Sandhya, aka: Sandhyā; 9 Definition(s)


Sandhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sandhya in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sandhyā (सन्ध्या) refers to the morning, mid-day or evening prayer. It is used throughout vedic and purāṇic literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Purāṇas

Sandhyā (सन्ध्या).—One of the seven major rivers situated in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. It is also known by the name Raudrā. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Sandhyā (सन्ध्या).—The previous birth of Arundhatī, wife of Vasiṣṭha. (For more details see under Vasiṣṭha Para 1, Sub-Section 1).

2) Sandhyā (सन्ध्या).—Mother of the giantess Sālakaṭaṅkā. It is stated in Uttara Rāmāyaṇa that this Sālakaṭaṅkā. the daughter of Sandhyā was married by the giant Vidyutkeśa.

3) Sandhyā (सन्ध्या).—Time of union or conjunction. There are three Sandhyās in a day. These are morning sandhyā (Prātaḥsandhyā), noon sandhyā (Madhyāhna sandhyā) and evening sandhyā (Sāyaṃ Sandhyā). The meeting time of night and day, is morning Sandhyā, the joining time of the first half and the second half of the day, is noon (Madhyāhna Sandhyā), and the joining time of day and night, is evening Sandhyā (Sāyaṃ sandhyā). Brahmins should keep the three Sandhyās properly. The morning sandhyā is of three kinds. Good, Medium and Bad. When the morning stars are seen and the sunrise is approaching it is good morning; when the stars are not seen and the sun is not risen it is medium sandhyā and the morning time after the sunrise is bad Sandhyā. In sāyaṃsandhyā also there is this difference of time, as good, medium and bad. The time till the sunset is good; the time after the sunset and before the rising of the stars is medium and the evening after the rising of the stars is bad. In the Vedas it is metaphorically mentioned that Brahmins are trees, and the three sandhyās are their roots, the Vedas, their branches and the rites and rituals ordained in the Vedas their leaves. From this it is clear that Brahmins should on no account leave unobserved, worships at these three sandhyās. The Brahmin who does not observe these three sandhyās carefully will, in his life time, become a śūdra and after the death, will be born again as a dog. Moreover the Brahmin who does not do the three evening, morning and noon worships, will have no right to conduct any other Vedic rites.

After the sun-rise and sun-set, within three nāzhikas (a nāzhika-24 minutes) the morning and evening worship should be finished. There is atonement ordered for morning and evening prayers conducted after the stipulated time. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 11).

4) Sandhyā (सन्ध्या).—A holy river who worships Varuṇa in his assembly. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 23).

5) Sandhyā (सन्ध्या).—The presiding Devatā of dusk. She is called Pratīcyādevī as well. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 117, Verse 16).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Sandhyā (सन्ध्या) refers to a prayer uttered by Brahmins, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.13, “Sandhyā prayer performed before the prescribed time is ineffective. Hence Sandhyā shall be performed at the prescribed time. The expiatory rite for the omission of Sandhyā prayer for a day is the repetition of Gāyatrī a hundred times more than the usual number of times for ten days. If the omission is for ten days or more, Gāyatrī must be repeated for a hundred thousand times as atonement. If one omits Sandhyā for a month one has to be re-invested with the sacred thread”.

Source: Siva Purana - English Translation
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Sandhyā (सन्ध्या) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The spring of Sandhyā now known as Sundabrar is situated in a side valley opening to the south of the village of Devalgom circa 75° 22' long. 33° 32' lat.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Sandhya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sandhyā (संध्या).—f (S) The period of evening twilight. 2 Religious meditation, repetition of mantras, sipping of water &c., to be performed by the three first classes of Hindus at particular periods in the day, especially at sunrise, sunset, and noon. 3 The period intervening between one Yuga or age and another. 4 Twilight (whether of the morning or evening). 5 An intervening period,--the forenoon, the afternoon, or midday.

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sāndhya (सांध्य).—a S Relating to the evening, vespertine.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sandhyā (संध्या).—f Evening. Religious repetition of mantra at sunrise, sunset, and noon.

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sāndhya (सांध्य).—a Relating to the evening.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 87 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Pūrvasandhyā (पूर्वसन्ध्या) or Pūrvvasandhyā.—f. (-ndhyā) Dawn, daybreak. E. pūrva prier, and s...
Agrasandhyā (अग्रसन्ध्या).—early dawn; कर्कन्धूनामुपरि तुहिनं रञ्जयत्यग्रसन्ध्या (karkandhūnāmu...
Dvisandhya (द्विसन्ध्य).—a. having a morning and evening twi-light. Dvisandhya is a Sanskrit co...
Sandhyālakṣaṇa (सन्ध्यालक्षण) refers to the “signs of twilight” and is the name of the sixtieth...
Gāyatrī (गायत्री) is a most sacred verse of the Ṛgveda which is the duty of every Brāhmaṇa to r...
Rati (रति).—(= Pali id.), n. of a daughter of Māra: Mv iii.286.6 (Ratī, n. sg.); LV 378.4 (Rati...
Aparājita (अपराजित).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Unconquered, unsurpassed. m. (-taḥ) 1. A name of Siva. ...
Kalpa (कल्प) in a precise sense means a vast cosmic period but this seems to have been a later ...
Caturyuga (चतुर्युग).—n. (-gaṃ) The aggregate of the four Yugs or ages of the Hindus, a Mahayug...
Bhaya (भय).—mfn. (-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Frightful, fearful, horrible, dreadful. n. (-yaṃ) 1. Fear, alarm...
Rākṣasa (राक्षस).—mfn. (-saḥ-sī-saṃ) Infernal, demoniacal. m. (-saḥ) An evil spirit, a demon, a...
Piśāca (पिशाच) refers to a group of inhabitants of ancient Kaśmīra (Kashmir valley) according t...
Yuga (युग) refers to the tradition where historical time is divided into four ages (yuga), viz....
Pṛthvī.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’. Note: pṛthvī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it ...
Varada (वरद).—mfn. (-daḥ-dā-daṃ) 1. Granting a prayer, conferring a boon. 2. Propitious, favour...

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