Vrishabha, Vṛṣabha: 28 definitions
Vrishabha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Vṛṣabha can be transliterated into English as Vrsabha or Vrishabha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Vrashabh.
Images (photo gallery)
1) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Sāndhāra, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Sāndhāra group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Vṛṣabha is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Maṇika, featuring oval-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.
2) Vṛṣabhā (वृषभा, “cow”) refers to the fifth of eight yoni (womb), according to the Mānasāra. Yoni is the fourth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
Vṛṣabhā also refers to the second of twelve rāśi (zodiacal sign), corresponding with the “Taurus” zodiac sign. Rāśi is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga.
The particular yoni (e.g., vṛṣabhā) and rāśi (e.g., vṛṣabha) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference).
The first, third, fifth and seventh yonis are considered auspicious and therefore to be preferred, and the rest, inauspicious and to be avoided. All twelve rāśis, except the eighth (vṛścika) are auspicious.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—Son of Subala, the King of Gāndhāra. He was the brother of Śakuni. In the battle of Bhārata, this Vṛṣabha, with his five brothers, attacked Irāvān, who killed the five brothers. Vṛṣabha alone escaped death. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 90, Stanza 33).
2) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—An asura. Ariṣṭa was another name of this asura (See under Ariṣṭa).
3) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—A Yādava King who was the son of Anamitra. This Vṛṣabha married Jayantī, the daughter of the King of Kāśī. (Matsya Purāṇa, 45, 25-26).
4) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—A mountain near Girivraja, the capital city of Magadha. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 21, Stanza 2).Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] The leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Kāṣṭhāgūḍha, Sukeśa and Vṛṣabha each with sixty-four crores. Caitra, Nakulīśa and Svayamprabhu each with seven crores. [...]”.
These [viz., Vṛṣabha] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.
Vṛṣabha participated in Vīrabhadra’s campaign against Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.33. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“O Nārada, listen to the numerical strength of the most important and courageous of those groups. [...] Kāṣṭhāgūḍha, Sukeśī, Vṛṣabha, and Sumantraka the chief of Gaṇas, O dear, each went with sixty-four crores. [...] Thus at the bidding of Śiva, the heroic Vīrabhadra went ahead followed by crores and crores, thousands and thousands, hundreds and hundreds of Gaṇas [viz., Vṛṣabha]”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—A son of Kārtavīryārjuna.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 27.
1b) A playmate of Kṛṣṇa. Being a victor in a game was carried on his back by Bhadrasena.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 18. 23-24.
1c) A son of Sṛṣṭi and Chāyā.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 98.
1d) The Asura vanquished by Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 37; 73. 100; Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 100.
1e) A god of the Sukarmāṇa group.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 88; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 92.
1f) A son of Anamitra, married Jayanti the daughter of the Kāśirāja.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 25-6.
1g) A son of Kuśāgra and father of Punyavān (Puspavān, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 29; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 82.
1h) The Lord of cattle: dedication of a dark Vṛṣa is equal to going to Gayā for Śrāddha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 8. 8; 22. 6.
1i) The mountain Sumana in Plakṣa; to the east of Aruṇoda;1 north of the Mahābhadra lake.2Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Vṛṣabhā (वृषभा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.31). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vṛṣabhā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) or Vṛṣabhaparvata is the name of a mountain situated on the island Nārikela, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 54. Accordingly, as four heavenly figures said to Naravāhanadatta: “... there is in the midst of the great sea a great, prosperous and splendid island, which is called the island of Nārikela, and is renowned in the world for its beauty. And in it there are four mountains with splendid expanses of land, named Maināka, Vṛṣabha, Cakra and Balāhaka; in those four we four live”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vṛṣabha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) refers to one of the eight aṣṭamaṅgala and represents a type of “temple implement (instrument)” as described in the Karaṇalakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala section of the Uttara-Kāmikāgama.—The instruments should be according to the particular śāstra followed at the temple. Some of the instruments mentioned are Śaiva aṣṭamaṅgala including [viz., vṛṣabha].
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) corresponds to “taurus” (mid May to mid June) and refers to one of the zodiac signs (rāśī) in the Vedic calendar.—Rāśī refers to the different signs of the zodiac through which the sun travels. For precise dates, please refer to a Vedic calendar. In accordance with the zodiac sign the sun is situated in, one would utter [for example, vṛṣabha-rāśī sthite bhāskare]
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) (or Vṛṣa, Balīvarda) refers to the animal “Bullock” (Bos tauras).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Vṛṣabha] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) refers to the “bull” and is used to describe Śaṃkara (i.e., Bhairava), according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Goddess (i.e., Khageśī) said to the God (i.e., Bhairava), “[...] Give up the ash, the matted hair and the form with five faces. Give up the bones and skull and (all) else that is artificial. Give up (the practice of ritual) gestures, the Moon and the sacred thread. Give up the bull [i.e., vṛṣabha] and the Ganges. Give up (your) spear and the great serpent, the ascetic's staff and, O god, the garland of severed heads and the skull. Accomplishment (siddhi) (can only be found) in Kula, Kaula and the Western (transmission) of Sadyojāta. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) refers to the Bullock (Bos Taurus), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
1) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) or simply Vṛṣa refers to the “sign of Taurus”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If the sun and moon should be eclipsed when in the sign of Aries (Meṣa), the Pāñcālas, the Kaliṅgas, the Sūrasenas, the people of Kāmboja, of Odra, of Kirāta, soldiers and persons who live by fire will be afflicted with miseries. If the sun or moon should be eclipsed when in the sign of Taurus (Vṛṣabha) [i.e., vṛṣa], shepherds, cows, their owners and eminent men will suffer miseries”.
2) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) or Vṛṣabhavīthi refers to one the nine divisions of the ecliptic, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9).—Accordingly, “The ecliptic is divided into nine divisions known as Vīthis (paths), According to some each division consists of three constellations beginning from Aśvini. [...] According to others the Airāvata Vīthi consists of the constellations of the three from Māgha; [...]”.
3) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) or Vṛṣabhagiri refers to a mountain (range) belonging to “Pūrvā or Pūrvadeśa (eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya represent the eastern division consisting of [i.e., Vṛṣabha] [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) regularly denotes a ‘bull’ in the Rigveda, but usually in a metaphorical sense.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) is the name of a Rāśi (zodiac sign) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Vṛṣabha).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)
1) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) is the name of an ancient Muni, according to chapter 4.1 [śreyāṃsanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“Now, in the city Pundarīkiṇī, the crest-jewel of East Videha, Subala was king. He ruled the earth for a long time. At the right time he became a mendicant under Muni Vṛṣabha, performed penance for a long time, died, and went to an Anuttara-palace”.
2) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ), an ancient Ṛṣi, is also mentioned in chapter 4.4 [anantanātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Now in Jambūdvīpa in East Videha there is a fair city, Nandapurī, the birth-place of great joy. [...] Noble-minded, he felt disgust with worldly existence, like a clever city-man disgusted with living in a village. He went to Ṛṣi Vṛṣabha’s lotus-feet, pulled out his hair in five handfuls, and adopted good conduct. After cherishing good conduct like a garden bearing much fruit, he died, and became a chief-god in Sahasrāra”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geography
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) is another name for Girivraja or Giribbaja: an ancient capital of Magadha, one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, according to the Mahābhārata.—Early Pāli literature abounds in information about the Magadha country, its people, and its ancient capital Giribbaja. Magadha roughly corresponds to the modern Patna and Gayā districts of Bihar. The Mahābhārata seems to record that Girivraja was also called Bārhadrathapura as well as Māgadhapura and that Māgadhapura was a well-fortified city being protected by five hills. Other names recorded in the Mahābhārata are Varāha, Vrishabha, Rishigiri, and Caityaka. The statement of the Mahābhārata that Girivraja was protected by five hills is strikingly confirmed by the Vimānavatthu Commentary in which we read that the city of Giribbaja was encircled by the mountains Isigili, Vepulla, Vebhara, Paṇḍava and Gijjhakūṭa.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—m (S) A bull. 2 The sign Taurus.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—m A bull. The sign Taurus.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—[vṛṣ-abhac kicca Uṇādi-sūtra 3.112]
1) A bull.
2) Any male animal.
3) Anything best or eminent of its class (at the end of comp.); द्विजवृषभः (dvijavṛṣabhaḥ) Ratnāvalī 1.5; किं नास्ति त्वयि सत्यमात्यवृषभे यस्मिन् करोमि स्पृहाम् (kiṃ nāsti tvayi satyamātyavṛṣabhe yasmin karomi spṛhām) 4.2.
4) The sign Taurus of the zodiac.
5) A kind of drug; cf. ऋषभ (ṛṣabha).
6) An elephant's ear.
7) The orifice or hollow of the ear.
8) Justice (dharma personified); Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.43.8.
-bhā Name of the three lunar mansions (viz. of maghā, pūrva-phalgunī, and uttara-phalgunī).
Derivable forms: vṛṣabhaḥ (वृषभः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-bhaḥ) 1. A bull. 2. (In composition,) Pre-eminent, excellent. 3. The orifice of the ear. 4. An elephant’s ear. 5. A drug; also Rishabha, decribed as a root resembling the horn of a bull, brought from the Himalaya mountains, of cooling and tonic properties, and serviceable in catarrh and consumption. 6. The first of the Jaina pontiffs of the present era. 7. Any male animal. f. (-bhī) 1. A widow. 2. Cowach. E. vṛṣ to sprinkle, Unadi aff. abhac .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—[vṛṣa-bha] (vb. bhā), I. m. 1. A bull, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 135, M.M. (duṣṭa-, A malicious bull). 2. The orifice of the ear. 3. An elephant’s ear. 4. As latter part of comp. words, Preeminent, excellent. Ii. f. bhī, A widow.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—[adjective] manly, potent, strong; [masculine] bull, first or best of ([genetive] or —°), chief, lord etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ):—[from vṛṣ] mfn. (cf. ṛṣabha) manly, mighty, vigorous, strong (applied like vṛṣan to animate and inanimate objects), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]
2) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a bull (in Veda epithet of various gods, as of Indra, Bṛhas-pati, Parjanya etc.; according to, [Sāyaṇa] = varṣayitṛ, ‘a showerer of bounties, benefactor’), [Ṛg-veda] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] m. the chief, most excellent or eminent, lord or best among (in later language mostly ifc., or with [genitive case]), [ib.]
4) [v.s. ...] the zodiacal sign Taurus, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] drug (described as a root brought from the Himālaya mountains, resembling the horn of a bull, of cooling and tonic properties, and serviceable in catarrh and consumption), [Bhāvaprakāśa]
6) [v.s. ...] the hollow or orifice of the ear, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] Name of Daśad-yu, [Ṛg-veda]
8) [v.s. ...] of an Asura slain by Viṣṇu, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] ṛṣ)
9) [v.s. ...] of one of the sons of the 10th Manu, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]
10) [v.s. ...] of a warrior, [Mahābhārata]
11) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kuśāgra, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] ṛṣ)
12) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kārtavīrya, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
13) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) of the first Arhat of the present Avasarpiṇī, [Colebrooke]
14) [v.s. ...] of a mountain in Giri-vraja, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.
15) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) of the 28th Muhūrta
16) Vṛṣabhā (वृषभा):—[from vṛṣabha > vṛṣ] f. Name of the three lunar mansions (viz. of Maghā, Pūrva-phalgunī, and Uttaraphalgunī), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] (cf. vīthi)
17) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Mahābhārata]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ):—(bhaḥ) 1. m. A bull; ear; 1st Jaina pontiff of this era; a drug. f. A widow, cowach. (In comp.) Excellent.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Usabha, Vasabha, Vasaha.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) [Also spelled vrashabh]:—(nm) a bull, bullock; —[rāśi] the zodiacal sign —Taurus.
1) [noun] an ox or bull.
2) [noun] the divine Bull, the vehicle of Śiva.
3) [noun] (fig.) that which is most excellent one in its class; the best of its kind.
4) [noun] Manmatha, the Love-God.
5) [noun] the male of any animal.
6) [noun] the plant Adhatoda vasica ( = Justicia adhatoda) of Acanthaceae family.
7) [noun] the plant Boerhaavia diffusa ( = B. procumbens, = B. repens) of Nyctaginaceae family.
8) [noun] the plant Salvinia cucullata of Salviniaceae family.
9) [noun] the plant Mucuna prurita ( = M. puriens) of Papilionaceae family.
10) [noun] the system or code of morals of a particular person, religion, group, profession, etc.; ethics; 11 (jain.) Vřṣabhanātha, the first spiritual teacher of Jainism.
11) [noun] (archit.) a type of twelve-cubit wide building which has one storey, one turret and is round; 13 ) (astrol.) the second sign of the zodiac; the Taurus.
12) [noun] a kind of aromatic substance.
13) [noun] the ear of an elephant.
14) [noun] name of a mountain.
15) [noun] (jain.) a white ox.
16) [noun] (pros.) a kind of alliteration, in which the vowel 'ಅಂ [am]' (the nasal sound) is preceding the consonant used as alliteration.
17) [noun] (mus.) the second of the seven musical notes in any musical scale.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+46): Vrishabhacala, Vrishabhacarita, Vrishabhaceshtita, Vrishabhacheshtita, Vrishabhadana, Vrishabhadeva, Vrishabhadhvaja, Vrishabhadhvajeshvaramahatmya, Vrishabhadhvamkshi, Vrishabhadri, Vrishabhadrimahatmya, Vrishabhagati, Vrishabhagiri, Vrishabhaikadasha, Vrishabhaikasahasra, Vrishabhajataka, Vrishabhaka, Vrishabhakathanaka, Vrishabhaketu, Vrishabhakridita.
Ends with: Govrishabha, Haravrishabha, Hiranyavrishabha, Kambalashambalavrishabha, Kharavrishabha, Mangalavrishabha, Mrigendravrishabha, Naravaravrishabha, Prativrishabha, Purushavrishabha, Shatavrishabha, Suvarnavrishabha, Suvrishabha, Svairavrishabha, Tryambakavrishabha.
Full-text (+183): Usabha, Vrishabhadhvaja, Vrishabhagati, Vasaha, Vrishabhashodasha, Govrishabha, Vrishabhatva, Vrishabhaskandha, Vrishabhayana, Vrishabhanna, Vrishabhanka, Kharavrishabha, Varshabha, Mangalavrishabha, Vrishabhaksha, Vrishabhekshana, Naravaravrishabha, Vrishabhaikadasha, Vrisharashi, Vrishabhaprasa.
Search found 52 books and stories containing Vrishabha, Vṛṣabha, Vrsabha, Vṛṣabhā; (plurals include: Vrishabhas, Vṛṣabhas, Vrsabhas, Vṛṣabhās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 6.26.4 < [Sukta 26]
Rig Veda 6.44.21 < [Sukta 44]
Rig Veda 8.93.1 < [Sukta 93]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.3.32 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 3.3.114 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 3.3.31 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Temples of Munnur (Historical Study) (by R. Muthuraman)
Pradosha puja < [Chapter 6]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Chapter 61 - On the features of Cows (go) and Oxen (vṛṣabha)
Chapter 41 - Classification of substances (dravya-niścaya)
Chapter 42 - Fluctuation of prices
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XIV - Slaughter demon Arishta, disguished as a savage bull (Vrishabha) < [Book V]
Chapter XI - Race of Yadu, An account of Arjuna, the lord of a thousand arms < [Book IV]
Chapter XXII - Dominion over different provinces of creation assigned to different beings < [Book I]
Rudra-Shiva concept (Study) (by Maumita Bhattacharjee)
1. Ṛgveda (c): Benevolent aspects of Rudra < [Chapter 2 - Rudra-Śiva in the Saṃhitā Literature]
26. Vṛṣeśa and Dvijeśvara incarnations of Śiva < [Chapter 5 - Rudra-Śiva in the Purāṇic Literature]
2. Monotheistic Idea In The Vedic Pantheon < [Chapter 1 - Introduction]