Shava, Sāva, Sava, Śava, Śāva: 13 definitions

Introduction

Shava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śava and Śāva can be transliterated into English as Sava or Shava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Śava (शव, “corpse”):—In Hindu iconology, Kālī (goddess of time) is depicted as standing on Śiva’s corpse, whose empty body represents the universe without its live-giving strength. The lifeless body symbolizes whatever is left after pralaya (‘universal dissolution’).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śāva (शाव).—A son of Yuvanāśva and father of Bṛhadaśva; founded the city Śāvastī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 21.

1b) A Ṛṣika.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 145. 96.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A stronghold in Rohana. Cv.lxxiv.60.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sava.—(IE 8-1), contraction of Prakrit savachara = Sanskrit saṃvatsara. Note: sava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sava, (adj.) (fr. sru, savati) dripping, flowing with ( — ˚) Pv ii. 911 (madhu˚, with honey). (Page 699)

— or —

Sāva, (fr. sru) juice VvA. 186. (Page 707)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śava (शव).—n (S) A corpse. śavayāna n (S) A bier. śavavāhaka c (S) A corpse-carrier.

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śāva (शाव) [or शावक, śāvaka].—m S A young one of an animal in general.

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śāva (शाव).—a S śāvaka a S Relating to a corpse, cadaverous &c.

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sava (सव).—f ē (Misspelled through mispronunciation of cava) Taste, relish &c.

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sava (सव).—f ē (savya S Right hand.) A vulgar word for the north. See gaṅgēsamōharī. savacā or savēcā Northern, northerly.

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savā (सवा).—a (sapāda S through H) Having a fourth or quarter more; more or greater by a fourth. It is used with the numerals and with words expressing number, measure, or quantity, and thus denotes an increase of a fourth of unity; but with numbers (such as 100, 1,000, 10,000 &c., and sometimes 25, 50 &c.) viewed as involving the idea or relation of unity, they being still a century, a chiliad, a myriad, a million &c., it denotes an increase to the amount of a fourth of that aggregate or collective number. Ex. savā cāra, savā āṭha, savā bārā, Four and a quarter, eight and a quarter &c., and savā śēṃ, savā hajāra, savā lākha, A hundred and twenty-five, Twelve hundred and fifty &c.

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sāva (साव).—m (sādhu S through H) A banker. Applied also to an opulent or a flourishing merchant or trader generally. 2 An honest man; a reputable and trustworthy person. In use the word is generally opposed, expressly or tacitly, to cōra, ṭhaka (thief, rogue), or other such word.

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sāva (साव) [or सांव, sāṃva].—f ē (snāyu S) A muscle or a sinew. The word, like its synonymes, is little used, and the thing it signifies is little known or thought of but in connection with tumefaction or with spasmodic contraction. Hence the expressions sāva caḍhalī, sāva phugalī, sāva śēkalī-cōḷalī-utaralī -dukhatī, and, plurally, sāvā ōḍhatāta-tāṇatāta -tuṭatāta-dharatāta &c.; and hence the generalness and indefiniteness of the whole class of words (sāvara, śirā, snāyu, nāḍī, nasa, raga, vēṅgaḍī, mēṇḍakī, pēṭakī &c.) created doubtless to designate discriminately Muscle, sinew or tendon, ligament, artery, vein &c. 2 The gut of the goat or other animal used as strings &c., catgut. See under śirā & nāḍī.

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sāvā (सावा) [or सांवा, sāṃvā].—m (śyāmāka S) Panicum frumentaceum vel miliaceum.

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sāvā (सावा) [or सांवा, sāṃvā].—m (Commonly sāyā, sāga, sāgavāna &c.) The teak tree.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śava (शव).—n A corpse.

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śāva (शाव).—m A young one of an animal.

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savā (सवा).—a More or greater by a fourth.

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sāva (साव).—m A banker. An honest man.

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sāvā (सावा) [or sāṃvā, or सांवा].—m A kind of grain. The teak tree.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śava (शव).—[śav-ac] A corpse, dead body; अबान्धवं शवं चैव निर्हरेयुरिति स्थितिः (abāndhavaṃ śavaṃ caiva nirhareyuriti sthitiḥ) Ms.1.55.

-vam Water; तं नस्त्वं शवशयनाभ शान्तमेधम् (taṃ nastvaṃ śavaśayanābha śāntamedham) Bhāg.4.7.33.

Derivable forms: śavaḥ (शवः), śavam (शवम्).

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Śāva (शाव).—a. (- f.) [शव-अण् (śava-aṇ)]

1) Relating to a dead body; caused by the death (of a relative); दशाहं शावमाशौचं सपिण्डेषु विधीयते (daśāhaṃ śāvamāśaucaṃ sapiṇḍeṣu vidhīyate) Ms.5.59,61.

2) Tawny, dark-yellowish; जगाम तत्र यत्रास्या भर्तुः शावं कलेवरम् (jagāma tatra yatrāsyā bhartuḥ śāvaṃ kalevaram) Mb.3.297.62.

3) Dead.

-vaḥ 1 The young of any animal; a fawn, cub; क्व वयं क्व परोक्षमन्मथो मृगशावैः सममेधितो जनः (kva vayaṃ kva parokṣamanmatho mṛgaśāvaiḥ samamedhito janaḥ) Ś.2.18; मृगराजशावः (mṛgarājaśāvaḥ) R.3;18.37.

2) A dark-yellowish colour.

-vam Defilement caused by contact with a corpse or the death of a relative.

-vaḥ, -vam A corpse; अन्यदेहविषक्तं हि शावं काष्ठत्वमागतम् (anyadehaviṣaktaṃ hi śāvaṃ kāṣṭhatvamāgatam) Mb.12.153.59.

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Sava (सव).—[sū-su-ac]

1) Extraction of Soma juice.

2) An offering, a libation.

3) A sacrifice; राजसूयाश्वमेधाद्यैः सोऽयजद्बहुभिः सवैः (rājasūyāśvamedhādyaiḥ so'yajadbahubhiḥ savaiḥ) Mb.1.94.26.

4) The sun.

5) The moon.

6) Progeny.

7) A generator.

8) The Arka plant.

-vam 1 Water.

2) The honey of flowers.

3) Extracting the Soma juice.

4) Making libations.

5) Command, order; युक्तेन मनसा वयं देवस्य सवितुः सवे (yuktena manasā vayaṃ devasya savituḥ save) Śvet. Up.2.2.

6) Instigation.

Derivable forms: savaḥ (सवः).

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Sāva (साव).—A libation.

Derivable forms: sāvaḥ (सावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śava (शव).—adj. (= chava, q.v.), base, vile, in śava-bhūta, of persons, those who are base: bālair vikalpitā hy ete śavabhūtaiḥ kutārkikaiḥ Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā 262.5, cited from Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 167.17 = 276.8; in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra all mss. the first time sarva- for śava, so also one ms. the second time, text with the others there vaśa- (or is this only a misprint for -śava- ?); Suzuki corpse; śavabhūtā(ḥ) Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā 448.9; (yūyam api, addressed by King Bimbisāra to heretics who proposed to contest with Buddha) śavā bhūtvā bhagavatā sārdham ṛddhiṃ prārdhadhve (see prārdhate) Divyāvadāna 146.11, do you also, base as you are, aspire to (?) magic power along with the Buddha ?

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śava (शव).—mn.

(-vaḥ-vaṃ) A dead body, a corpse. n.

(-vaṃ) Water. E. śav to go, ac aff.

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Śāva (शाव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) 1. Tawny, (of that colour.) 2. Relating to the purification of defilement from the contact or consanguinity of a corpse, &c. 3. Relating to a dead body. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Tawny, (the colour.) 2. The young of any animal: see the next. E. śava a dead body, and aṇ aff.; or śav to go, aff. ghañ .

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Sava (सव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Sacrifice, oblation. 2. Offspring, progeny. 3. The sun. 4. The moon. n.

(-vaṃ) 1. Water. 2. The juice or honey of flowers. 3. Sprinkling the juice of the acid Asclepias. E. ṣū to bear, &c., aff. ac .

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Sāva (साव).—m.

(-vaḥ) A libation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śava (शव).—I. m. and n. A dead body, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 108; [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 24 (m.); [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 4, 107 (m.). Ii. n. Water.

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Śāva (शाव).—I. i. e. śava + a, adj. 1. Relating to, or produced by, a dead body, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 59. 2. Dead, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 61. Ii. (akin to śvi, cf. śiśu), m. The young of any animal, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 122, 12 (siṃha-, A lion’s cub).

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Sava (सव).—i. e. su, and sū, + a, I. m. 1. Sacrifice. 2. Offspring. 3. The sun. 4. The moon. Ii. n. 1. Sprinkling the Soma, or juice of the acid Asclepias. 2. The juice of flowers. 3. Water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śava (शव).—[masculine] [neuter] dead body, corpse.

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Śāva (शाव).—1. [masculine] the young of an animal.

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Śāva (शाव).—2. [adjective] relating to a dead body, cadaverous, dead.

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Sava (सव).—1. [masculine] pressing, [especially] of Soma.

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Sava (सव).—2. [masculine] bidder, impeller, impulse, command, enlivening, vivifying, [Name] of cert. sacrificial rites.

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Sāva (साव).—[masculine] libation of Soma.

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Savā (सवा).—weave together, interweave, inlay or adorn with ([instrumental]). — Cf. o/ta, prota, vyu/ta, vyūta, samuta/.

Savā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and (वा).

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Savā (सवा).—blow. — Cf. nirvāṇa, pravāta/.

Savā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and (वा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śava (शव):—mn. (ifc. f(ā). ; [probably] [from] √1. śū, or śvi and [originally] = ‘swollen’) a corpse, dead body, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

2) n. water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Śāva (शाव):—1. śāva m. ([probably] [from] √1. śū for √śvi; cf. śiśu) the young of any animal (cf. mṛga-śāva), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

4) 2. śāva mfn. ([from] śava) cadaverous, relating to a dead body, produced by or belonging to a corpse, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) dead, [Harivaṃśa]

6) of a cadaverous or dark yellowish colour, tawny, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) n. defilement caused by contact with a corpse or the death of a relation, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

8) 3. śāva [wrong reading] for śyāva.

9) Sava (सव):—1. sava m. ([from] √3. su) pressing out the juice of the Soma plant, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

10) pouring it out, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) n. the juice or honey of flowers, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) 2. sava m. ([from] √1. ) one who sets in motion or impels, an instigator, stimulator, commander, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

14) m. the sun (cf. savitṛ), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) setting in motion, vivification, instigation, impulse, command, order ([especially] applied to the activity of Savitṛ; [dative case] savāya, ‘for setting in motion’), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

16) Name of [particular] initiatory rites, inauguration, consecration, [Brāhmaṇa]

17) a kind of sacrifice, [Kauśika-sūtra]

18) any sacrifice, [Mahābhārata]

19) a year (?), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (See bahu-s).

20) 3. sava m. ([from] √2. ) offspring, progeny, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) Sāva (साव):—m. ([from] √3. su) a Soma libation (cf. prātaḥand sahasra-s), [Ṛg-veda]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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