Daksha, aka: Daksa, Dakṣa, Dakṣā, Dākṣa; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Daksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Dakṣa and Dakṣā and Dākṣa can be transliterated into English as Daksa or Daksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Daksha in Ayurveda glossaries]

Dakṣa (दक्ष) is ansother name for Kukkuṭa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to the “hen/cock/rooster”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[Daksha in Shaktism glossaries]

Dakṣa (दक्ष):—One of the mind-born sons of Brahmā, according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa (chapter on the Devī-yajña). They were created by the sheer power of mind.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana

[Daksha in Purana glossaries]

Dakṣā (दक्षा).—Name of a river (nadī) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Dakṣa (दक्ष).—Two Dakṣas. In most of the Purāṇas references about two Dakṣas occur. In some purāṇas both are referred to as one and the same person, whereas in some others both are considered as separate persons, so much so the stories concerning both are interlocked and entangled very often. The fact is that there was only one Dakṣa, whose life was of two stages. The first Dakṣa was killed at the sacrifice of Dakṣa, at which point, ends the first stage, or the first Dakṣa. The second stage was the rebirth of the same Dakṣa. A short biography of Dakṣa including both stages is given below:— (See full article at Story of Dakṣa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Dakṣā (दक्षा).—A Mind-born son of Brahmā, born of his thumb, and father of Mūrti. A progenitor and guardian of the world, born for the creation of worldly beings.1 Married Prasūtī, daughter of Svāyambhuva Manu. Had sixteen daughters of whom he gave thirteen to Dharma, one to Agni, one to Pitṛs, and one to Śiva.2 To the Satra of Viśvasṛk Dakṣa came and was welcomed by all standing, except Brahmā and Śiva. On this Dakṣa burst into anger against Śiva and insulted him saying he had eyes like a monkey, was a breaker of law and convention, lord of the Bhūtas and Gaṇas; he then cursed that Śiva should have no more share in sacrifices and went away. Nandi got enraged at this and imprecated a curse on Dakṣa that he would lose all knowledge of Ātman, and assuming the face of a sheep, would become dull-witted. Bhṛgu then pronounced a counter-curse that those propitiating Śiva shall become Pākhaṇḍas.3 Appointed by Brahmā as the overlord of all Prajāpatis, Dakṣa began the sacrifice of Bṛhaspatisava to which all gods went in groups. Satī also expressed her desire to go and requested permission of Śiva, who reminded her of the insult offered to him.4 As she was persistent, she was allowed to attend. Going, she found that she was not properly welcomed by her father. The enraged Satī sat facing the northern direction in yoga and cast off her body by means of the fire of Samādhī to the distress of gods and others. On this the Gaṇa followers of Satī attacked Dakṣa, when Bhṛgu created a class of gods, Ṛbhus who vanquished these Gaṇas.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 22-3; Ib. II. 6. 42; 7. 6; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 96; 36. 84; Ib. III. 3. 30; 65. 21; Ib. IV. 2. 33, 47; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 9; 8. 4; 154. 353; 171. 27, 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 25. 2, 82, 90; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 22. 4; IV. 1. 6.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 56; Ib. IV. 1. 11, 47-9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 19-27; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 56-64; Ib. II. 37. 38-50;.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 2 (whole). Matsya-purāṇa 13. 11-55, 60; 183. 22-3.
  • 4) Ib. IV. 3. (whole).
  • 5) Ib. IV. 4 (whole).

1b) A R. of the Ketumālā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 19.

2a) Dakṣa (दक्ष).—In previous birth son of Brahmā, now born of Māriṣā and Pracetasas. Was made a chief progenitor on the eve of the Cākṣuṣa epoch;1 a grandson of Soma; created men with two feet and four feet, of different faces, ears, etc., also mlecchas and women; also produced 1000 sons with Pāñcajani, named Haryaśvas. Nārada asked them to go into the world over but they perished in their sojourn. So he begot another 1000 of Vairiṇī, and these were Śabalas set by Nārada in quest of the whereabouts of their brothers. They also perished.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 30. 49-51; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 24, 39-44.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 4. 49-55; 5. 2-14.

2b) The son of Citrasena, and father of Mīḍhvān.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 19.

2c) A son of Uśīnara.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 3.

2d) Created from Prāṇa, half tejas of Pracetas and half of Soma; created creatures, two-legged and fourlegged, in the Vaivasvata epoch;1 Lord of Prajāpatis.2 Got Prācetasatvam in the epoch of Cākṣuṣa by the curse of Trayambaka; father-in-law of the seven sages.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 5. 70; Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 35-48; 65. 121-158.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 70-5; 101. 35, 49.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 40-69.

2e) An Asura, and a son of Bāṣkala.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 38.

2f) Heard the purāṇa from Tṛṇabindu and narrated it to Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 4. 65.

2g) A son of Devātīthi.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 37.

2h) A son of Bhṛgu; one of the twelve Viśvedevas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 13; 203. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 31.

2i) A son of Angirasa;1 through his daughter a son, Priyāya.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 196. 2; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 105.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 24.

2j) A pravara sage.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 30.

2k) With the sun in the months of Māgha and Phālguna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 23.

2l) A son of Jambha.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 78.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Daksha in Itihasa glossaries]

Dakṣa (दक्ष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.11, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dakṣa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Daksha in Hinduism glossaries]

According to Hindu legend, Daksha is one of the sons of Lord Brahma, who, after creating the ten Manas Putras, created Daksha, Dharma, Kamadeva and Agni from his right thumb, chest, heart and eyebrows respectively. Besides his noble birth, Daksa was a great king. Pictures show him as a rotund and obese man with a stocky body, protruding belly, and muscular with the head of an ibex-like creature with spiral horns.

Daksha is a Sanskrit word said to be a Prajapati or one of the Brahma's sons. The equivalent meaning in English is "competent." One of the daughters of Prajapati (often said to be the youngest) was Sati or Dakshayani, who had always wished to marry Shiva. Daksha forbade it, but Sati disobeyed him and did so anyway, finding in Shiva a doting and loving husband. Daksha disliked Shiva intensely, calling him a dirty, roaming ascetic and reviling the great yogi's cohort of goblins and ghouls.

According to the Puranas, Daksha had 89 daughters from his wife Prasuti and another 116 from his wife Panchajani (Virini).

According to Vishnu Purana and Padma Purana, Daksha and his wife Prasuti had 24 daughters. The names of these 24 daughters are

  1. Sraddha (faith),
  2. Srilakshmi (prosperity),
  3. Dhriti (steadiness),
  4. Tushti (resignation),
  5. Pushti (thriving),
  6. Medha (intelligence),
  7. Kriya (action, devotion),
  8. Buddhika (intellect),
  9. Lajja (modesty),
  10. Vapu (body),
  11. Santi (expiation),
  12. Siddhika (perfection),
  13. Kirtti (fame),
  14. Khyati (celebrity),
  15. Sati (truth),
  16. Sambhuti (fitness),
  17. Smriti (memory),
  18. Priti (affection),
  19. Kshama (forgiveness),
  20. Sannati (humility),
  21. Anasuya (lit. without jealousy),
  22. Urjja (energy),
  23. Swaha (offering),
  24. and Swadha (oblation).
(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

[Daksha in India history glossaries]

Dākṣa (दाक्ष) is the name of a garden (ārāma) found witin Triliṅga: an ancient Sanskrit name of the Andhra country, accoriding to verses on the Annavarappāḍu plates of Kāṭaya Vema Reḍḍi. The Reḍḍis (Reddy) were an ancient Telugu dynasty from the 14th century who brought about a golden age of the Andhra country. According to the plates, their captial was named Addaṅki (Addaṃki) which resembled Heaven (Amarāvatī) by the beauty of its horses, the donors and the women. King Vema, son of Anna-bhūpati of the Paṇṭa family, can be identified with Anavema of the inscription at Śrīśaila.

(Source): Epigraphia Indica Vol. 36: Tenali plates of eastern Chālukya Vijayāditya I grant
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Daksha in Marathi glossaries]

dakṣa (दक्ष).—a (S) Clever, competent, capable: also expert, dexterous, handy.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dakṣa (दक्ष).—a Clever, competent; expert, dexterous.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Daksha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Dakṣa (दक्ष).—a. [dakṣ-kartari ac]

1) Able, competent, expert, clever, skilful; नाट्ये च दक्षा वयम् (nāṭye ca dakṣā vayam) Ratn.1.6; मेरौ स्थिते दोग्धरि दोहदक्षे (merau sthite dogdhari dohadakṣe) Ku.1.2; R.12.11.

2) Fit, suitable; दक्षेण सूत्रेण ससर्जिथाध्वरम् (dakṣeṇa sūtreṇa sasarjithādhvaram) Bhāg.4.6.44.

3) Ready, careful, attentive, prompt; Y.1.76; रन्ध्रान्वेषणदक्षाणां द्विषामामिषतां ययौ (randhrānveṣaṇadakṣāṇāṃ dviṣāmāmiṣatāṃ yayau) R.12.11.

4) Honest, upright.

-kṣaḥ 1 Name of a celebrated Prajāpti. [He was one of the ten sons of Brahman, being born from his right thumb, and was the chief of the patriarchs of mankind. He is said to have had many daughters, 27 of whom became the wives of the moon, thus forming the 27 lunar mansions, and 13 the wives of Kaśyapa, becoming by him the mothers of gods, demons, men, and animals; see कश्यप (kaśyapa). At one time Daksa celebrated a great sacrifice, but did not invite his daughter Satī, nor her husband Śiva, the chief of the gods. Satī, however, went to the sacrifice, but being greatly insulted threw herself into fire and perished; cf. Ku.1.21. When Śiva heard this he was very much provoked, and according to one account, himself went to the sacrifice, completely destroyed it and pursued Dakṣa who assumed the form of a deer, and at last decapitated him. But Śiva is said to have afterwards restored him to life, and he thenceforward acknowledged the god's supremacy. According to another account, Śiva, when provoked, tore off a hair from his matted hair, and dashed it with great force against the ground when lo ! a powerful demon started up and awaited his orders. He was told to go and destroy Dakṣa's sacrifice; whereupon the mighty demon, attended by several demigods, went to the sacrifice, routed the gods and priests, and, according to one account, beheaded Dakṣa himself; Ms.9.128-29.]

2) A cock.

3) Fire.

4) The bull of Śiva.

5) A lover attached to many mistresses.

6) An epithet of Śiva.

7) Mental power, ability, capacity.

8) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

9) The right side or part; वामतो जानकी यस्य दक्षभागे च लक्ष्मणः (vāmato jānakī yasya dakṣabhāge ca lakṣmaṇaḥ)

1) Ability, power, fitness.

11) Strength of will, energy, resoluteness.

12) Strength, power.

13) Bad disposition, wickedness; मा सख्युर्दक्षं रिपोर्भुजेम (mā sakhyurdakṣaṃ riporbhujema) Rv.4.3.13.

-kṣā 1 The earth.

2) An epithet of the Ganges.

-kṣam Strength, vigour.

--- OR ---

Dākṣa (दाक्ष).—a. (-kṣī f.) Relating to Dakṣa.

-kṣam The south; Ms.6.1.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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