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Sukha, aka: Sukhā; 11 Definition(s)


Sukha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Vaiśeṣika (school of philosophy)

Sukha (सुख, “pleasure”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika

about this context:

Vaiśeṣika (वैशेषिक, vaisheshika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (āstika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upaniṣads. Vaiśeṣika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similair to Buddhism in nature


1a) Sukha (सुख).—Born of Śānti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 51.

1b) A son of Siddhi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 61; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 37.

1c) A son of Śuki and Garuḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 450.

2a) Sukhā (सुखा).—The city of Varuṇa to the west of Meru: on the Mānasa: midnight here when midday at Amarāvatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 32. 38; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 89; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 9.

2b) One of the three Devagaṇas of the first Sāvarṇi Manu: 20 in number.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 12, 18-19.

2c) Ṛ. a mahānadī between the Nīlā and Kumuñja hills; on its shores is a tālavana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 37. 23.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sukha (सुख, “joyful”):—One of the names of the city where Varuṇa resides with his two wifes (Ṛddhi and Vāruṇī). Varuṇa is the presiding deity of the invisible world and represents the inner reality of things.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism


Sukha, (adj. -n.) (Vedic sukha; in R. V. only of ratha; later generally) agreeable, pleasant, blest Vin. I, 3; Dh. 118, 194, 331; Sn. 383; paṭipadā, pleasant path, easy progress A. II, 149 sq.; Dhs. 178; kaṇṇa-s. pleasant to the ear D. I, 4; happy, pleased D. II, 233.—nt. sukhaṃ wellbeing, happiness, ease; ideal, success Vin. I, 294; D. I, 73 sq.; M. I, 37; S. I, 5; A. III, 355 (deva-manussānaṃ); It. 47; Dh. 2; Sn. 67; Dhs. 10; DhsA. 117; PvA. 207 (lokiya° worldly happiness).—kāyika sukkha bodily welfare Tikp 283; cp. Cpd. 1121; sāmisaṃ s. material happiness A. I, 81; III, 412; VbhA. 268. On relation to pīti (joy) see Vism. 145 (saṅkhāra-kkhandha-saṅgahitā pīti, vedanā-kkhandha-saṅgahitaṃ sukhaṃ) and Cpd. 56, 243.—Defined further at Vism. 145 & 461 (iṭṭha-phoṭṭhabb-ânubhavana-lakkhaṇaṃ; i.e. of the kind of experiencing pleasant contacts).—Two kinds, viz. kāyika & cetasika at Ps. I, 188; several other pairs at A. I, 80; three (praise, wealth, heaven) It. 67; another three (manussa°, dibba°, nibbāna°) DhA. III, 51; four (possessing, making good use of possessions, having no debts, living a blameless life) A. II, 69.—gātha-bandhana-sukh’atthaṃ for the beauty of the verse J. II, 224.—Opp. asukha D. III, 222, 246; Sn. 738; or dukkha, with which often combd (e.g. Sn. 67, 873, with spelling dukha at both pass.).—Cases: Instr. sukhena with comfort, happily, through happiness Th. 1, 220; DhsA. 406; Acc. sukhaṃ comfortably, in happiness; yathā s. according to liking PvA. 133; sukhaṃ seti to rest in ease, to lie well S. I, 41; A. I, 136; Dh. 19, 201; J. I, 141. Cp. sukhasayita.—s. edhati to thrive, prosper S. I, 217; Dh. 193; Sn. 298; cp. sukham-edha Vin. III, 137 (with Kern’s remarks Toev. II. 83). s. viharati to live happily, A. I, 96; III, 3; Dh. 379.—Der. sokhya.

—atthin fem.—nī longing for happiness Mhvs 6, 4. —āvaha bringing happiness, conducive to ease S. I, 2 sq. , 55; Dh. 35; J. II, 42. —indriya the faculty of ease S. V, 209 sq.; Dhs. 452; It. 15, 52. —udraya (sometimes spelt °undriya) having a happy result A. I, 97; Ps. I, 80; Pv IV. 178 (=sukha-vipāka PvA. 243); Vv 318. —ūpaharaṇa happy offering, luxury J. I, 231. —edhita read as sukhe ṭhita (i.e. being happy) at Vin. III, 13 & S. V, 351 (v. l. sukhe ṭhita); also at DhA. I, 165; cp. J. VI, 219. —esin looking for pleasure Dh. 341. —kāma longing for happiness M. I, 341; S. IV, 172, 188. —da giving pleasure Sn. 297. —dhamma a good state M. I, 447. —nisinna comfortably seated J. IV, 125. —paṭisaṃvedin experiencing happiness Pug. 61. —ppatta come to well-being, happy J. III, 112. —pharaṇatā diffusion of well-being, ease Nett 89 (among the constituents of samādhi). —bhāgiya participating in happiness Nett 120 sq. , 125 sq. , 239 (the four s. dhammā are indriyasaṃvara, tapasaṃkhāta puññadhamma, bojjhaṅgabhāvanā and sabbūpadhipaṭinissaggasaṅkhāta nibbāna). —bhūmi a soil of ease, source of ease Dhs. 984; DhsA. 346. —yānaka an easy-going cart DhA 325. —vinicchaya discernment of happiness M. III, 230 sq. —vipāka resulting in happiness, ease D. I, 51; A. I, 98; DA. I, 158. —vihāra dwelling at ease S. V, 326. —vihārin dwelling at ease, well at ease D. I, 75; Dhs. 163; J. I, 140. —saṃvāsa pleasant to associate with Dh. 207. —saññin conceiving happiness, considering as happiness A. II, 52. —samuddaya origin of bliss It. 16, 52. —samphassa pleasant to touch Dhs. 648. —sammata deemed a plea‹-› sure Sn. 760. —sayita well embedded (in soil), of seeds A. III, 404=D. II, 354. (Page 716)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

sukha : (nt.) happiness; comfort.

-- or --

sukhaṃ : (adv.) easily; comfortably.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

happy feeling; bliss (Visuddhimagga (IV, 100));

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

pleasant, happy; happiness, pleasure, joy, bliss.

It is one of the three feelings (s. vedanā) and may be either bodily or mental.

The texts distinguish between the happiness of the senses and the happiness of renunciation (A. II), worldly (carnal; sāmisa) and unworldly (non-carnal; nirāmisa) happiness (M. 10).

See A.II, ch. VIII. - Happiness is an indispensable condition for attaining concentration of mind (samādhi, q.v.), and therefore it is one of the 5 factors (or constituents) of the 1st absorption (jhānanga; s. jhāna) and is present up to the 3rd absorption inclusively. "The mind of the happy one has concentration as its fruit and reward" (A.X,1). - "In him who is filled with happiness, right concentration has found a foundation" (A.X,3).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Sukha means physical pleasure.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

N (Happiness, joy, pleasure, well being, fortune, prosperity).

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

1. Sukha. A monk, generally known as Sukha Samanera. In his past life he had been Bhattabhatika (q.v.). In his last life he was born in the house of a supporter of Sariputta. During her pregnancy, his mother gave alms to five hundred monks, with Sariputta at their head. When he was seven years old, he entered the Order under Sariputta, on which occasion his parents held a special almsgiving lasting for seven days.

Once, while going with Sariputta for alms, he noticed several things, and like the novice Pandita (q.v.) asked the Elder numerous questions. Then he expressed a wish to return to the monastery. Sariputta agreed, and Sukha turned back saying, Sir, when you bring my food, pray bring me food of one hundred flavours. If you cannot obtain it through your own merit, you can obtain it through mine. So saying, he returned to his cell and meditated on the nature of the body. Sakkas throne was heated, and he sent the Four Regent Gods to keep away all noise from Sukhas cell. He also bade the Sun and Moon stand still. Sukha, helped by this silence, became an anagami.

Meanwhile, Sariputta had gone to a house where he knew he could get the food desired by Sukha, and, having eaten there, returned with Sukhas portion to the monastery. The Buddha, thinking that Sariputtas arrival might impede Sukhas attainment of arahantship, appeared near the gate of Sukhas cell and stood guard. As he stood there, the Buddha asked Sariputta four questions. When the last question was answered, Sukha became an arahant. Thereupon Sariputta opened the door and gave Sukha his food. Sukha ate it and washed the bowl. The Four Regent Gods left their post, Sakka let go the rope of the door of the novices cell, and the Sun and Moon started once more on their course. Evening at once came on, and the Buddha, on being asked the reason, explained that it was a usual occurrence when they who possess merit engage in meditation. DhA.iii.95ff.; op. the story of Pandita.

2. Sukha. A general of Manabharana (2). Cv.lxxii.123f.

3. Sukha. A Jivitapotthaki, one of the generals of Parakkamabahu I. Cv.lxx.174.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper NamesPleasure; ease; satisfaction. In meditation, a mental quality that reaches full maturity upon the development of the third level of jhana.Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

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