Vyakta: 22 definitions


Vyakta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vyakt.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Vyakta (व्यक्त).—Material creation when it is manifested from the total energy of mahat-tattva.

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vyakta (व्यक्त).—The second form of Parabrahmam.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 2. 15, 18.

1b) The absolute, developed out of avyakta;1 swallowed by avyakta in the stage of Pratyāhara;2 of five characteristics;3 seen by tarka and yoga as also by pratyāhara, dhyāna and tapas.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 211.
  • 2) Ib. 102. 2.
  • 3) Ib. 34. 37.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 115, 213; 3. 107-8; 4. 71.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Vyakta (व्यक्त, “distinct”) refers to one of the ten good qualities (guṇa) of a song (gīta), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.75-76, where they are commonly known as the gītaguṇa. The Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”) is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra). Accordingly, “the song is distinct (vyakta), when its syllables clearly show its basic pattern”.

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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vyakta (व्यक्त).—Distinctly perceived i e. perceived with reference to the individual referred to, which enables the speaker to apply the specific affixes in the sense of gender and number; cf. प्रातिपदिकं चाप्युपदिष्टुं सामान्यभूतेर्थे वर्तते । सामान्ये वर्तमानस्य व्यक्तिरुपजायते । व्यक्तस्य सतो लिङ्गसंख्याभ्यामन्वितस्य बाह्यनार्थेन योगो भवति । (prātipadikaṃ cāpyupadiṣṭuṃ sāmānyabhūterthe vartate | sāmānye vartamānasya vyaktirupajāyate | vyaktasya sato liṅgasaṃkhyābhyāmanvitasya bāhyanārthena yogo bhavati |) M.Bh. on P.I.1.57.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Vyakta (व्यक्त) refers to “images in manifest form” and represents a classification of Hindu images, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The images are again classified into vyakta or manifest form, vyaktāvyakta or manifest and non-manifest form, and avyakta or non-manifest form.

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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vyakta (व्यक्त):—Fifth stage of Kriyakala characterised by the manifestation of specific symptoms of a disease.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vyakta (व्यक्त) refers to one of the eight Servants (ceṭa-aṣṭaka) associated with Oṃkārapīṭha (also called Oḍḍiyāna, Ādipīṭha or Uḍapīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight servants (ceṭāṣṭaka): Cañcala, Bhāsura, Bhīma, Lampaṭa, Chadmakāraka, Mahākruddha, Vyakta, Ūrdhvakeśa.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Vyakta (व्यक्त) or Vyaktagaṇita (“arithmetic”) refers to the “science of calculation by the ‘known’”.—It is a technical term commonly found in gaṇita-śāstra (ancient Indian mathematics).—The carrying out of mathematical calculations was sometimes called dhūlīkarma (“dust-work”), because the figures were written on dust spread on a board or on the ground. Some later writers have used the term vyakta-gaṇita (“the science of calculation by the ‘known’”) for pāṭī-gaṇita to distinguish it from algebra which was called avyakta-gaṇita (“the science of calculation by the ‘unknown’”).

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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Vyakta (व्यक्त) is the name of the fourth gaṇadhara (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Ārya Vyakta was a Brahmin belonging to the Kollāga province and of Bhāradwāja gotra. His mother’s name was Vārūṇī and father’s name was Dhanamitra. His belief was that the whole world is an illusion and only Brahma is the truth. Impressed by Lord Mahāvīra’s sermon he along with his 500 students took initiation as a mendicant at the age of 50. After 11 years as a mendicant, he attained pure knowledge. He remained a kevalī for 18 years. In the Lord's lifetime after one month’s fast he attained liberation at the age of 80 at Guṇaśīla-caitya.

All these gaṇadharas (for example, Vyakta) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vyakta.—(CII 1), experienced. Note: vyakta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyakta (व्यक्त).—a S That has an absolute and a distinct being; that is manifest to or can be apprehended by the senses. Ex. avyaktabramhāpāsūna hā vyaktaprapañca jhālā. 2 Clear, plain, evident, manifest, conspicuous, perspicuous. 3 Articulate--utterance, a sound. 4 Known, i. e. of known numbers or quantities--arithmetic; as opposed to avyakta (gaṇita) arithmetic of unknown quantities (algebra).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vyakta (व्यक्त).—a Clear. Articulate. Known.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyakta (व्यक्त).—p. p.

1) Manifested, displayed.

2) Developed, created; व्यक्तो व्यक्तेतरश्चासि प्राकाभ्यं ते विभूतिषु (vyakto vyaktetaraścāsi prākābhyaṃ te vibhūtiṣu) Kumārasambhava 2.11.

3) Evident, manifest, clear, plain, distinct, clearly visible; व्यक्तेऽपि वासरे नित्यं दौर्गत्यतमसावृतः (vyakte'pi vāsare nityaṃ daurgatyatamasāvṛtaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.96.

4) Specified, known, distinguished.

5) Individual.

6) Wise, learned.

7) Ved. Adorned, decorated.

-ktaḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu.

2) Heat.

3) A learned man.

-ktam 1 That which is developed as the product of अव्यक्त (avyakta) q. v.

2) Manifestation; कार्यव्यक्तेन करणे कालो भवति हेतुमान् (kāryavyaktena karaṇe kālo bhavati hetumān) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12. 211.11.

3) A तत्त्व (tattva); पुरुषः प्रकृतिर्व्यक्तमहङ्कारो नभोऽनिलः । ज्योतिरापः क्षितिरिति तत्त्वान्युक्तानि मे नव (puruṣaḥ prakṛtirvyaktamahaṅkāro nabho'nilaḥ | jyotirāpaḥ kṣitiriti tattvānyuktāni me nava) || Bhāgavata 11.22.14.

-ktam ind. Clearly, evidently, certainly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vyakta (व्यक्त).—adj. (= Pali vyatta), wise, learned, clever: paṇḍito vyakto medhāvī Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 320.6; Divyāvadāna 108.9; 110.5; Daśabhūmikasūtra 61.15; vyaktau paṇḍitau medhāvinau Divyāvadāna 318.18; others Mahāvyutpatti 2898; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 46.3; Mahāvastu i.205.7 = ii.9.3 vyaktā- yāṃ (loc. f.); ii.37.11; Lalitavistara 25.11 vyaktāyā(ḥ); 377.13; Divyāvadāna 202.12. See also avyakta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyakta (व्यक्त).—mfn.

(-ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) 1. Wise, learned. 2. Evident, manifest, apparent, absolutely and specifically known or understood. 2. Individual, specific. E. vi before añj to make clear, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyakta (व्यक्त).—[adjective] adorned, fair, manifest, clear, [neuter] [adverb]; [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyakta (व्यक्त):—[=vy-akta] a vy-akti See [columns] 2, 3.

2) [=vy-akta] [from vy-añj] b mfn. adorned, embellished, beautiful, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] caused to appear, manifested, apparent, visible, evident (am, ind. apparently, evidently, certainly), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] developed, evolved (See below)

5) [v.s. ...] distinct, intelligible (See -vāc)

6) [v.s. ...] perceptible by the senses (opp. to a-vyakta, transcendental), [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] specified, distinguished, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] specific, individual, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] hot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] wise, learned, [Lalita-vistara]

11) [v.s. ...] m. heat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a learned man, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] an initiated monk, [Śīlāṅka]

14) [v.s. ...] ‘the manifested One’, Name of Viṣṇu, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

15) [v.s. ...] of one of the 11 Gaṇādhipas (with Jainas)

16) [v.s. ...] n. (in Sāṃkhya) ‘the developed or evolved’ (as the product of a-vyakta q.v.), [Sāṃkhyakārikā] (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 82])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyakta (व्यक्त):—[(ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) a.] Made clear; manifest; specified; enlightened.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vyakta (व्यक्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vatta, Viatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyakta in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyakta (व्यक्त) [Also spelled vyakt]:—(a) expressed; manifest(ed); articulate; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyakta (ವ್ಯಕ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] expressed; manifested; that has become apparent or obvious.

2) [adjective] clear; vivid.

3) [adjective] clearly communicated, mentioned.

--- OR ---

Vyakta (ವ್ಯಕ್ತ):—

1) [noun] a thing that is expressly, clearly manifested or made obvious.

2) [noun] a learned man; a scholar.

3) [noun] Viṣṇu.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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