Sthula, Sthūla: 14 definitions


Sthula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: The Garuda puranam

A Sthula stone is of blue colour, has three lines, is of the form of a tortoise and is dotted with marks.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sthūla (स्थूल, “gross”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Sthūla is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘coarseness’, while its opposing quality, Sūkṣma, refers to its ‘subtleness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Sthūla, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Earth (pṛthivī).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Sthūla (स्थूल).—Gross, approximate. Note: Sthūla is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Sthūla (स्थूल) refers to “one who is fat”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be a Punarbhū, a Svayambhū, a widow’s bastard, or a non-believer, nor irrational, pale, bald or crippled or fat (sthūla). [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., sthūla), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., sthūla) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

(Sthūla) Sanskrit; 'thick', 'gross', 'bulky', 'full', 'stout' or 'massive'.

Source: Ashtanga Yoga: Yoga Sutrani Patanjali

sthūla = the external aspects of something

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sthūla (स्थूल).—a (S) Great, large, big, thick. 2 Gross, bulky, corpulent, huge and coarse. 3 Dense or gross, not attenuate or subtil. 4 Dense or gross, figuratively; dull, doltish, blockish, stupid, stolid.

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sthūḷa (स्थूळ).—&c. The Prakrit or poetic form of writing sthūla, sthūladēha &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sthūla (स्थूल).—a Great, big; bulky. Dense. Dull.

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sthūḷa (स्थूळ).—(For sthūla.) Bulky.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sthūla (स्थूल).—a. (compar. sthavīyas superl. sthaviṣṭha)

1) Large, great, big, bulky, huge; बहुस्पृशापि स्थूलेन स्थीयते बहिरश्मवत् (bahuspṛśāpi sthūlena sthīyate bahiraśmavat) Śi.2.78 (where it has sense 6 also); स्थूलहस्तावलेपान् (sthūlahastāvalepān) Me.14,18; R.6.28.

2) Fat, corpulent, stout.

3) Strong, powerful; स्थूलं स्थूलं श्वसिति (sthūlaṃ sthūlaṃ śvasiti) K. 'breathes hard'.

4) Thick, clumsy.

5) Gross, coarse, rough (fig. also) as in स्थूलमानम् (sthūlamānam) q. v.

6) Foolish, doltish, silly, ignorant.

7) Stolid, dull, thick-headed.

8) Not exact.

9) (Inphil.) Material (opp. to sūkṣma).

-laḥ The jack tree.

-lā -1 Large cardamoms.

2) Scindaspus Officinalis (Mar. gajapiṃpaḷī).

3) Cucumis Utilissimus (Mar. thorakākaḍī).

-lam 1 A heap, quantity.

2) A tent.

3) The summit of a mountain (kūṭa).

4) Sour milk, curds.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sthūla (स्थूल).—as ep. of bhūmi, gross, material (stage of life), in contrast with the ten Bodhisattva-bhūmayaḥ (just described in the text): asthānam…yadā sthūlāhi bhūmihi, tatpure adhigaccheyuḥ sarvajñatvaṃ tathāgatāḥ Mv i.192.12(—13), verses; it is impossible that T's should attain omniscience before that (course of the ten bhūmi), in gross (worldly) stages. So Senart, plausibly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthula (स्थुल).—n.

(-laṃ) A sort of long tent; more properly sthūla .

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Sthūla (स्थूल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Fat, corpulent, bulky. 2. Stupid, dull ignorant, thick-headed. 3. Large, great. 4. Coarse. 5. Clumsy. 6. Not exact. 7. Solid. 8. Strong, powerful. 9. Big, huge. n.

(-laṃ) 1. A heap, a quantity. 2. A tent. 3. The top or summit of a mountain. f.

(-lā) 1. A sort of pepper, (Pothos officinalis.) 2. A pumpkin-gourd. m.

(-laḥ) The jack-fruit tree. E. sthūl to be large or fat, aff. ac .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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