Simhasya, Siṃhāsya, Simha-asya, Siṃhāsyā: 6 definitions


Simhasya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

1) Siṃhāsya (सिंहास्य) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 63. The temple is mentioned being part of the group named Nāgara, which contains twenty different Prāsādas (temples/buildings). The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

2) Siṃhāsya (सिंहास्य) is another name (synonym) for Siṃhavaktra, which refers to one of the four classes of praṇālas (“water-drains”) constructed into the sanctum for the purpose of draining oblation water and rainwater. It is a Sanskrit technical term used throughout Vāstuśāstra literature. The siṃhavaktra-praṇāla is connected with the Kṣatriya caste.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Simhasya in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Siṃhāsya (सिंहास्य).—A palace with candraśālas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 269. 46.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Siṃhāsyā (सिंहास्या) refers to one of the four “Animal-faced Goddess”, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Her Colour is reddish-blue; her Symbol is the lion-face; she has two arms.—The fourth and the last deity in the series is called Siṃhāsyā (“lion-faced”) in the nairātmā-maṇḍala.

Siṃhāsyā is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (nairātma-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“On the North there is Siṃhāsyā of reddish blue colour”

[She is described in the hevajra-maṇḍala as four-faced and four-armed, and as similar in appearance to Vajraghaṇṭā. Under the title of Siṃhavaktrā she appears in the Chinese collection at Peiping.

This set of four deities are given each a different direction in the maṇḍala. In the kālacakra-maṇḍala, four more deities with birds faces are added for the intermediate corners. [...] They carry in their hands the kartri (chopper) and the kapāla (skull-cup). A khatvāṅga (magic stick) hangs from their shoulders. They are some-times two-armed and at others four-armed.]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Siṃhāsya (सिंहास्य).—a particular position of the hands.

Derivable forms: siṃhāsyaḥ (सिंहास्यः).

Siṃhāsya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms siṃha and āsya (आस्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhāsya (सिंहास्य).—m.

(-syaḥ) A plant, (Justicia adhenatoda, &c.) E. siṃha a lion, āsya the face; to which the flowers are compared.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Siṃhāsya (सिंहास्य):—[from siṃha] mfn. lion-faced, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of fish, [Vajrasūci]

3) [v.s. ...] Gendarussa Vulgaris, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

4) [v.s. ...] Bauhinia Variegata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] position of the hands, [Catalogue(s)]

6) Siṃhāsyā (सिंहास्या):—[from siṃhāsya > siṃha] f. Gend° Vulg° or Adhatoda Vasika, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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