Manava, Māṇava, Mānava: 29 definitions


Manava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Manav.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mānava (मानव).—A scholar and an authority on Dharmaśāstra. He was the author of three books namely, Mānava Upapurāṇa, Mānavaśrautasūtra and Mānavavāstulakṣaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Manava (मनव).—Twelve sons of Brahmā with mantraśarīras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 6.

2a) Mānava (मानव).—A Pañcārṣeya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 50.

2b) The 20th kalpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 290. 8.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mānava (मानव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.15, I.57, I.59.7, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mānava) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana

Mānava (मानव) or Mānavapurāṇa refers to one of the eighteen Minor Puranas (i.e., Upapurāṇa) according to the Kūrmapurāṇa and other traditional lists of Puranic literature: a category of ancient Sanskrit texts which gives a huge contribution in the development of Indian literature.—The Upapurāṇas (e.g., mānava-purāṇa) can be considered as the supplements of the Mahāpurāṇas as those are mostly based on the Mahāpurāṇas. The Saurapurāṇa considers the Upapurāṇas as khilas i.e., supplements. [...] Though the numbers of Upapurāṇas are specified as eighteen, there are many important Upapurāṇas which are excluded from the lists of Upapurāṇas given by different sources.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Mānava (मानव) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The mānava-maṇḍapa is to be built with 28 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.

Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (e.g., mānava) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Mānava (मानव) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The followers Ācāryas of Manu known as the name of Mānava (Mānavāḥ).

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Mānava (मानव) (Cf. Nara) refers to a “man”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “A ruler who is a Universal Sovereign is entitled to the first, a Provincial Governor to the second and a District Governor to the third [level of] Creative Energy. [To the same are entitled] a chief minister or a twice-born, provided he is in charge of the protection of many people. No single man (naraimāṃ naiko naraḥ) is entitled to [deploy] Her for [just] another man (mānavaekasmai mānavāya tu)”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Mānava (मानव) refers to a certain class of personalities which follows specific guidelines in the tradition of ancient Indian Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the rules of Painting of different classes have been elaborately discussed. According to this work, Yakṣas should have the size of rucaka and the picture of Pradhāna and Mānava should be painted according to the size of śaśaka types of men. Thus the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa establishes the fact that even in the pictures; the people belonging to different class and profession [e.g., Mānava] were projected with specific attire so that general people can equate the picture with the practical character.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

He belonged to a rich brahmin family of Savatthi. When on his way to the park one day, at the age of seven, he saw, for the first time, persons afflicted with old age, disease, and death. These filled him with horror, and he went to the monastery, heard the Buddha preach, and, with his parents consent, entered the Order. He was called Manava because he left the world so young.

In the time of Vipassi Buddha he was a physiognomist, and, having seen the child, declared that he would certainly become a Buddha, and worshipped him. In subsequent lives he became king many times under the names of Sammukhathavika, Pathavidundubhi, Obhasa, Sadinacchedana, Agginibbapaka, Vatamma, Gatipacchedana, Ratanapajjala, Padakkamana, Vilokana and Girisara (ThagA.vs.73; ThagA.i.162ff).

He is evidently identical with Sammukhathavika Thera of the Apadana. Ap.i.158f.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Mānava (मानव) is the name of a Gandharva appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Suvarṇagotra, according to chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective kingdoms of Jambudvīpa [e.g., the Gandharva Mānava in Suvarṇagotra], resembling the time of the past Buddhas.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Mānava (मानव) refers to “man”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] That on which there is dependence, that is nothing in particular; [...] in the dependent origination, there is no self, being (satva), life-principle (jīva), life-sustaining principle (poṣa), spirit (puruṣa), personality (pudgala), human being (manuja), or man (mānava); in the dependent origination there is no attainment; in the dependent origination there is nothing, and it is effortless, empty, no distinguishing mark, transcendent, no activity, no discursive thinking, and beyond discursive thinking. Thus origination is just the arising of the dharma, and cessation is also the ceasing of the dharma. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Mānava (मानव) refers to one of the sixteen classes of Vidyādharas derived from their respective Vidyās (in this case, from Mānavī-vidyā), according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.


“[...] After making [the two rows of Vidyādhara-cities], many villages and suburbs, they established communities [viz., the Mānavas] according to the suitability of place. [...] Dharaṇendra instructed them about the law as follows: ‘If any insolent persons show disrespect or do injury to the Jinas, or the Jinas’ shrines, or to those who will attain mokṣa in this birth, or to any ascetics engaged in pratimā, the Vidyās [viz., Mānavīs] will abandon them at once, just as wealth abandons lazy people. Whoever kills a man with his wife, or enjoys women against their will, the Vidyās will abandon him at once’.”

2) Māṇava (माणव) refers to one of the nine treasures mentioned in chapter 1.4 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.


“The King [Bharata] made a four days’ fast, directed toward the treasures, a guide on the path of acquisition of powers earned by former penance. At the end of the four days’ fast, the nine famous treasures approached him, each always attended by one thousand Yakṣas, Naisarpa, Pāṇḍuka, Piṅgala, Sarvaratnaka, Mahāpadma, Kāla, Mahākāla, Māṇava, Śaṅkhaka. They were mounted on eight wheels, eight yojanas high, nine yojanas broad, twelve yojanas long, their faces concealed by doors of cat’s-eye, smooth, golden, filled with jewels, marked with the cakra, sun, and moon. [...]

As their guardians, Nāgakumāra-gods with names the same as theirs, with life-periods of a palyopama, inhabited them. [...] Abundance of soldiers, weapons, and armor, also the whole science of fighting and administration of justice are from Māṇava”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

māṇava : (m.) a young man.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mānava, see Māṇava. (Page 529)

— or —

Māṇava, (cp. Sk. māṇava) a youth, young man, esp. a young Brahmin Sn. 1022, 1027, 1028; J. IV, 391 (brāhmaṇa°); DA. I, 36=satto pi coro pi taruṇo pi; DhA. I, 89. pl. māṇavā men Th. 2, 112.—The spelling mānava occurs at Sn. 456, 589, & Pv. I, 87 (=men Th. II, 112; kumāra PvA. 41). (Page 527)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mānava (मानव).—m S Man or mankind. 2 A man.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mānava (मानव).—m Mankind. A man.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Māṇava (माणव).—[manorapatyam aṇ alpārthe ṇatvam]

1) A lad, boy, youth, youngster.

2) A little man, manikin (used contemptuously).

3) A pearl-necklace of sixteen (or twenty) strings.

4) A young Brāhmaṇa.

5) Name of one of the 9 treasures.

Derivable forms: māṇavaḥ (माणवः).

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Mānava (मानव).—a. (- f.) [मनोरपत्यम् अण् (manorapatyam aṇ)]

1) Relating to or descended from Manu; मानवस्य राजर्षिवंशस्य प्रसवितारं सवितारम् (mānavasya rājarṣivaṃśasya prasavitāraṃ savitāram) Uttararāmacarita 3; Manusmṛti 12.17.

2) Human.

-vaḥ 1 A man, human being; मनोर्वंशो मानवानां ततोऽयं प्रथितोऽभवत् । ब्रह्मक्षत्रा- दयस्तस्मान्मनोर्जातास्तु मानवाः (manorvaṃśo mānavānāṃ tato'yaṃ prathito'bhavat | brahmakṣatrā- dayastasmānmanorjātāstu mānavāḥ) Mb.; Manusmṛti 2.9;5.35.

2) A lad, boy.

3) Mankind (pl.).

4) The subjects of a king (pl.)

-vāḥ (m. pl.) Name of a school on Artha- śāstra; तेषामानुपूर्व्या यावानर्थोपघातस्तावानेकोत्तरो दण्डः इति मानवाः (teṣāmānupūrvyā yāvānarthopaghātastāvānekottaro daṇḍaḥ iti mānavāḥ) Kau. A.2.7.25.

-vī 1 A woman.

2) Name of the daughter of स्वयंभू मनु (svayaṃbhū manu); यथा ससर्ज भूतानि लब्ध्वा भार्यां च मानवीम् (yathā sasarja bhūtāni labdhvā bhāryāṃ ca mānavīm) Bhāgavata 3.21.5.

3) Name of a Jain शासनदेवता (śāsanadevatā).

-vam 1 A particular fine, penance.

2) A man's length (as a measure).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Māṇava (माणव).—(also mānava, Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.261.20), usually (as in Sanskrit and Pali) youth, especially brahman youth; more commonly (again as in Sanskrit and Pali) °vaka. Once °va is used of an adult brahman, a king's purohita, and contrasted with his pupils, called °vaka: Divyāvadāna 60.23 rājño Brahmāyur nāma brāhmaṇaḥ purohito bhaviṣyati…(25) Brahmāyur māṇavo 'śītimāṇavakaśatāni brāhmaṇakān mantrān vāca- yiṣyati. This seems to be highly exceptional.

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Mānava (मानव).—name of a yakṣa: May 2. (Also written for māṇava, q.v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māṇava (माणव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A child. 2. A man, (in a contemptuous sense,) a manikin. 3. A pearl-necklace of sixteen or twenty strings. E. manu a man, and aṇ aff.

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Mānava (मानव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A man, man. 2. A boy. f. (-vī) 1. A woman. 2. A goddess peculiar to the Jainas. 3. A daughter of the first Manu. n.

(-vaṃ) A particular fine. E. manu the progenitor of mankind, and aṇ patronymic aff.: see māṇava and māṇavaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māṇava (माणव).— (= mānava. q. cf.), m. 1. A child. 2. A man, in a contemptuous sense. 3. A necklace of sixteen strings.

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Mānava (मानव).—i. e. manu + a, I. adj. 1. Human, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 53, 1. 2. Declared by Manu, Chr. 135, 1. 2. Ii. m. 1. A man, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 61; mankind, Chr. 8, 33. 2. A boy. Iii. f. . 1. A woman. 2. A daughter of the first Manu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māṇava (माणव).—[masculine] boy, lad, youngster, [especially] a young Brahman.

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Mānava (मानव).—[feminine] ī descended from or relating to Manu, human.

— [masculine] human being, man; [plural] the tribes of men (5 or 7), mankind, people, the subjects (of a king); [Name] of a Vedic school. [feminine] ī daughter of Manu or man, a woman. [neuter] a man’s length (as a measure), the law-book of Manu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Māṇava (माणव):—m. a youth, lad, youngster ([especially] a young Brāhman; also contemptuously = little man, manikin), [Kātyāyana; Kāraṇḍa-vyūha on Pāṇini 4-1, 161 etc.] (cf. daṇḍa-m)

2) a pearl ornament of 16 strings, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) (with Jainas) Name of one of the 9 treasures.

4) Mānava (मानव):—mf(ī)n. ([from] manu) descended from or belonging to man or Manu, human, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) favouring men, [Ṛg-veda ix, 98, 9]

6) m. a human being, man, [Ṛg-veda], etc.

7) [patronymic] [from] manu (Name of Nābhā-nediṣṭha, Śāryāta, Cakṣus, Nahuṣa, Bhṛgu, Su-dyumna, Karūṣa, and Deva-hūti), [Brāhmaṇa; Purāṇa] etc.

8) Name of a cosmic period, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [plural] the children of men, mankind, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

10) the races of men (of which 5 or 7 are reckoned), [Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa]

11) the subjects of a king, [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa]

12) Name of a school of the black Yajurveda, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

13) n. a man’s length (as a measure), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

14) a [particular] penance, [Prāyaścitta-tattva]

15) Name of various Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

16) of Manu’s law-book, [Vasiṣṭha]

17) of a Varṣa, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Māṇava (माणव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. A child; a manikin; necklace of 16 strings.

2) Mānava (मानव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. A man. f. () A woman; a goddess.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mānava (मानव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Māṇava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Manava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mānava (मानव) [Also spelled manav]:—(nm) a man; human being; mankind; —[jāti] the human race; mankind; —[bhūgola] human geography; -[manovijñāna] ethno-psychology; ~[jāti-vijñāna/śāstra] ethnology; ethnography; ~[tva] humanity, humaneness, -[prema] philanthropy; love towards humanity: ~[miti] anthropometry —[vadha] homicide; ~[vadhonmāda] homicidal mania; -[manovijñāna] human psychology; ~[vāda] humanism; ~[vādī] a humanist; humanistic; —[vijñāna/śāstra] anthropology; ~[vaijñānika] anthropological; an anthropologist; ~[śāstrī] an anthropologist; ~[śāstrīya] anthropological.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Māṇava (माणव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Mānava.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Māṇava (ಮಾಣವ):—

1) [noun] a boy.

2) [noun] a male student.

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Mānava (ಮಾನವ):—[adjective] belonging to any of the fourteen Manus, the mythological forefathers of mankind.

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Mānava (ಮಾನವ):—[noun] a human being (male or female).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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