Muni; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Muni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Muni in Ayurveda glossaries]

Muni(मुनि):—Another name for Agastya (Sesbania grandiflora), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Muni in Natyashastra glossaries]

1) Muni (मुनि) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Muni) various roles suitable to them.

2) Muni (मुनि) is the Sanskrit name for “sages”, to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Munis).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

[Muni in Purana glossaries]

Muni (मुनि).—One of the seven sons of Dyutimān, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Muni (मुनि).—The mother of the Yakṣas. It is stated that Kaśyapaprajāpati begot of his wife Muni, the Yakṣas. (Chapter 19, Agni Purāṇa). The Gandharvas also were born of Muni. She gave birth to sixteen Gandharvas of which the first was named Bhīmasena. (Śloka 42, Chapter 65, Ādi Parva).

2) Muni (मुनि).—Son of a Vasu named Ahar (i.e. Ahaḥ) (Śloka 23, Chapter 66, Ādi Parva).

3) Muni (मुनि).—Son of Kuru of the Pūru line of kings. Kuru begot of his wife Vāhinī five sons named Aśvavān, Abhiṣyanta, Caitraratha, Janamejaya and Muni. (Śloka 50, Chapter 94, Ādi Parva).

4) Muni (मुनि).—One of the seven sons of a King named Dyutimān. (Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa 5. 24).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Muni (मुनि).—A daughter of Dakṣa and one of the 13 wives of Kaśyapa; a mother goddess; mother of groups of munis and sages, Apsaras and Gandharvas;1 given to Gandha śīlā.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 26-7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 56; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2, 45; 146. 19; 171. 29, 60; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 55.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 466.

1b) A son of Dyutimān, after whom came the Maunideśam in Krauncadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 23, 26; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 21, 23. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 48.

1c) A god of Prasūta group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 71.

1d) A son of Vaidya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 7. Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 7.

1e) A son of Pradyumna and father of Ūrjavaha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 20; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 19.

1f) One of the twenty Amitābha gods.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 17.

1g) A sage of the Raivata epoch;1 a Viśvedeva.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 9. 9.
  • 2) Ib. 203. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 30.

1h) One of the wives of Kaśyapa; gave birth to Apsarasas.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125; 21. 25.

1i) Those who delight in the ātman, after many births, and renounce even the region of Brahmā; realise the Supreme Spirit by shaking off the three dreamy stages— bhāvādvaita, kriyādvaita, and dravyādvaita.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 27. 27; VII. 15. 62-5; X. 2. 25.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Muni in Itihasa glossaries]

Muni (मुनि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.89.44) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Muni) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Muni also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.12, I.65, I.60.22).

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Muni in Jainism glossaries]

Muni (मुनि) refers to a type of Bhikṣu: the fourth of the four stages of a layman (āśrama) according to Cāmuṇḍarāya (940–989 A.D.) in his Caritra-sāra. Muni refers to a monk who possesses supernatural knowledge (avadhi-jñāna, manaḥ-paryaya-jñāna and kevala-jñāna)

Cāmuṇḍarāya, who was a Digambara Jain, has taken over the Hindu concept of the four āśramas, which, following Jinasena, he terms brahmacārin, gṛhastha, vānaprastha, and bhikṣu (eg., Muni).

(Source): archive.org: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Muni in Pali glossaries]

muni : (aor. of munāti) knew; understood. (m.), a monk.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Muni, (cp. Vedic muni, originally one who has made the vow of silence. Cp. Chh. Up. VIII, 5, 2; Pss. of the Br. 132 note. Connected with mūka: see under mukha. This etym. preferred by Aufrecht: Halāyudha p. 311. Another, as favoured by Pischel (see under munāti) is “inspired, moved by the spirit. ” Pāli explns (popular etym.) are given by Dhammapāla at VvA. 114 & 231: see munana) a holy man, a sage, wise man. I. The term which was specialised in Brahmanism has acquired a general meaning in Buddhism & is applied by the Buddha to any man attaining perfection in self-restraint and insight. So the word is capable of many-sided application and occurs frequently in the oldest poetic anthologies, e.g. Sn. 207—221 (the famous Muni-sutta, mentioned Divy 20, 35; SnA 518; expld SnA 254—277), 414, 462, 523 sq. , 708 sq. , 811 sq. , 838, 844 sq. , 912 sq. , 946, 1074 & passim (see Pj. Index p. 749); Dh. 49, 225, 268 sq. , 423.—Cp. general passages & explns at Pv. II, 113; II, 133 (expld at PvA. 163 by “attahitañ ca parahitañ ca munāti jānātī ti muni”); Miln. 90 (munibhāva “munihood, ” meditation, self-denial, abrogation); DhA. III, 521 (munayo=moneyya-paṭipadāya maggaphalaṃ pattā asekha-munayo), 395 (here expld with ref. to orig. meaning tuṇhībhāva “state of silence” =mona).—II. The Com. & Abhidhamma literature have produced several schedules of muni-qualities, esp. based on the 3 fold division of character as revealed in action, speech & thought (kāya°, vacī°, mano°). Just as these 3 are in general exhibited in good or bad ways of living (°sucaritaṃ & °duccaritaṃ), they are applied to a deeper quality of saintship in kāya-moneyya, vacīmoneyya, mano-moneyya; or Muni-hood in action, speech & thought; and the muni himself is characterised as a kāya-muni, vacī° & mano°. Thus runs the long exegesis of muni at Nd2 514A=Nd1 57. Besides this the same chapter (514B) gives a division of 6 munis, viz. agāra-muni, anagāra° (the bhikkhus), sekha°, asekha° (the Arahants), pacceka° (the Paccekabuddhas), muni° (the Tathāgatas).—The parallel passage to Nd2 514A at A. I, 273 gives a muni as kāya-muni, vācā° & ceto° (under the 3 moneyyāni). (Page 538)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Muni in Marathi glossaries]

muni (मुनि).—m (S) A holy sage; a pious and learned person having attained the nature of the gods by rigid abstraction and mortification. 2 An ascetic, an austere devotee.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

muni (मुनि).—m A holy sage. An ascetic.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 301 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sakyamuni
Śākyamuni (शाक्यमुनि).—epithets of Buddha. Derivable forms: śākyamuniḥ (शाक्यमुनिः).Śākyamuni i...
Mahamuni
Mahāmuni (महामुनि).—1) a great sage. 2) Name of Vyāsa. 3) an epithet of Buddha. 4) of Agastya. ...
Munitraya
Munitraya (मुनित्रय).—'the triad of sages', i. e. Pāṇini, Kātyāyana, and Patañjali (who are con...
Trimuni
Trimuni (त्रिमुनि).—ind. having the three sages पाणिनि, कात्यायन (pāṇini, kātyāyana) and पतञ्जल...
Sattaimuni
Saṭṭaimuni is also known as Kambaḷi Saṭṭaimuni and Kailāya Kambaḷi Saṭṭaimuni is a peculiar Sid...
Macchamuni
Matśyendranātha is glorified as the second Guru of the Nāth tradition and also the Guru of Gora...
Muni Sutta
Muni, (cp. Vedic muni, originally one who has made the vow of silence. Cp. Chh. Up. VIII, 5, 2;...
Munivritti
Munivṛtti (मुनिवृत्ति).—a. leading an ascetic life; वार्द्धके मुनि- वृत्तीनाम् (vārddhake muni-...
Munibheshaja
Munibheṣaja (मुनिभेषज).—1) the fruit of the yellow myrobalan. 2) fasting. Derivable forms: muni...
Munyanna
Munyanna (मुन्यन्न).—(pl.) the food of ascetics, (kandaphalādi); देशे काले च संप्राप्ते मुन्यन्...
Munidruma
Munidruma (मुनिद्रुम).—the Śyonāka tree. Derivable forms: munidrumaḥ (मुनिद्रुमः).Munidruma is ...
Muniputraka
Muniputraka (मुनिपुत्रक).—1) a wagtail. 2) the damanaka tree. Derivable forms: muniputrakaḥ (मु...
Muniparampara
Muniparaṃparā (मुनिपरंपरा).—uninterrupted tradition. Muniparaṃparā is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Munipungava
Munipuṅgava (मुनिपुङ्गव).—a great or eminent sage. Derivable forms: munipuṅgavaḥ (मुनिपुङ्गवः)....
Munyishvara
Munyīśvara (मुन्यीश्वर).—1) a great sage. 2) an epithet of Viṣṇu. 3) of Buddha. Derivable forms...

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