Sukha, Sukhā: 42 definitions


Sukha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sukha (सुख).—Born of Śānti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 51.

1b) A son of Siddhi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 61; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 37.

1c) A son of Śuki and Garuḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 450.

2a) Sukhā (सुखा).—The city of Varuṇa to the west of Meru: on the Mānasa: midnight here when midday at Amarāvatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 32. 38; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 89; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 9.

2b) One of the three Devagaṇas of the first Sāvarṇi Manu: 20 in number.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 12, 18-19.

2c) Ṛ. a mahānadī between the Nīlā and Kumuñja hills; on its shores is a tālavana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 37. 23.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika

Sukha (सुख, “pleasure”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Sukha (सुख) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Sukha (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of bis body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a cuckoo. A viṇā is in hîs both hands.

The illustrations (of, for example Sukha) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Sukha (सुख, “pleasure”) and Duḥkha (pain) refers to two of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to all the modern works on Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika.—Sukha (pleasure) and duḥkha (pain) are the special qualities (guṇa) of the self. These two qualities are treated in pair, but these are not contradictory qualities. That means duḥkha is not the negation of sukha or the vice-versa. Both these are positive qualities. According to Praśastapāda sukha is a positive feeling which is produced from the contact of the sense-organs with agreeable objects together with the conjunction of the self and mind. These contacts together with the merit of the self-bring about a felling the effect of which is characterized by affection brightness of the eye etc. Praśastapāda also maintains that pleasure can be smṛtija (produced by memory) and saṃkalpaja (produced by imagination). Smṛtija-sukha is produced from the recollection of past pleasurable objects. Saṃkalpaja-sukha is produced from the expectation of future objects.

While defining sukha and duḥkha in the Tarkasaṃgraha Annaṃbhaṭṭa follows Praśastapāda. Thus, in his view also that which is experienced by all with agreeable feeling is called sukha. Similarly that which is experienced by all as disagreeable feelings is called duḥkha. However, it appears that he finds these definitions of pleasure and pain as not adequate and faulty and as such he offers a better definition of sukha in the Dīpikā. Pleasure is that which is qualified by the generality sukhatva generated by apperception (anuvyavasāya) of the judgement ‘I am happy’. The similar will be the case of duḥkha though Annaṃbhaṭṭa has not specifically mentioned it. He also says that the description of pleasure and pain mentioned earlier are only descriptions of their nature and not definitions.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Sukha (सुख) refers to “happiness”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Sukha (सुख):—Refers to Happiness, joy, pleasure, satisfaction, at peace, in a state of comfort – those who are not affected with mental and physical ailments, who are endowed with youth, enthusiasm, strength, virility, reputation, manliness, boldness, knowledge of art and science, sense, object of sense, ability of the sense organs, richness and various luxurious articles for enjoyment, who achieve what ever they want and moves as they like lead a very happy life. Contrary to this is Dhuka.

2) 1. A feature indicative of Ātmā. 2. A favourable perception. 3. Happy, delighted, joyful, pleased, Agreeable, pleasant

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sukha (सुख) (Sukham?) is another name for Vṛddhi, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.28-33 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Sukha and Vṛddhi, there are a total of twelve Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Sukha (सुख) refers to “pleasure”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.132.—Accordingly, “[The passage] ‘inasmuch as they are [somehow] manifest in the concept [representing them’ means the following]. [...] [As well as] ‘heaven,’ [apprehended] as the object of unsurpassed pleasure (niratiśaya-sukha) and as [the means of] realizing it [...]—[all these] must belong to the realm of phenomena; otherwise such [things] as the fact that [they] can be desired, the search for the realization of this [desire], their determination [as having] this [particular] form and place, the practice in accordance with [this determination], etc., would [all] be impossible”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Sukha (सुख) refers to “contentment”, according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the consequences of a doorway]—“[...] The fourth one, named Māhendra, fulfills every desire for the householder. The fourth one in the house facing south, Gṛhakṣata, increases food, drink and sons for householders. The sixth one, called Gandhārva, brings glory, pleasures and contentment (sukha). [...]

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sukha (सुख) refers to “comfort”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Venus also presides over perfumes, flowers, perfumed paste, gems, diamonds, ornaments, lotus or conch shells, beds, bridegrooms, young men, young women, objects tending to provoke lustful desires and persons that eat good and sweet meals; over gardens, waters, voluptuaries and lewed men; over fame, comfort (sukha), generosity, beauty, and learning, over ministers, merchants, potters, birds and triphala”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Sukha (सुख, “joyful”):—One of the names of the city where Varuṇa resides with his two wifes (Ṛddhi and Vāruṇī). Varuṇa is the presiding deity of the invisible world and represents the inner reality of things.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsPleasure; ease; satisfaction. In meditation, a mental quality that reaches full maturity upon the development of the third level of jhana.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sukha. A monk, generally known as Sukha Samanera. In his past life he had been Bhattabhatika (q.v.). In his last life he was born in the house of a supporter of Sariputta. During her pregnancy, his mother gave alms to five hundred monks, with Sariputta at their head. When he was seven years old, he entered the Order under Sariputta, on which occasion his parents held a special almsgiving lasting for seven days.

Once, while going with Sariputta for alms, he noticed several things, and like the novice Pandita (q.v.) asked the Elder numerous questions. Then he expressed a wish to return to the monastery. Sariputta agreed, and Sukha turned back saying, Sir, when you bring my food, pray bring me food of one hundred flavours. If you cannot obtain it through your own merit, you can obtain it through mine. So saying, he returned to his cell and meditated on the nature of the body. Sakkas throne was heated, and he sent the Four Regent Gods to keep away all noise from Sukhas cell. He also bade the Sun and Moon stand still. Sukha, helped by this silence, became an anagami.

Meanwhile, Sariputta had gone to a house where he knew he could get the food desired by Sukha, and, having eaten there, returned with Sukhas portion to the monastery. The Buddha, thinking that Sariputtas arrival might impede Sukhas attainment of arahantship, appeared near the gate of Sukhas cell and stood guard. As he stood there, the Buddha asked Sariputta four questions. When the last question was answered, Sukha became an arahant. Thereupon Sariputta opened the door and gave Sukha his food. Sukha ate it and washed the bowl. The Four Regent Gods left their post, Sakka let go the rope of the door of the novices cell, and the Sun and Moon started once more on their course. Evening at once came on, and the Buddha, on being asked the reason, explained that it was a usual occurrence when they who possess merit engage in meditation. DhA.iii.95ff.; op. the story of Pandita.

2. Sukha. A general of Manabharana (2). Cv.lxxii.123f.

3. Sukha. A Jivitapotthaki, one of the generals of Parakkamabahu I. Cv.lxx.174.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N (Happiness, joy, pleasure, well being, fortune, prosperity).

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Sukha means physical pleasure.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

happy feeling; bliss (Visuddhimagga (IV, 100));

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

pleasant, happy; happiness, pleasure, joy, bliss.

It is one of the three feelings (s. vedanā) and may be either bodily or mental.

The texts distinguish between the happiness of the senses and the happiness of renunciation (A. II), worldly (carnal; sāmisa) and unworldly (non-carnal; nirāmisa) happiness (M. 10).

See A.II, ch. VIII. - Happiness is an indispensable condition for attaining concentration of mind (samādhi, q.v.), and therefore it is one of the 5 factors (or constituents) of the 1st absorption (jhānanga; s. jhāna) and is present up to the 3rd absorption inclusively. "The mind of the happy one has concentration as its fruit and reward" (A.X,1). - "In him who is filled with happiness, right concentration has found a foundation" (A.X,3).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Sukha (सुख, “bliss”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Bliss (sukha) is of two types, internal bliss (ādhyātmika-sukha) and the bliss of nirvāṇa (nirvāṇa-sukha). This bliss is not the result of the five coarse objects (rajas-). This mental bliss (cittasukha) is like water from a spring that gushes forth spontaneously from the rocks and does not come from the outside. By practicing the mind of evenness (samacitta), by observing chastity (brahmacarya), by practicing the ten wholesome paths of action, one is pure (śuci) and faultless: this is what is called internal bliss.

2) There are two types of bliss (sukha), the bliss that involves feeling (savedita-sukha) and the bliss that involves the abandonment of feeling (veditanirodha-sukha). In the latter, the five aggregates (pañcaskandha) are completely eliminated and there is no further rebirth; this is the bliss of nirvāṇa-without-residue. 

3) Sukha (सुख) refers to “sensation of pleasure” and represents one of the twenty-two faculties (indriya), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 38. The word indriya, derived from the root id or ind, is synonymous with great power, with control. The twenty-two Dharmas in question [viz., sukha] have the characteristic of being dominant in regard to the living being (sattva) in that which concerns: his primary constitution, his distinctiveness, his duration, his moral defilement and his purification.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Sukha (सुख) refers to “happiness”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “O Śāriputra, the Bodhisattva, the great being, Gaganagañja is coming here to see, praise, serve me, and attain this exposition of the dharma (dharma-paryāya), A Chapter of the Great Collection. Also he is coming with the assembly of all Bodhisattvas who have gathered from the worlds of the ten directions for the sake of the joy of the dharma (dharma-prītā), happiness (sukha), the source of great joy (prāmodya), the upholding of the great vehicle, and the wings of awakening (bodhipakṣika) of all Bodhisattvas”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Sukha (सुख) refers to “comfort”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Nāgas requested the Bhagavān for help], “O Bhagavān, extremely dreadful mantrapadas have been uttered. [...] We will send down rain showers duly at the proper time. We will provide comfort (sukha) and gladness (saumanasya). We will ripen all crops, flowers and fruits. We will keep the orders of the Tathāgata. We will establish [ourselves] with a truth-vow. We will protect all beings like an only son. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Sukha (सुख) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sukha).

2) Sukha (सुख) is also the name of a Rāśi (zodiac sign) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Sukha (सुख, “happiness”) refers to one of the five classes of Dhyāna (meditation) which is one of six limbs of Yoga to be employed in Uttamasevā (excellent worship), according to the Guhyasamāja chapter 18.—[...] Dhyāna (meditation) is explained as the conception of the five desired objects through the five Dhyāni Buddhas, namely, Vairocana, Ratnasambhava, Amitābha, Amoghasiddhi and Akṣobhya. This Dhyāna is again subdivided into five kinds [viz., Sukha (happiness)].

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

1) Sukhā (सुखा) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Sukha forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Jñānacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the jñānacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Sukhā] and Vīras are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

2) Sukhā (सुखा) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Sukhacinta forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vākcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vākcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Sukhā] and Vīras are reddish madder in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Sukha (सुख, “happiness”) refers to one of the “eight worldly conditions” (lokadharma) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 61). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., sukha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Sukha (सुख, “pleasure”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.20.—“The function of matter (pudgala) is also to contribute to pleasure (sukha), suffering (duḥkha), life (jīvita) and death (maraṇa) of living brings”. What is pleasure (sukha)? Owing to the rise of the sātā-vedanīya (experience of pleasure) karma and due to the external efficient causes like place, time, substance or modes, the disposition of agreeableness of the soul is called pleasure.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Sukha (सुख) refers to “pleasure”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This [virtuous meditation] confers upon corporeal souls the pleasure (sukha), produced from the tranquillity of discrimination because of endless non-attachment, which is the experience of one’s own self [and] is beyond the senses”.

Synonyms: Sāta, Śarma.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Sukhā (सुखा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that remains unidentified. Can Sukhā be identified with the stream Suknag?

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sukhā.—(IA 26), same as su-di 4. Note: sukhā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sukha : (nt.) happiness; comfort.

-- or --

sukhaṃ : (adv.) easily; comfortably.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sukha, (adj. -n.) (Vedic sukha; in R. V. only of ratha; later generally) agreeable, pleasant, blest Vin. I, 3; Dh. 118, 194, 331; Sn. 383; paṭipadā, pleasant path, easy progress A. II, 149 sq.; Dhs. 178; kaṇṇa-s. pleasant to the ear D. I, 4; happy, pleased D. II, 233.—nt. sukhaṃ wellbeing, happiness, ease; ideal, success Vin. I, 294; D. I, 73 sq.; M. I, 37; S. I, 5; A. III, 355 (deva-manussānaṃ); It. 47; Dh. 2; Sn. 67; Dhs. 10; DhsA. 117; PvA. 207 (lokiya° worldly happiness).—kāyika sukkha bodily welfare Tikp 283; cp. Cpd. 1121; sāmisaṃ s. material happiness A. I, 81; III, 412; VbhA. 268. On relation to pīti (joy) see Vism. 145 (saṅkhāra-kkhandha-saṅgahitā pīti, vedanā-kkhandha-saṅgahitaṃ sukhaṃ) and Cpd. 56, 243.—Defined further at Vism. 145 & 461 (iṭṭha-phoṭṭhabb-ânubhavana-lakkhaṇaṃ; i.e. of the kind of experiencing pleasant contacts).—Two kinds, viz. kāyika & cetasika at Ps. I, 188; several other pairs at A. I, 80; three (praise, wealth, heaven) It. 67; another three (manussa°, dibba°, nibbāna°) DhA. III, 51; four (possessing, making good use of possessions, having no debts, living a blameless life) A. II, 69.—gātha-bandhana-sukh’atthaṃ for the beauty of the verse J. II, 224.—Opp. asukha D. III, 222, 246; Sn. 738; or dukkha, with which often combined (e.g. Sn. 67, 873, with spelling dukha at both pass.).—Cases: Instr. sukhena with comfort, happily, through happiness Th. 1, 220; DhsA. 406; Acc. sukhaṃ comfortably, in happiness; yathā s. according to liking PvA. 133; sukhaṃ seti to rest in ease, to lie well S. I, 41; A. I, 136; Dh. 19, 201; J. I, 141. Cp. sukhasayita.—s. edhati to thrive, prosper S. I, 217; Dh. 193; Sn. 298; cp. sukham-edha Vin. III, 137 (with Kern’s remarks Toev. II. 83). s. viharati to live happily, A. I, 96; III, 3; Dh. 379.—Der. sokhya.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sukha (सुख).—n (S) Ease, comfort, pleasurable quiet and rest; also enjoyment or pleasure; satisfaction or gratification of the body or of the spirit: also happiness. The word has ample range; implying however rather tranquil complacency than delight or joy. Compounds are elegant and numerous; as ātmasukha, ratisukha, viṣayasukha, indriyasukha, bhavasukha. Valuable compounds also are formed with sukha prefixed, bearing the sense Easy to be done; as sukhakara Easy to be done: also that does easily; sukhakhādya Easy to be eaten; sukhachēdya Easy to be cut, cloven, split &c.; sukhadōhya Easy to be milked; sukhabhēdya Easy to be broken: also easy to be divided or parted; sukhasādhya Easy to be attained or accomplished--to be got or done; sukhōccāraṇīya Easy to be pronounced; sukhōdya Easy to be spoken or uttered. The above compounds are predicates or adjectives: other compounds with sukha as prefix occur, and both as classical and as popular; as sukhabhāga, sukhavāsa, sukhānubhava, sukhēcchā (Desire of ease, pleasure, or happiness), and sukhaḍhāḷa, sukhavastū, sukhasōhaḷā &c. Such and others similar appear in their order. sakalasukhasampattivasati Receptacle or seat of all happiness and opulence. A phrase of flatterers or well-wishers. sukhācā vicāra The consideration (i.e. the conception, notion, thought) of pleasure or happiness; as duḥkha bā davaḍī hā saṃsāra || sukhācā vicāra nāhīṃ ēthēṃ ||. sukhācā bhāūbanda -bhāgī -vāṭēkarī -sōbatī A summer-friend. sukhācā śabda dēkhīla nāhīṃ There is not (with him, you &c.) even a gentle or civil word. sukhācē kallōḷa Rolling billows of delight or pleasure; surges of joy. Ex. ajñāna bāpuḍēṃ tujhēṃ laḍivāḷa || sukhācē kallōḷa karī māyēṃ ||. sukhānēṃ or sukhēṃ With pleasure, i. e. readily, heartily, willingly: also with ease, easily. sukhāsa paḍaṇēṃ -yēṇēṃ -vāṭaṇēṃ impersonally--To be easy, comfortable, agreeable, happy, well with or unto.

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sukhā (सुखा).—a (Commonly sukā) Dry; not wet, moist, succulent, sappy &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sukha (सुख).—n Ease; enjoyment, pleasure. sukhakara Easy to be done; that does easily. sukhācā śabda A gentle or civil word. sukhānēṃ, sukhēṃ With pleasure, i. e., readi- ly, heartily; easily. sukhācā sōbatī A summerfriend.

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sukhā (सुखा).—&c See sakaṭaṇēṃ &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sukha (सुख).—a. [sukha-ac]

1) Happy, delighted, joyful, pleased.

2) Agreeable, sweet, charming, pleasant; विविक्तवर्णाभरणा सुखश्रुतिः (viviktavarṇābharaṇā sukhaśrutiḥ) Kirātārjunīya 14.3; दिशः प्रसेदुर्मरुतो ववुः सुखाः (diśaḥ prasedurmaruto vavuḥ sukhāḥ) R.3.14; so सुखश्रवा निस्वनाः (sukhaśravā nisvanāḥ) 3.19.

3) Virtuous, pious.

4) Taking delight in, favourable to; Ś.7.18.

5) Easy practicable; श्रेयांसि लब्धुमसुखानि विनान्तरायैः (śreyāṃsi labdhumasukhāni vināntarāyaiḥ) Kirātārjunīya 5.49.

6) Fit, suitable.

-khā 1 The capital of Varuṇa.

2) (In phil.) The effort to win future beatitude.

3) Piety, virtue.

-kham 1 Happiness, joy, delight, pleasure, comfort; यदेवोपनतं दुःखात् सुखं तद्रसवत्तरम् (yadevopanataṃ duḥkhāt sukhaṃ tadrasavattaram) V. 3.21.

2) Prosperity; अद्वैतं सुखदुःखयोरनुगुणं सर्वास्ववस्थासु यत् (advaitaṃ sukhaduḥkhayoranuguṇaṃ sarvāsvavasthāsu yat) Uttararāmacarita 1.39.

3) Well-being, welfare, health; देवीं सुखं प्रष्टुं गता (devīṃ sukhaṃ praṣṭuṃ gatā) M.4.

4) Ease, comfort, alleviation (of sorrow &c.); oft in comp; as in सुखशयित, सुखोपविष्ट, सुखाश्रय (sukhaśayita, sukhopaviṣṭa, sukhāśraya) &c.

5) Facility, easiness, ease.

6) Heaven, Paradise.

7) Water.

-kham ind.

1) Happily, joyfully; भ्रातृभिः सहितो रामः प्रमुमोद सुखं सुखी (bhrātṛbhiḥ sahito rāmaḥ pramumoda sukhaṃ sukhī) Rām.7.41.1.

2) Well; सुखमास्तां भवान् (sukhamāstāṃ bhavān) 'many you fare well'.

3) At ease, comfortably; असंजातकिणस्कन्धः सुखं स्वपिति गौर्गडिः (asaṃjātakiṇaskandhaḥ sukhaṃ svapiti gaurgaḍiḥ) K. P. 1.

4) Easily, with ease; अज्ञः सुखमाराध्यः सुखतरमाराध्यते विशेषज्ञः (ajñaḥ sukhamārādhyaḥ sukhataramārādhyate viśeṣajñaḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.3; सुखमुपदिश्यते परस्य (sukhamupadiśyate parasya) K.

4) Rather, willingly.

5) Quietly, placidly; सुखं रात्रीः शयिता वीतमन्युः (sukhaṃ rātrīḥ śayitā vītamanyuḥ) Kaṭh.1.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sukha (सुख).—mfn.

(-khaḥ-khā-khaṃ) 1. Happy, joyful, delighted. 2. Virtuous, pious. 3. Easy, practicable. 4. Agreeable, sweet, comfortable. 5. Suitable. n.

(-khaṃ) 1. Happiness, pleasure, delight. 2. Heaven, paradise. 3. Water. 4. Prosperity. 5. Ease, alleviation. 6. Easiness. f.

(-khā) The capital of Varuna. E. su good, kha an organ of sense; or sukha-ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sukha (सुख).—[su-kha], I. adj. 1. Happy. 2. Joyful, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 2. 3. Agreeable, sweet, Chr. 16, 15; [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 45. 4. Virtuous, pious. 5. Easy, [Pañcatantra] 211, 10. Ii. kham, adv. 1. And sukhena, Joyfully, [Nala] 17, 18; [Pañcatantra] 53, 7; iii. [distich] 79; well, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 164; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 65, 17 (sukham āstāṃ bhavān, Farewell). 2. Placidly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 54. 3. Willingly, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 49; [Indralokāgamana] 4, 18; with following na punar, Rather...than, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 100 (tejasvinaḥ sukham asūn api saṃ punaḥ pratijñām, The virtuous renounce even life rather than break a promise). 4. And sukhena, Easily, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 3; [Pañcatantra] 52, 20; 48, 2. Iii. n. 1. Happiness, [Pañcatantra] 184, 2. 2. Joy, Mahābhārata 12, 12427. 3. Pleasure, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 49; [Pañcatantra] 216, 10; alleviation, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 19. 4. Easiness, see Ii. 4. 5. Paradise. 6. Water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sukha (सुख).—[adjective] easy, pleasant, comfortable, happy; [neuter] ease, comfort, pleasure, joy, bliss, as [adverb] = [instrumental] ([ablative]), & °— easily, with pleasure, willingly, happily.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sukha (सुख):—[=su-kha] [from su] a etc. See sukha sub voce

2) [from sukh] b mfn. (said to be [from] 5. su + 3. kha, and to mean originally ‘having a good axle-hole’; possibly a Prākṛt form of su-stha q.v.; cf. duḥkha) running swiftly or easily (only applied to cars or chariots, [superlative degree] sukha-tama), easy, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] pleasant (rarely with this meaning in Veda), agreeable, gentle, mild ([compound] -tara), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] comfortable, happy, prosperous (= sukhin), [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] virtuous, pious, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man [gana] śivādi

7) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] daṇḍa) a kind of military array, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

8) Sukhā (सुखा):—[from sukha > sukh] f. (in [philosophy]) the effort to win future beatitude, piety, virtue, [Tattvasamāsa]

9) [v.s. ...] (in music) a [particular] Mūrchanā, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of the city of Varuṇa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] of one of the 9 Śaktis of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Sukha (सुख):—[from sukh] n. ease, easiness, comfort, prosperity, pleasure, happiness (in m. personified as a child of Dharma and Siddhi, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]), joy, delight in ([locative case]; sukham-√kṛ ‘to give pleasure’; mahatā sukhena, ‘with great pleasure’), the sky, heaven, atmosphere (cf. 3. kha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] n. water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of the fourth [astrology] house, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

15) [v.s. ...] the drug or medicinal root called Vṛddhi, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sukha (सुख):—(ka) sukhayani 10. a. To make happy.

2) [(khaḥ-khā-khaṃ) a.] Happy, joyful; pious. 1. n. Happiness; heaven; water 1. f. Varuna's capital.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sukha (सुख) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Suha, Suhā, Suhāa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sukha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Sukha (सुख) [Also spelled sukh]:—(nm) happiness, pleasure; comfort; felicity; contentment; ~[kara] happy, pleasant, comfortable/comforting; ~[kārī] causing happiness, pleasant, comfortable/comforting; -[caṃna] happiness and comfort; ~[janaka] causing happiness/pleasure; comforting; ~[jīvitā] the state or qualtiy of taking things easy; ~[jīvī] easygoing; ~[da] happy; pleasant, pleasurable, comfortable; hence ~[datā] (nf); ~[dātā] pleasuregiving, one who imparts happiness/pleasure; ~[dāyinī] feminine form of ~[dāyī; ~dāyī] see ~[da; -du;kha] happiness and sorrow; pleasure and pain; ~[pūrvaka] happily; comfortably; ~[prada] see ~[da; -bhoga] luxurious living, enjoyment; ~[mṛtyu] euthanasia; ~[rāśi] in whom happiness vests; ever-happy; -[lipsā] longing for happiness; ~[lipsu] one who longs for happiness; ~[vāda/vāditā] hedonism; ~[vādī] a hedonist; hedonistic; -[śāṃti] comfort/joy and peace, happiness and peace, felicity; -[saṃpatti] pleasure and plenty, happiness and prosperity; -[sādhana] amenities; -[sādhanā] quest for happiness; ~[sādhya] easy; —[suvighā] amenities; -[saubhāgya] pleasure and plenty, physical and mental happiness; -[svacchaṃdatā] happiness and freedom; —[kī nīṃda] carefree sleep; —[dekhanā] to live a happy/comfortable life; —[mānanā] to feel happy/gratified; —[lūṭanā] to enjoy, to make merry.

2) Sūkhā (सूखा):—(a) dry, sapless; blunt; flat (as [javāba] ); all-told, with nothing extra; (nm) drought; (in children) cramp (also called —[roga] ); —[javāba denā] to refuse flatly; —[ṭālanā] to say a flat 'no'; —[sūkhī khujalī] a kind of dry itch (disease); —[sūkhī tanakhvāha] only cash pay (with nothing extra in kind); [sūkhe dhānoṃ para pānī paḍanā] to achieve one’s fulfilment when in utter despair.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sukha (ಸುಖ):—

1) [adjective] giving delight; very pleasing; delightful.

2) [adjective] agreeable; gentle.

3) [adjective] apt; proper; appropriate.

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Sukha (ಸುಖ):—

1) [noun] joy; pleasure; delight.

2) [noun] (astrol.) the fourth house from the birth house.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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