[=ā-pāda] [from ā-pad] a m. reward, remuneration, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

8) [v.s. ...] arriving at, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] (for 2. ā-pāda See below.)

10) [v.s. ...] (p. 143, [column] 1, erase 1. and parenthesis on next line)

11) [=ā-pāda] b etc. See under 1. ā-√pad.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apada (अपद):—I. [tatpurusha compound] n.

(-dam) 1) No-place.

2) A place which can-not be stepped or dwelt upon, a bad place.

3) (In Grammar.) A word which is not a pada (q. v.) or an inflected word; e. g. sagatigrahaṇamapadatvāt. E. a neg. or deter. and pada. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-daḥ-dā-dam) 1) Footless.

2) Without a place, without a shelter; e. g. padāpadā paribhramannayena yāpadāpadā (comm. apadā atrāṇā asthānā vā damayantī &c.).

3) Unsteady, fickle; e. g. apadamā (comm. asthiralakṣmīkā). 2. m.

(-daḥ) A reptile. 3. n.

(-dam) (ved.) The æther (according to Sāyaṇa and Mahīdhara; the accent of the word in the latter sense is irregular, viz. the udātta on the second syllable). E. a priv. and pada.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apada (अपद):—[a-pada] (daḥ-dā-dī-daṃ) a. Footless; stationless. adv. Unseasonably.

2) Āpadā (आपदा):—[ā-padā] (dā) 1. f. Calamity.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apada (अपद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Apaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Āpada (आपद):—(nf) see [āpadā].

2) Āpadā (आपदा) [Also spelled apda]:—(nf) distress, adversity.

3) (nf) see [āpat; ~grasta] in distress/distressed, seized by misfortune, fallen on evil days.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Apada (ಅಪದ):—[adjective] lacking feet or legs, as snakes; apodal.

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Apāda (ಅಪಾದ):—[adjective] lacking feet or legs, as snakes; apodal.

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Āpada (ಆಪದ):—[noun] = ಆಪತ್ತು [apattu].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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