Prosperity: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Prosperity means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Prosperity in Shaivism glossary
Source: Google books: Genesis and Development of Tantra

Prosperity (in Sanskrit: Puṣṭi) refers to one of the various objectives expected of the Vedic rituals (following the basic pattern of the new and full-moon sacrifice) known as the Kāmyeṣṭis.—to the analysis of W. Caland, the objectives expected of the kāmyeṣṭis are: [e.g., prosperity (puṣṭi)] [...], etc. (Cf. Caland 1908: VI–VII). Although Vedic rituals were a reliable way for the people of ancient India to fulfill their objectives, Tantric rites too claim to bring about the attainment of wishes.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Prosperity in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Prosperity is easy to find (as opposed to Wisdom), as discussed in Bhūdhardās’s composition dealing with the twelve reflections (bhāvanā or anuprekṣā), also found in the Tattvārtha-sūtra.—Accordingly, “[...] [eliminating karma]—Follow the five great vows as well as the five mindfulnesses. Conquer the five powerful sense-organs and establish yourself firmly in elimination. (10) [the world]—The Cosmic Man stands fourteen rājus tall. Within him countless souls wander without knowledge. (11) [wisdom is difficult to obtain]—Wealth, prosperity, gold, the pleasures of power—all these are easy to find. What is difficult to get in saṃsāra is the single knowledge that is appropriate. (12) [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Prosperity (in commerce and trade) in ancient Indian cities was vividly depicted in Kathās (narrative poems), such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] Page 57.27: There is a vivid description of a commercial prosperity of the city of Pratiṣthāna where rich merchants earned plentiful of gold and jewels.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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