Manu: 21 definitions

Introduction

Manu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Manu (मनु).—A generic name for any of the fourteen universal rulers also known as Manvantara-avataras, who appear in each day of Lord Brahmā.

Their names are

  1. Svāyambhuva;
  2. Svārociṣa;
  3. Uttama;
  4. Tāmasa;
  5. Raivata;
  6. Cākṣusa;
  7. Vaivasvata;
  8. Savarṇi;
  9. Dakṣasāvarṇi;
  10. Brahmasāvarṇi;
  11. Dharmasāvarṇi;
  12. Rudrasāvarṇi;
  13. Devasāvarni;
  14. Indrasāvarṇi.
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Manu (मनु)—One of the eleven other names of Rudra, according to the Bhāgavata Purāṇa 3.12.12.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Manu (मनु).—See under Manvantara.

2) Manu (मनु).—Son of the Agni Pāñcajanya. Pāñcajanya had three wives Suprajā, Bṛhadbhāsā and Niśā. He got of his first two wives six sons and of his third wife Niśā, a daughter and seven sons. (Chapter 223, Vana Parva).

3) Manu (मनु).—A celestial maiden born to Kaśyapa of Pradhā. (Chapter 59, Verse 44, Ādi Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Manu (मनु) represents a form of Dharma: the name of a Sādhaka (aspirant) created by Brahmā out of his conception (saṅkalpa), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] O foremost among sages, creating thus, thanks to the favour of Mahādeva, these excellent Sādhakas (eg., Dharma) I [viz., Brahmā] became contented. Then, O dear one, Dharma, born out of my conception assumed the form of Manu at my bidding and was engaged in activity by the aspirants”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Manu (मनु).—A son of Dhiṣaṇā and Kṛśāśya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 20.

1b) A Pravara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 30.

1c) A Sādhya god.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 203. 11.

1d) The author of a Dharmaśāstra; grass cut for cow is not punishable; so also flowers plucked from gardens other than those of temples for the worship of god.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 27, 32, 113.

1e) Approached by Varūtri's sons to ruin the offerings to Gods but interrupted by Indra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 79.

1f) A son of Bāṣkala.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 79.

1g) A son of Śighraka; established himself in Kalāpagrāma by yoga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 210.

1h) One of the sons of Madhu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 45.

1i) The son of Haryaśva and father of Pratika.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 27.

1j) Worshipped with Devas for kingdom; their duties in different epochs described.1 Fourteen in number; went to Maharloka when their duties were over;2 in order: Svāyambhuva, Svārociṣa, Auttama, Tāmasa, Raivata, Cākṣuṣa; these six are past ones; the future are eight; Sāvarṇa, Pañcaraucyas, Bhautya and Vaivasvata.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 3. 9; VIII. 14. 2-10
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 2 nad 5.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 3-4.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Manu (मनु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.40) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Manu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Manu (मनु) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Manu (मनु).—A period of time equal to 72 yugas. Note: Manu is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Manu is the earliest Prajapati (Lit. 'Lord-of-all-creatures') and the son of Vivasvant, the sun God. He is the father of Ikshvaku, the first King of Ayodhya and the ancestor of Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana. See [Rama:1.70.21].

According to B.P., he obtained nine sons by performing a sacrifice. Those sons are:

  1. Ikshvaku,
  2. Nabhaga,
  3. Dhrishta,
  4. Sharyati,
  5. Narishyanta,
  6. Pramashu,
  7. Rishta,
  8. Karusha
  9. and Prishadhara.

A daughter named Ila was also born to him when he prayed to the gods Mitra and Varuna. In another place, the B.P. says that Ikshvaku was born from the nostril of his father Manu.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

An Indian sage of old who wrote a work for the guidance of kings in good government. E.g., Cv.lxxx.9, 55; lxxxiii.6; lxxxiv.2; xcvi.26.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Manu.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘fourteen’. Note: manu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

manu (मनु).—m (S) Manu, the great legislator and saint, the son of Brahma or a personification of Brahma himself. The name however is a generic term, and in every kalpa or interval from creation to creation there are fourteen successive manu, presiding over the universe for the period of a manvantara respectively. 2 fig. The proper period or season; the time, the day, the hour &c., emphatically. Ex. dhānya kāpāyācā manu ālā; sadyaḥ tumacē bōla- ṇyācā manu āhē; tumacā manu gēlā mājhā manu ālā. 3 S A man.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

manu (मनु).—m Manu. Fig. The proper season. An epoch, an age.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manu (मनु).—a. Thinking, wise, intelligent, sage; सलोकपाला मुनयो मनूनामाद्यं मनुं प्राञ्जलयः प्रणेमुः (salokapālā munayo manūnāmādyaṃ manuṃ prāñjalayaḥ praṇemuḥ) Bhāg.4.6.39.

--- OR ---

Manu (मनु).—[man-u Uṇ.1.1]

1) Name of a celebrated personage regarded as the representative man and father of the human race (sometimes regarded as one of the divine beings).

2) Particularly, the fourteen successive progenitors or sovereigns of the earth mentioned in Ms.1.63. (The first Manu called svāyaṃbhuvamanu is supposed to be a sort of secondary creator, who produced the ten Prajapatis or Maharṣis and to whom the code of laws known as Manusmriti is ascribed. The seventh Manu called vaivasvatamanu, being supposed to be born from the sun, is regarded as the progenitor of the present race of living beings and was saved from a great flood by Viṣṇu in the form of a fish; cf. matsyāvatāra; he is also regarded as the founder of the solar race of kings who ruled at Ayodhyā; see U.6.18; R.1.11; vivasvān manave prāha manurikṣvākave'bravīt Bg.4.1. The names of the fourteen Manus in order are:-1 svāyaṃbhuva, 2 svārociṣa, 3 auttami, 4 tāmasa, 5 raivata, 6 cākṣuṣa, 7 vaivasvata, 8 sāvarṇi, 9 dakṣasāvarṇi, 1 brahmasāvarṇi, 11 dharmasāvarṇi, 12 rudrasāvarṇi, 13 raucya-daivasāvarṇi and 14 iṃdrasāvarṇi).

3) A symbolical expression for the number 'fourteen'.

4) A man, mankind (opp. evil spirits); मनवे शासदव्रतान् (manave śāsadavratān) Ṛv.1.13.8.

5) Thought, thinking or mental faculty (Ved.).

6) A prayer, sacred text or spell (mantra); मनुं साधयतो राज्यं नाकपृष्ठमनाशके (manuṃ sādhayato rājyaṃ nākapṛṣṭhamanāśake) Mb.13.7.18.

7) (pl.) Mental powers; देहोऽसवोऽक्षा मनवो भूतमात्रा नात्मानमन्यं च विदुः परं यत् (deho'savo'kṣā manavo bhūtamātrā nātmānamanyaṃ ca viduḥ paraṃ yat) Bhāg.6.4.25.

-nuḥ f. The wife of Manu.

Derivable forms: manuḥ (मनुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Manu (मनु).—f. (in Sanskrit Lex. Manu, f., is recorded as the wife of Manu, m.), name of the ‘mother of mankind’: (tadya- thā) ditir devānāṃ mātā Manur mānavānāṃ Surabhiḥ saurabheyānāṃ…Divyāvadāna 635.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manu (मनु).—m.

(-nuḥ) 1. Manu, the legislator and saint, the son of Brahma, or a personification of Brahma himself, the creator of the world and progenitor of mankind; the name is however a generic term. and in every Kalpa or interval from creation to creation, there are fourteen successive Manus presiding over the universe for the period of a Manwantara, respectively; in the present creation there have been the six following Manus: Marichi or Swayambhuva, the supposed revealer of the code of law possessed by the Hindus, Swaro4Chisha, Outtami, Tamasa, Raivata, and Chakshusha; the seventh or the present Manu is Vaivaswata, and is regarded to be the founder of the solar race of kings; Sabarni, Daksha-Sabarni, Brahma-Sabarni, Dharma-Sa- Barni, Rudrasabarni, Deva-Sabarni, and Indra-Savarni, these seven Manus are to come in the present creation. 2. A man in general. 3. One of the Jaina saints. 4. A Mantra, a mystical verse or formula. 5. The number fourteen. f. (-nuḥ-nāyīnāvī) The wife of a legislator or Manu. E. man to know or understand, (the Vedas or scripture especially,) and u Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manu (मनु).—curtailed manus, q. cf. I. m. 1. A man. 2. Manu, the progenitor of mankind, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 1; 36 (Chr. 297, 16 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 16). Ii. f. manāvī and manāgi, The wife of Manu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manu (मनु):—[from man] a mfn. thinking, wise, intelligent, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. ‘the thinking creature (?)’, man, mankind, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-āraṇyaka] (also as opp. to evil spirits, [Ṛg-veda i, 130, 8; viii, 98, 6 etc.]; the Ṛbhus are called manor napātaḥ, the sons of man, [iii, 60, 3])

3) [v.s. ...] the Man par excellence or the representative man and father of the human race (regarded in the [Ṛg-veda] as the first to have instituted sacrifices and religious ceremonies, and associated with the Ṛṣis Kaṇva and Atri; in the [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] described as dividing his possessions among some of his sons to the exclusion of one called Nābhā-nediṣṭha q.v.; called Sāṃvaraṇa as author of [Ṛg-veda ix, 101, 10-12]; Āpsava as author of [ib. 106, 7-9]; in [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska v, 6] he is numbered among the 31 divine beings of the upper sphere, and, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xi, 66] as father of men even identified with Prajā-pati; but the name Manu is [especially] applied to 14 successive mythical progenitors and sovereigns of the earth, described, [Manu-smṛti i, 63] and in later works as creating and supporting this world through successive Antaras or long periods of time See manv-antara below; the first is called Svāyambhuva as sprung from svayam-bhū, the Self-existent, and described in [Manu-smṛti 12, 34] as a sort of secondary creator, who commenced his work by producing 10 Prajāpatis or Maharṣis, of whom the first was marīci, Light; to this Manu is ascribed the celebrated ‘code of Manu’ See manu-saṃhitā, and two ancient Sūtra works on Kalpa and Gṛhya id est. sacrificial and domestic rites; he is also called Hairaṇyagarbha as son of Hiraṇya-garbha, and Prācetasa, as son of Pra-cetas; the next 5 Manus are called Svārociṣa, Auttami, Tāmasa, Raivata, Cākṣuṣa cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 208 n.1]; the 7th Manu, called vaivasvata, Sun-born, or from his piety, satya-vrata, is regarded as the progenitor of the present race of living beings, and said, like the Noah of the Old Testament, to have been preserved from a great flood by Viṣṇu or Brahmā in the form of a fish: he is also variously described as one of the 12 Ādityas, as the author of [Ṛg-veda viii, 27-31], as the brother of Yama, who as a son of he Sun is also called Vaivasvata, as the founder and first king of Ayodhyā, and as father of Ilā who married Budha, son of the Moon, the two great solar and lunar races being thus nearly related to each other See, [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 344; 373]; the 8th Manu or first of the future Manus [according to] to [Viṣṇu-purāṇa iii, 2], will be Sāvarṇi; the 9th Dakṣa-sāvarṇi; the 12th Rudra-sāvarṇi; the 13th Raucya or Deva-sāvarṇi; the 14th Bhautya or Indra-s°)

4) [v.s. ...] thought (= manas), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] a sacred text, prayer, incantation, spell (= mantra), [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad; Pañcarātra; Pratāparudrīya]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of an Agni, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of a Rudra, [Purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] of Kṛśāśva, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of an astronomer, [Catalogue(s)]

10) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) the mental Powers, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of the number ‘fourteen’ (on account of the 14 Manus), [Sūryasiddhānta]

12) [v.s. ...] f. Manu’s wife (= manāvī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; Trigonella Corniculata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] cf. [Gothic] manna; [German] Mannus, mentioned by Tacitus as the mythical ancestor of the West-Germans, Mann, man; [Anglo-Saxon] man; [English] man.

14) b etc. See p. 784, col. 2.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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