Trishula, Triśūla, Tri-shula: 17 definitions

Introduction

Trishula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Triśūla can be transliterated into English as Trisula or Trishula, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Triśūla (trident): the thumb and little finger are bent. Usage: wood-apple leaf, three together.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of trishula or trisula in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Triśūla (Trident) - Control over action, speech and thought. Also fire — Agni and its 3 forms. The 3 paths to liberation Bhakti – love, Jñāna – wisdom and Karma– skilful action.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Triśūla (त्रिशूल) or Triśūlahasta refers to “triad” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., triśūla-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of trishula or trisula in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (T) next»] — Trishula in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Triśūla (त्रिशूल).—A weapon of Śiva with the Vaiṣṇava tejas (brilliance of Viṣṇu) obtained by churning Sūrya. Viśvakarmā made the following: Cakrāyudha (Discus weapon) of Viṣṇu, Triśūla (three-forked spike) of Śiva, Puṣpaka Vimāna (Aerial chariot) of Kubera and the weapon Śakti of Subrahmaṇya. (Chapter 2, Aṃśa 3, Viṣṇu Purāṇa). (See under Viśvakarmā for more details).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Triśūla (त्रिशूल).—The trident of Śiva;1 made from the Vaiṣṇava tejas of the sun filed off by Tvaṣṭa.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 32. 14; IV. 19. 6, 85; 20. 81; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 271.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 5. 31; 11. 29; 217. 31 Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 11.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of trishula or trisula in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Triśūla (त्रिशूल) refers to a weapon (“trident”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

Discover the meaning of trishula or trisula in the context of Dhanurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śaivism)

Triśūla (त्रिशूल, “trident”).—According to the Vātulaśuddhākhyagama, the significance of the trident is: triguṇaṃ śūlam / (śloka 100b) “the trident is the three qualities”, i.e. it represents the three guṇa, viz. sattva, rajas and tamas. The same Āgama gives the description of Sadāśiva, the deity upon whom the sādhaka or devotee has to meditate. The god should be adorned with various attributes, which are the representations of guṇa, the qualities. This idea becomes very current during later Calukya times. Probably, during the early Calukya period, these ideas must have taken roots. The list starts with the triśūla and the paraśu.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of trishula or trisula in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Triśūla (त्रिशूल) refers to a “trident” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, triśūla]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of trishula or trisula in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Triśūla.—cf. tiriśūlam (SITI), trident; same as śūla. Note: triśūla is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of trishula or trisula in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

triśūla (त्रिशूल).—n m (S) A three-pointed pike or spear; esp. the trident of Shiva.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

triśūla (त्रिशूल).—n m A three-pointed pike or spear; esp. the trident of shiva.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of trishula or trisula in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Triśūla (त्रिशूल).—a trident. °अङ्कः, °धारिन् (aṅkaḥ, °dhārin) m. an epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: triśūlam (त्रिशूलम्).

Triśūla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and śūla (शूल). See also (synonyms): triśīrṣaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Triśūla (त्रिशूल).—name of a rākṣasa king: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 18.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triśūla (त्रिशूल).—n.

(-laṃ) A trident, a three-pointed pike or spear, especially the weapon of Siva. E. tri three or Tri, and śūla a dar.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triśūla (त्रिशूल).—I. n. a trident, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 37, 38. Ii. m. Śiva.

Triśūla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and śūla (शूल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triśūla (त्रिशूल).—[neuter] trident (weapon of Śiva); [adjective] bearing the trident.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Triśūla (त्रिशूल):—[=tri-śūla] [from tri] n. a trident, [Mahābhārata] etc. (Śiva’s weapon, iii, 5009 [Harivaṃśa; Matsya-purāṇa xi, 29])

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a mountain

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of trishula or trisula in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: