Vrishabha, aka: Vṛṣabha; 13 Definition(s)


Vrishabha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vṛṣabha can be transliterated into English as Vrsabha or Vrishabha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

1) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Sāndhāra, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Sāndhāra group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vṛṣabha is also listed in the Agnipurāṇa which features a list of 45 temple types. It is listed under the group named Maṇika, featuring oval-shaped temples. This list represents a classification of temples in Nort-India.

2) Vṛṣabhā (वृषभा, “cow”) refers to the fifth of eight yoni (womb), according to the Mānasāra. Yoni is the fourth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

Vṛṣabhā also refers to the second of twelve rāśi (zodiacal sign), corresponding with the “Taurus” zodiac sign. Rāśi is one of the three alternative principles, besides the six āyādiṣaḍvarga.

The particular yoni (eg., vṛṣabhā) and rāśi (eg., vṛṣabha) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference).

The first, third, fifth and seventh yonis are considered auspicious and therefore to be preferred, and the rest, inauspicious and to be avoided. All twelve rāśis, except the eighth (vṛścika) are auspicious.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

Discover the meaning of vrishabha or vrsabha in the context of Vastushastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vrishabha in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—Son of Subala, the King of Gāndhāra. He was the brother of Śakuni. In the battle of Bhārata, this Vṛṣabha, with his five brothers, attacked Irāvān, who killed the five brothers. Vṛṣabha alone escaped death. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 90, Stanza 33).

2) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—An asura. Ariṣṭa was another name of this asura (See under Ariṣṭa).

3) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—A Yādava King who was the son of Anamitra. This Vṛṣabha married Jayantī, the daughter of the King of Kāśī. (Matsya Purāṇa, 45, 25-26).

4) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—A mountain near Girivraja, the capital city of Magadha. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 21, Stanza 2).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) is the name of a leader of Gaṇas (Gaṇapa or Gaṇeśvara or Gaṇādhipa) who came to Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.20. Accordingly, after Śiva decided to become the friend of Kubera:—“[...] thinking thus, Rudra, desirous of carrying out the wish of Śiva (the supreme Brahman) sounded his drum that gave out the divine Nāda. Its resonant, reverberating sound pervaded the three worlds (trailokya) heightening enthusiasm and called upon everyone in diverse ways. On hearing that, [...] the leaders of Gaṇas revered by the whole world and of high fortune arrived there. [...] Kāṣṭhāgūḍha, Sukeśa and Vṛṣabha each with sixty-four crores. Caitra, Nakulīśa and Svayamprabhu each with seven crores. [...]”.

These [viz., Vṛṣabha] and other leaders of Gaṇas [viz., Gaṇapas] were all powerful (mahābala) and innumerable (asaṃkhyāta). [...] The Gaṇa chiefs and other noble souls of spotless splendour eagerly reached there desirous of seeing Śiva. Reaching the spot they saw Śiva, bowed to and eulogised him.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation

1a) Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—A son of Kārtavīryārjuna.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 27.

1b) A playmate of Kṛṣṇa. Being a victor in a game was carried on his back by Bhadrasena.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 18. 23-24.

1c) A son of Sṛṣṭi and Chāyā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 98.

1d) The Asura vanquished by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 37; 73. 100; Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 100.

1e) A god of the Sukarmāṇa group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 88; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 92.

1f) A son of Anamitra, married Jayanti the daughter of the Kāśirāja.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 25-6.

1g) A son of Kuśāgra and father of Punyavān (Puspavān, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 29; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 82.

1h) The Lord of cattle: dedication of a dark Vṛṣa is equal to going to Gayā for Śrāddha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 8. 8; 22. 6.

1i) The mountain Sumana in Plakṣa; to the east of Aruṇoda;1 north of the Mahābhadra lake.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 18.
  • 2) Ib. 36. 20.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vṛṣabhā (वृषभा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.31). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vṛṣabhā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of vrishabha or vrsabha in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Katha (narrative stories)

Vrishabha in Katha glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) or Vṛṣabhaparvata is the name of a mountain situated on the island Nārikela, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 54. Accordingly, as four heavenly figures said to Naravāhanadatta: “... there is in the midst of the great sea a great, prosperous and splendid island, which is called the island of Nārikela, and is renowned in the world for its beauty. And in it there are four mountains with splendid expanses of land, named Maināka, Vṛṣabha, Cakra and Balāhaka; in those four we four live”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vṛṣabha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

Discover the meaning of vrishabha or vrsabha in the context of Katha from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Vrishabha in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) refers to one of the eight aṣṭamaṅgala and represents a type of “temple implement (instrument)” as described in the Karaṇalakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala section of the Uttara-Kāmikāgama.—The instruments should be according to the particular śāstra followed at the temple. Some of the instruments mentioned are Śaiva aṣṭamaṅgala including [viz., vṛṣabha].

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of vrishabha or vrsabha in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Vrishabha in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) regularly denotes a ‘bull’ in the Rigveda, but usually in a metaphorical sense.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

India history and geogprahy

Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) is another name for Girivraja or Giribbaja: an ancient capital of Magadha, one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, according to the Mahābhārata.—Early Pāli literature abounds in information about the Magadha country, its people, and its ancient capital Giribbaja. Magadha roughly corresponds to the modern Patna and Gayā districts of Bihar. The Mahābhārata seems to record that Girivraja was also called Bārhadrathapura as well as Māgadhapura and that Māgadhapura was a well-fortified city being protected by five hills. Other names recorded in the Mahābhārata are Varāha, Vrishabha, Rishigiri, and Caityaka. The statement of the Mahābhārata that Girivraja was protected by five hills is strikingly confirmed by the Vimānavatthu Commentary in which we read that the city of Giribbaja was encircled by the mountains Isigili, Vepulla, Vebhara, Paṇḍava and Gijjhakūṭa.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of vrishabha or vrsabha in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Vrishabha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—m (S) A bull. 2 The sign Taurus.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—m A bull. The sign Taurus.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of vrishabha or vrsabha in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vrishabha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—[vṛṣ-abhac kicca Uṇ.3.112]

1) A bull.

2) Any male animal.

3) Anything best or eminent of its class (at the end of comp.); द्विजवृषभः (dvijavṛṣabhaḥ) Ratn.1.5; किं नास्ति त्वयि सत्यमात्यवृषभे यस्मिन् करोमि स्पृहाम् (kiṃ nāsti tvayi satyamātyavṛṣabhe yasmin karomi spṛhām) 4.2.

4) The sign Taurus of the zodiac.

5) A kind of drug; cf. ऋषभ (ṛṣabha).

6) An elephant's ear.

7) The orifice or hollow of the ear.

8) Justice (dharma personified); Mb.12.43.8.

-bhā Name of the three lunar mansions (viz. of maghā, pūrva-phalgunī, and uttara-phalgunī).

Derivable forms: vṛṣabhaḥ (वृषभः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛṣabha (वृषभ).—m.

(-bhaḥ) 1. A bull. 2. (In composition,) Pre-eminent, excellent. 3. The orifice of the ear. 4. An elephant’s ear. 5. A drug; also Rishabha, decribed as a root resembling the horn of a bull, brought from the Himalaya mountains, of cooling and tonic properties, and serviceable in catarrh and consumption. 6. The first of the Jaina pontiffs of the present era. 7. Any male animal. f. (-bhī) 1. A widow. 2. Cowach. E. vṛṣ to sprinkle, Unadi aff. abhac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of vrishabha or vrsabha in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: