Nabhi, aka: Nābhi, Nābhī; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nabhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

According to the Matsya Purāṇa, Nābhi (navel) from heart to navel is 12 aṅgulas.

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Nābhi (नाभि).—One of the sons of Medhātithi, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Nābhi and Merudevī had a son named Ṛṣabha.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Nābhi (नाभि).—The eldest of Agnīdhra and of the country, Himāhva; married Merudevī; performed a sacrifice for the birth of a son; the Lord appeared in the course of the sacrifice and promised to be born as his son; this was Ṛṣabha the eighth avatār of Viṣṇu1 after he came of age, Nābhi had Ṛṣabha installed on the throne, and left with his queen for Viśālā for tapas and having propitiated Nārāyaṇa became a jīvanmukta.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 13; II. 7. 10; V. 2. 19; 3. 1-2, 17-20; 4. 1-3; XI. 2. 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 45, 59-60; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 38, 41, 50; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 16 and 18, 27.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 3-5.

1b) A pupil of Kuśumi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 43.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Nābhi (नाभि) develops from the literal sense of ‘navel’ the figurative meaning of ‘relationship’, or, concretely, ‘relation’.

2) Nābhi (नाभि, ‘nave’) of a chariot wheel, is mentioned in the Rigveda and later. See also Ratha, and cf. Nabhya.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Nābhi (नाभि).—The saintly king who was the father of Lord Ṛṣabhadeva.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Nābhi (नाभि, “navel”) refers to that part of the human body from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his navel (nābhi).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

1) Nābhi (नाभि) is the father of Ṛṣabha, the first of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Nābhi is is Merudevī. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

2) Nābhi (नाभि) is the name of a kulakara (law-giver) according to Śvetāmbara sources. His wife is named Marudevī. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers (eg., Nābhi) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Nabhi in Pali glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nābhi : (f.) the naval; the nave of a wheel.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nābhi, & Nābhī (f.) (Vedic nābhi, nābhī; Av. nabā; Gr. o)mfalόs (navel); Lat. umbo & umbilicus; Oir. imbliu (navel); Ags. nafu; Ohg. naba (nave), Ger. nabel=E. nave & navel) 1. the navel A. III, 240; J. I, 238; DA. I, 254 (where it is said that the Vessā (Vaiśyas) have sprung from the navel of Brahmā).—2. the nave of a wheel Vv 644 (pl. nabhyo & nabbho SS=nābhiyo VvA. 276); J. I, 64; IV, 277; Miln. 115. (Page 350)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

nābhi (नाभि).—f m (S) The navel. 2 The nave of a wheel. 3 The central or the focal point gen.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nābhi (नाभि).—f m The navel. The nave of a wheel. The central or the focal point gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nabhi (नभि).—A wheel.

Derivable forms: nabhiḥ (नभिः).

--- OR ---

Nābhi (नाभि) or Nābhī (नाभी).—m., f. [nah-iñ bhaścāntādeśaḥ cf. Uṇ.4.125]

1) The navel; गङ्गावर्तसनाभिर्नाभिः (gaṅgāvartasanābhirnābhiḥ) Dk.2. &c.; निम्ननाभिः (nimnanābhiḥ)Me.84,28; R.6.52; अरा इव रथनाभौ प्राणे सर्वं प्रतिष्ठितम् (arā iva rathanābhau prāṇe sarvaṃ pratiṣṭhitam) Praśn. Up.

2) Any navel-like cavity. -m.

1) The nave of a wheel; अरैः संधार्यते नाभिर्नाभौ चाराः प्रतिष्ठिताः । स्वामिसेवकयोरेवं वृत्तिचक्रं प्रवर्तते (araiḥ saṃdhāryate nābhirnābhau cārāḥ pratiṣṭhitāḥ | svāmisevakayorevaṃ vṛtticakraṃ pravartate) || Pt.1.81.

2) The centre, focus, chief point; समुद्रनाभ्यां शाल्वोऽभूत् सौभमास्थाय शत्रुहन् (samudranābhyāṃ śālvo'bhūt saubhamāsthāya śatruhan) Mb.3.2.17.

3) Chief, leader, head; कृत्स्नस्य नाभिर्नृपमण्डलस्य (kṛtsnasya nābhirnṛpamaṇḍalasya) R.18.2.

4) Near relationship, community (of race &c.); as in सनाभि (sanābhi) q. v.

5) A paramount sovereign or lord; उपगतोऽपि च मण्डलनाभिताम् (upagato'pi ca maṇḍalanābhitām) R.9.15.

6) A near relation.

7) A Kṣatriya

8) Home.

9) A field; Nm.

-bhiḥ f. Musk. (i. e. mṛganābhī). [N. B. नाभि (nābhi) at the end of Bah. comp. becomes नाभ (nābha) when the comp. is used as epithet; as पद्मनाभः (padmanābhaḥ).]

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 90 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mriganabhi
Mṛganābhi (मृगनाभि).—m. (-bhiḥ) Musk. E. mṛga a deer, (the musk-deer,) and nābhi the navel; the...
Nabhinadi
Nābhināḍī (नाभिनाडी).—f. (-ḍī) the umbilical cord. E. nābhi and nāḍī a vessel.
Urnanabhi
Ūrṇanābhi (ऊर्णनाभि) or Ūrṇanābhī (ऊर्णनाभी).—a spider; यस्तूर्णनाभ इव तन्तुभिः (yastūrṇanābha ...
Nabhibhu
Nābhibhū (नाभिभू).—m. (-bhūḥ) Bramha. E. nābhi, and bhū born: see nābhija.
Aravindanabhi
Aravindanābhi (अरविन्दनाभि).—m. (-bhiḥ) Vishnu. E. aravinda, and nābhi the navel, from which sp...
Gambhiranabhi
Gaṃbhīranābhi (गंभीरनाभि) refers to “deep navel” and represents the thirty-seventh of the eight...
Nabhijanman
Nābhijanman (नाभिजन्मन्).—m. (-nmā) Bramha. E. nābhi the navel, and janman birth: see the last.
Nabhivarsha
Nābhivarṣa (नाभिवर्ष) or Nābhīvarṣa (नाभीवर्ष).—Name of one of the nine वर्ष (varṣa)s belonging...
Nabhinala
Nābhināla (नाभिनाल) or Nābhīnāla (नाभीनाल).—1) the umbilical cord; तदङ्कशय्याच्युतनाभिनाला (tad...
Nabhija
Nābhija (नाभिज) or Nābhīja (नाभीज).—m., Derivable forms: nābhijaḥ (नाभिजः), nābhījaḥ (नाभीजः).N...
Cakranabhi
Cakranābhi (चक्रनाभि).—the nave of a wheel. Derivable forms: cakranābhiḥ (चक्रनाभिः).Cakranābhi...
Nirnabhi
Nirnābhi (निर्नाभि).—a. going or reaching beyond the navel; निर्नाभि कौशेयमुपात्तबाणम् (nirnābh...
Nabhilastapadakasana
Nābhilastapādakāsana (नाभिलस्तपादकासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śi...
Svaranabhi
Svaranābhi (स्वरनाभि).—a kind of flute. Derivable forms: svaranābhiḥ (स्वरनाभिः).Svaranābhi is ...
Nabhyasana
Nābhyāsana (नाभ्यासन, “navel posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of posture (ās...

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