Prithu, aka: Pṛthu; 15 Definition(s)

Introduction

Prithu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pṛthu can be transliterated into English as Prthu or Prithu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Pṛthu (पृथु) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Pṛthu], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Prithu in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pṛthu (पृथु):—Son of Anenā (son of Purañjaya). He had a son named Viśvagandhi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.6.20)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Pṛthu (पृथु).—The son of Vibhu, who was the son of Prastotā, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Prastotā was the son of Udgātā, whose ancestral lineage can be traced to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Pṛthu had a son named Ananta.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Pṛthu (पृथु).—(vainya) A King of great virtue born in the line of Dhruva. Genealogy. Descending in order from Viṣṇu—Brahmā—Svāyambhuva Manu—Uttānapāda—Dhruva Śiṣṭi—Ripu—Cākṣuṣa Manu—Kuru—Aṅga—Vena—Pṛthu. (See full article at Story of Pṛthu from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Pṛthu (पृथु).—A virtuous brahmin of good conduct. Once when Pṛthu was travelling he met five ugly devils. They became devils for their sins of not doing any charity and behaving rudely with beggars. Pṛthu gave them advice on āhāra (food), ācāra (conduct) and vrata (vow) so that they might get salvation from their devil-lives. (Chapter 27, Sṛṣṭi Khaṇḍa, Padma Purāṇa).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Pṛthu (पृथु).—(Vainya) the son got out of Vena by the churning of his right arm by the sages to save him from falling into hell: is considered the ninth incarnation of Hari. The first king who introduced agriculture.1 Panegyrised by the Gandharvas, and Siddhas playing on different musical instruments. For his coronation, presents came from Indra, Brahmā, Yama, Rudra and other gods; praised by Sūta, Māgadha and Bandin. Though these were discouraged, yet they continued to praise him for his righteous administrative policy. His sway extended to the Udaya hills.2 Due to scarcity of supply, people complained of hunger, when Pṛthu aimed his arrow and threatened to vanquish her. The earth let herself be milked. With Svāyambhuva Manu for the calf and his own palms as pail; he milked the essence of all plants. This was followed by the sages, gods, asuras and others. Hilly tracts were levelled, and different kinds of villages, cities and towns were organised for the first time.3 Consecrated himself to perform one hundred aśvamedhas on the Sarasvatī. When 99 were over, jealous Indra ran away with the sacrificial horse. Advised by Atri, the king's son pursued him as the kite did Rāvaṇa and recovering the animal, earned the title Vijitāśva. Again Indra stole the horse, and Vijitāśva pursued him and recovered it. Pṛthu saw marks of sin on the part of Indra behaving like a miscreant and aimed his arrow at him. Persuaded by Brahmā, he controlled his rage and became friendly to Indra. On advice from Viṣṇu, he cast off his enmity to Indra and embraced him. Asked of the Lord to be ever devoted to him.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 9; III. 1. 22; IV. 13. 20; I. 3. 14; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 44; 8. 2-12; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 126-182; ch. 63; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 39.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. chh. 15-16 (whole).
  • 3) Ib. IV. chh. 17-18 (whole) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 9, 40-43.
  • 4) Ib. IV. 19 (whole); 20. 1-31.

1b) A son of Tāmasa Manu;1 a Kaśyapa and a Mantrakṛt.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 41-71; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 18.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 47; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 15; 145. 100; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 97.

1c) The son of Anenas and father of Visvarandhi (Viśvagandhi ?). (Viṣṭarāśva, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 20; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 26; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 35.

1d) A son of Rucaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 35.

1e) A son of Citraratha, of the Vṛṣṇi tribe; stationed by Kṛṣṇa to defend the northern gate of Mathurā; was on the right detachment of Kṛṣṇa's army;1 got killed in the Yadava contest at Prabhāsa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 18; X. 50. 20 [3]; [50 (v) 12].
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V; 37. 46.

1f) The son of Anīnas and father of Pṛṣadaśva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 25.

1g) The son of Vibhu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 67. Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 57.

1h) A son of Supratika the elephant.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 341.

1i) A son of Śivadatta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 35. 12.

1j) A son of Citraka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 114; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 113; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 11.

1k) A son of Suyodhana.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 12. 29.

1l) A son of Aśvinī and Akrūra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 32.

1m) A son of Pāra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 55.

1n) A son of Purujānu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 2.

1o) The Sūta sprang from the sacrifice of;1 a Mantrakṛt.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 33-4.
  • 2) Ib. 59. 97.

1p) Father of Antardhi (Antardhāna) and Vādi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 21; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 93; 14. 1; 22. 1.

1q) The son of Vibhu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 38.

1r) A son of Parāvṛt.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 11.

1s) The son of Supāra and father of Sukṛti.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 42.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pṛthu (पृथु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.17) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pṛthu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Prithu is a King of the Solar dynasty and an ancestor of Rama. He is the son of Anaranya and the father of Trishanku.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Prithu is "celebrated as the first consecrated king, from whom the earth received her (Sanskrit) name Prithvi."

Prithu (Sanskrit: पृथु, Pṛthu, lit. "large, great, important, abundant") is a sovereign (chakravartin), named in the Vedic scriptures and considered an Avatar (incarnation) of the preserver god—Vishnu.He is also called Pruthu, Prithi and Prithu Vainya, literally, Prithu — the son of Vena.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Pṛthu (पृथु) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Pṛthu] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Pṛthu (पृथु) is an example of a name based on an Epic or Purana mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Pṛthu) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pṛthu (पृथु).—a S Large, bulky, huge, great.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pṛthu (पृथु).—a Large, bulky, huge, great.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pṛthu (पृथु).—a. (-thu or -thvī f., compar. prathīyas, superl. prathiṣṭha) [प्रथ्-कु संप्र° (prath-ku saṃpra°) Uṇ.1.28]

1) Broad, wide, spacious, expansive; पृथुनितम्ब (pṛthunitamba) q. v. below; सिन्धोः पृथुमपि तनुम् (sindhoḥ pṛthumapi tanum) Me.48.

2) Copious, abundant, ample; अव्युच्छिन्नपृथु- प्रवृत्ति भवतो दानं ममाप्यर्थिषु (avyucchinnapṛthu- pravṛtti bhavato dānaṃ mamāpyarthiṣu) V.4.47.

3) Large, great; दृशः पृथुतरीकृताः (dṛśaḥ pṛthutarīkṛtāḥ) Ratn.2.15; अरोधि पन्थाः पृथुदन्तशालिना (arodhi panthāḥ pṛthudantaśālinā) Śi. 12.48; R.11.25.

4) Detailed, prolix.

5) Numerous.

6) Smart, sharp, clever.

7) Important.

6) Various.

-thuḥ 1 Name of fire or Agni.

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

3) Of Mahādeva.

4) Name of a king. [Pṛthu was the son of Vena, son of Anga. He was called the first king, from whom the earth received her name Pṛthvī. The Viṣṇu Purāṇa relates that when Vena who was wicked by nature and prohibited worship and sacrifice, was beaten to death by the pious sages, and when consequently robbery and anarchy prevailed in the absence of a King, the Munis rubbed the right arm of the dead king to produce a son, and from it sprang the majestic Pṛthu, glowing like Agni. He was immediately declared King, and his subjects who had suffered from famine, besought the monarch for the edible fruits and plants which the earth withheld from them. In anger Pṛthu took up his bow to compel her to yield the supply so much needed by his subjects. She assumed the form of a cow and began to flee chased by the King. But she at last yielded and requested him to spare her life, and at the same time promised to restore all the needed fruits, plants &c., 'if a calf were given to her through which she might be able to secrete milk.' Pṛthu thereupon made Svāyambhuva Manu the calf; milked the earth, and received the milk into his own hand, from which proceeded all kinds of corn, vegetables, fruits &c., for the maintenance of his subjects. The example or Pṛthu was afterwards followed by a variety of milkers-gods, men, Ṛiṣis, mountains, Nāgas, Asuras &c., who found out the proper milkman and calf from their own number, and milked the earth of whatever they wanted; cf. Ku.1.2.]

-thu f. Opium.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pṛthu (पृथु).—(like Pali puthu = Sanskrit pṛthak- in pṛthag-jana), common, ordinary: pṛthu pratyekarājāno Mv ii.270.10 (prose), contrasted with rājā cakravartī. But pṛthu- kāyāḥ (one or two words) Mv i.350.10 probably means numer- ous (so Sanskrit pṛthu) classes (of beings); and so pṛthu(-)tīr- thyā(ḥ) Śikṣ 332.9 (verse), numerous (rather than worldly, Bendall and Rouse 295) heretics; in Śikṣ 109.9 (verse) pṛtha (for pṛthak ? or read pṛthu, in sense of numerous?) kāya- sākṣī (see °kṣin). In pṛthu-vaiśāradya (see this) Mv ii.261.6; 262.7 meaning uncertain; perh. manifold, inclusive, general confidence? Contrasts with kāya-, vācā-, and citta-vai°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pṛthu (पृथु).—mfn. (-thuḥ-thuḥ-thvī-thu) 1. Large, great. 2. Smart, clever. m.

(-thuḥ) 1. The fifth monarch of the solar dynasty in the second age. 2. A name of Agni or fire. f.

(-thuḥ) 1. A pungent seed, (Nigella Indica.) 2. A medicinal substance, commonly Hingupatri. 3. Opium. E. prath to be famous, aff. ku, and ra changed to ṛ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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