Sthula, Sthūla: 20 definitions



Sthula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: The Garuda puranam

A Sthula stone is of blue colour, has three lines, is of the form of a tortoise and is dotted with marks.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sthūla (स्थूल, “gross”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Sthūla is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘coarseness’, while its opposing quality, Sūkṣma, refers to its ‘subtleness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Sthūla, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Earth (pṛthivī).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sthūla (स्थूल):—Grossness / bulkiness; one of the 20 gurvadi gunas; caused due activated prithvi; denotes physiological & pharmacological grossness & bulkiness; causes covering or protection.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sthūlā (स्थूला) is another name for Kārpāsī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.188-189 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Sthūlā and Kālāñjanī, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Sthūla (स्थूल, “gross”) and Sūkṣma (“subtle”) refers to one of the ten counterpart-couples of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Sūkṣma (“subtle”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of air, space and the associated actions of “pervading/vivaraṇa”; while Sthūla (“gross”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth and is associated with the action “covering/saṃvaraṇa”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Sthūla (स्थूल).—Gross, approximate. Note: Sthūla is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Sthūla (स्थूल) refers to “one who is fat”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be a Punarbhū, a Svayambhū, a widow’s bastard, or a non-believer, nor irrational, pale, bald or crippled or fat (sthūla). [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., sthūla), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., sthūla) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

(Sthūla) Sanskrit; 'thick', 'gross', 'bulky', 'full', 'stout' or 'massive'.

Source: Ashtanga Yoga: Yoga Sutrani Patanjali

sthūla = the external aspects of something

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sthūla (स्थूल).—a (S) Great, large, big, thick. 2 Gross, bulky, corpulent, huge and coarse. 3 Dense or gross, not attenuate or subtil. 4 Dense or gross, figuratively; dull, doltish, blockish, stupid, stolid.

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sthūḷa (स्थूळ).—&c. The Prakrit or poetic form of writing sthūla, sthūladēha &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sthūla (स्थूल).—a Great, big; bulky. Dense. Dull.

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sthūḷa (स्थूळ).—(For sthūla.) Bulky.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sthūla (स्थूल).—a. (compar. sthavīyas superl. sthaviṣṭha)

1) Large, great, big, bulky, huge; बहुस्पृशापि स्थूलेन स्थीयते बहिरश्मवत् (bahuspṛśāpi sthūlena sthīyate bahiraśmavat) Śi.2.78 (where it has sense 6 also); स्थूलहस्तावलेपान् (sthūlahastāvalepān) Me.14,18; R.6.28.

2) Fat, corpulent, stout.

3) Strong, powerful; स्थूलं स्थूलं श्वसिति (sthūlaṃ sthūlaṃ śvasiti) K. 'breathes hard'.

4) Thick, clumsy.

5) Gross, coarse, rough (fig. also) as in स्थूलमानम् (sthūlamānam) q. v.

6) Foolish, doltish, silly, ignorant.

7) Stolid, dull, thick-headed.

8) Not exact.

9) (Inphil.) Material (opp. to sūkṣma).

-laḥ The jack tree.

-lā -1 Large cardamoms.

2) Scindaspus Officinalis (Mar. gajapiṃpaḷī).

3) Cucumis Utilissimus (Mar. thorakākaḍī).

-lam 1 A heap, quantity.

2) A tent.

3) The summit of a mountain (kūṭa).

4) Sour milk, curds.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sthūla (स्थूल).—as epithet of bhūmi, gross, material (stage of life), in contrast with the ten Bodhisattva-bhūmayaḥ (just described in the text): asthānam…yadā sthūlāhi bhūmihi, tatpure adhigaccheyuḥ sarvajñatvaṃ tathāgatāḥ Mahāvastu i.192.12(—13), verses; it is impossible that T's should attain omniscience before that (course of the ten bhūmi), in gross (worldly) stages. So Senart, plausibly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthula (स्थुल).—n.

(-laṃ) A sort of long tent; more properly sthūla .

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Sthūla (स्थूल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Fat, corpulent, bulky. 2. Stupid, dull ignorant, thick-headed. 3. Large, great. 4. Coarse. 5. Clumsy. 6. Not exact. 7. Solid. 8. Strong, powerful. 9. Big, huge. n.

(-laṃ) 1. A heap, a quantity. 2. A tent. 3. The top or summit of a mountain. f.

(-lā) 1. A sort of pepper, (Pothos officinalis.) 2. A pumpkin-gourd. m.

(-laḥ) The jack-fruit tree. E. sthūl to be large or fat, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthūla (स्थूल).—sthūla = sthūra (with l for r), but in the original signification of its base, sthā + vara, I. adj., comparat. sthūlatara and sthavīyaṃs, superl. sthūlatama and sthaviṣṭha. 1. Great, large, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 12; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 47; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 373; sthūlatara, Very large, [Pañcatantra] 134, 5. 2. Bulky, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 204, 22; fat. 3. Powerful, [Pañcatantra] 168, 25. 4. Clumsy. 5. Coarse, [Pañcatantra] 133, 1. 6. Stupid. Ii. m. The jack tree. Iii. f. . 1. A sort of pepper. 2. A pumpkin gourd. Iv. n. 1. A heap. 2. A tent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sthūla (स्थूल).—[adjective] = sthūra, also coarse, gross, material ([opposed] sūkṣma); stupid, dull; [neuter] = sthūlaśarīra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sthula (स्थुल):—[from sthuḍ] 1. sthula n. (perhaps for sthuḍa See [preceding]) a sort of long tent, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

2) [from sthū] 2. sthula See apa-ṣṭhula p. 53, col. 1.

3) Sthūla (स्थूल):—[from sthūl] mf(ā)n. ([from] √sthū = sthā and originally identical with sthūra) large, thick, stout, massive, bulky, big, huge, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] coarse, gross, rough (also [figuratively] = ‘not detailed or precisely defined’; cf. yathā-sth), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] dense, dull, stolid, doltish, stupid, ignorant (cf. [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra]

6) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) gross, tangible, material (opp. to sūkṣma, ‘subtle’; cf. sthūla-śarīra)

7) [v.s. ...] m. Artocarpus Integrifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of one of Śiva’s attendants, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] m. n. [gana] ardharcādi

10) Sthūlā (स्थूला):—[from sthūla > sthūl] f. Scindapsus Officinalis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Cucumis Utilissimus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] large cardamoms, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Sthūla (स्थूल):—[from sthūl] n. ‘the gross body’ (= sthūla-ś), [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] sour milk, curds, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] = kūṭa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] a heap, quantity, [Horace H. Wilson]

17) [v.s. ...] a tent ([probably] for 1. sthula), [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sthūla (स्थूल):—sthūlayate 1. d. To increase, fatten, become big or bulky.

2) [(laḥ-lā-laṃ) a.] Bulky; fat; stupid; large; clumsy, coarse. m. Jack tree. 1. f. Pepper; a pumpkin. n. A heap, quantity; a tent.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sthula (स्थुल):—n. Zelt [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 681.] [Halāyudha 2, 296.] [Śiśupālavadha 12, 4.]

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Sthūla (स्थूल):—(= sthūra)

1) adj. (f. ā) Gegens. sūkṣma, kṛśa, alpa . a) grob, dick, gross, feist, massiv; = pīna, pīvara [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 10.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 448.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 516.] [Medinīkoṣa l. 55.] [Halāyudha 2, 187.] = dṛḍha [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 12, 47. -] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 11, 8, 28.] yadasyā aṃhu.hedyāḥ kṛ.hu sthū.amu.ātasat penis (vgl. [Ṛgveda 8, 1, 34]) [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 23, 28.] yūpa [Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇa 4, 4.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 6, 8, 8] (a). [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 262.] [Suśruta 1, 151, 5. 198, 24.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 2, 11.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 4, 20. 47, 17.] [Bālabodhanī 2.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 1, 71.] nala [Mahābhārata 7, 1390. 8, 693.] vom Körper und seinen verschiedenen Theilen [Suśruta 1, 256, 11.] [Meghadūta 14.] [Spr. (II) 6642.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 47, 8. 61, 3. 5. 14. 64, 2. 67, 3. 68, 7. 17] (ati). [67. 99. 69, 33. 70, 21.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 14, 57.] [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 27, 30] (sthūlasthūla). tvac (die sonst māṃsadharā heisst) [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 1, 5, 7.] verschiedene lebende Wesen [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 76, 8. 5, 10, 17] (ati). [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 45, 2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1299.] [Suśruta 1, 52, 14] (ati). [53, 17. 129, 21.] [Spr. (II) 1739] (auch a). [7380] (tara v. l.). [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 43, 6.] sthūlo jānātīti sthūladehasthaḥ Comm. zu [Taittirīyasaṃhitā] [Prātiśākhya 6, 9.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 3, 22.] [Vedānta lecture No. 82.] taravaṭavṛkṣaskandha [Pañcatantra 134, 5.] giriśikharasthūlāni phalāni [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 16, 17.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 53, 61.] [Algebra 316.] Steine, Steinmassen [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 44, 115.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 3, 6.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1036.] [Halāyudha 2, 13.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 265.] gadā [Mahābhārata 5, 2041.] sthāla, kapāla [Spr. (II) 7235.] mañjūṣā [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 48.] yantra [Suśruta 1, 25, 21] (ati). Edelsteine, Perlen, Tropfen [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 32, 4.] [Meghadūta 47. 105.] [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 28. 15, 99.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 81, 3. 4.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 36, 82.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 81, 16.] yogatārakā [Sūryasiddhānta 8, 19.] Zeug [Spr. (II) 7233.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 2, 12.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 460.] [Pañcatantra 133, 1.] Haare [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 68, 82.] [LAGHUJ. 2, 19.] [Spr. (II) 7234.] sindūratilaka dick [Kathāsaritsāgara 20, 50.] — b) grob in übertr. Bed.: enas [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 252.] vyasana [Spr. (II) 6308.] sūkṣmo vivādo viprāṇāṃ sthūlau kṣātrau jayājayau [Mahābhārata 8, 637.] varṇa Farbe (Gegens. svalpa) [Harivaṃśa 7014.] pramāda [SARVADARŚANAS. 120, 7.] sthūleccha so v. a. unbescheidene Wünsche habend [Spr. (II) 2839.] buddhimant [Mahābhārata 12, 11344.] mati adj. [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 69, 34] (nach einer Hdschr. des Comm. dumm, nach einer anderen klug). abhiprāya [Pañcatantra 168, 25.] sthūla = jaḍa dumm [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 26, 206.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] = niṣprajña [Medinīkoṣa] ein dummer Mensch [Spr. (II) 7248.] grob so v. a. nicht präcis, praeter propter bestimmt [Algebra 70. 87.] [GAṆIT.] [SPAṢṬĀDH. 71.] yathāsthūlam im Groben, im Grossen (Etwas beschreiben) [Mahābhārata 13, 6524.] [Suśruta 1, 89, 4.] — sthūlātisthūlamātrāyām [AMṚTAN. Upakośā] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 9, 31.] — c) in der Philosophie grob so v. a. materiell, für die Sinne wahrnehmbar (Gegens. sūkṣma atomartig); n. der grobe, wahrnehmbare Körper [Māṇḍūkyopaniṣad 3.] [NṚS. TĀP. Upakośā] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 9, 125. fg. 133. 138.] [Kapila 1, 62. fg. 3, 7.] darśin [Mahābhārata 12,11965.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 338. 342.] [Oxforder Handschriften 225,a,2 v. u. 226,a, No. 554. 229,a,18 v. u. 231,b,2. 5.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1365.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 52,12. fg. 164,14.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.2,1,23. 10,33.4,12,17.5,11,7. 16,3. 26,39. fg. 7,3,33. 11,3,17.] [Vedānta lecture No. 27.] —

2) m. a) Artocarpus integrifolia Lin. (panasa) [Rājanirghaṇṭa 11, 32.] — b) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge Śiva’s [VYĀḌI] beim Schol. zu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 210.] wohl fehlerhaft für sthūṇa . —

3) n. = kūṭa [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] —

4) m. n. gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 31.] —

5) f. ā Scindapsus officinalis Schott. [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] Cucumis utilissimus Roxb. [Rājanirghaṇṭa 7, 204.] grosse Kardamomen [Ratnamālā 117]; vgl. sthūlailā . —

6) dṛḍhasthūla [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 114, 5] fehlerhaft für sthūṇa; vgl. [Spr. (II) 5098.] sthūlanimnāni [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 89, 18] fehlerhaft für sthala . — Vgl. ati, sthaviṣṭha und sthavīyaṃs .

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Sthūla (स्थूल):—

1) b) steya ebend. [2, 65.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sthūla (स्थूल) [Also spelled sthul]:—(a) plump, fat, bulky, corpulent; thick; massive; rough, crude; gross; ~[tā/tva] fatness, bulkiness, corpulence; thickness; crudeness; grossness; ~[dhī/buddhi mati] a nitwit; crude; —[rūpa se] roughly: crudely; —[śarīra] the gross body (as opposed to [sukṣma śarīra] ).

context information


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