Sarga; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Sarga (सर्ग):—Son of Paśupati (aspect of Śiva, as in, one of the eight names of Rudra) and Suvarchalā, according to the Pādma-purāṇa.

The Viṣṇu-purāṇa places the name Skanda is this position.

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of sarga in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sarga (सर्ग, “creation”) refers to the “creation of the world” and represents one of the “five-fold duties” (pañcakṛtya), according to Śivapurāna 1.10.1-5, “[...] the permanent cycle of the five-fold duties consists of creation, maintenance, annihilation, concealment, and blessing. [...] Sarga is the creation of the world. [...] These five are my activities but are carried on by others silently as in the case of the statue at the Portal. The first four activities concern the evolution of the world and the fifth one is the cause of salvation. All these constitute my prerogatives. These activities are observed in the five elements by devotees—Sarga (creation) in the Earth [...] Everything is created by the Earth; [...] In order to look after these five-fold activities (pañcakṛtya) I have five faces, four in the four quarters and the fifth in the middle”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation

Sarga (सर्ग).—(creation) Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 20 refers to various sargas as follows.

The first creation is that of greatness (Mahatva) i e. Brahmā. The second creation is that of tanmātras called bhūtasarga. The third is Vaikārikasarga also called Aindriyikasarga. These three kinds of creation are called Prākṛta sṛṣṭi (natural creation) and that is conscious and intelligent creation. The fourth is mukhyasarga. Mukhyas mean immovables. The fifth is tiryagyonisṛṣṭi. Since it functions side-long it is called tiryaksrotas. The sixth is the creation of Ūrdhvasrotas, called devasarga. The seventh is the creation of arvāksrotas, called mānuṣasarga. The eighth, anugrahasarga, is both sāttvic and tāmasic. Thus, vaikṛtasargas are five in number and prākṛtasargas three. The ninth sarga is the Kaumāra sarga, which is both vaikṛta and Prākṛta. The fundamental or root cause of the universe is the above nine creations of Brahmā. Prākṛtasarga is of three types, nitya (eternal), naimittika (casual) and dainandina (daily). Nityasarga is the creation after interim deluges.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Sarga (सर्ग).—One of the five sections of the Purāṇa;1 dealing with creation of the universe;2 different kinds of;3 Prākṛta;4 of Brahmā.5

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 53. 65; Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 10; 9. 4; 100. 195. 53; 132; 103. 9.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 37; 3 and 26. 31. 4. 5.
  • 3) Ib. I. 153-54; II. 5. 55-8. Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 63.
  • 4) Ib. 4. 90; Viṣṇu-purāṇa 1. 5. 19-20, 24.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 36-40.

1b) The order of creation; a form of Brahman known as Puruṣa and Kṣetrajña with the aid of Pradhāna originated mahat tatva out of which was born ahamkāra; engaged further in creation, the creator engendered the rudiment of sound (śabdatanmātṛkam) from which was produced, ākāśa or ether; it was invested with śabda or sound; then was created Vāyu, invested with the rudiment of touch, fire invested with the rudiment of rūpa or form, waters invested with the rudiment of taste; and lastly an aggregate of all this (earth) originates, of which smell is the property; those rudimental elements are designated aviśeṣas or devoid of qualities and this goes by the name of elemental creation; from ahamkāra are again produced the ten organs of sense and the ten divinities along with the eleventh, mind. These several elements could not by themselves produce and therefore there was a blending; and the result of this compound was the formation of an egg-like aṇḍa, where figures the Lord in vyakta rūpa; its womb being Meru and its water being the oceans containing all worlds, Gods and men, surrounded outside by seven envelopes like elements of fire, water etc.; first was one of darkness of five Parvas: darkness, illusion, blindness, ignorance, and of no light; three prākṛta sargas—mahata, bhūta, and aindriyaka; three Vaikṛta sargas—mukhya sarga, tairyakyoni, deva sarga arvāksrotasa and anugraha sarga; the ninth sarga was named kaumāra; then came the creation of devās, asuras, pitṛs and men.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 2-7, 29-60: 5. 4-5, 19-25; VI. 8. 2 and 13.

1c) A son of Ākāśa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 11.

1d) (Vaikṛtas): created as distinct from Prākṛta; five in number; these are mukhya sarga (sthāvara), tairyakyoni (tiryaksrotas), deva sarga ūrdhvasrotas), mānuṣa (arvāksrotasa) and anugraha (blend of sātvīka and tāmasa).*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 21-24.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of sarga in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Sarga (सर्ग, “products”).—A series of sargas (products) come into being during tattvapariṇāma (elemental manifestations). Such sargas are of two categories: (i) pratyayasarga (intellectual products), and (ii) tanmātrasarga (physical products).

Pratyayasarga is divided into four categories, viz.,

  1. viparyaya (ignorance),
  2. aśakti (incapacity),
  3. tuṣṭi (complacence),
  4. siddhi (attainment).

Tanmātrasarga is divided into three basic categories, viz.

  1. daiva-yoni (divine family or celestial order),
  2. mānuṣya-yoni (human family or human order),
  3. tairyak-yoni (sub-human family or sub-human order).
Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review
context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

Discover the meaning of sarga in the context of Samkhya from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

sarga (सर्ग).—m S A canto, a book, a section of a poem &c. 2 Creation.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of sarga in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarga (सर्ग).—[sṛj-ghañ]

1) Relinquishment, abandonment.

2) Creation; आराध्य विप्रान् स्मरमादिसर्गे (ārādhya viprān smaramādisarge) Bhāg.3.1.28; अस्याः सर्गविधौ प्रजापतिरभूच्चन्द्रो नु कान्तिप्रदः (asyāḥ sargavidhau prajāpatirabhūccandro nu kāntipradaḥ) V.1.8.

3) The creation of the world; प्रलयस्थितिसर्गाणां कारणतां गतः (pralayasthitisargāṇāṃ kāraṇatāṃ gataḥ) Ku.2.6; R. 3.27; सर्गो नवविधस्तस्य प्राकृतो वैकृतस्तु यः (sargo navavidhastasya prākṛto vaikṛtastu yaḥ) Bhāg.3.1.13.

4) Nature, the universe; इहैव तैर्जितः सर्गो येषां साभ्ये स्थितं मनः (ihaiva tairjitaḥ sargo yeṣāṃ sābhye sthitaṃ manaḥ) Bg.5.19.

5) Natural property, nature.

6) Determination, resolve; गृहाण शस्त्रं यदि सर्ग एष ते (gṛhāṇa śastraṃ yadi sarga eṣa te) R.3.51;14. 42; Śi.19.38.

7) Assent, agreement.

8) A section, chapter, canto (as of a poem).

9) Rush, onset, advance (of troops).

1) Voiding of excrement; राजमार्गे गवां मध्ये धान्यमध्ये च धर्मिणः । नोपसेवन्ति राजेन्द्र सर्गं मूत्रपुरीषयोः (rājamārge gavāṃ madhye dhānyamadhye ca dharmiṇaḥ | nopasevanti rājendra sargaṃ mūtrapurīṣayoḥ) || Mb.13.162.35.

11) Name of Śiva.

12) Fainting, swoon (moha).

13) Ved. A horse.

14) Production (of the implement of war); सर्गाणां चान्ववेक्षणम् (sargāṇāṃ cānvavekṣaṇam) Mb.12.59.44. (com. sargāṇāṃ rathādinirmāṇānām).

15) Effort, exertion.

16) The aspiration at the end of a word (visarga).

Derivable forms: sargaḥ (सर्गः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sarga in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 187 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sargabandha
Sargabandha (सर्गबन्ध).—a great poem having several cantos, a Mahākāvya; सर्गबन्धो महाकाव्यम् (...
Anugrahasarga
Anugrahasarga (अनुग्रहसर्ग).—creation of feelings or mental conditions.Derivable forms: anugrah...
Adisarga
Ādisarga (आदिसर्ग).—the first creation.Derivable forms: ādisargaḥ (आदिसर्गः).Ādisarga is a Sans...
Bhautikasarga
Bhautikasarga (भौतिकसर्ग).—Dealing with the bhautika-sarga (elemental creation) the Sāṃkhyakāri...
Vaikritasarga
Vaikṛtasarga (वैकृतसर्ग).—Five: Mukhya sarga, Tiryak yoni sarga, Deva Sarga, Mānuṣa sarga...
Bhutadikasarga
Bhūtādikasarga (भूतादिकसर्ग).—Creation; first is mahat sarga, second bhūta sarga, third a...
Udaka-sarga
Udaka-sarga.—(IA 8), same as udaka-atisarga (cf. udaka- pūrvam). Note: udaka-sarga is defined i...
Bhutasarga
Bhūtasarga (भूतसर्ग).—1) the creation of the world, the class or order of created beings. 2) cr...
Sargakrama
Sargakrama (सर्गक्रम).—the order of creation. Derivable forms: sargakramaḥ (सर्गक्रमः).Sargakra...
Ekasarga
Ekasarga (एकसर्ग).—a. closely attentive. -rgaḥ concentration. Ekasarga is a Sanskrit compound c...
Manushasarga
Mānuṣasarga (मानुषसर्ग).—The seventh sarga with hitherward current (arvāk srota).** Vāyu-...
Anugrahanasarga
Anugrahaṇasarga (अनुग्रहणसर्ग).—creation of feelings or mental conditions.Derivable forms: anug...
Bhavasarga
Bhāvasarga (भावसर्ग).—the mental or intellectual creation; i. e. the creation of the faculties ...
Mahasarga
Mahāsarga (महासर्ग).—a great or completely new creation (after a complete destruction of the wo...
Trisarga
Trisarga (त्रिसर्ग).—the creation of the 3 Guṇas; Bhāg.1.1.1. Derivable forms: trisargaḥ (त्रिस...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: