Paksha, Pakṣa, Pākṣa: 32 definitions

Introduction:

Paksha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pakṣa and Pākṣa can be transliterated into English as Paksa or Paksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Pakṣa (पक्ष) refers to a lunar phase (fortnights). The term is used throughout Jyotiṣa literature.

In a lunar month there are two pakṣas or fortnights:

  1. śuklapakṣa (bright fortnight),
  2. kṛṣṇapakṣa (dark fortnight).
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pakṣa (पक्ष) refers to 15 solar days, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must have a correct, knowledge of a yuga (43,20,000 Solar years), varṣa (a solar year), āyana (6 solar months), ṛtu (2 solar months), māsa (a solar month), pakṣa (15 solar days), ahorātra (a solar day), yama (one-eighth of a solar day), muhūrta (one-thirtieth of a solar day), nāḍī (one-sixtieth of a solar day or 24 minutes), vināḍi (one sixtieth of a nāḍī or 24 seconds), prāṇa (4 seconds) truṭi (33, 75th of a second) and parts of a truṭi and other divisions of time and also of divisions of space”.

Source: archive.org: South Indian Festivities (astronomy)

Each lunar month consists of two halves going by the name of ‘pakshas’ and each half is a fortnight in the month. The Shukla-paksha or the bright-fortnight is the period of the waxing moon while Krishna-paksha or the dark fortnight is that of the waning moon.

Each of these pakshas again consists of fifteen Tithis. A Tithi is the time required by the moon to increase its distance from the sun westwardby twelve degrees of the zodiac.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Pakṣa (पक्ष).—1. A school or faction. 2. One side of an equation; (lit., wing or side.) 3. Lunar fortnight, i.e., the period from new Moon to full Moon or from full Moon to new Moon. The period from new Moon to full Moon is called the light fortnight (or the light half of a lunar month - śuklapakṣa) and that from full Moon to new Moon is called the dark fortnight (or the dark half of a lunar month - kṛṣṇapakṣa). Note: Pakṣa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pakṣa (पक्ष).—See under Kālamāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pakṣa (पक्ष).—A lunar period of 15 days; Śukla (white) and Kṛṣṇa (dark).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 125; 24. 56; 28. 33; III. 1. 59; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 15; 49. 130; 50. 178; 56. 3 and 30.

1b) A Maṇivara Yakṣa and son of Devajanī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 129.

1c) Of Bhārgava gotra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 97.

1d) A son of Anu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 13
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pakṣa (पक्ष).—Alternative view or explanation presented by, or on behalf of, a party ; one of the two or more way of presenting a matter. The usual terms for the two views are पूर्वपक्ष (pūrvapakṣa) and उत्तरपक्ष (uttarapakṣa), when the views are in conflict. The views, if not in conflict, and if stated as alternative views, can be many in number, e. g. there are seven alternative views or Pakșas re : the interpretation of the rule इको गुणवृद्धी (iko guṇavṛddhī); cf. M. Bh. on P. I. 1.3; cf. also सर्वेषु पक्षेषु उपसंख्यानं कर्तव्यम् (sarveṣu pakṣeṣu upasaṃkhyānaṃ kartavyam) M. Bh. on P. I. 2.64.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Pakṣa (पक्ष) refers to the “phase of the moon”:—State, either śukla-pakṣa or kṛṣṇa-pakṣa, depending on whether the moon is [respectively] waxing or waning.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pakṣa (पक्ष):—[pakṣaḥ] Implies for 1. one aspect or party of discussion 2. a specific assumption

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Pakṣa (पक्ष) refers to a “sphere” (e.g., paramākṣara-pakṣa—‘the sphere of the supreme syllable’), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.

2) Pakṣa (पक्ष) refers to one of the eight Servants (ceṭa-aṣṭaka) associated with Jālandhara (which is in the southern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—[...] The eight servants (ceṭāṣṭaka): Ali, Cīvara, Raktākṣa, Kṛṣṇa, Pakṣa, Khāṭaka, Somāda, Dhūmaka.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Pakṣa (पक्ष) refers to a “(philosophical) thesis”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.132-133.—Accordingly, “Having explained that only phenomena are real entities because [only they are] established by a means of [valid] knowledge, [and] anticipating by himself the refutation of his own thesis (sva-pakṣasvayaṃ svapakṣe), [Utpaladeva now] expounds [this refutation with the passage beginning with] ‘only …’ by empasizing the purity of his intentions, in order to state that [he] is free of bias. [According to him] this ‘could [still] be objected,’ [i.e.] it deserves the [following] objection. Which one? This is what [Utpaladeva says] in ‘[if these objects did not exist] after as well as before [their] being manifest …’”

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

1) Pakṣa (पक्ष) represents the number 2 (two) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 2—pakṣa] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

2) Pakṣa (पक्ष) also refers to the number 15 (fifteen) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā).

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

pakṣa: Sanskrit for 'the inferential subject'. A term used in Advaita Vedānta.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Paksha (or pakṣa: Sanskrit: पक्ष), refers to a fortnight or a lunar phase in a month of the Hindu lunar calendar.

Literally meaning "side", a paksha is the period either side of the Full Moon Day (Purnima). A lunar month in the Hindu calendar has two fortnights, and begins with the New moon, (Amavasya). The lunar days are called tithis and each month has 30 tithis, which may vary from 20 – 27 hours.

A paksha has 15 tithis, which are calculated by a 12 degree motion of the Moon. The first fortnight between New Moon Day and Full Moon Day is called Shukla Paksha, the period of the brightening moon (waxing moon), and the second fortnight of the month is called Krishna Paksha, or the period of the fading moon (waning moon) .

Source: Hindupedia: Pañcāṅga

Pakṣa (पक्ष).—In a lunar month there are two pakṣas or fortnights (śukla and kṛṣṇa). In each pakṣa, on each of the days like pratipad, dvitīyā and so on, there are two karaṇas. The sthira-karaṇas come only at the end of the kṛṣṇapakṣa whereas the cara-karaṇas rotate in both the pakṣas, the series of seven getting repeated. For instance, after viṣṭi also known as bhadra or kalyāṇī come bava, bālava and so on.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pakṣa (पक्ष) refers to “messengers” or “partisans” (of the Māra), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (197) There will be monks who, being attached to objects, as the messengers or partisans of the Māra (māra-pakṣa), deny the true dharma. (198) Having bad morality and non-dharma, staying close to secular people, desiring fame and gain, they will not seek the dharma.). [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Pakṣa (पक्ष) refers to the “half of the moon” [i.e., pakṣe amuka], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pakṣa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’; sometimes also ‘fifteen’. Note: pakṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Shodhganga: Vernacular architecture of Assam with special reference to Brahmaputra Valley

Paksa is a Nocte term referring to “[=paksa-room?] kitchen”.—It appears in the study dealing with the vernacular architecture (local building construction) of Assam whose rich tradition is backed by the numerous communities and traditional cultures.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pakṣa (पक्ष).—m (S) A wing. 2 A half of a lunar month, comprising fifteen days. 3 The Shraddha performed in the dark fortnight of bhādrapada to the manes of all one's male ancestors. 4 A side, part, party, division, sect (in fight, argumentation, a joint work, religion): also the cause, opinion, tenets, dogmata espoused. 5 A way or manner; one way among others; an alternative. 6 A side or flank. 7 The feather of an arrow. 8 An argument, a thesis, a position advanced, a doctrine to be maintained. 9 The subject of an inference. 10 A tribe or class. pakṣa dharaṇēṃ To espouse a side or part.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pakṣa (पक्ष).—m A wing. A half of a lunar month comprising fifteen days. The Shráddh performed in the dark fort night of bhādrapada to the manes of all one's male ancestors. A side, party, division. Also the cause, opinion, tenets, dogmata espoused. A way; an alternative. A side or flank.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pakṣa (पक्ष).—[pakṣ-ac]

1) A wing, pinion; अद्यापि पक्षावपि नोद्भिद्येते (adyāpi pakṣāvapi nodbhidyete) K.347; so उद्भिन्नपक्षः (udbhinnapakṣaḥ) fledged; पक्षच्छेदोद्यतं शक्रम् (pakṣacchedodyataṃ śakram) R.4.4;3.42.

2) The feather or feathers on each side of an arrow; अनुसंततिपातिनः पटुत्वं दधतः शुद्धिभृतो गृहीतपक्षाः (anusaṃtatipātinaḥ paṭutvaṃ dadhataḥ śuddhibhṛto gṛhītapakṣāḥ) (śarāḥ) Śiśupālavadha 2.11.

3) The flank or side of a man or animal, the shoulder; स्तम्बेरमा उभयपक्षविनीतनिद्राः (stamberamā ubhayapakṣavinītanidrāḥ) R.5.72.

4) The side of anything, a flank; वितत्य पक्षद्वयमायतम् (vitatya pakṣadvayamāyatam) Kirātārjunīya 14.31.

5) The wing or flank of an army; सुपर्णपक्षानिलनुन्नपक्षम् (suparṇapakṣānilanunnapakṣam) (rākṣasarājasainyam) Rām.7.6. 69.

6) The half of anything.

7) The half of a lunar month, a fortnight (comprising 15 days; there are two such pakṣas, śuklapakṣaḥ the bright or light half, and kṛṣṇa-tamisra-pakṣaḥ the dark half); तमिस्रपक्षेऽपि सह प्रियाभि- र्ज्योत्स्नावतो निर्विशति प्रदोषान् (tamisrapakṣe'pi saha priyābhi- rjyotsnāvato nirviśati pradoṣān) R.6.34; Manusmṛti 1.66; Y.3.5; सीमा वृद्धिं समायाति शुक्लपक्ष इवोडुराट् (sīmā vṛddhiṃ samāyāti śuklapakṣa ivoḍurāṭ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.92; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.26.5.

8) (a) A party in general, faction, side; प्रमुदितवरपक्षम् (pramuditavarapakṣam) R.6.86; Śiśupālavadha 2.117; तुल्यो मित्रारिपक्षयोः (tulyo mitrāripakṣayoḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 14.25; R.6. 53;18.17. (b) A family, race; रूपान्वितां पक्षवतीं मनोज्ञां भार्यामयत्नोपगतां लभेत् सः (rūpānvitāṃ pakṣavatīṃ manojñāṃ bhāryāmayatnopagatāṃ labhet saḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.57.4; किं क्रन्दसि दुराक्रन्द स्वपक्षक्षयकारक (kiṃ krandasi durākranda svapakṣakṣayakāraka) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 4.29.

9) One belonging to any party, a follower, partisan; विष्णुपक्षैः प्रतिच्छन्नैर्न भिद्येतास्य धीर्यथा (viṣṇupakṣaiḥ praticchannairna bhidyetāsya dhīryathā) Bhāgavata 7.5.7; शत्रुपक्षो भवान् (śatrupakṣo bhavān) H.1.

1) A class, multitude, host, any number of adherents; as अरि°, मित्र° (ari°, mitra°).

11) One side of an argument, an alternative, one of two cases; पक्षे (pakṣe) 'in the other case, on the other hand' पूर्व एवाभवत् पक्षस्तस्मिन्नाभवदुत्तरः (pūrva evābhavat pakṣastasminnābhavaduttaraḥ) R.4.1;14.34. cf. पूर्वपक्ष (pūrvapakṣa) and उत्तरपक्ष (uttarapakṣa).

12) A case or supposition in general; as in पक्षान्तरे (pakṣāntare).

13) A point under discussion, a thesis, an argument to be maintained.

14) The subject of a syllogism or conclusion (the minor term); संदिग्धसाध्य- वान् पक्षः (saṃdigdhasādhya- vān pakṣaḥ) T. S., दधतः शुद्धिभृतो गृहीतपक्षाः (dadhataḥ śuddhibhṛto gṛhītapakṣāḥ) Śiśupālavadha 2.11 (where it means 'a feather' also).

15) A symbolical expression for the number 'two'.

16) A bird.

17) A state, condition.

18) The body.

19) A limb of the body.

2) A royal elephant.

21) An army; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 2. 16.7.

22) A wall.

23) Opposition.

24) Rejoinder, reply.

25) A mass, quantity (when in composition with words meaning 'hair'); केशपक्षः (keśapakṣaḥ); cf. हस्त (hasta).

26) Place, position.

27) A view, notion, idea.

28) The side of an equation in a primary division.

29) The ash-pit of a fire-place.

3) Proximity, neighbourhood.

31) A bracket.

32) Purity, perfection.

33) A house.

34) The sun (according to Sāyaṇa); सा पक्ष्या नव्यमायु- र्दधाना (sā pakṣyā navyamāyu- rdadhānā) Ṛgveda 3.53.16.

Derivable forms: pakṣaḥ (पक्षः).

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Pākṣa (पाक्ष).—a. (-kṣī f.) [पक्षे भवः अण् (pakṣe bhavaḥ aṇ)]

1) Belonging to a lunar fortnight, fortnightly.

2) Relating to a party.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pakṣa (पक्ष).—m. (-kṣa-) 1. The half of a lunar month or fortnight, comprising fifteen days. 2. A wing, a feather; (it is also neuter in this sense.) 3. The feather of an arrow. 4. Partisan. 5. friend. 6. A side, a flank. 7. An army, forces. 8. A house. 9. An argument, a thesis, a position advanced, doctrine to be maintained. 10. Contradiction, opposition, rejoinder, reply. 11. The subject of an inference. 12. Alternative. 13. A tribe, a class. 14. The ash pit of a fire place. 15. A royal elephant. 16. (In composition with words signifying “hair”.) Quantity, as keśapakṣa much or abundant hair. 17. A bird. 18. A bracelet. 19. Purity, perfection. 20. A limb, a member. 21. A tail. 22. (In Arithmetic,) Side of an equation in a primary division. 23. Condition. 24. A wall. 25. A party. 26. The subject of a syllogism or inference. E. pakṣ to take, aff. ac or paṇa to transact business, Unadi aff. sa, and ka substituted for the radical final.

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Pākṣa (पाक्ष).—mfn.

(-kṣaḥ-kṣī-kṣaṃ) 1. Belonging to a half month. 2. Relating to a side or party, &c. E. pakṣa, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pakṣa (पक्ष).—m. 1. A wing; also n., Mārk. P. 9, 15. 2. The feathers of an arrow. 3. A flank, a side, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 72. 4. Half. 5. The half of a lunar month, comprising fifteen days, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 66. 6. Party, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 18, 13 Gorr. (he who sides with Bharata). 7. A partisan, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 16. 8. A friend, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3013. 9. A class, a host, a troop, Mahābhārata 13, 3315; [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 7124. 10. Place, condition, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 99, 32. 11. Alternative, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 4, 10. 12. Opinion, Mahābhārata 2, 2266. 13. The subject of an inference, Bhāṣāp. 67.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pakṣa (पक्ष).—[masculine] wing, feather, flank or side, half, [especially] of the month, a fortnight; party, faction, troop, class; one of two cases, alternative (pakṣe on the other hand, —° with regard to); supposition, statement, thesis, the subject of a syllogism; action, law-suit. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pakṣa (पक्ष):—[from pakṣ] m. (ifc. f(ā or ī). ) a wing, pinion (in one passage n.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a symbol. Name of the number two, [Varāha-mihira; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

3) [v.s. ...] a feather, the feathers on both sides of an arrow (cf. gārdhra-p)

4) [v.s. ...] the fin of a fish (cf. nis-tvak-p)

5) [v.s. ...] the shoulder

6) [v.s. ...] the flank or side or the half of anything, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] the side or wing of a building, [Atharva-veda]

8) [v.s. ...] the wing or flank of an army, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] the half of a lunar month (the first half from new moon to full moon was called pūrva or āpūryamāṇa, later śukla or śuddha; the other half apara or apa-kṣīyamāṇa, later kṛṣṇa or tāmisra; each fortnight consists of 15 Tithis or lunar days called prathamā, dvitīyā etc.), [Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira] etc.

10) [v.s. ...] a side, party, faction

11) [v.s. ...] multitude, number, troop, set, class of beings

12) [v.s. ...] partisan, adherent, follower, friend (śatru- ‘the enemy’s side’ or ‘a partisan of the enemy’; mahā-, ‘one who has many adherents’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] side id est. position, place, stead (kṣe ifc. instead of or by way of), [ib.]

14) [v.s. ...] quantity (See keśa-)

15) [v.s. ...] one of two cases or one side of an argument, an alternative (kṣe, ‘on the other hand’, with atra, ‘in this case’, pakṣāntare, ‘in the other case’), [Pāṇini [Scholiast or Commentator]]

16) [v.s. ...] a point or matter under discussion, a thesis, a particular theory, a position advanced or an argument to be maintained (cf. pūrva-, uttara-)

17) [v.s. ...] an action or lawsuit, [Yājñavalkya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

18) [v.s. ...] (in logic) the proposition to be proved in a syllogism, [Tarkasaṃgraha; Bhāṣāpariccheda]

19) [v.s. ...] any supposition or view, motion, idea, opinion (mukhyaḥ pakṣaḥ, ‘an excellent idea’ [Śakuntalā [Scholiast or Commentator]]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

20) [v.s. ...] the sun, [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda iii, 53, 16]

21) [v.s. ...] Name of sub voce men, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

22) [v.s. ...] (in [algebra]) a primary division or the side of an equation in a primary division

23) [v.s. ...] the wall of a house or any wall, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] an army, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) [v.s. ...] favour, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

26) [v.s. ...] contradiction, rejoinder, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) [v.s. ...] the ash-pit of a fire-place, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

28) [v.s. ...] a royal elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) [v.s. ...] a limb or member of the body, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

30) [v.s. ...] the feathers of the tail of a peacock, a tail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) [v.s. ...] proximity, neighbourhood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

32) [v.s. ...] a bracelet, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

33) [v.s. ...] purity, perfection, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

34) [v.s. ...] mfn. = pācaka, bādhaka, [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda vi, 47, 19.]

35) [v.s. ...] cf. Ogerm. fahs; [Anglo-Saxon] feax.

36) Pākṣa (पाक्ष):—mf(ī)n. ([from] pakṣa) belonging to a half month

37) relating to a side or party, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pakṣa (पक्ष):—(kṣaḥ) 1. m. The half of a lunar month; a wing; feather of an arrow; a friend; a side; a force; a house; an argument; a quantity; a bird; a limb.

2) Pākṣa (पाक्ष):—[(kṣaḥ-kṣī-kṣaṃ) a.] Of one side; belonging to half the month.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pakṣa (पक्ष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paṃkha, Pakkha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pakṣa (पक्ष) [Also spelled paksh]:—(nm) side; party; flank; aspect; a fortnight; a wing; ~[ka] an aerofoil; ~[kāra] a party; ~[grahaṇa] taking a side; ~[dhara] a supporter; partisan, partial; ~[poṣaṇa] advocacy, championing of a cause; -[vipakṣa] pros and cons; ~[sāra] a brief; ~[hīna] wingless; —[lenā, kisī kā] to side with.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pakṣa (ಪಕ್ಷ):—

1) [noun] one of the movable feathered or membranous paired appendages by means of which a bird, bat or insect is able to fly; a wing.

2) [noun] the feather tied at the rear end of an arrow.

3) [noun] a position or space beside one; side.

4) [noun] one of the parties in a contest, conflict, etc.; a faction; a side.

5) [noun] a group of people having a set of definite and legal regulations and working together to establish or promote particular theories or principles of government; an organised political party.

6) [noun] a man belonging to a group, faction, team or political party.

7) [noun] the inclination of the mind in favour of someone or something; bias; partiality.

8) [noun] a word used to express a supposition or speculation.

9) [noun] the state of being near; proximity; nearness; closeness.

10) [noun] a wall.

11) [noun] the period of fifteen lunar days from the day following a new-moon to full moon-day or full moon-day to new moonday.

12) [noun] a residence; a house.

13) [noun] a portion of a whole.

14) [noun] a knot of the hair tied on the head, slightly slanting towards one side.

15) [noun] the first fifteen days ināśvayuja, the 7th month in the Hindu Lunar calendar.

16) [noun] the rituals of giving oblations to one’s dead ancestors during this period.

17) [noun] the condition of having an alternative.

18) [noun] (arith.) a symbol for the number fifteen.

19) [noun] 19 (arith.) a symbol for the number two.

20) [noun] (log.) that which is possible or is capable of having a possibility.

21) [noun] (Jain.) complete abstinence from harming, hurting any living beings.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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