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Prithu, aka: Pṛthu; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Prithu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Pṛthu (पृथु).—The son of Vibhu, who was the son of Prastotā, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Prastotā was the son of Udgātā, whose ancestral lineage can be traced to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Pṛthu had a son named Ananta.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Pṛthu (पृथु).—(Vainya) the son got out of Vena by the churning of his right arm by the sages to save him from falling into hell: is considered the ninth incarnation of Hari. The first king who introduced agriculture.1 Panegyrised by the Gandharvas, and Siddhas playing on different musical instruments. For his coronation, presents came from Indra, Brahmā, Yama, Rudra and other gods; praised by Sūta, Māgadha and Bandin. Though these were discouraged, yet they continued to praise him for his righteous administrative policy. His sway extended to the Udaya hills.2 Due to scarcity of supply, people complained of hunger, when Pṛthu aimed his arrow and threatened to vanquish her. The earth let herself be milked. With Svāyambhuva Manu for the calf and his own palms as pail; he milked the essence of all plants. This was followed by the sages, gods, asuras and others. Hilly tracts were levelled, and different kinds of villages, cities and towns were organised for the first time.3 Consecrated himself to perform one hundred aśvamedhas on the Sarasvatī. When 99 were over, jealous Indra ran away with the sacrificial horse. Advised by Atri, the king's son pursued him as the kite did Rāvaṇa and recovering the animal, earned the title Vijitāśva. Again Indra stole the horse, and Vijitāśva pursued him and recovered it. Pṛthu saw marks of sin on the part of Indra behaving like a miscreant and aimed his arrow at him. Persuaded by Brahmā, he controlled his rage and became friendly to Indra. On advice from Viṣṇu, he cast off his enmity to Indra and embraced him. Asked of the Lord to be ever devoted to him.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 9; III. 1. 22; IV. 13. 20; I. 3. 14; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 44; 8. 2-12; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 126-182; ch. 63; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 39.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. chh. 15-16 (whole).
  • 3) Ib. IV. chh. 17-18 (whole) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 9, 40-43.
  • 4) Ib. IV. 19 (whole); 20. 1-31.

1b) A son of Tāmasa Manu;1 a Kaśyapa and a Mantrakṛt.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 1. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 41-71; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 18.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 47; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 15; 145. 100; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 97.

1c) The son of Anenas and father of Visvarandhi (Viśvagandhi ?). (Viṣṭarāśva, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 20; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 26; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 35.

1d) A son of Rucaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 35.

1e) A son of Citraratha, of the Vṛṣṇi tribe; stationed by Kṛṣṇa to defend the northern gate of Mathurā; was on the right detachment of Kṛṣṇa's army;1 got killed in the Yadava contest at Prabhāsa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 18; X. 50. 20 [3]; [50 (v) 12].
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V; 37. 46.

1f) The son of Anīnas and father of Pṛṣadaśva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 25.

1g) The son of Vibhu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 67. Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 57.

1h) A son of Supratika the elephant.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 341.

1i) A son of Śivadatta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 35. 12.

1j) A son of Citraka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 114; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 113; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 11.

1k) A son of Suyodhana.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 12. 29.

1l) A son of Aśvinī and Akrūra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 32.

1m) A son of Pāra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 55.

1n) A son of Purujānu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 2.

1o) The Sūta sprang from the sacrifice of;1 a Mantrakṛt.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 33-4.
  • 2) Ib. 59. 97.

1p) Father of Antardhi (Antardhāna) and Vādi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 21; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 93; 14. 1; 22. 1.

1q) The son of Vibhu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 38.

1r) A son of Parāvṛt.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 11.

1s) The son of Supāra and father of Sukṛti.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 42.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Pṛthu (पृथु):—Son of Anenā (son of Purañjaya). He had a son named Viśvagandhi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.6.20)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Prithu is "celebrated as the first consecrated king, from whom the earth received her (Sanskrit) name Prithvi."

Prithu (Sanskrit: पृथु, Pṛthu, lit. "large, great, important, abundant") is a sovereign (chakravartin), named in the Vedic scriptures and considered an Avatar (incarnation) of the preserver god—Vishnu.He is also called Pruthu, Prithi and Prithu Vainya, literally, Prithu — the son of Vena.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Prithu is a King of the Solar dynasty and an ancestor of Rama. He is the son of Anaranya and the father of Trishanku.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

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