Kalpavriksha, Kalpavṛkṣa, Kalpa-vriksha: 18 definitions
Kalpavriksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Kalpavṛkṣa can be transliterated into English as Kalpavrksa or Kalpavriksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Kalpvraksh.
Images (photo gallery)
Kavya (poetry)Source: academia.edu: Bhoja’s Mechanical Garden
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष) refers to “wishing trees”.—There is the history of gardens and garden technology in early medieval India. By the eleventh century, the garden had long been a site dense with meaning in South Asia. It brought together earlier traditions of fabulous jewel trees (ratnavṛkṣas), wishing trees (kalpavṛkṣas), and wishing creepers (kalpalatās) that had decorated the railings of Buddhist stūpas and populated Buddhist heavens, with a whole series of architectural and design technologies like bowers, fountains, tanks, and fountain houses that had also become standard appurtenances of royal pleasure gardens by the seventh century
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष) refers to the “wish-yielding kalpa tree” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.42.—Accordingly, as Dakṣa bowed and eulogised Śiva:—“[...] Today I have realised the truth. Thou art above all. Thou art served by Viṣṇu, Brahmā and others. Thou art the supreme Being known only through the Vedas. Thou art the wish-yielding Kalpa tree (i.e., kalpavṛkṣa) to the good. Thou punishest the wicked always. Thou art the independent great soul. Thou art the bestower of desired boons on the devotees. [...]”.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—A tree in Devaloka. It has the power of giving any object that one wishes to get. There are five Kalpavṛkṣas in Devaloka. Their names are: Mandāra, Pārijāta, Santāna, Kalpavṛkṣa and Haricandana.
Agni Purāṇa, third Chapter mentions that among the wonderful things obtained by the churning of the ocean of milk, there was Kalpavṛkṣa also. So Kalpavṛkṣa was born from the ocean of milk.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष) is a Sanskrit word referring to “wish-fulfilling trees”.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Google Books: Faith & Philosophy of Jainism
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).-Jains believe that at the upswing of each time cycle, masses will lose religious faith again. All wishes will be granted by wish-granting trees (Kalpavrksa), and individuals will be born in set of twins (yugalika) with one boy and one gril who stay together all their lives: a symbol of an integrated human with male and female features balanced.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष) refers to “wishing trees” used by the inhabitants of Bhogabhūmis (paradise) for obtaining their food, clothing, etc. The word Bhogabhūmi applies to various regions situated within Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. How many types of wish trees (kalpavṛkṣa) are there? They are of ten types, namely: Madhyāṅga, Vāditrāṅga, Bhūṣaṇāṅga, Mālyāṅga, Jyotirāṅga, Dipāṅga, Gṛhāṅga, Bhojāṅga, Bhājāṅga and Vastrāṅga.
Jambūdvīpa (where the Kalpavṛkṣa is used) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—m (S) The wishing-tree of Indra's heaven. See kalpataru. This term is applied severally to five trees, pāribhadra or limba, mandāra, pārijātaka, santāna, harīcandana. Another enumeration excludes pāribhadra, and makes kalpavṛkṣa itself one of the five. kalpavṛkṣā- khālīṃ basūna jhōḷīlā gāṇṭhī kāṃ dyāvyā? Why, when sitting under the Wishing-tree, should we close and tie up our bag? Also ka0 āṅgaṇī dēkha || tō kā- sāyā māgēla bhīka?Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—m The wishing-tree of Indra's heaven.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) one of the trees of heaven or Indra's praradise, fabled to fulfill all desires; आसीत्कल्पतरुच्छायामाश्रिता सुरभिः पथि (āsītkalpatarucchāyāmāśritā surabhiḥ pathi) R.1.75; 17.26; Ku.2.39;6.41.
2) a tree supposed to grant all desires; 'wish-yielding tree'; नाबुद्ध कल्पद्रुमतां विहाय जातं तमात्मन्यसिपत्रवृक्षम् (nābuddha kalpadrumatāṃ vihāya jātaṃ tamātmanyasipatravṛkṣam) R.14.48; मृषा न चक्रेऽ- ल्पितकल्पपादपः (mṛṣā na cakre'- lpitakalpapādapaḥ) N.1.15.
3) any productive or bountiful source; निगमकल्पतरोर्गलितं फलम् (nigamakalpatarorgalitaṃ phalam) Bhāg.1.1.3.
4) (fig.) a very generous person; सकलार्थिसार्थकल्पद्रुमः (sakalārthisārthakalpadrumaḥ) Pt.1.
Derivable forms: kalpavṛkṣaḥ (कल्पवृक्षः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kṣaḥ) One of the fabulous trees of Indra'S heaven; a tree which yields whatever may be desired. E. kalpa purpose, and vṛkṣa a tree.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—m. a tree yielding all wishes (cf. kalpataru), [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 63; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 157.
Kalpavṛkṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kalpa and vṛkṣa (वृक्ष).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—[masculine] = kalpataru.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष):—[=kalpa-vṛkṣa] [from kalpa] m. = -taru, [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā; Kumāra-sambhava vi, 6; Meghadūta; Mṛcchakaṭikā]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष):—[kalpa-vṛkṣa] (kṣaḥ) 1. m. One of the fabulous trees of Indra’s heaven.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष):—(kalpa + vṛkṣa) m. ein fabelhafter Baum, der alle an ihn gerichtete Wünsche (vgl. kalp mit sam) erfüllt, [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 46.] [Mahābhārata 3, 16170.] [Śākuntala 171.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 6.] [Meghadūta 63. 67.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 18.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss 137, 10.] dīnānāṃ kalpavṛkṣaḥ svaguṇaphalanataḥ [Mṛcchakaṭikā 19, 23.] namāmi devaṃ surakalpavṛkṣaṃ dhanurdharam [Mahānāṭaka 1, 12.] — Vgl. kalpakataru, kalpataru, dru, druma, pādapa, mahīruh, latā, latikā, vallī, viṭapin .
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Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष):—[Vikramorvaśī 157.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 324.] [Oxforder Handschriften 35,a,7.] arthikalpavṛkṣaṃ tvām [Kathāsaritsāgara 72, 159.] tā [222.] tva [223.] latā f. Titel eines Buches [Oxforder Handschriften 286,a, No. 670.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष):—m. = kalpataru 1). Nom.abstr. tā f. und tva n.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष) [Also spelled kalpvraksh]:—(nm) see [kalpa-taru].
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+71): Devataru, Manorathadayaka, Kalpapadapa, Kalpadushya, Suradruma, Kalpavrikshalata, Kalpapushpa, Kalpataru, Kalpadruma, Pancavriksha, Kalpashakhin, Animesha-anokaha, Kalpavitapin, Kalpalata, Satkalpavriksha, Kalpvraksh, Surashakhin, Kalpa, Kamamdada, Ajaradruma.
Search found 21 books and stories containing Kalpavriksha, Kalpavṛkṣa, Kalpa-vriksha, Kalpa-vrksa, Kalpavrksa, Kalpa-vṛkṣa; (plurals include: Kalpavrikshas, Kalpavṛkṣas, vrikshas, vrksas, Kalpavrksas, vṛkṣas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Preliminary note (2): The eighteen āveṇikadharmas of the Bodhisattvas < [Chapter XLI - The Eighteen Special Attributes of the Buddha]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)