Trishula, aka: Triśūla, Tri-shula; 14 Definition(s)
Trishula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Triśūla can be transliterated into English as Trisula or Trishula, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Triśūla (trident): the thumb and little finger are bent. Usage: wood-apple leaf, three together.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Triśūla (Trident) - Control over action, speech and thought. Also fire — Agni and its 3 forms. The 3 paths to liberation Bhakti – love, Jñāna – wisdom and Karma– skilful action.Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction
Triśūla (त्रिशूल) or Triśūlahasta refers to “triad” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., triśūla-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Triśūla (त्रिशूल).—A weapon of Śiva with the Vaiṣṇava tejas (brilliance of Viṣṇu) obtained by churning Sūrya. Viśvakarmā made the following: Cakrāyudha (Discus weapon) of Viṣṇu, Triśūla (three-forked spike) of Śiva, Puṣpaka Vimāna (Aerial chariot) of Kubera and the weapon Śakti of Subrahmaṇya. (Chapter 2, Aṃśa 3, Viṣṇu Purāṇa). (See under Viśvakarmā for more details).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 32. 14; IV. 19. 6, 85; 20. 81; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 271.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 5. 31; 11. 29; 217. 31 Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 11.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dhanurveda (science of warfare)
Triśūla (त्रिशूल) refers to a weapon (“trident”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Triśūla (त्रिशूल, “trident”).—According to the Vātulaśuddhākhyagama, the significance of the trident is: triguṇaṃ śūlam / (śloka 100b) “the trident is the three qualities”, i.e. it represents the three guṇa, viz. sattva, rajas and tamas. The same Āgama gives the description of Sadāśiva, the deity upon whom the sādhaka or devotee has to meditate. The god should be adorned with various attributes, which are the representations of guṇa, the qualities. This idea becomes very current during later Calukya times. Probably, during the early Calukya period, these ideas must have taken roots. The list starts with the triśūla and the paraśu.Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śaivism)
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Triśūla (त्रिशूल) refers to a “trident” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, triśūla]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geogprahy
Triśūla.—cf. tiriśūlam (SITI), trident; same as śūla. Note: triśūla is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
triśūla (त्रिशूल).—n m (S) A three-pointed pike or spear; esp. the trident of Shiva.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
triśūla (त्रिशूल).—n m A three-pointed pike or spear; esp. the trident of shiva.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Triśūla (त्रिशूल).—a trident. °अङ्कः, °धारिन् (aṅkaḥ, °dhārin) m. an epithet of Śiva.
Derivable forms: triśūlam (त्रिशूलम्).
Triśūla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and śūla (शूल). See also (synonyms): triśīrṣaka.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Triśūla (त्रिशूल).—n. of a rākṣasa king: Mmk 18.2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-laṃ) A trident, a three-pointed pike or spear, especially the weapon of Siva. E. tri three or Tri, and śūla a dar.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 15 books and stories containing Trishula, Triśūla, Trisula, Tri-shula, Tri-śūla, Tri-sula; (plurals include: Trishulas, Triśūlas, Trisulas, shulas, śūlas, sulas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Indian Buddhist Iconography (by Benoytosh Bhattachacharyya)
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
The Ramayana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)