Arohana, Ārohana, Ārohaṇa: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Arohana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Arohan.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Arohana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण), also called Mahotpāta, is the name of a great warrior (mahāratha) who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... while Indra was saying this [to sage Nārada], fourteen great warriors came to assist the general Dāmodara: [Ārohaṇa and others]. And those fifteen heroes, joined with Dāmodara, fighting in front of the line, kept off the followers of Sūryaprabha”.

Further on, Ārohaṇa is identified as the son of Bhaga. Accordingly: “... thereupon Śrutaśarman came himself, with four great warriors of mighty force, named Mahaugha, Ārohaṇa, Utpāta and Vetravat, the sons respectively of Tvaṣṭṛ, Bhaga, Aryaman and Pūṣan, born in the house of the four Vidyādhara kings, Citrapada and others, that ruled over mount Malaya. And Śrutaśarman himself, blinded with furious anger, was the fifth, and they all fought against Prabhāsa and his two companions”.

The story of Ārohaṇa was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Ārohaṇa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण, “climbing”) (or Ārohaṇagata, Ārohaṇagrāsa) refers to one of the ten types of (solar and lunar) eclipses (grāsa), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If immediately after the termination of the eclipse, the disc should be re-eclipsed (by comets and the like), it is technically known as Ārohaṇa (climbing): the princes will be at war and there will be fear in the land.. If a small portion of the disc should be so slightly eclipsed as to resemble a mirror covered with the vapour of hot breath, the eclipse is known as Āghrāta (smelling): there will be good rain in the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण) refers to “ascending (a palace)” (in a dream), according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.8-13, while describing auspicious dreams]—“[The dreamer] crosses over the ocean and river. Likewise sunrise and indeed blazing fire [are auspicious. Also auspicious is when the dreamer] sees planets, constellations, stars and the disk of the moon. [When the dreamer] ascends the palace (ārohaṇaharmyasyārohaṇaṃ) or a turret of the palace, climbs a mountain top, tree, elephant, young animal, bull, horse, or man. [In auspicious dreams one] sees a chariot and also sees the siddhamantra, obtains the perfected oblation and sees the gods, etc. [...]”

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ārohana (आरोहन) refers to “going inside” (the palanquin), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.55 (“Śiva returns to Kailāsa”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then the brahmins respectfully intimated to them the auspicious hour for the starting of the journey and consoled them. Then Himavat and Menā composed themselves and caused the palanquin to be brought for Pārvatī to get in (ārohana). The brahmin ladies helped her to get into the palanquin. They gave their blessings. Her parents and the brahmins too offered their blessings. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Oxford Academic: Homo Ritualis: Hindu Ritual and Its Significance to Ritual Theory

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण) refers to “stepping (on a stone)” and represents one of the various marriage rites of the Hindu Newars, mentioned in the Daśakarmavidhi: a marriage handbook from Bhaktapur containing both Hindu and Newar marriage ceremonies.—Despite many congruencies between Hindu Parbatiyā and Hindu Newar marriage handbooks, it becomes evident that Newar marriage handbooks mention specific ritual elements that cannot be found in the Brahmanical-Sanskritic texts.—The Aśman-ārohaṇa rite is usually performed at the House of the Groom and is mentioned under the sub-heading of “other marriage rites”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण) refers to “hoisting (the flag)”, as discussed in the twentieth chapter of the Aniruddhasaṃhitā, an ancient Pāñcarātra Āgama text dealing with the annual festivals of temples and regular temple worship routines.—Description of the chapter [dhvaja-ārohaṇa-vidhi]: [...] The detailed preparations preliminary to the flag-hoisting ceremony (dhvaja-ārohaṇa) are given: preparing mud vessels (20-34), readying and sanctifying the cloth for the flag (35-70), [...]. Anyone who is in the village during the dhvaja-ārohaṇa-ceremonies is enjoined to remain in the village for the next ten days, or else run the risk of falling ill with a fever (113-115a)

Source: Sreenivasarao’s Blog: Temple Worship

Arohana (=Dhvajarohana) refers to the “ritual of flag hoisting” which inaugurates the Utsava (festivals), according to Parameshwara-Samhita (16, 28-29) and Naradiya-Samhita (18, 7-8) .—Dhwajarohana [Dhvaja-Arohana] is to commence by flag hoisting, that brings happiness to all beings (sarva prani sukhavaham). [...] Usually, the Utsavas that last for five days or more commence with flag hoisting. Festivals conducted seeking wealth (dhanada) and fulfillment of desires (kamada) must commence with flag hoisting. [...] During Dhvajarohana, the flag usually carries the figure of Indra, the chief of Devas; or of Garuda the carrier of Vishnu; or of Nandi Bull the vehicle of Shiva; or that of a god. [...

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Arohana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ārohana : (nt.) climbing; ascending.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ārohaṇa, (nt.) (fr. ā + ruh) climbing, ascending; ascent J. I, 70; VI, 488; Miln. 352; Vism. 244; PvA. 74. (Page 109)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण).—

1) The act of rising, ascending, mounting; आरोहणार्थं नवयौवनेन कामस्य सोपानमिव प्रयुक्तम् (ārohaṇārthaṃ navayauvanena kāmasya sopānamiva prayuktam) Kumārasambhava 1.39.

2) Riding (on a horse &c).

3) A stair-case, ladder; अथारोहणमासाद्य वेदिकान्तरमाश्रितः (athārohaṇamāsādya vedikāntaramāśritaḥ) Rām.5.1.13.

4) The rising or growing of new shoots, growing (of plants).

5) A raised stage for dancing.

6) A carriage (Ved.).

Derivable forms: ārohaṇam (आरोहणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Rising, ascending. 2. The rising or growing of new shoots. 3. A ladder, a staircase. 4. Riding on. E. āṅ before ruh to ascend, affix lyuṭ

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण).—i. e. ā-ruh + ana, 1. Ascending, Mahābhārata 1, 372. 2. A stage, Mahābhārata 14, 282. 3. A ladder, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 14, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण).—[feminine] ī [adjective] mounting, ascending; [neuter] the same as subst., also vehicle, carriage, staircase, ladder.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ārohaṇa (आरोहण):—[=ā-rohaṇa] [from ā-ruh] mf(ī)n. arising, ascending, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] n. the act of rising, ascending, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Śakuntalā; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a carriage, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] an elevated stage for dancing, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] a ladder, staircase, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the rising or growing of new shoots, growing (of plants), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a particular measure, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण):—[ā-rohaṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Rising; a ladder.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āruhaṇa, Caḍaṇa, Caḍāvaṇa, Durūhaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arohana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Arohana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ārohaṇa (आरोहण) [Also spelled arohan]:—(nm) ascension; ascent; climb.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ārōhaṇa (ಆರೋಹಣ):—

1) [noun] the act, fact or an instance of climbing, rising; mounting.

2) [noun] the condition or fact of being dependent.

3) [noun] a flight of steps or one of the step forming a stairway.

4) [noun] framework consisting of two parallel sidepieces connected by a series of rungs or crosspieces on which a person steps in climbing up or down; a ladder.

5) [noun] the upward movement of musical notes.

6) [noun] the ascending order of the musical notes.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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