Hara, Hāra: 33 definitions
Hara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Hara (हर):—Sixth of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Viśvakarma-śilpa. He keeps in his right hands the mudgara, ḍamaru, śūla, aṅkuśa, gadā, sarpa and akṣamālā, (the object in the remaining hand is not mentioned); and in the left hands, paṭṭiśa, tomara, śakti, paraśu, tarjanī, ghaṭa, khaṭvāṅga and paṭṭikā (?).Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography
Hāra (हार) means a necklace and is seen in many different patterns. In the earlier periods, it is somewhat short and forms a broad band made up of several pieces.Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images
Hāra (हार) refers to a type of necklace or “neck-ornament” (kaṇṭhābhūṣaṇa), as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Hāra is a general term used to designate either a garland (invariably used just like the term mālā) or a long necklace with single or multiple strings or laces. They may be of pearls (muktāhāra) and of gems (ratnahāra), worn around the neck and generally falling over the breast to the sternum. In the icons of Government Museum, Chennai, one can notice the hāra extended to the level of kakṣasūtra.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Hara (हर), one of the fifty Rudras according to the Caryāpāda section of the Makuṭāgama (one of the 28 Saiva Siddhanta Agamas).Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Hara (हर) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Hariścandra, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (e.g., Hara) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Hara (हर) is the name of a deity who received the Kāmikāgama from Trikala who in turn, received it from Praṇava through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The kāmika-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.
Hara obtained the Kāmikāgama from Trikala who in turn obtained it from Praṇava who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Hara then, through divya-sambandha transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Kāmikāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Agni Purāṇa
Hara (हर):—One of the Eleven Rudras (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Agni-purāṇa. The Agni Purāṇa is a religious text containing details on Viṣṇu’s different incarnations (avatar), but also deals with various cultural subjects such as Cosmology, Grammar and Astrology.Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
Hāra (हार)—One of the Heavenly ornaments according to the Vāyu Purāṇa. Used by the people of the Kuru land. The Śūras are called hārakāḥ.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Hara (हर).—A famous Dānava, born to Kaśyapa of his wife Danū. He was reborn as King Subāhu. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 23).
2) Hara (हर).—One of the eleven Rudras. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 208, Verse 19).
3) Hara (हर).—A synonym of Śiva.
4) Hāra (हार).—A region of Purāṇic fame. Nakula subjugated the King of Hāra by a simple command without any resort to arms, and the King attended Yudhiṣṭhira’s Rājasūya with presents. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 51, Verse 54).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Hara (हर) refers to one of the eight names of Śiva (śivanāma) and is mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20 while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] the eight names of Śiva viz:—Hara, Maheśvara, Śambhu, Śūlapāṇi, Pinākadhṛk, Śiva, Paśupati and Mahādeva shall be used respectively for the rites of bringing the clay, kneading, installation, invocation, ceremonial ablution, worship, craving the forbearance and ritualistic farewell. Each of the names shall be prefixed with Oṃkāra. The name shall be used in the dative case and Namaḥ shall be added to them. The rites shall be performed respectively with great devotion and joy. [...]”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Hara (हर).—Also Kālarūpa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 26; 23. 33; 24. 10; 25. 45; 26. 3; 32. 30; 38. 4; 73. 2.
1b) One of the eleven Rudras.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 5. 29; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 122.
Hara (हर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.24) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Hara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Hara (हर) is a Sanskrit word referring to Śiva. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-95, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).
As such, Brahmā assigned Hara to the remaining characters (eg., excluding the hero, heroine and jester). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.
2) Hāra (हार) refers to “necklaces” and is classified as āropya, or “ ornaments that to be put round”, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Āropya is one of the four types of ornaments (ābharaṇa).
Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., hāra) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Hara (हर) or Haratantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Hara belonging to the Garuḍa class.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Hāra (हार) refers to a “string of pearls”, mentioned in verse 3.40 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “from him whose mind is at ease, (who is) moist with sandal [...]—wreaths of camphor and of jasmine; strings of pearls [viz., hāra] furnished with yellow sandal ; young thrushes (and) parrots whose chatter is lovely and sweet; (and)[...]”.
Note: Hara (“string of pearls”) has been rendered mu-tig do-śal (“pearl-necklace”), while its adjunct saharicandana (“furnished with yellow sandal”) has been turned tsan-dan dkar (“white with sandal”). On tsan-dan and tsandan see v. 20.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Hāra (हार) refers to “wall bordering an ambulatory outside §§ 4.8, 10.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Hāra (हार) is the shorter name of Hāradvīpa, one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) which is encircled by the ocean named Hārasamudra (or simply Hāra), according to Jain cosmology. The middle-world contains innumerable concentric dvīpas and, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born.
Hāra is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Hāra (हार) is a combination of 18 strings of jewels (The Antagaḍa-Dasāo and Aṇuttarovavāiya-Dasāo Oriental Translation Fund, p. 21).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Shodhganga: A study of place names of Nalgonda district
Hara or Ahara is one of the terms designating an ‘administrative division’ used in the inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh.—In the inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh the term ahara is not met with, instead hara is used. The earliest occurrence is Satavahani-hara which is also the earliest administrative unit mentioned in the inscriptions of region. In the succeeding period the Salankayanas and the Brihatphalayanas continued to use the same hara appellation, e.g., Kudra-hara or Kudura-hara. The Eastern Chalukyas from the seventh to the nineth century used hara as an integral part, not as a suffix of the unit, e.g., Gudrahara-Vishaya. Ahara occurs as a divisional appellation in the inscriptions of Gujarat (Kapur-ahara), of Maharashtra (Govardhana-ahara) and in the North-Konkan (Ikharaki-ahara).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Hara.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘eleven’. Note: hara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
hara : (m.) the God Isvara. || hāra (m.), a string (of pearls, etc.); a necklace.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Hara, (adj.) (-°) (fr. hṛ) taking, fetching; vayo° bringing age (said of grey hairs) J.I, 138; du° S.I, 36. (Page 729)
— or —
Hāra, (fr. harati) 1. that which may be taken; grasping, taking; grasp, handful, booty. In cpd. °hārin taking all that can be taken, rapacious, ravaging J.VI, 581 (of an army; Kern, Toev. I.133 wrong in translation “magnificent, or something like it”). Of a river: tearing, rapid A.III, 64; IV, 137; Vism.231.—2. category; name of the first sections of the Netti Pakaraṇa Nett 1 sq., 195. (Page 731)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
hara (हर).—m (S) A name of Shiva or Mahadeva.
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hara (हर).—a S That seizes, takes away, carries off. In comp as dhanahara, kīrttihara, sukhahara, duḥkhahara, yaśōhara, kaphahara, pittahara, vātahara, jvarahara Thief, robber, rogue &c. 2 In arithmetic. That divides, the divisor: also the denominator of a fraction.
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hara (हर).—a ( P) Every. Used freely with words; as hara ghaḍī, hara vakhata, hara rastā, hara gāṃva, hara jāgā &c. In some of the instances of the use of this word the sense seems to be slightly different from that given here. Such instances will be found in their order.
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hara (हर).—&c. See hāra, hārajīta &c. Note. Of some of the compounds or derivatives of hāra Loss or Line (e. g. haraṇēṃ, harapaṇēṃ, haraviṇēṃ, harīṃ, harēmōharēsa, harōhara) the preferable form is hara whilst of others it is hāra; but as the preferableness is in different localities differently determined, notice, greater or less, is taken of both forms.
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harā (हरा).—m A large basket of a particular form and of loose texture. Pr. vāḷakācā harā āṇi tākācā ḍērā (phāra divasa rāhata nāhīṃ); or harā vārā dēvhārā tākācā ḍērā (dōna divasācā). The figure of these four perishable or ephemeral things is significant of Transitoriness. harā (Basket) is here taken for Basket-full of watermelons or fruits.
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hāra (हार).—m (S) A necklace; a garland or wreath; a string (of gems, beads, flowers &c.) 2 f A line or row.
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hāra (हार).—f (S Taking, or hṛ To seize.) Loss. v yē, basa. 2 Defeat (in battle, gambling &c.) v yē. 3 m Taking from, seizing, robbing, rape. 4 In arithmetic. Divisor. hāra khāṇēṃ -ghēṇēṃ and, with direct or inverse construction, -jāṇēṃ To sustain loss or defeat, to lose. hāra jāṇēṃ with direct construction and dat. of o. is To allow or to undergo defeat by or inferiority unto. hāra ghēṇēṃ -patakaraṇēṃ -mānaṇēṃ To accept or agree to loss. Pr. hāra mānalī jhagaḍā tuṭalā; also hāra mānalī paṇa jhagaḍā tuṭō Peace! peace! peace upon any sacrifice or concession. hārīṃ jāṇēṃ with dat. of o. To succumb or dub unto; to acknowledge defeat by.
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hārā (हारा).—m (Or harā) A large basket made of bamboo slips.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
hara (हर).—a Every. That takes away. m A name of śiva.
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harā (हरा).—m A large basket of a particular form and of loose texture.
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hāra (हार).—m A necklace; a garland. f A row. Loss. Defeat. Robbing. Divisor (in arithmetic). hāra ghēṇēṃ-patakaraṇēṃ-mānaṇēṃ Accept or agree to loss. hārīṃ jāṇēṃ Succumb. hāra khāṇēṃ-ghēṇēṃ-jāṇēṃ To sustain defeat.
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hārā (हारा).—m A large basket made of bamboo slips.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Hara (हर).—a. (-rā, -rī f.) [हृ-अच् (hṛ-ac)]
1) Taking away, removing, depriving one of; as in खेदहर, शोकहर (khedahara, śokahara).
2) Bringing, conveying, carrying, taking; अपथहराः (apathaharāḥ) Ki.5.5; R.12.51.
3) Seizing, grasping.
4) Attracting, captivating.
5) Claiming, entitled to; as in रिक्थहर (rikthahara) &c.; परिहृतमयशः पातितमस्मासु च घातितोऽर्धराज्यहरः (parihṛtamayaśaḥ pātitamasmāsu ca ghātito'rdharājyaharaḥ) Mu.2.19.
6) Occupying; समादिदेशैकवधूं भवित्रीं प्रेम्णा शरीरार्धहरां हरस्य (samādideśaikavadhūṃ bhavitrīṃ premṇā śarīrārdhaharāṃ harasya) Ku.1.5.
-raḥ 1 Śiva; श्रुताप्सरोगीतिरपि क्षणेऽस्मिन् हरः प्रसं- ख्यानपरो बभूव (śrutāpsarogītirapi kṣaṇe'smin haraḥ prasaṃ- khyānaparo babhūva) Ku.3.4,67;1.5; Me.7.
2) Name of Agni or fire.
3) An ass.
4) A divisor.
5) The denominator of a fraction.
6) The act of seizing, taking.
7) A seizer, ravisher.
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Hāra (हार).—[hṛ-karmaṇi ghañ]
1) Taking away, removal, seizing.
3) Abstraction, deprivation.
4) A carrier, porter.
5) A garland or necklace of pearls &c.; a necklace in general; हारोऽयं हरिणाक्षीणां लुठति स्तन- मण्डले (hāro'yaṃ hariṇākṣīṇāṃ luṭhati stana- maṇḍale) Amaru.1; पाण्ड्योऽयमंसार्पितलम्बहारः (pāṇḍyo'yamaṃsārpitalambahāraḥ) R.6.6;5.52; 6.16; Me.74; Ṛs.1.4;2.18.
6) War, battle.
7) (In math.) The denominator of a fraction.
8) A divisor.
9) (In prosody) A long syllable.
Derivable forms: hāraḥ (हारः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hara (हर).—mfn. (raḥ-rā or -rī-raṃ) Who or what takes or seizes, carries or conveys, divides, removes, &c. m.
(-raḥ) 1. Siva. 2. Agni. 3. An ass. 4. (In Arithmetic,) A divisor; also the denominator of a fraction. E. hṛ to take, aff. ap, ac or ṭac.
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(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Who or what takes, &c. m.
(-raḥ) 1. A porter, a carrier. 2. Taking, conveying. 3. Abstraction, deprivation. 4. A necklace, a string of pearls, &c. 5. War, battle. 6. (In prosody,) A long syllable. 7. (In Arithmetic,) A divisor, also the denominator of a fraction. E. hṛ to seize, (the mind, &c.,) and ghañ aff., or causal form, with aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hara (हर).—i. e. hṛ + a, I. adj. Taking, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 278; seizing, carrying, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 50; depriving of (vibhrama-, surpassing the beauty), [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 5. Ii. m. 1. Śiva, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 48. 2. Agni. 3. An ass (cf. khara).
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Hāra (हार).—i. e. partly hri + a, I. adj. Who or what takes. Ii. m. 1. Taking. 2. A porter. 3. A string of pearls, [Pañcatantra] 52, 22; 53, 1. 4. War, battle.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Hara (हर).—(only —°, [feminine] ā, [rarely] ī) carrying, bringing; taking, receiving, seizing, robbing; ravishing, charming; removing, destroying. [masculine] seizer or destroyer, [Epithet] of Śiva, a man’s name.
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Hāra (हार).—[feminine] ī carrying, bringing, taking, seizing, ravishing, charming (—°). [masculine] a string or garland of pearls (adj. —° [feminine] ā); taking away, removing, deprivation, loss.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Hara (हर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Padyāvalī.
2) Hara (हर):—Āśaucadaśakaṭīka.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Hara (हर):—a mf(ā, rarely ī)n. (only ifc.; [from] √1. hṛ) bearing, wearing, taking, conveying, bringing (See kavaca-, vārttā-h), taking away, carrying off, removing, destroying (See bala-, śakti-h)
2) receiving, obtaining (See aṃśa-h)
3) ravishing, captivating (See mano-h)
4) m. ‘Seizer’, ‘Destroyer’, Name of Śiva, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
5) of a Dānava, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]
6) of a monkey, [Rāmāyaṇa]
7) of various authors etc., [Catalogue(s)]
8) (in [arithmetic]) a divisor, [Colebrooke]
9) the denominator of a fraction, division, [ib.]
10) a stallion (?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) an ass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) Hāra (हार):—[from hara] 1. hāra mf(ī)n. bearing, carrying, carrying away, stealing (e.g. kṣīra-h, ‘stealing milk’), [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]
14) [v.s. ...] levying, raising (e.g. kara-h, ‘raising taxes’), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
15) [v.s. ...] ravishing, charming, delightful (or ‘relating to Hari id est. Viṣṇu’), [ib.]
16) [v.s. ...] relating to Hara or Śiva, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]
17) [v.s. ...] m. taking away, removal, [ib.]
18) [v.s. ...] confiscation, forfeiture (of land, money etc.), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]
19) [v.s. ...] waste, loss (See kāla-h)
20) [v.s. ...] war, battle, [Horace H. Wilson]
21) [v.s. ...] a carrier, porter, [ib.]
22) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) a divisor or division, [Colebrooke]
23) [v.s. ...] (in prosody) a long syllable, [ib.]
24) [v.s. ...] a garland of pearls, necklace ([according to] to some, one of 108 or 64 strings), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
25) Hārā (हारा):—[from hāra > hara] f., [Pāṇini 3-3, 104]
26) Hāra (हार):—[from hara] 2. hāra (for 3. See p. 1292, col. 1) [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] rati to be like a string of pearls, [Dhūrtasamāgama]
27) [from hari] 3. hāra mfn. (for 1. and 2. See p. 1289, col. 2) relating to Hari or Viṣṇu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
28) a hāraka, hārin etc. See p.1289, [columns] 2 and 3.
29) Hara (हर):—[from hṛ] b etc. See p.1289.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Hara (हर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Shiva; Agni; an ass; (in arith.) division. a. One who takes or seizes.
2) Hāra (हार):—(raḥ) 1. m. A string or garland of pearls; war; a porter; taking; a divisor. a. Taking.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Hara (हर):—(von 1. har)
1) adj. (f. ā, seltener ī) am Ende eines comp. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 9. 10.] a) tragend; s. kavaca . — b) treibend, führend: ūrdhvabhāga aufwärts [Suśruta 1, 144, 14.] adhobhāga [19.] apathaharā indriyāśvāḥ auf Abwege [Kirātārjunīya 5, 50.] — c) hinbringend, befördernd: duṣpravṛtti eine schlechte Nachricht zu (prati) [Raghuvaṃśa 12, 51.] — d) entführend, raubend, Entwender: haya [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 42, 25.] dārarājya [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 17, 38.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 15, 26.] [Spr. (II) 2584.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 32, 72.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 18, 11. 9, 8, 9.] uneig.: anaṅgāṅga [Mahābhārata 14, 211.] prajñā, śakti [Spr. (II) 6773.] jīvita [Kathāsaritsāgara.39, 80.] pratāpāyuḥśrī [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 257.] entziehend so v. a. übertreffend: vakṣojāvibhakumbhavibhramaharau [Spr. (II) 5896.] — e) entfernend, verscheuchend, vertreibend (ein Uebel), zu Nichte machend: agha [Kathāsaritsāgara 32, 51.] ārti [42, 82.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 87.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 8, 43. 3, 4, 4. 8, 27. 4, 10, 30.] jarāmṛtyu [8, 9, 21.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 4, 15.] madadarpa [Spr. (II) 2454.] ratikheda [Sāhityadarpana 19, 18.] śoka [Mahābhārata 13, 902.] śrama [Kathāsaritsāgara 84, 2.] saṅgadoṣa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 25, 24.] sarvapāpa [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 309.] [Mahābhārata 3, 13414.] yajña [Mahābhārata 12, 10465.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 40, 26.] ari [Mahābhārata 1, 2659.] pṛthu (so ed. Bomb.) [14, 210.] trupara [Harivaṃśa 10565.] [Spr. (II) 1525.] sarvabhūta [Suśruta 1, 181, 20.] [PAÑCAR. 4, 3, 59.] = naśaka [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 470.] — f) für sich nehmend, erhaltend: brahmadāya [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 3.] śarīrārdhaharā harasya [Kumārasaṃbhava 1, 51.] — g) hinreissend, entzückend: manodṛṣṭi [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 96, 4.] —
2) m. a) Divisor [Algebra 8. 13. 85.] [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 6, 558.] Comm. zu [ĀRYABH. 2, 27.] — b) Hengst (!) [ŚAUNAKA] in [Gebiete des Deutschen 1, 442.] Esel [ŚABDĀRTHAK.] bei [WILSON.] — c) Feuer ebend. und [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — d) der Zerstörer als ein N. Śiva’s [Amarakoṣa.1,1,1,29.3,4,7,32. 19,132. 27,208.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 198.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Halāyudha.1,11.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY.4,8,19.] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā.1,10.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 12,121.] [Mahābhārata.1,4371. 7970.] [Harivaṃśa 7198. 7455. 10565. 10632. fg. 10657.] [Rāmāyaṇa.1,44,9. 45,27.] [Meghadūta 7. 45.] [Raghuvaṃśa.4,32.] [Kumārasaṃbhava.1,51.7,44.] [?ad Śākuntala 32,5. Vikramorvaśī 48. Mālavikāgnimitra 46. Spr. (II) 203. 986. 2303. 6859. 7173. 7369. Sāhityadarpana 54,2. Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43,52. Kathāsaritsāgara.1,45. 18,213. 27,142. Prabodhacandrodaja 54,12. Rājataraṅgiṇī.1,1. 72. 90.2,71. 134.3,1. 451. 482.4,38. Bhāgavatapurāṇa.1,2,23.2,6,31.7,39.7,10,66. Oxforder Handschriften 27,a,4. 38. 46,a,3. 80,a,23. 276,b,14. SARVADARŚANAS. 98,13. Pañcatantra 63,7. Vopadeva’s Grammatik.5,7. HALL 126.] unter den 11 Rudra [Jaṭādhara] in [Oxforder Handschriften 82,a,25. 190,a,38.] [Mahābhārata 12,7585.] [Harivaṃśa 166.] [Oxforder Handschriften 82,b,25.] — e) Nomen proprium a) eines Dānava [Mahābhārata 1, 2659.] [Harivaṃśa 203. 2283. 12939. 14284.] — β) eines Affen [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 13, 8. 7, 5, 43.] — γ) eines Autors [Verz. d. Tüb. H. 13.] eines Lexicographen [Medinīkoṣa Anhang 1.] eines Sohnes des Kubera [HALL] in der Einl zu [VĀSAVAD. 12.] — hara [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 90] fehlerhaft für hāra; vgl. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 35, 4.] — Vgl. aṃśa, aśmarī, kavaca, kṣata, kha, go, granthi, tamo, tāpa, dhana, dhī, paśyato, pāpa (auch [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 1, 46]), pitta, pūṣadanta, pṛthvī, prāgra, prāṇa (auch [Mahābhārata 7, 2122]), bīja, bhaganetra, bhāga, bhāra, bhūta, bhrānti, madana, mano, mūla, yaśo, rajo, rāhumūrdha, riktha, roga, vāta, vārttā, viṣa (als adj. auch [Suśruta 1, 180, 13.] harī vidyā [Mahābhārata 1, 1204]), śakti, śāsana, śīla, śūnya, śrī, sattva, saṃdeśa, sarva (vom Tode [Bhagavadgītā 10, 34]), sarvaṃ, su, sudhā, smara, smṛti .
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Hāra (हार):—(von 1. har)
1) adj. am Ende eines comp. (f. ī) tragend, herbeischaffend; forttragend; entwendend: kṣīra [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 51, 35.] für sich nehmend, erhebend: kara Abgaben [Spr. (II) 6580.] selbständig so v. a. hinreissend, entzückend [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 7, 2.] oder auch nach dem Comm. auf Hari bezüglich, H. betreffend. —
2) m. a) Divisor [Algebra 10.] [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 6, 558.] — b) eine prosodisch lange Silbe [Colebrooke 2, 151.] — c) Perlenschnur, schmuck (am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā) [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 3, 4. 6. 3, 4, 6, 31. 14, 82.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 658. 661.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2,472.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 101.] [Halāyudha 2, 409. 5, 5.] [Mahābhārata 1, 7021. 7023. 2, 2056. 3, 1824.] hārālaṃkārayogyau te stanau [4, 392. 5, 4223. 6, 3967. 8, 4913. 13, 765.] [Harivaṃśa 3970. 4371.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 32, 7. 3, 58, 36. 4, 44, 90. 5, 13, 34. 6, 112, 91.] [Meghadūta 68.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 4. 6. 2, 18. 3, 20.] [Raghuvaṃśa 5, 52. 6, 16.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 5, 8.] [Gītagovinda 7, 14.] [Spr. (II) 844. 1316. 1787. 1910. 2147. 3885. 6173. 7247. 7385. fg.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 4, 31. 11, 10. 43, 32.] [Chandomañjarī 112.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 17. 26, 232. 28, 124. 136. fg. 33, 211.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 81, 16. 95, 1.] [Sāhityadarpana 42, 21.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 414. 4, 69. 5, 13. 256. 358. 379.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 23, 102.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 16, 16. 3, 8, 28. 15, 41. 23, 19. 32. 28, 15. 25. 4, 9, 38. 10, 19. 15, 16. 24, 48.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 7, 49. 11, 34.] [Pañcatantra 52, 22.] mauktika [Caurapañcāśikā 16.] ratna [Oxforder Handschriften 258,b,2.] nāga [PAÑCAR. 1, 11, 21.] — d) ein Perlenschmuck von 108 Schnüren [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 81, 32.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 659.] aus 64 Schnüren [661, Scholiast] Zahl unbestimmt [Halāyudha 2, 407.] — e) nom. act. α) Raub: sarvasva [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 242.] parasva [Mahābhārata 3, 17447.] rājya [Kathāsaritsāgara 30, 87.] — β) Weg nahme, Entfernung: bhārahārāya bhūmeḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 63, 27.] — γ) Kampf [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —
3) f. ā nom. act. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 104.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 191.] —
4) f. ī a) Perle [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) ein best. Metrum: 4 Mal ¯ ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯ [Colebrooke 2, 158 (V, 2).] — Vgl. agra, agha, aṅga ( [Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 91]). ardha, uda, udaka, kāla (Zeitgewinn [Kathāsaritsāgara 31, 75. 77. 32, 10]), kuru, jala, dṛti, nagara, prāg, preta, phala, bali, bhāga, bhāra, manohārī, muktā (auch [Pañcatantra 53, 1]), mṛta, rāja, riktha, lekha, saṃdeśa, samiddhāra, sarva, sarvasattvaujohārī, svayaṃhārakarī und svayaṃhārī.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Hara (हर) [Also spelled har]:—(a) each, every; (nm) a denominator; Lord Shiv; a suffix imparting the meaning of one who or that which takes away/deprives/seizes; —[eka] everyone, each and every; —[kahīṃ] everywhere; —[koī] every one all and sundry; ~[caṃda] however much; ~[jāī] flirt, disloyal (woman); —[taraha] in every way/manner; —[taraha se] down to the ground, in all respects, thoroughly; ~[dama] always, ever; ~[dila ajīja] liked/loved by all, popular; ~[phanamaulā] a jack of all trades; ~[phanamaulā hara phana adhūrā] jack of all trades master of none; —[marja kī davā] heal-all, a panacea; —[roja] every day, daily.
2) Harā (हरा):—(a) green, verdant; fresh; gay, delighted; ~[pana] greenness; verdancy; hence [harī] (fem. form); •[khāda] green manure; -[bharā] verdant; prosperous, flourishing; gay; —[karanā, (mana)] to delight; —[honā, (mana]) to be delighted, to be gay.
3) Hāra (हार) [Also spelled har]:—(nf) defeat; loss; a garland, necklace; a suffix meaning one who or that which carries away per force or usurps, charms, etc; or denotes a doer (as [sirajanahāra);-jīta] defeat and victory; —[khānā] to suffer a defeat; -[denā] to inflict a defeat; —[na mānanā] never say die, not to give in; —[mānanā] to cry enough, to acknowledge defeat, to concede supremacy.
4) Hārā (हारा):——a suffix carrying the sense of a doer (as [sirajanahārā]); (a and v) defeated; —[huā juārī] lit. a defeated gambler a man in a completely reticent unresponsive state of mind, frustrated and lost (man).
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+263): Hara Hara Mahadeva, Hara-nayana, Harababi, Harabahana, Harabala, Harabara, Harabatanem, Harabayaja, Harabhamsa, Harabhara, Harabhasa, Harabhura, Harabhushika, Harabhushita, Harabija, Haracada, Haracandra vidyabhushana, Haracaparopana, Haracaritacintamani, Harachudamani.
Ends with (+3324): Abahvakshara, Abakhara, Abhara, Abhaya Vihara, Abhayagirivihara, Abhibhara, Abhichara, Abhidhara, Abhighara, Abhihara, Abhinihara, Abhinirhara, Abhiparihara, Abhisamhara, Abhisankhara, Abhivyahara, Abhyachara, Abhyahara, Abhyavahara, Abhyuddhara.
Full-text (+873): Bharahara, Angahara, Harahara, Haras, Hura, Pragrahara, Harayashti, Granthihara, Smarahara, Kshatahara, Rikthahara, Ahara, Haravati, Bhagahara, Mulahara, Uruhara, Samdeshahara, Pretahara, Bhinnabhagahara, Ashmarihara.
Search found 88 books and stories containing Hara, Hāra, Harā, Hārā; (plurals include: Haras, Hāras, Harās, Hārās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Text 34 < [Chapter 1 - Prathama-yāma-sādhana (Niśānta-bhajana–śraddhā)]
Text 12 < [Chapter 8 - Aṣṭama-yāma-sādhana (Rātri-līlā–prema-bhajana sambhoga)]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.360 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.4.243 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 2.1.328 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Chandogya Upanishad (Madhva commentary) (by Srisa Chandra Vasu)