Karusa, Karūṣa, Kārūṣa, Karūśa, Kārūṣā, Kārusā, Karusha: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Karusa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Karūṣa and Kārūṣa and Karūśa and Kārūṣā can be transliterated into English as Karusa or Karusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Karūṣa (करूष):—One of the ten sons of Śrāddhadeva (current Manu) and Śraddhā. Also known as Karūṣaka or Tarūṣa. From Karūṣa came the Kārūṣa dynasty, a family of kṣatriyas. The Kārūṣa kṣatriyas were the kings of the northern direction. They were celebrated protectors of brahminical culture and were all firmly religious. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Karūṣa (करूष).—A King of Kārūṣa. A lady of name Bhadrā was performing penance to get this King as her husband when Śiśupāla carried her away. (Śloka 11, Chapter 45, Sabhā Parva).

2) Karūṣa (करूष).—One of the nine sons of Vaivasvata Manu. The other sons are: Ikṣvāku, Nābhāga, Dṛṣṭa, Śaryāti, Nariṣyanta, Prāṃśunāga, Diṣṭa and Pṛṣadhra. (7th Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata).

3) Karūṣa (करूष).—A Yakṣa. This Yakṣa accompanied by his brothers performed penance on the shores of the river Kālindī, to propitiate Devī, taking in only air. Devī was pleased and appearing before him in person said "You will become the lord of Manvantara". (Skandhas 10 and 13, Devī Bhāgavata).

4) Kārūṣa (कारूष).—The sixth son of Vaivasvata Manu. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 75).

5) Kārūṣa (कारूष).—An ancient land. (The King of this land used to suppress robbers and plunderers. He was present at Draupadī’s Svayaṃvara. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 185).

6) Karūṣa (करूष).—A place in ancient India. Historians are of opinion that it is the Bundelkhaṇḍa of modern India. The sin of Brahmahatyā (killing of brahmins) of Indra was washed away by brahmins at this place. The place where Karīṣa (cowdung) from Indra fell was called Karīṣa and it gradually became Karūṣa. (See under Aṅgamalaja).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Karūśa (करूश).—Its king Bṛhaccāpa was placed on the west of the Gomanta hill in its siege by Jarāsandha;1 appropriated the name Vāsudeva and sent a dūta to Kṛṣṇa to that effect; attacked Kṛṣṇa with a gadā.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11[12].
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 66. 1. 78. 4.

2a) Karūṣa (करूष).—One of the ten sons of Vaivasvata Manu. His descendants were Kārūṣas, all Kṣatriyas and rulers of uttarāpatha. Respected Brāhmaṇas and dharma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 13. 3; IX. 1. 12; 2. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 38. 31; 60. 3; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 2; Matsya-purāṇa 11. 41; 12. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 30; 85. 4; 86. 2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. I. 34; IV. I. 7, 18.

2b) Adopted a son of Kṛṣṇa, Sucandra by name.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 25.

2c) Good for śrāddha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 18.

2d) A Vindhya tribe. Dantavaktra, as king of;1 their territory was near Suprītakavanam, an elephantforest.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 63; III. 71. 156; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 52; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 132.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 239.

3) Kārūṣa (कारूष).—A surname of Vṛddhaśarman, son of Karūṣa, (who married Śrutadevā).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 36.

4) Kārūṣā (कारूषा).—Descendants of Karūṣa, the son of Vaivasvata Manu1 and, kings of Uttarāpatha; a Kṣatriya clan, the country of.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 2; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 24; 114. 48; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 18.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 17; IV. 14. 39.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Karūṣa (करूष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.70.13) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Karūṣa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Karuṣa (करुष) (Karūṣa?) refers to one of the nine sons of Manu Vaivasvata: the son of Saṃjñā and Bhāskara (sun-god), according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] It is stated that Aditi got from Kaśyapa, Bhāskara, the Sun-god. The Sun-god had four wives [viz., Saṃjñā]. Saṃjñā gave birth to Manu from the sun-god in whose race were born the kings (viz., Karuṣa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Mentioned with the Bhaggas in a list of tribes. Ap.ii.359.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karūṣa (करूष).—Dryness (?). निर्मलो निष्करूषश्च शुद्ध इन्द्रो यथाभवत् (nirmalo niṣkarūṣaśca śuddha indro yathābhavat) Rām.1.24.21.

Derivable forms: karūṣaḥ (करूषः).

--- OR ---

Kārūṣā (कारूषा).—(pl.)

1) Name of a country.

2) A man of an intermediate caste (father vrātyavaiśya and mother vaiśya); Ms.1.23.

-ṣam Hunger; इह भूम्यां मलं दत्त्वा देवाः कारूषमेव च (iha bhūmyāṃ malaṃ dattvā devāḥ kārūṣameva ca) Rām.1.24.2.

Derivable forms: kārūṣāḥ (कारूषाः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārūṣa (कारूष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) 1. The offspring of the degraded or outcaste Vaisya tribe. 2. A country; plu. m.

(-ṣāḥ) Its inhabitants; also vṛhadguhā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karūṣa (करूष).—m. pl. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 2, 124; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 26, 20.

--- OR ---

Kāruṣa (कारुष).—m. The offspring of a Vrātya, or an outcast of the Vaiśya tribe, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 23.

--- OR ---

Kārūṣa (कारूष).—m. 1. The name of a country, Mahābhārata 2, 1864. 2. pl. Its people, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 2, 16. 3. Its king, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 4954.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāruṣa (कारुष).—[masculine] [Name] of a country and caste.

--- OR ---

Kārūṣa (कारूष).—[masculine] [Name] of a son of Manu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karūṣa (करूष):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

2) m. Name of Danta-vakra (a king of that people), [Mahābhārata ii, 577]

3) Name of a son of Manu Vaivasvata (the founder of the above people), [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa etc.]

4) Kārūṣa (कारूष):—m. ([gana] bhargādi) a prince of the Kārūṣas, [Harivaṃśa 4964; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) m. [plural] (= kar), Name of a country, [Mahābhārata ii, 1864]

6) of a people, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) m. (= kar), Name of a son of Manu, [Mahābhārata]

8) an intermediate caste or man of that caste, [Manu-smṛti x, 23.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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