Nabhi, Nābhi, Nābhī: 28 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nabhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

According to the Matsya Purāṇa, Nābhi (navel) from heart to navel is 12 aṅgulas.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Nābhi (नाभि).—The saintly king who was the father of Lord Ṛṣabhadeva.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Nābhi (नाभि).—One of the sons of Medhātithi, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Nābhi and Merudevī had a son named Ṛṣabha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nābhi (नाभि).—The eldest of Agnīdhra and of the country, Himāhva; married Merudevī; performed a sacrifice for the birth of a son; the Lord appeared in the course of the sacrifice and promised to be born as his son; this was Ṛṣabha the eighth avatār of Viṣṇu1 after he came of age, Nābhi had Ṛṣabha installed on the throne, and left with his queen for Viśālā for tapas and having propitiated Nārāyaṇa became a jīvanmukta.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 13; II. 7. 10; V. 2. 19; 3. 1-2, 17-20; 4. 1-3; XI. 2. 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 45, 59-60; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 38, 41, 50; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 16 and 18, 27.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 3-5.

1b) A pupil of Kuśumi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 43.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Nābhi (नाभि):—[nābhiḥ] Navel, Umbilicus. The depressed point in the middle of the abdomen. The Scar that marks the former attachment of umbilical cord to the fetus

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Nābhi (नाभि) refers to the “navel”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Then the god Bhairava, who bore the form of Sadyojāta, shook. He leapt up by the power of knowledge and rolled around again and again. The god, intent on the ritual, secreted blood from the navel [i.e., nābhi], Liṅga and in the Cave. Then he became Bhairava, the abode of blood, in the sacrifice. (Thus) Bhairava bore the form of Sadyojāta (sadyarūpa—the Immediately Born)”.

2) Nābhi (नाभि, “navel”) refers to one of the seventeen stages of the rise of kuṇḍalinī, according to Abhinavagupta as drawn from the Devyāyāmala.—Cf. The seventeen syllables [i.e., saptadaśākṣara] of Mantramātā.—[...] These seventeen units [are] to be arranged in as many locations along the axis of the subtle body,  [as was] clearly known to Abhinava. Thus he presents an ascending series marking the stages of the rise of Kuṇḍalinī, the highest stage of which is that of the ‘Pure Self’ heralded by the Transmental just below it. In this set-up, drawn by Abhinavagupta from the Devyāyāmala, there are seventeen stages. These are [e.g., the Navel (nābhi), ...].

Jayaratha quotes this [Devyāyāmala] Tantra as a source of [Kālasaṃkarṣiṇī’s] Vidyā consisting of seventeen syllables. As the Devyāyāmala tells us that these places are related to the recitation of mantra, we may conclude that the seventeen syllables are contemplated in these seventeen places [e.g., Navel (nābhi)]. Accordingly, the Wheel of the Self can be said to be at the end of (i.e. after) the sixteen [i.e., ṣoḍaśānta].

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Croaking Frogs: (Yoga)

Nābhi (नाभि) refers to the “navel” representing one of the sixteen vital centres of the body (i.e., ādhāra), according to the Jyotsnā 3.73 (Cf. Gorakṣaśataka 14 and Svātmārāma’s Haṭhapradīpikā 3.72).—In Haṭhayoga, ādhāra refers to a vital point of the body, a seat of vital function. Jyotsnā verse 3.73 cites a passage attributed to Gorakṣa listing the ādhāras as [e.g., nābhi (navel), ...]. The Haṭhapradīpikā refers to sixteen ādhāras but does not name them or explain what they are. The Gorakṣaśataka also refers to sixteen ādhāras as something the Yogī should be familiar with, but does not name them.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

1) Nābhi (नाभि) develops from the literal sense of ‘navel’ the figurative meaning of ‘relationship’, or, concretely, ‘relation’.

2) Nābhi (नाभि, ‘nave’) of a chariot wheel, is mentioned in the Rigveda and later. See also Ratha, and cf. Nabhya.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Nābhi (नाभि, “navel”) refers to that part of the human body from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his navel (nābhi).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Nābhi (नाभि) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Nābhi).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Nābhi (नाभि) is the father of Ṛṣabha, the first of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Nābhi is is Merudevī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

2) Nābhi (नाभि) is the name of a kulakara (law-giver) according to Śvetāmbara sources. His wife is named Marudevī. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers (e.g., Nābhi) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Nābhi (नाभि) is the son of Marudeva and Śrīkāntā, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] finally, twins were born from Śrīkāntā [by Marudeva], boy and girl, named Nābhi and Marudevī. Five hundred and twenty-five bows tall, together they grew up like forgiveness and self-control. Marudevā, with the beauty of the priyaṅgu, and Nābhi, having the color of pure gold, looked like images of their parents from the identity of color. The life of these two noble persons was measured by numbered pūrvas and was somewhat less than Śrīkāntā’s and Marudeva’s. After death Marudeva attained the status of a Dvīpakumāra and Śrīkāntā that of a Nāgakumāra. After that Nābhi became the seventh patriarch of the twins, and ruled them properly by these three laws [i.e., Hākāra, Mākāra and Dhikkā]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nābhi : (f.) the naval; the nave of a wheel.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nābhi, & Nābhī (f.) (Vedic nābhi, nābhī; Av. nabā; Gr. o)mfalόs (navel); Lat. umbo & umbilicus; Oir. imbliu (navel); Ags. nafu; Ohg. naba (nave), Ger. nabel=E. nave & navel) 1. the navel A. III, 240; J. I, 238; DA. I, 254 (where it is said that the Vessā (Vaiśyas) have sprung from the navel of Brahmā).—2. the nave of a wheel Vv 644 (pl. nabhyo & nabbho SS=nābhiyo VvA. 276); J. I, 64; IV, 277; Miln. 115. (Page 350)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nābhi (नाभि).—f m (S) The navel. 2 The nave of a wheel. 3 The central or the focal point gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nābhi (नाभि).—f m The navel. The nave of a wheel. The central or the focal point gen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nabhi (नभि).—A wheel.

Derivable forms: nabhiḥ (नभिः).

--- OR ---

Nābhi (नाभि) or Nābhī (नाभी).—m., f. [nah-iñ bhaścāntādeśaḥ cf. Uṇ.4.125]

1) The navel; गङ्गावर्तसनाभिर्नाभिः (gaṅgāvartasanābhirnābhiḥ) Dk.2. &c.; निम्ननाभिः (nimnanābhiḥ)Me.84,28; R.6.52; अरा इव रथनाभौ प्राणे सर्वं प्रतिष्ठितम् (arā iva rathanābhau prāṇe sarvaṃ pratiṣṭhitam) Praśn. Up.

2) Any navel-like cavity. -m.

1) The nave of a wheel; अरैः संधार्यते नाभिर्नाभौ चाराः प्रतिष्ठिताः । स्वामिसेवकयोरेवं वृत्तिचक्रं प्रवर्तते (araiḥ saṃdhāryate nābhirnābhau cārāḥ pratiṣṭhitāḥ | svāmisevakayorevaṃ vṛtticakraṃ pravartate) || Pt.1.81.

2) The centre, focus, chief point; समुद्रनाभ्यां शाल्वोऽभूत् सौभमास्थाय शत्रुहन् (samudranābhyāṃ śālvo'bhūt saubhamāsthāya śatruhan) Mb.3.2.17.

3) Chief, leader, head; कृत्स्नस्य नाभिर्नृपमण्डलस्य (kṛtsnasya nābhirnṛpamaṇḍalasya) R.18.2.

4) Near relationship, community (of race &c.); as in सनाभि (sanābhi) q. v.

5) A paramount sovereign or lord; उपगतोऽपि च मण्डलनाभिताम् (upagato'pi ca maṇḍalanābhitām) R.9.15.

6) A near relation.

7) A Kṣatriya

8) Home.

9) A field; Nm.

-bhiḥ f. Musk. (i. e. mṛganābhī). [N. B. नाभि (nābhi) at the end of Bah. comp. becomes नाभ (nābha) when the comp. is used as epithet; as पद्मनाभः (padmanābhaḥ).]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nabhi (नभि).—m.

(-bhiḥ) A wheel.

--- OR ---

Nābhi (नाभि).—f. (-bhiḥ-bhī) 1. The nave of a wheel. 2. Musk. mf. (-bhiḥ or bhī) The navel, m.

(-bhiḥ) 1. An emperor, a sovereign, a lord, paramount. 2. The centre, focus, chief point. 3. A king, a chief. 4. A Kshetriya or Hindu of the regal and military tribe. 5. The son of Priyavrata. 6. A race, a family. E. nah to bind, Unadi affix iñ, and bha substituted for ha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nābhi (नाभि).— (nabh + i ?), f. (also

--- OR ---

Nābhī (नाभी).—), and m. 1. The navel, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 92. 2. The nave of a wheel, Mahābhārata 1, 726. 3. Centre, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 16, 7. 4. Chief, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 18, 19. 5. Musk, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 53. 6. (m. ?) The musk animal, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 21, 44. 7. m. A proper name, 5, 2, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nābhi (नाभि).—[feminine] ([masculine]) the navel or any navel-like cavity, the nave of a wheel (also nābhī [feminine]) centre, middle, rallying point, community of race or family, home, concr. relative, friend; (*[feminine]) musk, musk animal.

--- OR ---

Nābhī (नाभी).—v. nābhi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nabhi (नभि):—m. a wheel, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) Nābhi (नाभि):—[from nābh] f. ([probably] [from] √1. nabh, ‘to burst asunder or into a hole’; ifc. f. i or ī, [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti v, 49]) the navel (also n°-string cf. -kṛntana), a navel-like cavity, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (in later language also m. and f(bhī). )

3) [v.s. ...] the nave of a wheel, [ib.] (also m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc., and] bhī f.)

4) [v.s. ...] centre, central point, p° of junction or of departure, home, origin, [especially] common o°, affinity, relationship

5) [v.s. ...] a near relation or friend, [ib.] (m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

6) [v.s. ...] musk: (= mṛga-n), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] m. or f. musk-deer, [Meghadūta 53 (?); Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] m. a chief (= central point) of ([genitive case]), [Raghuvaṃśa xviii, 19] (cf. maṇḍala-nābhi-tā)

9) [v.s. ...] a sovereign or lord paramount (= mukhya-rāj), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a Kṣatriya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a grandson of Priya-vrata (son of Agnīdhra and father of Ṛṣabha), [Purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] of the father of Ṛṣabha (first Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] cf. [Anglo-Saxon] nafu, nafela; [German] naba, Nabe, nabolo, Nabel; [English] nave, navel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nabhi (नभि):—(bhiḥ) 2. m. A wheel.

2) Nābhi (नाभि):—[(bhiḥ-bhī)] 2. 3. f. The nave of a wheel, musk. m. f. The navel. m. A king; a kshetriya; a race.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nābhi (नाभि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇābhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nabhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nābhi (नाभि):—[[~bhī]] (nf) the navel; umbilicus, hub; -[keṃdra] the focal point, focus; -[mūla] the part of the abdomen just below the navel.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ṇābhi (णाभि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nābhi.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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