Virat, Virāṭ: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Virat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Virāṭ (विराट्) appeared of Brahmāṇḍa (cosmic egg) and consists of twenty-four principles, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.15:—“[...] desiring to create, I [viz., Brahmā] remembered Śiva and Viṣṇu. In the waters (jala) that had already been created I offered handfuls of water as libation (añjali). Then the cosmic egg arose consisting of twenty-four Principles. O Brahmin, then a splendid, huge form Virāṭ appeared and the form of waters (jalarūpa) was not seen. Confusion arose in my mind and I performed a severe penance for twelve years meditating on Viṣṇu. [...] This Virāṭ form of the cosmic egg consists of twenty-four principles. There is no sentience in it. It is insentient”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Virāṭ (विराट्).—The son of the daughter of Priyavrata. Svāyambhuva Manu married Śatarūpā. Two sons Priyavrata and Uttānapāda were born to them. A daughter was born to Priyavrata. Prajāpati Kardama married her. Three sons named Samrāṭ, Kukṣi and Virāṭ were born to them. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

2) Virāṭ (विराट्).—(VIRĀṬ PURUṢA). Virāṭ Puruṣa is the first incarnation of Brahmā. (For details see under Sṛṣṭi).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Virāṭ (विराट्).—A Sutapa god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 14.

1b) Is a name of Svāyambhuva Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 45.

1c) The son of Nara;1 a Pratardana god.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 260; 33. 58; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 38.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 26.

1d) One of the twenty Sutapa gaṇas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 15.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

virāṭ (विराट्).—m S The first progeny of Brahma, and the producer of the first manu or svayambhuva, who was the demiurge or secondary framer of the visible universe. 2 For virāṭdēha. Ex. vi0 racilēṃ ḍhisāḷa || hēṃ śivācā dēhasthūḷa ||.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virāṭ (विराट्):—[from vi-rāj] in [compound] for 2. vi-rāj.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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