Vyakta; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Vyakta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vyakta (व्यक्त, “distinct”) refers to one of the ten good qualities (guṇa) of a song (gīta), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.75-76, where they are commonly known as the gītaguṇa. The Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”) is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra). Accordingly, “the song is distinct (vyakta), when its syllables clearly show its basic pattern”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

Vyakta in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1a) Vyakta (व्यक्त).—The second form of Parabrahmam.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 2. 15, 18.

1b) The absolute, developed out of avyakta;1 swallowed by avyakta in the stage of Pratyāhara;2 of five characteristics;3 seen by tarka and yoga as also by pratyāhara, dhyāna and tapas.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 211.
  • 2) Ib. 102. 2.
  • 3) Ib. 34. 37.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 115, 213; 3. 107-8; 4. 71.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Vyakta (व्यक्त).—Material creation when it is manifested from the total energy of mahat-tattva.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vyakta (व्यक्त) is the name of the fourth gaṇadhara (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Ārya Vyakta was a Brahmin belonging to the Kollāga province and of Bhāradwāja gotra. His mother’s name was Vārūṇī and father’s name was Dhanamitra. His belief was that the whole world is an illusion and only Brahma is the truth. Impressed by Lord Mahāvīra’s sermon he along with his 500 students took initiation as a mendicant at the age of 50. After 11 years as a mendicant, he attained pure knowledge. He remained a kevalī for 18 years. In the Lord's lifetime after one month’s fast he attained liberation at the age of 80 at Guṇaśīla-caitya.

All these gaṇadharas (for example, Vyakta) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vyakta (व्यक्त).—a S That has an absolute and a distinct being; that is manifest to or can be apprehended by the senses. Ex. avyaktabramhāpāsūna hā vyaktaprapañca jhālā. 2 Clear, plain, evident, manifest, conspicuous, perspicuous. 3 Articulate--utterance, a sound. 4 Known, i. e. of known numbers or quantities--arithmetic; as opposed to avyakta (gaṇita) arithmetic of unknown quantities (algebra).

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyakta (व्यक्त).—a Clear. Articulate. Known.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyakta (व्यक्त).—p. p.

1) Manifested, displayed.

2) Developed, created; व्यक्तो व्यक्तेतरश्चासि प्राकाभ्यं ते विभूतिषु (vyakto vyaktetaraścāsi prākābhyaṃ te vibhūtiṣu) Ku.2.11.

3) Evident, manifest, clear, plain, distinct, clearly visible; व्यक्तेऽपि वासरे नित्यं दौर्गत्यतमसावृतः (vyakte'pi vāsare nityaṃ daurgatyatamasāvṛtaḥ) Pt.2.96.

4) Specified, known, distinguished.

5) Individual.

6) Wise, learned.

7) Ved. Adorned, decorated.

-ktaḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu.

2) Heat.

3) A learned man.

-ktam 1 That which is developed as the product of अव्यक्त (avyakta) q. v.

2) Manifestation; कार्यव्यक्तेन करणे कालो भवति हेतुमान् (kāryavyaktena karaṇe kālo bhavati hetumān) Mb.12. 211.11.

3) A तत्त्व (tattva); पुरुषः प्रकृतिर्व्यक्तमहङ्कारो नभोऽनिलः । ज्योतिरापः क्षितिरिति तत्त्वान्युक्तानि मे नव (puruṣaḥ prakṛtirvyaktamahaṅkāro nabho'nilaḥ | jyotirāpaḥ kṣitiriti tattvānyuktāni me nava) || Bhāg.11.22.14.

-ktam ind. Clearly, evidently, certainly.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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