Kalpavriksha, Kalpavṛkṣa, Kalpa-vriksha: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kalpavriksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kalpavṛkṣa can be transliterated into English as Kalpavrksa or Kalpavriksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalpavriksha in Kavya glossary
Source: academia.edu: Bhoja’s Mechanical Garden

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष) refers to “wishing trees”.—There is the history of gardens and garden technology in early medieval India. By the eleventh century, the garden had long been a site dense with meaning in South Asia. It brought together earlier traditions of fabulous jewel trees (ratnavṛkṣas), wishing trees (kalpavṛkṣas), and wishing creepers (kalpalatās) that had decorated the railings of Buddhist stūpas and populated Buddhist heavens, with a whole series of architectural and design technologies like bowers, fountains, tanks, and fountain houses that had also become standard appurtenances of royal pleasure gardens by the seventh century

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalpavriksha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—A tree in Devaloka. It has the power of giving any object that one wishes to get. There are five Kalpavṛkṣas in Devaloka. Their names are: Mandāra, Pārijāta, Santāna, Kalpavṛkṣa and Haricandana.

Agni Purāṇa, third Chapter mentions that among the wonderful things obtained by the churning of the ocean of milk, there was Kalpavṛkṣa also. So Kalpavṛkṣa was born from the ocean of milk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—A divine tree;1 gift of a golden tree, leads one to be born Rājarāja after a sojourn in viṣnuloka;2 gave clothes, jewels and honey in the kṛtayuga.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 15. 37; 28. 72.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 277. 1-22.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 93; 106. 74.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

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Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष) is a Sanskrit word referring to “wish-fulfilling trees”.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalpavriksha in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: Faith & Philosophy of Jainism

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).-Jains believe that at the upswing of each time cycle, masses will lose religious faith again. All wishes will be granted by wish-granting trees (Kalpavrksa), and individuals will be born in set of twins (yugalika) with one boy and one gril who stay together all their lives: a symbol of an integrated human with male and female features balanced.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष) refers to “wishing trees” used by the inhabitants of Bhogabhūmis (paradise) for obtaining their food, clothing, etc. The word Bhogabhūmi applies to various regions situated within Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. How many types of wish trees (kalpavṛkṣa) are there? They are of ten types, namely: Madhyāṅga, Vāditrāṅga, Bhūṣaṇāṅga, Mālyāṅga, Jyotirāṅga, Dipāṅga, Gṛhāṅga, Bhojāṅga, Bhājāṅga and Vastrāṅga.

Jambūdvīpa (where the Kalpavṛkṣa is used) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalpavriksha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—m (S) The wishing-tree of Indra's heaven. See kalpataru. This term is applied severally to five trees, pāribhadra or limba, mandāra, pārijātaka, santāna, harīcandana. Another enumeration excludes pāribhadra, and makes kalpavṛkṣa itself one of the five. kalpavṛkṣā- khālīṃ basūna jhōḷīlā gāṇṭhī kāṃ dyāvyā? Why, when sitting under the Wishing-tree, should we close and tie up our bag? Also ka0 āṅgaṇī dēkha || tō kā- sāyā māgēla bhīka?

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—m The wishing-tree of Indra's heaven.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalpavriksha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—

1) one of the trees of heaven or Indra's praradise, fabled to fulfill all desires; आसीत्कल्पतरुच्छायामाश्रिता सुरभिः पथि (āsītkalpatarucchāyāmāśritā surabhiḥ pathi) R.1.75; 17.26; Ku.2.39;6.41.

2) a tree supposed to grant all desires; 'wish-yielding tree'; नाबुद्ध कल्पद्रुमतां विहाय जातं तमात्मन्यसिपत्रवृक्षम् (nābuddha kalpadrumatāṃ vihāya jātaṃ tamātmanyasipatravṛkṣam) R.14.48; मृषा न चक्रेऽ- ल्पितकल्पपादपः (mṛṣā na cakre'- lpitakalpapādapaḥ) N.1.15.

3) any productive or bountiful source; निगमकल्पतरोर्गलितं फलम् (nigamakalpatarorgalitaṃ phalam) Bhāg.1.1.3.

4) (fig.) a very generous person; सकलार्थिसार्थकल्पद्रुमः (sakalārthisārthakalpadrumaḥ) Pt.1.

Derivable forms: kalpavṛkṣaḥ (कल्पवृक्षः).

Kalpavṛkṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kalpa and vṛkṣa (वृक्ष). See also (synonyms): kalpataru, kalpadruma, kalpapādapa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—m.

(-kṣaḥ) One of the fabulous trees of Indra'S heaven; a tree which yields whatever may be desired. E. kalpa purpose, and vṛkṣa a tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—m. a tree yielding all wishes (cf. kalpataru), [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 63; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 157.

Kalpavṛkṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kalpa and vṛkṣa (वृक्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष).—[masculine] = kalpataru.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष):—[=kalpa-vṛkṣa] [from kalpa] m. = -taru, [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā; Kumāra-sambhava vi, 6; Meghadūta; Mṛcchakaṭikā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalpavṛkṣa (कल्पवृक्ष):—[kalpa-vṛkṣa] (kṣaḥ) 1. m. One of the fabulous trees of Indra’s heaven.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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